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This article is about the unique units in Age of Empires II. For the armor class, see Armor class: Unique unit. For unique units in other games of the series, see Unique unit.
Aoe2 uniqueunits prev
Unique units armor aoe2de

A unique unit is a unit only usually available to a single civilization in Age of Empires II.


Each civilization in the game has one unique unit that can be trained in the Castle from the Castle Age. The Bulgarians and Sicilians can train their unique unit in another building in addition to the Castle; the Krepost and Donjon, respectively. In addition, sixteen civilizations have access to a second unique unit that is trained at another building. The Gurjaras are the only civilization with 3 unique units, but with maximum 2 trainable simultaneously.

Before Age of Empires II HD: The African Kingdoms was released, a Castle was required to train the second unique unit. Since that was changed, the civilizations with two unique units gain the advantage of instant access to a unique unit once the Castle Age is reached.

There are different categories of unique units:

  • Castle unique units
  • Unique upgrades
  • Non-Castle unique units (which are not unique upgrades)
  • Shared units (available through team bonuses)

As the name suggests, a Castle unit can only be trained at a Castle (except Huskarl, Tarkan, Serjeant, and Konnik - see the list below), while non-Castle units are created elsewhere (ex. Longboat, Missionary, Slinger). Unique upgrades by definition are created at the building where other units of the line are created.

Castle unique units share a common weakness in the requirement of a Castle to be produced. This means that, especially in the Castle Age, it is much harder to create a group of unique units compared to a group of units not trained in a Castle. Anarchy and Marauders alleviate this issue for the Huskarl and Tarkan respectively, but both upgrades still require a Castle to be created.

Shared units, however, fill a different and broader niche, since their nature means that they can be used by other civilizations in addition to their own by simply allying with their native factions. A team containing an Italian, Berber, or Vietnamese player will have access to the Condottieri, Genitours, or Imperial Skirmishers, respectively. Shared unique units are team bonuses and not unique units. They may, however, be a part of the Armor class: Unique unit. A team containing a Cuman player will have access to 5 free Elite Kipchaks per each Castle when Cuman Mercenaries has been researched.

All unique units are available in the Castle Age, apart from the Camel Scout, Imperial Camel Rider, Condottiero, Imperial Skirmisher, Houfnice, Serjeant, Thirisadai, Legionary, and Savar. Presently, there is no unique upgrade in the Castle Age.

Unique units unlocked in the Imperial Age and unique upgrades by design do not have an Elite upgrade. Hence, all other unique units but Slinger and Missionary have an Elite version that possesses overall superior statistics. The upgrade is always available in the Imperial Age. However, the Serjeant receives a free upgrade upon reaching the Castle Age. Moreover, Serjeants are the only unit which can be trained at the Castle in the Feudal Age in Regicide game mode or when the player starts with Castle from the start, e.g. MegaRandom or Fortress maps.

The Samurai possesses an attack bonus against all pure-unique units (including itself). Hence the Imperial Camel Rider, Imperial Skirmisher, Houfnice, Winged Hussar, Legionary, and Savar are safe from this attack bonus, since they are unique upgrades. The Samurai is the only unit that has an attack bonus against unique units.

List of unique units[]

Overall, there are 65 unique units:

  • 15 archers (including the Arambai, melee Ratha, excluding gunpowder units)
  • 21 infantry (including the Dismounted Konnik and Warrior Priest)
  • 17 cavalry (excluding the melee Ratha)
  • 5 land gunpowder units
  • 4 ships (including Turtle Ships)
  • 1 non-gunpowder siege weapon (Ballista Elephant)
  • 2 special units (Missionary and Flaming Camel)

The following list contains all unique units sorted by expansions. It can also be sorted by their civilization, type, and building(s) as need be. In addition, a small speciality/description is provided.

