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A nomadic horseman. Good against cavalry.
—In-game description

The Wokou Horseman is an East Asian outlaw in Age of Empires III: The Asian Dynasties. It is available on the Central Asia, Central Plain, Himalayas, Hokkaido, Honshu, Kamchatka, Korea, Manchuria, Mongolia, Parallel Rivers, Siberia, Silk Road, Yamal and Yellow River maps.

Overview[]

The Wokou Horsemen is a outlaw light cavalry with slightly higher hit points. They are best used against cavalry, but vulnerable to light infantry.

Upgrades[]

The Wokou Horseman upgrades in the Industrial Age and the Imperial Age when Compunction, Folk Heroes, or Wild West are researched.

  • Industrial age up +30% hit points and attack
  • Imperial age up +50% hit points and attack

Civilization differences[]

  • The Lakota can get Wokou Horsemen through the "Outlaw Band" and "Bandit Gang" Home City Cards, which are included in the pool of random outlaws shipped.

Revolutionary[]

  • Argentina and the Maya can also get Wokou Horsemen through the "Outlaw Band" (for Argentina) and "Bandit Gang" (for Maya) Home City Cards, which are included in the pool of random outlaws shipped.

Further statistics[]

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Heavy cavalry, hand shock infantry, artillery
Weak vs. Heavy infantry in melee, light infantry
Improvements
Hit points Atonement Compunction (+20%; Asians only)
Folk Heroes Folk Heroes (+20%; Europeans only)
Dance Hall Wild West (+20%; Americans only)
Comanche Horse Breeding Comanche Horse Breeding (+10%)
Cree Tanning Cree Tanning (+5%)
Navajo Weaving Navajo Weaving (+5%)
Tar kilns Tar Kilns (+5%)
Attack Atonement Compunction (+20%; Asians only)
Folk Heroes Folk Heroes (+20%; Europeans only)
Dance Hall Wild West (+20%; Americans only)
Seminole Bowyer Seminole Bowyer (+15%)
Carib Kasiri Beer Carib Kasiri Beer (+10%)
Ranged Cavalry Caracole Ranged Cavalry Caracole (+10%)
Tupi Poison Arrow Frogs Tupi Poison Arrow Frogs (+10%)
Yoga Yoga (+5%)
Carib Garifuna Drums Carib Garifuna Drums (+1.0 multiplier vs. villagers)
Wind horses Wind Horses (-10% Rate of Fire)
Resistance Sudanese quilted armor Sudanese Quilted Armor (+10% hand resistance)
Range Ranged Cavalry Caracole Ranged Cavalry Caracole (+2)
Sarmatism Sarmatism (+1)
Line of Sight Town Watch Town Watch (+3)
Ranged Cavalry Caracole Ranged Cavalry Caracole (+2)
Sarmatism Sarmatism (+1)
Speed Apache Endurance Apache Endurance (+5%)
Comanche Mustangs Comanche Mustangs (+5%)
Wind horses Wind Horses (+0.5)
Train time Cheyenne Horse Trading Cheyenne Horse Trading (-40%)
Mass Cavalry Mass Cavalry (-35%)
Quechuan Diet Quechuan Diet (-15%)
Immigrants Immigrants (-10%)
Shaman drums Shaman Drums (-10%)
Train cost Mapuche Ad-mapu Mapuche Ad-mapu (-10% coin cost)
Golden liberty Golden Liberty (-5% coin cost)

Home City Cards[]

Click for a list of Home City Cards related to the Wokou Horseman
Some cards are highlighted with:
Green TEAM Shipment that is sent to each player in a team
Purple Shipment that can be sent an INFINITE number of times
Blue Shipment that arrives fast (5 seconds)

All[]

