Age of Empires Series Wiki

Subotai is a hero unit in Age of Empires II, and a leader in the The Mongol Empire campaign in Age of Empires IV.

AoE2-DLCicon-0 Age of Empires II[]

In Age of Empires II, Subotai is represented by an unusually fast Heavy Cavalry Archer hero. He appears as a subordinate in the Genghis Khan campaign, an antagonist in the Kotyan Khan campaign, and the protagonist in the challenge scenario Mongol Raiders. He is also available in the Scenario Editor. Technologies that benefit cavalry archers also benefit Subotai. As a hero, he cannot be converted and can regenerate health (since The Conquerors).

Subotai has the highest base speed of any non-cheat unit in the game.

Campaign appearances[]

CampaignIcon-KhanDE Genghis Khan
CampaignIcon-DraculaDE Vlad Dracula
  • The Moon Rises: In the HD Edition, the Ottoman general leading the initial raid against the Wallachians is a renamed Subotai.
00 historical battles normal Historical Battles
  • Honfoglalás: In the HD Edition version, Kond is one of the tribal chieftains of the Magyars in the principality of Etelköz and is a renamed Subotai, swearing allegiance to Almos.
Event Scenarios
  • Mongol Raiders: Subotai leads Mongol forces in subjugating various enemy strongholds.
CampaignIcon-Tamerlane Tamerlane
  • Harbinger of Destruction: Timur Qutlugh is a renamed Subotai, leading the eastern branch of the Golden Horde. He will join Tamerlane if provided with Siege Towers and will invade the city of Astrakhan.
Algirdas icon Algirdas and Kestutis
  • The Tatar Yoke: Qutlugh Beg, leader of the Bulgars within the Golden Horde, is a renamed Subotai. Killing him will weaken the Bulgars.
32 jadwiga normal Jadwiga
  • Vytautas' Crusade: Timur Qutlugh leads the Golden Horde across the Dnieper river, goading Vytautas into attacking across the river and into Edigu's trap.
Babur Icon Babur
  • The Battle of Panipat: Alam Khan is a renamed Subotai, leading an auxiliary Delhi force in the east. Converting him will force this army to defect to Babur.
VictorsAndVanquished Campaign Icon Victors and Vanquished
  • Scn 34 mstislav Mstislav: Subotai leads the Mongol army in the east, set on subjugating the Rus lands.
  • Scn 29 seljuk Seljuk: Seljuk is a renamed Subotai. He is intent on dominating the lands of the Oghuz Turks and founding a Seljuk dynasty to rule over Central Asia.
  • Scn 33 temujin Temujin: Temujin is a renamed Subotai, conquering the Mongol lands. Upon achieving the title of Great Khan, he will change to Genghis Khan.

In The Battle at the Kalka River and Saving the Huts Subotai is the leader of the Mongol armies that the Cumans must escape from and will taunt Kotyan, but Subotai will not appear personally.

GameIcon-AoE4 Age of Empires IV[]

Great Mongol general who enhances the warriors around him.
Age of Empires IV description

General Subutai is a light ranged cavalry appearing in the The Battle of the Kalka River and The Battle of Mohi scenarios of the The Mongol Empire campaign. He has the same abilities as the Mongol Khan in standard games, minus the Scouting Falcon, but with a 50% shorter cooldown time.


  • Signal Arrows (Active): Subutai can fire a Signal Arrow to temporarily buff all units (including himself) with an aura with a 8.75 tile radius for 5 seconds. Activating one Signal Arrow puts all Signal Arrows on a 45 second cooldown. The Whistling Arrows technology will increase the duration and range of each signal arrow.
    • AoE4 ManeuverArrow Maneuver Arrow: Increases the movement speed of nearby units by +33%. Does not affect Villagers.
    • AoE4 AttackSpeedArrow Attack Speed Arrow (requires Feudal Age): Increases the attack speed of nearby ranged units by 50%. Does not affect siege engines.
    • AoE4 DefenseArrow Defense Arrow (requires Castle Age): Increases the armor (melee and ranged) of nearby units by +2.
  • AoE4 MasterTacticianEnhancement Master Tactician (Passive): General Subutai has increased sight range and rapidly recharges his Signal Arrow abilities (Signal Arrow cooldown time -50%).
  • AoE4 HealEnhancement Fortitude (Passive): Heals while out of combat.

Campaign appearances[]

The Mongol Empire
  • The Battle of the Kalka River: General Subutai leads the Mongol forces in their battle against the Rus army. They must first lure the enemy into an ambush, before eliminating the rest of their army.
  • The Battle of Mohi: Subutai must assist Batu Khan in defeating the Hungarian forces at Mohi, commanding a part of the Mongol army, while Batu Khan leads the frontal assault against the enemy positions.


Subotai, also spelled Subutai (c. 1175 - 1248), was a Mongolian general and military strategist of Genghis Khan and later Ögedei Khan. He is considered one of the greatest military leaders of all time, having directed over 20 campaigns, won 65 pitched battles, conquered 32 nations, and taken more territory than any other commander in history.


  • According to Mongolian sources, Subotai was a Uriankhai, a word used both for the Mongol-speaking "Forest People" of the Altai mountains and the Turkic-speaking Tuvans and Yakuts of Siberia. This northern origin is referenced in the cutscenes as Subotai being "of the Reindeer people".
  • His honorific Baatur (Baghatur in Turkic) means "Hero" or "Valiant Warrior" in Mongolian, its first syllable possibly from Iranic *bagáh "share, portion, fate, god, lord". Western ambassadors translated it as "Knight".
  • In the campaign, Subotai always appears with untrainable Hunting Wolves. This is likely a reference to him being called the "Dog of War" of Genghis Khan.
  • It is sometimes said that Subotai was so obese that he could not ride and had to be moved in a wagon, but this is a modern invention. Still, it's historically factual that Subotai was born a commoner among the northernly foresters and thus lacked the childhood equestrian training, enjoyed by his southernly companions who had been raised in the steppe. Both elements, factual or fictional, are ironic compared to his depiction as the fastest mounted unit in the game, as well as his historical talent to strike fast and far away. For example, he devised the campaign that destroyed the armies of Poland and Hungary within two days of each other in 1241, 500 kilometers apart, which are the basis of the scenarios The Promise and Pax Mongolica in Age of Empires II.


