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Shehu Usman dan Fodio (born Usman ɓi Fudi, 1754 — 1817) is a Fulani religious leader, scholar, and writer who were notable for inspiring the West African Muslims to rise up against the various Hausa kingdoms, leading to their fall and the establishment of the Sokoto Caliphate. His feats are featured in Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition - The African Royals as the Fall of the Hausa Historical Battle.


A Fulani scholar and military leader, Usman dan Fodio was born in 1754 in Gobir, one of the Hausa city-states of modern Nigeria. After several decades as a religious teacher, Usman organized an insurrection in 1802 that sought to reform his community – which he felt had strayed from a virtuous path and given itself over to greed, immorality, and cruelty – through Islamic teachings. Leading armies primarily of Fulani as Commander of the Faithful, he dismantled the existing Hausa system and established the Sokoto Caliphate in 1803. Before his death in 1817, Usman authored countless treatises on political, cultural, social, and religious matters.

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