|This article is about the unit in Age of Empires II: The Conquerors. For the unit in Age of Empires III, see War Wagon (Age of Empires III).|
|“||Korean unique unit. Heavily armored horse-drawn archer unit.||”|
|—Age of Empires II description|
The War Wagon is the unique unit of the Koreans in Age of Empires II: The Conquerors. It is a cavalry archer with very high pierce armor and HP. It fires bolts like a War Galley, so unlike the Scorpion, it does not deal blast damage.
War Wagons can be upgraded to Elite War Wagons in the Imperial Age.
Tactics[edit | edit source]
War Wagons are one of the strongest ranged units in the game because they possess high HP, high pierce armor, and the highest base attack among all archers. This makes them usable as either ranged support, as damage soaker, or even performing both roles simultaneously. As ranged support, War Wagons can be placed behind melee units such as Halberdiers. They are strong against enemy archers and cavalry archers, though Camel Archers and Genoese Crossbowmen are exceptions.
As damage soakers, War Wagons can be placed at the front line, supported by Monks and other ranged units such as Onagers. Compared to melee units, the War Wagon's biggest advantage as front line troops is its ranged attack allow them to attack enemy troops without chasing them and breaking the line. However, War Wagons should not be used as front line troops against Halberdiers and Camel Riders. Skirmishers also deal attack bonus against War Wagons, but unless greatly outnumbered War Wagons will come out on top. Paladins, War Elephants, and Battle Elephants can also overpower War Wagons, but should be wary of Halberdiers.The latter two are inhibited by their slow speed and are less viable than Camel Riders or the Knight line in forcing an engagement. Eagle Warriors and Huskarls can decimate War Wagons due to their high pierce armor, while Samurai and Kamayuks can deal heavy damage to War Wagons, though the Koreans can counter any of those with Hand Cannoneers. Onagers can do considerable damage to War Wagons, which will have trouble dodging due to their clunkiness, though Koreans can use Bombard Cannons or their own Siege Onagers to counter the enemy siege. Finally, due to lacking Heresy, War Wagons are susceptible to conversion by enemy Monks.
Because of their beefy statistics and signficantly fast speed, War Wagons work decently enough to play the role of raiding units. Besides that, they have an useful attack bonus against buildings, thus focus firing can destroy buildings fairly quickly, all while tanking enemy arrow fire. On maps with narrow paths (e.g. Black Forest), War Wagons can use their large size and collision box to clog the path and prevent enemy troops from advancing and buying some time.
However, their large size and ability to obstruct can be quite counterproductive, making them more vulnerable against Onager shots, Bombard Cannons, and even Trebuchets. Furthermore, its big collision box hinders its micromanagement even in small groups, and in large groups, it severely cripples their range, unlike other archer units which can stick together in tight spaces. And despite being cavalry archers, hit-and-run tactics do not work very well with War Wagons because of their large size, comparatively low speed, and high frame delay. Also, it should be noted that despite their HP, War Wagons are still vulnerable against melee units.
All these factors should be taken in consideration when using War Wagons, thus the player should be dedicated to using these units smartly and carefully.
Like other archer units, War Wagons can increase a Castle's attack damage by garrisoning inside it and increasing the amount of arrows fired. A Castle fully garrisoned with War Wagons can even kill a Huskarl in just one volley.
Further statistics[edit | edit source]
As War Wagons are unique to the Koreans, only technologies that are available to them are shown in the following table:
|Unit strengths and weaknesses|
|Strong vs.||Infantry, archers|
|Weak vs.||Cavalry, Pikemen, Kamayuks, Genoese Crossbowmen, Huskarls, Mamelukes, Camel Riders, Skirmishers, Eagle Warriors, Mangonels, Samurai, Monks|
|Attack|| Fletching (+1)|
Bodkin Arrow (+1)
|Range|| Fletching (+1)|
Bodkin Arrow (+1)
|Firing rate||Thumb Ring (+11%)|
|Accuracy||Ballistics (hit moving targets)|
|Armor|| Padded Archer Armor (+1/+1)|
Leather Archer Armor (+1/+1)
Ring Archer Armor (+1/+2)
|Creation speed||Conscription (+33%)|
|Upgrades||Elite War Wagon|
Civilization bonuses[edit | edit source]
- Koreans: War Wagons cost 20% less wood. Armor upgrades are free.
Team bonuses[edit | edit source]
- A team containing Berbers: With Kasbah researched, War Wagons are created and upgraded 25% faster, and Conscription is researched 25% faster.
- A team containing Britons: Researching Thumb Ring is 20% faster.
- A team containing Bulgarians: Researching attack upgrades at the Blacksmith is faster.
- A team containing Huns: Researching Husbandry is 20% faster.
- A team containing Lithuanians: Researching Faith is 20% faster.
- A team containing Malians: Researching Chemistry and Ballistics is 80% faster.
- A team containing Teutons: War Wagons are more resistant to conversion.
- A team containing Tatars: War Wagons have +2 line of sight.
Changelog[edit | edit source]
The Conquerors[edit | edit source]
- War Wagons train in 25 seconds.
- War Wagons cost 80W/60G.
- (Elite) War Wagons have 5 (6) range.
- With patch 1.0b, the War Wagon cost is now 120W/60G.
- With patch 1.0b, (Elite) War Wagons now have 4 (5) range.
The Forgotten[edit | edit source]
- War Wagons now cost 110W/60G.
- War Wagons now train in 21 seconds.
The African Kingdoms[edit | edit source]
- Cavalry archer armor class added to War Wagons.
Definitive Edition[edit | edit source]
- Initially, War Wagons cost 15% less wood (94 wood). With Update 39284, the War Wagon's base cost is now 115 wood and 60 coin, and they cost 20% less wood (92 wood).
- Koreans: With update 42848, Archer Armor upgrades are free.
Trivia[edit | edit source]
- Upon its release in The Conquerors, War Wagon was the archer unit with the highest HP. Since the release of The Forgotten however, the title now belongs to the Elephant Archer.
- Unlike most units, whose icons usually show their front or upper part of their body, the icon of War Wagon is showing their bottom part (wheel).
- The War Wagon has been speculated to be based on hwacha, a wooden cart from the Joseon era capable of firing barrage of rocket arrows. This theory is supported by an article at the official Age of Empires blog which confirms that the War Wagon is indeed inspired by hwacha. However, while the War Wagon is quick and mobile, real-life hwacha must be operated stationarily and were used primarily for defensive purposes. In addition, the design of the War Wagon as a two-wheeled cart pulled by horses is probably not based on actual Korean historical units, but instead from ancient Chinese civilian chariots like this one.
- With 13 attack, a fully upgraded Elite War Wagon has the highest attack of all cavalry archers.
History[edit | edit source]
|“||The Korean kingdom of Koryo was often under attack from all sides — by China, by barbarian civilizations to the north like the Mongols, and by sea raiders. To survive, they needed a strong military. We have hints from scant records that the Koryo were innovative warriors, perhaps being the first to use rockets in combat and carriages of some type. Trains of these wagons could be arranged into temporary fortifications in open areas, providing a mobile, yet substantial, defensive position against mounted enemies. So became the war wagon, a classic chariot with scythed blades and mobile forts from which archers could fire with some protection.||”|