Age of Empires Series Wiki

The Yoruba are a native African settlement found in Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition - The African Royals. Like all natives, they can be allied with by building a Trading Post at their Trading Post site.


  • Yoruba legionary portrait.png Yoruba Oyo Legionary: Very powerful, but slow training heavy ranged javelin infantry. Attacks closer targets faster. Carries a large shield for extra protection against ranged attacks. Good against cavalry.
  • Yoruba Eso Rider Portrait.png Yoruba Eso Rider: Quick-training and fast moving powerful lancer that slowly loses hitpoints. Attacks faster as he loses hitpoints.


Age Technology Cost Effect
Age I tech tree aoe3.png
Yoruba poisoned blades.png Yoruba Ida Swords 150 wood,
150 coin
Yoruba Oyo Legionaries' melee attack poisons the enemy
Yoruba twins.png Yoruba Twins 500 food,
200 wood
Each Yoruba Oyo Legionary and Eso Rider spawns a second one
Yoruba herbalism.png Yoruba Herbalism 250 food,
250 coin
Villagers gather wood 10% faster; native warriors and civilian units regenerate hit points when close to a tree and/or Berry Bush
Yoruba wrestling.png Yoruba Wrestling 300 food,
300 wood
Militiaman, Minuteman, Warrior, Irregular, Sentry, Levied Spearman, Levied Bowman, Levied Gunner, and Yoruba Eso Rider hit point degeneration rate -25% and stops at 25% HP
Yoruba eredo legacy.png Yoruba Eredo Legacy 200 food,
200 coin
Ships 2 Outpost Wagons; give Walls and Gates a build bounty of 1 XP and 10 XP, respectively


Alliance Yoruba.png

The Yoruba are also an Industrial Age Alliance option for the Hausa. Allying with the Yoruba to advance into the Industrial Age or Imperial Age allow Oyo Legionaries and Eso Riders to be trained at the Palace and Native Embassy, and the Twins and Wrestling technologies to be researched at the University.


Industrial age up.png 1,000 influence
Imperial age up.png 2,000 influence

In-game dialogue[]

Yoruba units speak Yoruba, a language spoken in West Africa, most prominently Southwestern Nigeria.

  • Select 1 O ya - It's time
  • Select 2 Ki le' fe' oluwaami? - What do you want my lord?
  • Select 3 Ki ni kins'e? - What should I do?
  • Move 1 A gbo'ye - Understood
  • Move 2 O da - It's good
  • Move 3 Le'se'ke'se' - Immediately
  • Attack 1 Ya bo won! - Attack them!
  • Attack 2 Oju ogun ya! - It's time to go to battle!
  • Attack 3 Pa gbogbo won! - Kill them all!


The Yoruba are a people-group indigenous to West Africa, especially modern-day Nigeria. Their homeland combines vast coasts, powerful rivers, fertile lands, thick jungles, and vast savannahs. As such, the Yoruba developed several means of subsistence, but by the early modern period they were primarily sedentary. Remarkably large and bustling urban centers developed and served as foci of local and royal power.

During the 17th-19th centuries, the Oyo Empire held sway over much of the region and exerted pressure on its neighbors in Benin and Dahomey. While the state benefited economically from trade with European merchants, its military, overconfident in its powerful forces of cavalry and infantry, delayed its widespread adoption of firearms until the 19th century. This, combined with civil unrest, made it susceptible to aggression from the rising Sokoto Caliphate. These Fulani invasions in turn opened the door for British invasions to easily overwhelm the region and hold it until 1960, when the Nigerian nation gained its independence.