Civilization Unique unit Type Trained at Description/Speciality
Britons AoE2 Britons LongbowmanIcon-DE Longbowman Foot archer Castle Long range
Byzantines AoE2 Byzantines CataphractIcon-DE Cataphract Heavy cavalry Castle Anti-infantry, resistant to anti-cavalry attacks
Celts AoE2 Celts WoadRaiderIcon-DE Woad Raider Medium infantry Castle Fast-moving, heavily armed
Chinese AoE2 Chinese ChukoNuIcon-DE Chu Ko Nu Foot archer Castle Fires multiple arrows in quick succession
Franks AoE2 Franks ThrowingAxemanIcon-DE Throwing Axeman Heavy infantry Castle Ranged melee attack
Goths AoE2 Goths HuskarlIcon-DE Huskarl Medium infantry Castle Archer-resistant, anti-archer
Japanese AoE2 Japanese SamuraiIcon-DE Samurai Heavy infantry Castle Attack bonus against unique units
Mongols AoE2 Mongols MangudaiIcon-DE Mangudai Mounted archer Castle Attack bonus against siege weapons
Persians AoE2 Persians WarElephantIcon-DE War Elephant Elephant cavalry Castle Slow and tanky with powerful Area of Effect attack
Saracens AoE2 Saracens MamelukeIcon-DE Mameluke Camel cavalry Castle Ranged melee attack, anti-cavalry
Teutons AoE2 Teutons TeutonicKnightIcon-DE Teutonic Knight Heavy infantry Castle Heavily armed, heavily armored
Turks AoE2 Turks JanissaryIcon-DE Janissary Foot gunpowder unit Castle Long range, high attack
Vikings AoE2 Vikings BerserkIcon-DE Berserk Heavy infantry Castle Regeneration
LongboatIcon-DE Longboat Warship Dock Fast-moving, easy to micromanage
Aztecs AoE2 Aztecs JaguarWarriorIcon-DE Jaguar Warrior Heavy infantry Castle Anti-infantry
Huns AoE2 Huns TarkanIcon-DE Tarkan Medium cavalry Castle Archer-resistant, anti-building
Koreans AoE2 Koreans WarWagonIcon-DE War Wagon Heavy mounted archer Castle Archer-resistant
TurtleShipIcon-DE Turtle Ship Heavy gunpowder warship Dock Ship-resistant, high attack, medium-ranged
Mayans AoE2 Mayans PlumedArcherIcon-DE Plumed Archer Foot archer Castle Fast-moving, high hit points
Spanish AoE2 Spanish ConquistadorIcon-DE Conquistador Mounted gunpowder unit Castle High attack
MissionaryIcon-DE Missionary Mounted Monk Monastery Does not have an Elite version
Incas AoE2 Incas KamayukIcon-DE Kamayuk Heavy infantry Castle Extra range, anti-cavalry
SlingerIcon-DE Slinger Foot archer Archery Range Anti-infantry, does not have an Elite version
Indians AoE2 Indians
Aoe2de DOI elephant archer icon Elephant Archer Elephant mounted archer Castle Archer-resistant
ImperialCamelRiderIcon-DE Imperial Camel Rider Camel cavalry Stable Unique upgrade to the Heavy Camel Rider
Italians AoE2 Italians GenoeseCrossbowmanIcon-DE Genoese Crossbowman Foot archer Castle Anti-cavalry
CondottieroIcon-DE Condottiero* Medium infantry Barracks Fast-moving, anti-gunpowder
Magyars AoE2 Magyars MagyarHuszarIcon-DE Magyar Huszar Light cavalry Castle Attack bonus against siege weapons
Slavs AoE2 Slavs BoyarIcon-DE Boyar Heavy cavalry Castle Heavily armored
Berbers AoE2 Berbers CamelArcherIcon-DE Camel Archer Camel mounted archer Castle Anti-mounted-archer
GenitourIcon-DE Genitour* Mounted archer Archery Range Mounted Skirmisher
Ethiopians AoE2 Ethiopians Shotelwarrioricon-DE Shotel Warrior Light infantry Castle Fast-moving, heavily armed
Malians AoE2 Malians GbetoIcon-DE Gbeto Light infantry Castle Ranged melee attack, heavily armed
Portuguese AoE2 Portuguese OrganGunIcon-DE Organ Gun Gunpowder siege weapon Castle Good against bunched up foot soldiers
CaravelIcon-DE Caravel Warship Dock Pass-through damage
Burmese AoE2 Burmese Arambaiicon-DE Arambai Ranged cavalry Castle High but inaccurate attack
Khmer AoE2 Khmer Ballistaelephanticon-DE Ballista Elephant Elephant cavalry siege weapon Castle Elephant with mounted Scorpion, able to cut trees