Card Description Age
British Home City 2 (Cavalry Damage) Cavalry Damage Cavalry get +15% attack
Age II tech tree aoe3
British Home City 2 (Cavalry Hitpoints) Cavalry Hitpoints Cavalry get +15% hit points
Age II tech tree aoe3
British Home City 2 (Cavalry Combat) Cavalry Combat Cavalry get +15% hit points and attack
Age III tech tree aoe3
Mexican Home City 3 (Liberation March) Liberation March Infantry, cavalry, and shock infantry get +5% speed and -35% train time
Age III tech tree aoe3
Spanish Home City 3 (Riding School) Riding School Cavalry train time -40% (also +2 Uhlans for the Germans; +1 Hindu Villager for the Indians)
Age II tech tree aoe3
Sioux Home City 5 (Outlaw Band) Outlaw Band Ships 19 random outlaws; costs 1,000 coin
Age IV tech tree aoe 3
Sioux Home City 5 (Bandit Gang) Bandit Gang Ships 20 random outlaws; costs 2,000 coin
Age IV tech tree aoe 3
Baja California Home City (Outlaw Combat) Outlaw Combat Outlaws and mercenaries get +15% hit points and attack (also upgrades Filibusters to Veteran and costs 500 coin for Baja California)
Revolution
  • "Cavalry Damage" is available to the British and Lakota.
  • "Cavalry Hitpoints" is available to the British and Haudenosaunee.
  • "Cavalry Combat" is available to the British, Dutch, French, Italians, Lakota, Mexicans, Ottomans, Russians, and Spanish.
  • "Liberation March" is available to the Mexicans and Spanish.
  • "Riding School" is available to Europeans (except the Maltese and Spanish) and Indians.
  • "Outlaw Band" is available to the Lakota, and also Germans, Italians, and Spanish upon revolting to Argentina.
  • "Bandit Gang" is available to the Lakota, and also Mexicans upon revolting to the Maya.
  • "Outlaw Combat" is available to Europeans (upon revolting to the Barbary States, Hungary, and Mexico) and Mexicans (upon revolting to Baja California).

Asians[]

Card Description Age
Chinese Home City 5 (Atonement) Atonement Iron Troops/Jat Lancers/Yojimbos can be trained at the Monastery and available one age early; outlaws take -2 population (also +1 Hindu Villager for the Indians)
Age II tech tree aoe3

Chinese[]

Card Description Age
Western reforms Western Reforms All units get +8% hit points and attack
Age IV tech tree aoe 3
Acupuncture aoe3 Acupuncture All units' train time -20%
Age III tech tree aoe3
Chinese Home City 5 (Recruit Wokou 3 Wokou Horseman) Recruit Wokou +3 Wokou Horsemen Ships 1 Wokou Junk with 3 Wokou Horsemen in it; costs 500 coin
Age II tech tree aoe3

Europeans[]

Card Description Age
Theaters Theaters Upgrades the Tavern to the Theater which can train Ronin; outlaws take -2 population
Age II tech tree aoe3
South Africa Home City (Wanderlust) Wanderlust Land units get +5% hit points; villagers and wagons get +5% speed
Revolution
  • "Theaters" is not available to the Germans.
  • "Wanderlust" is available to the British and Dutch upon revolting to South Africa, and can be sent 3 times.

Germans[]

Card Description Age
German Home City 2 (Cavalry Attack) TEAM Cavalry Attack Heavy cavalry, light ranged cavalry, and shock infantry get +10% attack; Germans-only heavy cavalry, light cavalry, and shock infantry get +15% attack instead
Age III tech tree aoe3
German Home City 3 (Spanish Riding School) Spanish Riding School Cavalry get +10% speed; +4 Uhlans
Age IV tech tree aoe 3
German Home City 5 (Witch Hammer) Witch Hammer Ships 3 Inquisitors; Inquisitors can be trained at Tavern/Mercenary Camps, Town Centers, Church, and Outposts; outlaws take -2 population; +2 Uhlans
Age II tech tree aoe3
  • "TEAM Cavalry Attack" does not stack with the Italian "TEAM Cavalry Attack" card.

Indians[]

Card Description Age
Dravidian martial arts Dravidian Martial Arts All units get +15% hand attack; Rajputs get +20% hand attack instead; +1 Hindu Villager
Age II tech tree aoe3
Shivajis tactics TEAM Shivaji's Tactics All units get +5% hit points and attack
Age IV tech tree aoe 3

Italians[]

Card Description Age
German Home City 2 (Cavalry Attack) TEAM Cavalry Attack Heavy cavalry, light ranged cavalry, and shock infantry get +10% attack; Italians-only heavy cavalry, light cavalry, and shock infantry get +15% attack instead
Age III tech tree aoe3
Italian Home City 2 (Schiavoni Swords) Schiavoni Swords Infantry and cavalry get +15% hand attack
Age II tech tree aoe3
  • "TEAM Cavalry Attack" does not stack with the German "TEAM Cavalry Attack" card.

