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Dravidian unique warship that fires multiple projectiles.
Age of Empires II description

The Thirisadai is a naval unique unit of the Dravidians in Age of Empires II: Definitive Edition - Dynasties of India, trained from the Dock. It is a massive warship that fires five arrows at once, and is only available in the Imperial Age. Unlike most other unique units, it has no Elite upgrade.


Costing twice as much as a Galleon, the Thirisadai more than makes up for said cost with its stats, especially its extra armor against anti-ship attacks. With equal resources, Thirisadai beat Galleons fairly easily. They also do well against Caravels, as their line attack doesn't do that much against heavily-armored ships. However, Longboats beat them with equal resources, Turtle Ships beat them one-on-one and with equal resources, and Fast Fire Ships will handle Thirisadai fairly easily in large numbers. Demolition Ships can also be very cost-effective against Thirisadai if they can hit multiple ships at once; two direct hits will leave a Thirisadai barely afloat.

Due to their shorter range than Galleons, Thirisadai are best used in a manner similar to Turtle Ships, placing themselves in front of the Dravidians' own Galleons and soaking up damage. Thanks to the Dravidians having a full navy tech tree, the Thirisadai serves as an excellent late-game addition to their navy when their other bonuses have been used up. Its lack of an Elite upgrade also helps the Dravidian player save resources that another civilization would have had to spend upgrading their unique naval units, though this is offset by the Thirisadai's high cost per ship. Thirisadai are as fast as Fire Ships, that is 9% slower than Galley line and Fast Fire Ships, making them vulnerable to being outmaneuvered.

Further statistics[]

As Thirisadai are unique to the Dravidians, only technologies that are available to them are shown in the following table:

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Fishing Ships, Transport Ships, Trade Cogs, Galleons, Cannon Galleons, Caravels, units and buildings on the shoreline
Weak vs. Castles, towers, Fire Ships (if massed), Demolition Ships (equal resources), Longboats (equal resources), Turtle Ships, Onagers, Bombard Cannons, Monks
Attack FletchingDE.png Fletching (+1)
BodkinArrowDE.png Bodkin Arrow (+1)
BracerDE.png Bracer (+1)
ChemistryDE.png Chemistry (+1)
Range FletchingDE.png Fletching (+1)
BodkinArrowDE.png Bodkin Arrow (+1)
BracerDE.png Bracer (+1)
Accuracy BallisticsDE.png Ballistics (hit moving targets)
Armor CareeningDE.png Careening (+0/+1)
Speed DryDockDE.png Dry Dock (+15%)
Conversion defense FaithDE.png Faith
Creation speed ShipwrightDE.png Shipwright (+54%)
Train cost ShipwrightDE.png Shipwright (-20% wood)

Team bonuses[]


  • With 11 pierce armor after Careening is researched, the Thirisadai has the highest pierce armor among all ships.
  • The Thirisadai has the second highest hit points among all ships with 250 HP, only beaten by the Elite Turtle Ship with 300 HP.
  • The Thirisadai is the only naval unique unit without an Elite version, and is also the only unique naval unit that is not available in the Castle Age.
  • As there are no surviving representations of the Chola navy, the Thirisadai's model is based on the Indonesian Borobudur ship. There is no historical justification to model the ship based on the Borobudur ship. Outriggers and the sail type (canted rectangular sails or tanja sails) are distinct features of Austronesian ships. The bipod and tripod mast is also an Austronesian characteristic. Surviving depictions of classical Indian ships exist—they are using tall square sails with a single-piece (monopod) mast, and no outrigger. Although some Indian vessels did have outriggers, they are copied from visiting Austronesian vessels and used on small boats only.[1][2]
    • The Malay have the 2D model of this ship in their user interface.
  • Using an outrigger vessel for the model of a reportedly massive ship is not a good choice, since the outrigger loses its effectiveness as a stabilizer in a vessel larger than 10 m in length. Furthermore, the outrigger floats would have no sufficient volume to provide additional buoyancy.[1]
    • The model of the Thirisadai has an axial rudder placed in a transom (flat) stern, while the real-life Borobudur ship has a sharp stern and 2 quarter rudders. A sharp stern is a characteristic of Austronesian vessels because their ship will need to drift backward during a zigzagging maneuver to go against the wind (this maneuver is called "beating to windward").[3]
  • The name of the Thirisadai is likely based on an outdated Wikipedia article about the Chola navy. The article mentioned that Thirisadai is the name of the Chola's heaviest warship class and literally means "three braids".[4] However, that article has been debunked by a Reddit user because the references cited by that article didn't mention Thirisadai at all.[5] As a result, that Wikipedia article has been edited so the article (as of 1 May 2022) no longer mentioning Thirisadai.[6] As of 29 June 2022, the page has gone through gradual rechecking and verification of the sources, many parts of the article have been identified as fraud and consequently deleted.[7]