Malay AoE2 Malay Karambitwarrioricon-DE Karambit Warrior Light infantry Castle Costs less resources and half population
Vietnamese AoE2 Vietnamese Rattanarchericon-DE Rattan Archer Foot archer Castle Archer-resistant
Imperialskirmishericon-DE Imperial Skirmisher* Foot archer Archery Range Upgrade to the Elite Skirmisher
Bulgarians AoE2 Bulgarians Konnikicon Konnik Heavy cavalry Castle
Respawns as Dismounted Konnik upon death
Konnikdismountedicon Dismounted Konnik Heavy infantry Corpse of Konnik
Cumans AoE2 Cumans Kipchakicon Kipchak Mounted archer Castle Cheap cost, fires many arrows at once
Available in a limited quantity for free to allies as well through Cuman Mercenaries
Lithuanians AoE2 Lithuanians Leitisicon Leitis Heavy cavalry Castle Heavily armed, ignores melee armor of enemy units
Tatars AoE2 Tatars Keshikicon Keshik Medium cavalry Castle Cheap cost, generates gold during combat
Flaming camel icon Flaming Camel Mounted suicide unit Siege Workshop Attack bonus vs cavalry units, anti-elephant
Burgundians AoE2 Burgundians Aoe2-icon-coustillier Coustillier Medium cavalry Castle Charges attack every 40 seconds
Aoe2-icon-flemish-militia Flemish Militia Medium infantry Barracks Anti-cavalry, does not have an Elite version,
first obtained by replacing existing Villagers
Sicilians AoE2 Sicilians Aoe2-icon-serjeant Serjeant Heavy infantry Castle
Good armor of both kinds, can build Donjons,
can also be obtained by First Crusade
Bohemians AoE2 Bohemians Aoe2-icon-hussite-wagon Hussite Wagon Gunpowder siege weapon Castle Tanky, protect units behind by absorbing 50% damage
Aoe2-icon--houfnice Houfnice Gunpowder siege weapon Siege Workshop Unique upgrade to the Bombard Cannon
Lithuanians AoE2 Lithuanians Aoe2-icon-winged-hussar Winged Hussar Light cavalry Stable Unique upgrade to the Light Cavalry, replaces Hussars
Poles AoE2 Poles
Aoe2-icon--obuch Obuch Heavy infantry Castle Decent armor of both kinds, damages armor of enemy units
Bengalis AoE2 Bengalis Aoe2de ratha ranged/Aoe2de ratha melee Ratha Mounted archer Castle Can switch between melee and ranged modes
Dravidians AoE2 Dravidians Aoe2de Urumi Urumi Swordsman Heavy infantry Castle Charges attack every 24/20 seconds
Aoe2de Thirisadai Thirisadai Heavy warship Dock Ship-resistant, does not have an Elite version
Gurjaras AoE2 Gurjaras Aoe2de Chakram Chakram Thrower Light infantry Castle Ranged melee attack, pass-through damage
Aoe2de shrivamsha rider Shrivamsha Rider Light cavalry Stable Dodges projectiles
Aoe2de camel scout Camel Scout Camel cavalry Stable Unique precursor to the Camel Rider, scout unit
Hindustanis AoE2 Hindustanis Aoe2de Ghulam Ghulam Light infantry Castle Archer-resistant, anti-archer, thrusts into multiple units
ImperialCamelRiderIcon-DE Imperial Camel Rider Camel cavalry Stable Unique upgrade to the Heavy Camel Rider
Romans AoE2 Romans AoE2 DE Legionary new icon Legionary Heavy infantry Barracks Unique upgrade to the Long Swordsman
Replaces Two-Handed Swordsman and Champion
Aoe2de roman unique centurion icon Centurion Heavy cavalry Castle Buffs nearby Militia-line units
Georgians AoE2 Georgians AoE2 Monaspa Monaspa Heavy cavalry Castle Attack is increased in the vicinity of other Monaspas and Knights, low hit points, low gold cost
Armenians AoE2 Armenians AoE2 CompositeBowman Composite Bowman Foot archer Castle Ignores pierce armor of enemy units
AoE2 WarriorPriest Warrior Priest Religious infantry Fortified Church Can heal and carry Relics in addition to combat
Persians AoE2 Persians AoE2 Savar Savar Heavy cavalry Stable Unique upgrade to the Cavalier, replaces Paladins

