|This article is about the unit in Age of Empires II: The Conquerors. For the unit in Age of Empires III, see War Wagon (Age of Empires III).|
"Korean unique unit. Heavily armored horse-drawn archer unit."—Age of Empires II description
The War Wagon is the unique unit of the Koreans in Age of Empires II: The Conquerors. It is a cavalry archer with very high pierce armor and HP. It fires bolts like a Scorpion, but unlike the Scorpion, it does not deal blast damage.
War Wagons can be upgraded to Elite War Wagons in the Imperial Age.
War Wagons are one of the strongest ranged units in the game because they possess high HP, high pierce armor, and the highest base attack among all archers. This makes them usable as either ranged support, as damage soaker, or even performing both roles simultaneously. As ranged support, War Wagons can be placed behind melee units such as Halberdiers. They are strong against enemy archers and cavalry archers, though Camel Archers and Genoese Crossbowmen are exceptions.
As damage soakers, War Wagons can be placed at the front line, supported by Monks and other ranged units such as Onagers. Compared to melee units, the War Wagon's biggest advantage as front line troops is its ranged attack allow them to attack enemy troops without chasing them and breaking the line. However, War Wagons should not be used as front line troops against Halberdiers and Camels. Skirmishers also deal attack bonus against War Wagons, but unless greatly outnumbered War Wagons will come out winning. Paladins, War Elephants, and Battle Elephants can also overpower War Wagons, but should be wary of Halberdiers. Eagle Warriors and Huskarls can decimate War Wagons due to their high pierce armor, while Samurai and Kamayuks can deal heavy damage to War Wagons, though the Koreans can counter any of those with Hand Cannoneers. Onagers can do considerable damage to War Wagons, which will have trouble dodging due to their clunkiness, though Koreans can use Bombard Cannons or their own Siege Onagers to counter the enemy siege. Finally, due to lacking Heresy, War Wagons are susceptible to conversion by enemy Monks.
War Wagons work well as raiding units because they move fairly fast, have an attack bonus against buildings, can focus fire to kill a target quickly, and are resistant to arrow attacks. They are also invaluable in a defensive tactic. War Wagons' ranged attack allows them to stand behind a wall and attack the assaulting troops safely. On certain maps with narrow paths (e.g. Black Forest), War Wagons can use their large size to clog the path and prevent enemy troops from reaching a certain location; giving enough time for the player to strengthen that place's defense. Like other archer units, War Wagons can increase a Castle's attack damage by garrisoning inside it and increasing the amount of arrows fired. A Castle fully garrisoned of War Wagons can even kill a Huskarl in just one strike.
Despite being cavalry archers, hit-and-run tactics do not work very well with War Wagons because of their large size, comparatively low speed, and high frame delay.
Further statistics Edit
As War Wagons are unique to the Koreans, only technologies that are available to them are shown in the following table:
|Unit strengths and weaknesses|
|Strong vs.||Infantry, archers|
|Weak vs.||Cavalry, Pikemen, Kamayuks, Genoese Crossbowmen, Huskarls, Mamelukes, Camels, Skirmishers, Eagle Warriors, Mangonels, Samurai, Monks|
|Attack|| Fletching (+1)|
Bodkin Arrow (+1)
|Range|| Fletching (+1)|
Bodkin Arrow (+1)
|Firing rate||Thumb Ring (+11%)|
|Accuracy||Ballistics (hit moving targets)|
|Armor|| Padded Archer Armor (+1/+1)|
Leather Archer Armor (+1/+1)
Ring Archer Armor (+1/+2)
|Creation speed||Conscription (+33%)|
Team bonuses Edit
- A team containing Berbers: With Kasbah researched, War Wagons are created and upgraded 25% faster, and Conscription is researched 25% faster.
- A team containing Britons: Researching Thumb Ring is 20% faster.
- A team containing Huns: Researching Husbandry is 20% faster.
- A team containing Malians: Researching Chemistry and Ballistics is 80% faster.
- A team containing Teutons: War Wagons are more resistant to conversion.
The Conquerors Edit
- War Wagons train in 25 seconds.
- War Wagons cost 80W/60G.
- (Elite) War Wagons have 5 (6) range.
- With patch 1.0c, the War Wagon cost is now 120W/60G.
- With patch 1.0c, (Elite) War Wagons now have 4 (5) range.
The Forgotten Edit
- War Wagons now cost 110W/60G.
- War Wagons now train in 21 seconds.
The African Kingdoms Edit
- Cavalry archer armor class added to War Wagons.
- Upon its release in The Conquerors, War Wagon was the archer unit with the highest HP. Since the release of The Forgotten however, the title now belongs to the Elephant Archer.
- Unlike most units, whose icons usually show their front or upper part of their body, the icon of War Wagon is showing their bottom part (wheel).
- The War Wagon has been speculated to be based on hwacha, a wooden cart from the Joseon era capable of firing barrage of rocket arrows. This theory is supported by an article at the official Age of Empires blog which confirms that the War Wagon is indeed inspired by hwacha. However, while the War Wagon is quick and mobile, real-life hwacha must be operated stationarily and were used primarily for defensive purposes. In addition, the design of the War Wagon as a two-wheeled cart pulled by horses is probably not based on actual Korean historical units, but instead from ancient Chinese chariots like this one.
"The Korean kingdom of Koryo was often under attack from all sides — by China, by barbarian civilizations to the north like the Mongols, and by sea raiders. To survive, they needed a strong military. We have hints from scant records that the Koryo were innovative warriors, perhaps being the first to use rockets in combat and carriages of some type. Trains of these wagons could be arranged into temporary fortifications in open areas, providing a mobile, yet substantial, defensive position against mounted enemies. So became the war wagon, a classic chariot with scythed blades and mobile forts from which archers could fire with some protection."