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Long-range, accurate native archer. Good against infantry.
—In-game description

The Tupi Blackwood Archer is a ranged infantry native warrior in Age of Empires III that can be trained at a Trading Post built on a Tupi settlement.


The Tupi Blackwood Archer is a hybrid archer, combining aspects of the Crossbowman and Skirmisher. They have fewer hit points than both and two less range than a Skirmisher (18 vs 20), however they have better range than the Crossbowman (18 vs 16) while also having the Skirmisher bonus versus heavy infantry. They also inflict superior melee damage than either and cost only slightly more than a Crossbowman.


Age Upgrade Cost Effect
Ages fortress.jpg
Native Warrior Societies.png Tupi Warrior Societies 200 wood,
150 coin
Upgrades Tupi Blackwood Archers to Elite (+25% hit points and attack)
Ages industrial.jpg
Champion Natives.png Champion Tupi 400 wood,
300 coin
Upgrades Tupi Blackwood Archers to Champion (+40% hit points and attack); requires Tupi Warrior Societies
Imperial Age
Legendary natives.png Legendary Native Warriors
Exalted natives.png Exalted Natives
1,500 food,
1,500 wood
Upgrades native warriors to Legendary/Exalted (+50% hit points and attack)
The Legendary Native Warriors improvement is available in the Capitol for European civilizations and in the Town Center for Native American and Asian (as Exalted Natives) civilizations.

Further statistics[]

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Heavy infantry, light cavalry, Eagle Runner Knights
Weak vs. Heavy cavalry, Coyote Runners, artillery
Hit points Infantry Breastplate.png Infantry Breastplate (+10%)
Thin Red Line.png Thin Red Line (+20%, British only)
Cree Tanning.png Cree Tanning (+5%)
Navajo Weaving.png Navajo Weaving (+5%)
Attack Carib Kasiri Beer.png Carib Kasiri Beer (+10%)
Carib Garifuna Drums.png Carib Garifuna Drums (+1.0x multiplier vs. villagers)
Iroquois lacrosse.png Iroquois Lacrosse (+10%, vanilla Age of Empires III only)
Seminole Bowyer.png Seminole Bowyer (+25%)
Tupi Poison Arrow Frogs.png Tupi Poison Arrow Frogs (+10%)
Yoga.png Yoga (+5%)
Clenched Fist.png Clenched Fist (+30% melee attack)
Speed Military Drummers.png Military Drummers (+10%)
Tillys Discipline.png Tilly's Discipline (+20%, Germans only)
Cherokee War Dance.png Cherokee War Dance (+20%)
Inca Road-building.png Incan Road-building (+20%)
Apache Endurance.png Apache Endurance (+5%)
Sight Town Watch.png Town Watch (+2)
Creation speed Standing Army.png Standing Army (-25%)
Inca Chaquis Messengers.png Incan Chasquis Messengers (-25%)
Penalties Thin Red Line.png Thin Red Line (-25% speed, British only)
Coffee Trade.png Coffee Trade (-10% speed, Dutch only)
Tillys Discipline.png Tilly's Discipline (+10% cost, Germans only)

Home City Cards[]

In-game dialogue[]

Main article: Tupi#In-game_dialogue


Tupi warriors wore little or no clothing when they went into battle, though often they would paint themselves red or black. They would not fight after dark, but dawn would bring the sound of their horns calling the warriors to fight. The Tupi primarily used bows, which they fired rapidly and with an accuracy that amazed the Europeans - mostly Portuguese, Spanish and Dutch - who encountered them. Fighting between family groups was commonplace among the Tupi, and they did not hesitate to add the European invaders to the list of their enemies.