Japanese[]

Card Description Age
Japanese Home City 3 (Cheaper Unit Upgrades) TEAM Sengoku Unit upgrades cost -20%
Age IV tech tree aoe 3
Bakufu Bakufu Daimyo and Shogun Tokugawa get +5% speed, +10 Line of Sight and train units 15% faster; land military unit train time -20%, artillery and banner army train time -10% instead
Age III tech tree aoe3

Lakota[]

Card Description Age
Sioux Home City 2 (Mustangs) TEAM Mustangs Cavalry and shock infantry cost -10%
Age III tech tree aoe3

Maltese[]

Card Description Age
Maltese Home City 2 (TEAM Knights of the Round Table) TEAM Knights of the Round Table Ships 1 Hospitaller for each Town Center owned by the player; all units get +2% hit points
Age I tech tree aoe3
Maltese Home City 3 (Squires) Squires Military buildings train and research work 80% faster, except Forts which train and research work 260% faster
Age III tech tree aoe3

Mexicans[]

Card Description Age
Mexican Home City 2 (TEAM Mariachi) TEAM Mariachi For the next 30 seconds, military buildings work 400% faster and units get +10% speed
Age I tech tree aoe3
Federal card colegio de san nicolas Colegio de San Nicolás Ships 500 XP; units get +4 and buildings (except Walls) get +8 Line of Sight; sees what enemies can see for 20 seconds
Age II tech tree aoe3

Ottomans[]

Card Description Age
Ottoman Home City 2 (Irregular) Akincis Light cavalry get +100% attack multiplier against villagers; Cavalry Archer train time -15%
Age III tech tree aoe3

Russians[]

Card Description Age
Russian Home City 2 (Cavalry Scout) TEAM Kamchatka Expeditions Cavalry and shock infantry get +10% hit points and +4 Line of Sight
Age I tech tree aoe3

Spanish[]

Card Description Age
Spanish Home City 3 (Inquisition) TEAM Spanish Inquisition Ships 1 Inquisitor; all units get +10 Line of Sight
Age II tech tree aoe3

Swedes[]

Card Description Age
British Home City 2 (Cavalry Combat) Ranged Cavalry Combat Ranged cavalry get +15% hit points and attack
Age III tech tree aoe3

All[]

Card Description Age HC level
Spanish Home City 3 (Riding School) Riding School Cavalry train time -40% (also +2 Uhlans for the Germans; +1 Villager for the Indians)
Age II tech tree aoe3
10
  • "Riding School" is available to Europeans and Indians.

Asians[]

Card Description Age HC level
Atonement Atonement Iron Troops/Jat Lancers/Yojimbos can be trained at the Monastery; outlaws take -2 population (also +1 Hindu Villager for the Indians)
Age II tech tree aoe3
10

Chinese[]

Card Description Age HC level
Western reforms Western Reforms All units get +8% hit points and attack
Age IV tech tree aoe 3
40
Acupuncture aoe3 Acupuncture All units' train time -20%
Age III tech tree aoe3
10
Chinese Home City 5 (Recruit Wokou 3 Wokou Horseman) Recruit Wokou +3 Wokou Horsemen Ships 1 Wokou Junk with 3 Wokou Horsemen in it; costs 500 coin
Age II tech tree aoe3
1

Europeans[]

Card Description Age HC level
British Home City 2 (Cavalry Combat) Cavalry Combat Cavalry get +15% hit points and attack
Age III tech tree aoe3
10
Dance Hall Dance Hall Upgrades the Saloon to the Dance Hall which can train Ronin; outlaws take -2 population
Age II tech tree aoe3
1

Germans[]

Card Description Age HC level
German Home City 2 (Cavalry Attack) TEAM Cavalry Attack Heavy cavalry, light ranged cavalry, and shock infantry get +15% attack
Age II tech tree aoe3
10

Indians[]

Card Description Age HC level
Dravidian martial arts Dravidian Martial Arts All units get +15% hand attack; +1 Hindu Villager
Age II tech tree aoe3
40
Shivajis tactics TEAM Shivaji's Tactics All units get +5% hit points and attack
Age IV tech tree aoe 3
25

Ottomans[]

Card Description Age HC level
Ottoman Home City 2 (Irregular) Irregulars Light cavalry get +100% attack multiplier against villagers
Age III tech tree aoe3
25

Russians[]

Card Description Age HC level
Russian Home City 2 (Cavalry Scout) TEAM Cavalry Scouts Cavalry and shock infantry get +10% hit points and +4 Line of Sight
Age I tech tree aoe3
1

Spanish[]

Card Description Age HC level
Spanish Home City 3 (Inquisition) TEAM Inquisition All units get +10 Line of Sight
Age I tech tree aoe3
10

Changelog[]

3ADIcon48px The Asian Dynasties[]

  • Wokou Horsemen give 24 XP when trained or killed.