In context of the above:

  • Light units have better speed but lower hit points, armor and attack compared to their heavy counterparts.
  • Multiple linked tags means that the unit is upgraded as such.
  • Having an attack bonus does not make the unit a counter unit, as such it is different from anti.
    • Magyar Huszars are anti-siege, but that is not only because of their attack bonus.
  • Units may have other properties but they are not popular for those. Example: Longboats have multiple projectiles, but are famous for their speed lending to micro-potential.
  • Heavily armed means more melee attack.
  • Heavily armored means more melee armor.
  • Archer-resistant means more pierce armor.
  • Unique upgrades do not drastically change a unit, as such their description does not have much, except for the Camel Scout.
  • Units marked with an asterisk (*) are available as team bonuses, hence are lost in Full Tech Tree mode



Units in Age of Empires II
CivilianMaleVillDE Villager · Tradecart aoe2DE Trade Cart · FishingShipDE Fishing Ship · Trade cog aoe2DE Trade Cog · King eu aoe2DE King
ReligiousMonk aoe2DE Monk
InfantryMilitiaDE Militia · Manatarms aoe2DE Man-at-Arms · Longswordsman aoe2DE Long Swordsman · Twohanded aoe2DE Two-Handed Swordsman · Champion aoe2DE Champion
Spearman aoe2DE Spearman · Aoe2-infantry-2-pikeman Pikeman · Halberdier aoe2DE Halberdier
Eaglescout aoe2DE Eagle Scout · Eaglewarrior aoe2DE Eagle Warrior · EliteEaglewarrior aoe2DE Elite Eagle Warrior
ArcherArcher aoe2DE Archer · Crossbowman aoe2DE Crossbowman · Arbalester aoe2DE Arbalester
Skirmisher aoe2DE Skirmisher · Elite skirmisher aoe2DE Elite Skirmisher
Hand cannoneer aoe2DE Hand Cannoneer
Cavalryarcher aoe2DE Cavalry Archer · Heavycavalryarcher aoe2de Heavy Cavalry Archer
Aoe2de DOI elephant archer icon Elephant Archer · ElephantArcherIcon-DE Elite Elephant Archer
CavalryScoutcavalry aoe2DE Scout Cavalry · Lightcavalry aoe2DE Light Cavalry · Hussar aoe2DE Hussar
Knight aoe2DE Knight · Cavalier aoe2DE Cavalier · Paladin aoe2DE Paladin
Camelrider aoe2DE Camel Rider · Aoe2 heavycamelriderDE Heavy Camel Rider
Battle elephant aoe2DE Battle Elephant · Elite battle elephant aoe2DE Elite Battle Elephant
Steppelancericon Steppe Lancer · Elitesteppelancericon Elite Steppe Lancer
Xolotlicon Xolotl Warrior
AoE2DE Armored Elephant icon Armored Elephant · AoE2DE Siege Elephant icon Siege Elephant
SiegeBattering ram aoe2DE Battering Ram · Capped ram aoe2DE Capped Ram · Siege ram aoe2DE Siege Ram
Mangonel aoe2DE Mangonel · Onager aoe2DE Onager · Siege onager aoe2DE Siege Onager
Scorpion aoe2DE Scorpion · Heavyscorpion aoe2DE Heavy Scorpion
Bombard cannon aoe2DE Bombard Cannon
