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Ranged infantry armed with the Japanese longbow. Good against infantry.
—In-game description

The Yumi Archer is an archer in Age of Empires III: The Asian Dynasties that is unique to the Japanese and can be trained at Barracks and Atakabunes, and by Daimyos.


The Yumi Archer is a Japanese archer with a high cost and high attack that is good against heavy infantry and light cavalry, and has a slightly higher range than most archers. With the "Way of the Bow" Home City shipment, the Yumi Archer gets its range increased from 18 to 20.

It has an attack bonus as a card from the Home City, it has aura boosts from the Daimyo and Shogun, it can have the passive attack boost from the Japanese Consulate, and it can have the passive attack, hit points or speed boost from the Golden Pavilion, making it powerful in combat as it progresses through the Ages.


Age Upgrade Cost Effect
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
Disciplined ranged infantry.png Disciplined Yumi 200 wood,
100 coin
Upgrades Yumi Archers to Disciplined (+20% hit points and attack)
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png
Honored ranged infantry.png Honored Yumi 600 wood,
600 coin
Upgrades Yumi Archers to Honored (+30% hit points and attack); requires Disciplined Yumi
Imperial Age
Exalted ranged infantry.png Exalted Yumi 1,500 wood,
1,500 coin
Upgrades Yumi Archers to Exalted (+50% hit points and attack); requires Honored Yumi

Further statistics[]

As Yumi Archers are unique to the Japanese, only technologies that the have access to are shown in the following table:

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Heavy infantry, light cavalry, Eagle Runner Knights
Weak vs. Heavy cavalry, Hand Shock Infantry, artillery
Hit points Infantry Breastplate.png Infantry Breastplate (+10%)
Cree Tanning.png Cree Tanning (+5%)
Navajo Weaving.png Navajo Weaving (+5%)
Attack Carib Kasiri Beer.png Carib Kasiri Beer (+10%)
Carib Garifuna Drums.png Carib Garifuna Drums (+1.0x multiplier vs. villagers)
Seminole Bowyer.png Seminole Bowyer (+25%)
Tupi Poison Arrow Frogs.png Tupi Poison Arrow Frogs (+10%)
Yoga.png Yoga (+5%)
Clenched Fist.png Clenched Fist (+30% melee attack)
Speed Inca Road-building.png Quechuan Mountaineering (+20%)
Apache Endurance.png Apache Endurance (+5%)
Sight Town Watch.png Town Watch (+2)
Creation speed Standing Army.png Standing Army (-25%)
Inca Chaquis Messengers.png Quechuan Diet (-25%)
Other Merritocracy.png Meritocracy (-20% upgrade cost)

Home City Cards[]

As Yumi Archers are unique to the Japanese, only their cards and other civilizations' TEAM cards are shown in the following tables:


  • Yumi Archers are depicted inaccurately in the game. A close view shows that the bows of the in-game Yumi Archers are symmetric, however, the strongly asymmetric design is an important characteristic of the traditional yumi. Ironically, this fact is even mentioned in the game's history text but not implemented in the Yumi Archers' design.
  • The Yumi Archer is a mix between a regular archer and a Skirmisher. Their ranged Rate of Fire is 3.0, as opposed to most other archers, whose Rate of Fire is 1.5. The Yumi (unlike other archers) fires immediately instead of having a long drawing animation. Because of that, they can be used for hit-and-run tactics much more effectively than other archers.


The word “yumi” means either a long or short bow used in kyudo, the ancient Japanese art of archery. The traditional yumi stands at over 6 feet fall, often dwarfing the archer, and is made from laminated bamboo, wood, and animal hide, in a process that is still the same today as it was two thousand years ago. The yumi’s unique asymmetric design, where the upper and lower curves differ, is a style that dates to around 250 BCE. It is believed the asymmetric shape was designed for use on horseback, so the bow could be switched from one side of the horse to the other with relative ease.