Age3DE Icon Definitive Edition[]

Age3DE Icon Knights of the Mediterranean[]

In-game dialogue[]

The Wokou Horseman uses the Keshik's dialogues.

Main article: Chinese (Age of Empires III)#In-game dialogue

History[]

The term "wokou" is a combination of the Chinese word "wo," referring to Japanese, and "kou," meaning bandit or invasion.

Beginning in the thirteenth century, no group of sailors was as feared or as mighty as the plundering wokou pirates, a clan of Japanese raiders and smugglers who terrified the Chinese and Korean coasts. The first attacks occurred in 1223, triggering immediate calls for the Kamakura shogunate of Japan to corral these scoundrels and prevent further attacks on the Korean coast. In 1227, as a show of strength, the shogun had 90 suspected pirates decapitated before the visiting Korean envoy.

During the Mongol invasions of the mid-thirteenth century, wokou attacks fell, most likely due to a heightened military preparedness on the part of both the Japanese and Korean governments. But this did not last. In the late fourteenth century, as central authority in Japan weakened, the wokou took full advantage, even branching out to initiate attacks along the coast of China. They profited highly from a severe trade embargo forced on Japan by the Qin and then Ming Dynasties of China, reaping rewards as black markets flourished. The wokou experienced periods of rise and decline, even attacking China with a makeshift fleet in 1419, but ultimately became obsolete, aided by the sword hunt.

At its peak, the wokou culture was enough to threaten even the most powerful Asian ruler, and to appeal to the most ordinary of citizenry. Many men left behind their lives to seek fortunes at sea. Chinese merchants, militiamen, and smugglers, Korean pirates, Portuguese sailors, traders, and even missionaries joined up with the notorious wokou pirates.

Mongol Rider[]

The Mongol Rider is the Treasure guardian version of the Wokou Horseman, usually found in large or resourceful treasures. They are a harder guardian to defeat due to their very high hit points, but can be dealt with if the explorer is micro-managed carefully and better be tamed than attacked.

History[]

The Mongol army of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries was one of the most effective fight forces of all time, centering its battlefield strategy on the tenets of flexibility, mobility, and a powerful siege. Clad in light armor, horse archers rode and fought independently of cumbersome supply lines, collecting valuable reconnaissance information as they disrupted enemy positions and sowed seeds of panic. Their tactic of swift advances and false retreats often left the steppe riders out of harm's way but within arrow range for their attack. As the warriors attacked, mounted couriers relayed messages across various fronts and within the combined army, which consisted of a variety of different units working together.

When the Mongols prepared for a final siege, they brought engineers to the front. Siege engines and rockets were deployed to scatter enemy formations, and to isolate pockets of troops to keep supplies or reinforcements from reaching them.

Gallery[]