Heroes in Age of Empires II
AoE2-DLCicon-0 The Age of Kings
Non-military Monk hero aoe2DE Archbishop · Empbarrel aoe2DE Emperor in a Barrel · Monk hero aoe2DE Friar Tuck · Monk render Harold Haardraade (removed) · Hunting wolf aoe2DE Hunting Wolf · Ornluthewolf aoe2DE Ornlu the Wolf · Shah aoe2DE Shah
Infantry Aethelfrith aoe2DE Aethelfrith · Charlemagne aoe2DE Charlemagne · Charlesmartel aoe2DE Charles Martel · El cid campeador aoe2DE El Cid · Erikthered aoe2DE Erik the Red · Hrolf the ganger aoe2DE Hrolf the Ganger · Joan maid aoe2DE Joan the Maid · King arthur aoe2DE King Arthur · Kitabatake aoe2DE Kitabatake · Lahire aoe2DE La Hire · Minamoto aoe2DE Minamoto · Sheriff nottingham aoe2DE Sheriff of Nottingham · King arthur aoe2DE Siegfried · Ataulf aoe2DE Theodoric the Goth · William wallace new aoe2de William Wallace
Cavalry Belisarius aoe2DE Belisarius · Gawain aoe2DE Constable Richemont · Dukedalencon aoe2DE Duke D'Alençon · Frankish paladin aoe2de Frankish Paladin · Gawain aoe2DE Gawain · Guy Joesselyne icon AoE2DE updated Guy Josselyne · Joan arc aoe2DE Joan of Arc · Kushluk aoe2DE Kushluk · Lancelot aoe2DE Lancelot · Alexandernevski aoe2DE Master of the Templar · Lancelot aoe2DE Mordred · Reynaldde aoe2DE Reynald de Chatillon · Lionheart aoe2DE Richard the Lionheart · Roland aoe2DE Roland · Sieurbertrand aoe2DE Sieur Bertrand · Sieurdemetz aoe2DE Sieur de Metz · Sirjohnfastolf aoe2DE Sir John Fastolf · Gawain aoe2DE The Black Prince
Archer Archereyes aoe2DE Archer of the Eyes · Genghiskhan aoe2DE Genghis Khan · Lorddegraville aoe2DE Lord de Graville · Robin hood aoe2de Robin Hood  · Subotai AoE2DE Subotai · Tamerlane aoe2DE Tamerlane
Siege Hero trebuchet packed aoe2DE Bad Neighbor · Hero trebuchet packed aoe2DE God's Own Sling · Jeanbureau aoe2DE Jean Bureau · Jeandelorrain aoe2DE Jean de Lorrain · Saboteur aoe2DE Saboteur
Building Wonder aoe2DE Dome of the Rock · Pyramid aoe2DE Great Pyramid · Accursed tower aoe2DE The Accursed Tower · Accursed tower aoe2DE The Tower of Flies
AoE2-DLCicon-1 The Conquerors
Non-military Aoe2 Imam Imam · Kingalfonso aoe2DE King Alfonso · Kingsancho aoe2DE King Sancho · Popeleoi aoe2DE Pope Leo I
Infantry Erikthered aoe2DE Harald Hardrada · Minamoto aoe2DE Nobunaga · Scythianwildwoman aoe2DE Scythian Wild Woman
Cavalry Alexandernevski aoe2DE Alexander Nevski · Attilathehun aoe2DE Attila the Hun · Bledathehun aoe2DE Bleda the Hun · El cid campeador aoe2DE El Cid Campeador · Henryv aoe2DE Henry V · Scythian scout aoe2DE Scythian Scout · Williamconq aoe2DE William the Conqueror
Ship Yisun aoe2DE Admiral Yi Sun-Shin
AoE2-DLCicon-2 The Forgotten
Non-military Chand bardai aoe2DE Chand Bardai · Queen aoe2DE Queen (formerly) · Sanyogita aoe2DE Sanyogita
Infantry Cuauhtemoc aoe2DE Cuauhtemoc · Fransforza aoe2DE Francesco Sforza · Fredbarb aoe2DE Frederick Barbarossa
Cavalry Jarl aoe2DE Jarl · Saladin aoe2DE Saladin · Savar aoe2DE Savar (removed) · Vladdracula aoe2DE Vlad Dracula
Archer Franciscode aoe2DE Francisco de Orellana · Pizarro aoe2DE Gonzalo Pizarro · Khosrau aoe2DE Khosrau · Osman aoe2DE Osman · Prithvi aoe2DE Prithvi · Prithviraj aoe2DE Prithviraj
Building Wonder aoe2DE Quimper Cathedral
AoE2-DLCicon-3 The African Kingdoms
Non-military Yodit aoe2DE Princess Yodit
Infantry Gidajan aoe2DE Gidajan · Henry ii aoe2DE Henry II · Itzcoatl aoe2DE Itzcoatl · Little john aoe2DE Little John · Pachacuti aoe2DE Pachacuti · Yekuno aoe2DE Yekuno Amlak · Yodit aoe2DE Yodit
Cavalry Abraha elephant aoe2DE Abraha Elephant · Babur aoe2DE Babur · