"Light cavalry that sacrifices hitpoints for attack."—In-game description
The Uhlan is a melee heavy cavalry in Age of Empires III that is unique to the Germans, which replaces the Hussar, and can be trained at Stable, Fort, and Galleon. It has higher attack but lower hit points than Hussars.
From Colonial Age, Uhlans are received from the Home City with every shipment, including unit upgrades. The only exception to this are any Discovery Age, TEAM, Uhlan and mercenary shipments; the latter two have additional units that other civilizations (e.g. German Hire Black Riders card ships nine Black Riders than other civilizations' seven). However, the Germans require 10% more experience points to reach the next shipment to balance this.
Uses and counters Edit
Uhlans are like Hackapells; cavalry with low hitpoints but deal massive damage in return. Uhlans should avoid fighting heavy infantry and ranged cavalry, which have bonus damage against them (excluding Muskteers, who only have this for their melee attack), as they will be easily destroyed in battle if they attack them without any support.
The high damage of the Uhlan, in addition to being a cavalry unit, allows players to use both their speed and damage to flank enemy artillery, which easily destroys the player's infantry and have very high resistance to ranged attacks. Artillery will have reduced damage against cavalry, but the low hitpoints of the Uhlan makes them unable to withstand 2-3 shots from an Imperial Field Gun. The high damage is also useful for raiding, as it takes a fully upgraded Imperial Czpaka 2-3 hits to take down an unupgraded settler, although they should not attempt to do this if defensive measures have been put in place by the opponent.
A fully upgraded Imperial Czapka will have a minimum of 77 attack, making them the strongest melee cavalry in the game.
|Upgrades Uhlans to Veteran (+20% hit points and attack)|
|Upgrades Uhlans to Czapka Uhlans (+40% hit points and attack); requires Veteran Uhlans|
|Upgrades Czapka Uhlans to Imperial Czapka (+50% hit points and attack); requires Czapka Uhlans|
Civilization differences Edit
- The Chinese can get Uhlans by allying with the Germans at the Consulate (requires a level 40 Home City) which provides the German Brigade that includes 19 Uhlans (named Czapaka[sic] Uhlan). These Uhlans start with +10% hit points and attack than their regular counterpart, and are automatically upgraded in every Age starting in the Fortress Age (see here for the exact values).
Further statistics Edit
As the Uhlan can only be trained by the Germans, only improvements available to them (including native improvements) are listed here.
|Unit strengths and weaknesses|
|Strong vs.||Ranged infantry, light infantry, artillery|
|Weak vs.||Heavy infantry, light cavalry|
|Hit points|| Cavalry Cuirass (+10%)|
Comanche Horse Breeding (+10%)
Cree Tanning (+5%)
Navajo Weaving (+5%)
|Attack|| Pillage (+25% siege attack)|
|Sight||Town Watch (+2)|
|Speed|| Comanche Mustangs (+10%)|
Apache Endurance (+5%)
|Creation speed|| Mass Cavalry (-50%)|
Cheyenne Horse Trading (-25%)
Incan Chasquis Messengers (-25%)
|Train cost||Mapuche Ad-mapu (-10% coin cost)|
|Other||Meritocracy (-20% upgrade cost)|
Home City Cards Edit
As the Uhlan is exclusive to the Germans, only other civilizations' TEAM cards that affects them are listed here.
|Click for a list of Home City Cards related to the Uhlan|
Green: TEAM Shipment that is sent to each player in a team
Due to their civilization bonus, the Germans receive free Uhlans with non-TEAM cards (excluding Uhlan and mercenary shipments, as well as Polish Winged Hussars) based on the Age which they are available (2 at Colonial Age, 3 at Fortress Age, 4 at Industrial Age).
- Royal Guard and Consulate Uhlans are named after the high, four-pointed cap used by Polish Uhlans.
"Uhlans grew out of Polish light cavalry used by the Prussians and from the Tartars that settled in Lithuania after their defeat by Tamerlane. These Tartars were - like their forefathers - an elite mounted cavalry. In the nineteenth century, Prussian cavalry from Poland were called uhlans, and before long light cavalry in general were referred to as uhlans.
Uhlans wore a distinctive four-cornered hat, the czapka, which was tall and sometimes decorated with plumes, and a jacket called an ulanka. They were armed with lances, sabers and, later, pistols."