Mercenary and outlaw units in Age of Empires III
Aoe3 unit type mercenary Mercenaries
InfantryMercenary armored pistoleer portrait Armored Pistoleer · Arsonist aoe3de Arsonist · Askari aoe3de portrait Askari · Corsair de Barbary Corsair · Cannoneer portrait aoe3de Cannoneer · Dahomey amazon aoe3de portrait Dahomey Amazon · Fusilier de Fusilier · Mercenary giant grenadier portrait Giant Grenadier · Highlander de Highlander · Mercenary irish brigade portrait Irish Brigadier · Iron troop aoe3de Iron Troop · Jaeger portrait aoe3de updated Jaeger · Landsknecht de Landsknecht · Ninja de Ninja · Mercenary pandour portrait Pandour · Ronin de Ronin · Swiss pikeman aoe3de Swiss Pikeman · Zouave icon aoe3de Zouave
CavalryBlack rider aoe3de Black Rider · Mercenary bosniak rider portrait Bosniak · Elmeti aoe3de Elmetto · Gatling camel aoe3de portrait Gatling Camel · Hackapell aoe3de Hackapell · Harquebusier icon Harquebusier · Jat lancer de Jat Lancer · Kanuri guard aoe3de portrait Kanuri Guard · Mameluke aoe3de Mameluke · Manchu de Manchu · Mercenary mounted rifleman portrait Mounted Rifleman · Mercenary royal horseman portrait Royal Horseman · Sennar horseman aoe3de portrait Sennar Horseman · Stradiot aoe3de Stradiot · Yojimbo aoe3de Yojimbo · Zenata rider aoe3de portrait Zenata Rider
ArtilleryLil bombard aoe3de Li'l Bombard · Napoleon gun icon aoe3de Napoleon Gun · Gatling camel aoe3de portrait Gatling Camel
ShipBattleship portrait Battleship · Privateer aoe3de Privateer · War dhow portrait aoe3de War Dhow · Wokou junk aoe3de Wokou Junk · Xebec portrait aoe3de Xebec
Outlaws
InfantryAfrican vagabond portrait African Vagabond · Colonial looter portrait Colonial Looter · Cossack daredevil portrait Cossack Daredevil · Dacoit aoe3de Dacoit · Desert archer portrait aoe3de Desert Archer · Desert warrior portrait aoe3de Desert Warrior · Hajduk portrait Hajduk · Highwayman dismounted portrait Highwayman · Inquisitor portrait Inquisitor · Pistolero aoe3de Pistolero · Renegado aoe3de Renegado · Thuggee aoe3de Thuggee · Blind monk aoe3de Wokou Monk · Wayward ronin aoe3de Wokou Ronin
Shock infantryPirate aoe3de Pirate · Wokou pirate aoe3de Wokou Pirate
CavalryComanchero icon aoe3de Comanchero · Mounted cossack daredevil portrait Cossack Daredevil · Crabat portrait Crabat · Desert raider portrait aoe3de Desert Raider · Highwayman mounted portrait Highwayman · Wokou horseman aoe3de Wokou Horseman
ArtilleryCaptured mortar aoe3de Captured Mortar
ShipCatamaran aoe3de Marathan Catamaran
Flag MexicanDE MexicansDesperado portrait Desperado · Vaquero portrait Cuatrero · Bandido portrait Bandido
Flag American act3 aoe3de United StatesGunslinger aoe3de Gunslinger · Cowboy aoe3de Cowboy · Owlhoot aoe3de Owlhoot
Treasure guardians in Age of Empires III
HumansAfrican vagabond portrait African Vagabond · Ambushing shongo thrower portrait Ambushing Shongo Thrower · Caravan bandit portrait Caravan Bandit · Carib blowgunner aoe3de Carib Blowgunner · Colonial gunslinger portrait Colonial Gunslinger · Colonial looter portrait Colonial Looter · Colonial officer portrait Colonial Officer · Colonial oppressor portrait Colonial Oppressor · Colonial swashbuckler portrait Colonial Swashbuckler · Comanchero icon aoe3de Comanchero · Phanar evzone portrait Evzone · Guardian haramija portrait Haramija · Knife thrower aoe3de Knife Thrower · Outlaw pirate portrait aoe3de updated Pirate · Pistolero aoe3de Pistolero · Plague doctor portrait Plague Doctor · Renegado aoe3de Renegado · Wokou horseman aoe3de Wokou Horseman · Blind monk aoe3de Wokou Monk · Wokou pirate aoe3de Wokou Pirate · Wayward ronin aoe3de Wokou Ronin
Land animalsTibetan macaque aoe3de Baboon · Beast portrait Beast · Black bear aoe3de Black Bear · Black panther aoe3de Black Panther · Grizzly aoe3de Brown Bear · Cougar aoe3de Cougar · Pet wolf aoe3de Coyote · Elephant aoe3de Elephant · Ethiopian Wolf portrait Ethiopian Wolf · Hippo portrait Hippo · Honey Badger portrait Honey Badger · Hyena portrait aoe3de Hyena · Jaguar pet aoe3de Jaguar · Jaguar pet aoe3de Leopard · Lion aoe3de Lion · Liontailed macaque aoe3de Lion-Tailed Macaque · Guardian dog portrait Mad Dog · Orangutan portrait aoe3de Orangutan · Panda portrait aoe3de Panda · Polar bear aoe3de portrait Polar Bear · Rhino aoe3de Rhinoceros · Snow leopard aoe3de Snow Leopard · Snowmonkey aoe3de Snow Monkey · Tibetan macaque aoe3de Tibetan Macaque · Tiger icon aoe3de Tiger · Warthog portrait Warthog · White tiger aoe3de White Tiger · Warthog portrait Wild Boar · Pet wolf aoe3de Wolf
Marine animalsAlligator aoe3de Alligator · Alligator aoe3de Crocodile · Hippo portrait Hippo · Monitor lizard aoe3de Komodo Dragon · Orca aoe3de Orca · Greatwhiteshark aoe3de Shark
ShipsCatamaran aoe3de Marathan Catamaran · Wokou junk aoe3de Wokou Junk
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