Trebuchet aoe2DE Trebuchet
Petard aoe2DE Petard
Siegetower aoe2DE Siege Tower
War shipTransportship aoe2DE Transport Ship
Galley aoe2DE Galley · War galley aoe2DE War Galley · Galleon aoe2DE Galleon
Fire galley aoe2DE Fire Galley · Fireship aoe2DE Fire Ship · Fastfireship aoe2DE Fast Fire Ship
Demoraft aoe2DE Demolition Raft · Demoship aoe2DE Demolition Ship · Heavydemoship aoe2de Heavy Demolition Ship
Cannon galleon aoe2DE Cannon Galleon · Elite cannon galleon aoe2de Elite Cannon Galleon
AoE2 Dromon Dromon
ReligiousMissionaryIcon-DE Missionary · AoE2 WarriorPriest Warrior Priest
InfantryBerserkIcon-DE Berserk · Aoe2de Chakram Chakram Thrower · CondottieroIcon-DE Condottiero · Aoe2-icon-flemish-militia Flemish Militia · GbetoIcon-DE Gbeto · Aoe2de Ghulam Ghulam · HuskarlIcon-DE Huskarl · JaguarWarriorIcon-DE Jaguar Warrior · KamayukIcon-DE Kamayuk · Karambitwarrioricon-DE Karambit Warrior · AoE2 DE Legionary new icon Legionary · Aoe2-icon--obuch Obuch · SamuraiIcon-DE Samurai · Aoe2-icon-serjeant Serjeant · Shotelwarrioricon-DE Shotel Warrior · TeutonicKnightIcon-DE Teutonic Knight · ThrowingAxemanIcon-DE Throwing Axeman · Aoe2de Urumi Urumi Swordsman · AoE2 WarriorPriest Warrior Priest · WoadRaiderIcon-DE Woad Raider
ArcherArambaiicon-DE Arambai · CamelArcherIcon-DE Camel Archer · ChukoNuIcon-DE Chu Ko Nu · AoE2 CompositeBowman Composite Bowman · ConquistadorIcon-DE Conquistador · GenitourIcon-DE Genitour · GenoeseCrossbowmanIcon-DE Genoese Crossbowman · Imperialskirmishericon-DE Imperial Skirmisher · JanissaryIcon-DE Janissary · Kipchakicon Kipchak · LongbowmanIcon-DE Longbowman · MangudaiIcon-DE Mangudai · PlumedArcherIcon-DE Plumed Archer · Aoe2de ratha ranged Ranged Ratha · Rattanarchericon-DE Rattan Archer · SlingerIcon-DE Slinger · WarWagonIcon-DE War Wagon
CavalryBallistaelephanticon-DE Ballista Elephant · BoyarIcon-DE Boyar · Aoe2de camel scout Camel Scout · CataphractIcon-DE Cataphract · Aoe2de roman unique centurion icon Centurion · Aoe2-icon-coustillier Coustillier · Flaming camel icon Flaming Camel · ImperialCamelRiderIcon-DE Imperial Camel Rider · Keshikicon Keshik · Konnikicon Konnik · Leitisicon Leitis · MagyarHuszarIcon-DE Magyar Huszar · MamelukeIcon-DE Mameluke · AoE2 Monaspa Monaspa · Aoe2de ratha melee Melee Ratha · AoE2 Savar Savar · Aoe2de shrivamsha rider Shrivamsha Rider · TarkanIcon-DE Tarkan · WarElephantIcon-DE War Elephant · Aoe2-icon-winged-hussar Winged Hussar
SiegeAoe2-icon--houfnice Houfnice · Aoe2-icon-hussite-wagon Hussite Wagon · OrganGunIcon-DE Organ Gun
War shipCaravelIcon-DE Caravel · LongboatIcon-DE Longboat · Aoe2de Thirisadai Thirisadai · TurtleShipIcon-DE Turtle Ship