Age of Empires Series Wiki
Info icon.png
This article is about the building in Age of Empires II. For the building in other games, see University.

Used to improve buildings and missile units.
Age of Empires II description

The University is a research building in Age of Empires II that becomes available once the Castle Age is reached. The University provides technologies to improve buildings (and defense overall) and missile firing units. To research many of these technologies is critical to develop a powerful civilization and obtain victory when game lasts for over late Castle or Imperial Age.

Tactics and placement[]

As a building incapable of attacking or producing units, the placement of a University must not be given much thought. All it needs to do is provide researches and optimally stand until it is done doing so. After being researched, upgrades are available even if the player loses all Universities. Once all necessary technologies have been researched, the University is a completely useless building and can freely be deleted (unless it is walling out an area of importance in which case it should be replaced).

As the University provides essential technologies for defensive structures and missile firing units, it should be built as soon as enough wood is available, especially when a turtling strategy is chosen or the player goes heavy on ranged units. Ballistics (Castle Age) and Chemistry (Imperial Age) are the most important technologies here available for all civilizations and as such, their research should be prioritized. Murder Holes is also critical for defense and is available to all, though Teutons receive it for free when they reach Castle Age.

Since most University technologies are very situational, players (including the AI ones) hardly ever build more than one per game.


Clicking on the icon links to the corresponding page.

DarkageDE.png FeudalageDE.png CastleageDE.png Imperial Age
Masonryavailable.png Architecture
Fortified Wall Chemistryavailable.png Bombardtowerresearchavailable.png
Ballistics Siegeengineersavailable.png
Guard Tower Keepresearchavailable.png
Heated Shot Arrowslitsavailable.png

Availability grid[]

The following table shows the availability of the technologies for every civilization. Technologies that are available to all civilizations (Ballistics, Murder Holes, and Chemistry) are not shown in the table. An 'X' in the last column indicates that all technologies are available.

Available.png = Available
Unavailable.png = Unavailable
Civilization MasonryDE.png Architecture Fortified Wall Guard Tower Keep-research.jpg Heated Shot TreadmillCraneDE.png Bombard Tower SiegeEngineersDE.png ArrowSlitsDE.png Total All
CivIcon-Aztecs.png Aztecs 6
Civ icon bengalis.png Bengalis 9
CivIcon-Berbers.png Berbers 7
Bohemians Icon.png Bohemians 9
CivIcon-Britons.png Britons 8
CivIcon-Bulgarians.png Bulgarians 6
Menu techtree burgundians.png Burgundians 8
CivIcon-Burmese.png Burmese 8
CivIcon-Byzantines.png Byzantines 5
CivIcon-Celts.png Celts 8
CivIcon-Chinese.png Chinese 8
CivIcon-Cumans.png Cumans 2
Civ Icon Dravidians.png Dravidians 7
CivIcon-Ethiopians.png Ethiopians 7
CivIcon-Franks.png Franks 6
CivIcon-Goths.png Goths 3
Civ Icon Gurjaras.png Gurjaras 7
CivIcon-Hindustanis.png Hindustanis 4
CivIcon-Huns.png Huns 1
CivIcon-Incas.png Incas 8
CivIcon-Italians.png Italians 9
CivIcon-Japanese.png Japanese 7
CivIcon-Khmer.png Khmer 7
CivIcon-Koreans.png Koreans 10 X
CivIcon-Lithuanians.png Lithuanians 8
CivIcon-Magyars.png Magyars 5
CivIcon-Malay.png Malay 6
CivIcon-Malians.png Malians 7
CivIcon-Mayans.png Mayans 7
CivIcon-Mongols.png Mongols 4
CivIcon-Persians.png Persians 4
Poles Icon.png Poles 8
CivIcon-Portuguese.png Portuguese 9
CivIcon-Saracens.png Saracens 7
Menu techtree sicilians.png Sicilians 5
CivIcon-Slavs.png Slavs 4
CivIcon-Spanish.png Spanish 7
CivIcon-Tatars.png Tatars 7
CivIcon-Teutons.png Teutons 9
CivIcon-Turks.png Turks 9
CivIcon-Vietnamese.png Vietnamese 8
CivIcon-Vikings.png Vikings 8
Civilization Masonry.jpg Architecture Fortified Wall Guard Tower Keep-research.jpg Heated Shot Treadmillcrane.jpg Bombard Tower Siegeengineers.jpg Arrowslits.jpg Total All

Further statistics[]

Building strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Nothing
Weak vs. Everything
Hit points Masonry aoe2de.png Masonry (+10%)
ArchitectureDE.png Architecture (+10%)
Armor Masonry aoe2de.png Masonry (+1/+1, +3 building armor)
ArchitectureDE.png Architecture (+1/+1, +3 building armor)
Line of Sight TownWatchDE.png Town Watch (+4)
TownPatrolDE.png Town Patrol (+4)
Conversion defense FaithDE.png Faith
HeresyDE.png Heresy
Construction speed TreadmillCraneDE.png Treadmill Crane (+20%)

Civilization bonuses[]

  • Bohemians: Universities cost -100 wood. Chemistry is available in the Castle Age.
  • Byzantines: Universities have +30%/+40% HP in the Castle/Imperial Age. Town Watch and Town Patrol are free.
  • Chinese: University technologies and technologies that benefit Universities are 15%/20% cheaper in the Castle/Imperial Age.
  • Italians: University technologies are 33% cheaper.
  • Koreans: Tower upgrades are free (Bombard Tower requires Chemistry).
  • Malians: Universities cost -15% wood.
  • Persians: Researching Town Watch and Town Patrol is 10%/15%/20% faster in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age.
  • Portuguese: University technologies and technologies that benefit Universities are researched 30% faster.
  • Spanish: Universities are built 30% faster.
  • Teutons: Murder Holes is free.
  • Turks: Chemistry is free. The Bombard Tower technology is 50% cheaper.

Team bonuses[]


The Conquerors[]

The African Kingdoms[]

  • Arrowslits introduced. Initially, it is available in the Castle Age. With patch 4.8, it moved to the Imperial Age.

Definitive Edition[]

  • Portuguese: With update 42848, University technologies and technologies that benefit Universities are researched 30% faster.


  • The Native American University is loosely based on the El Caracol observatory.
  • The African University is loosely based on the University of Sankore.
  • The Central Asian University resembles the Ulugh Beg Madrasa in Samarkand, Uzbekistan.
  • The Koreans are the only civilization that have access to all University technologies. In addition, the tower-improving technologies are free.
  • The Huns have the fewest researchable technologies, with only Masonry (aside from the technologies that are available to all civilizations: Chemistry, Ballistics, and Murder Holes).


During the bleakest days of the Dark Ages, learning was all but extinguished in much of Europe. A scattering of priests and monks in isolated monasteries carried forward the ability to read and write and kept books alive by copying old manuscripts. Charlemagne attempted to reverse this trend by creating a school to train men who could help him control his empire, but this experiment largely disappeared under a new wave of barbarian invasions from the north and east. The first centers of higher learning were associated with great cathedral towns such as Cambridge, Oxford, Padua, and Paris. Future priests and church leaders received training in Latin, the Bible, Christian philosophy, and other Christian writings. Medicine, science, and mathematics did not enter the curricula until much later. Graduates of these first universities led the Church and provided a pool of educated men who served generations of European kings as advisors and administrators.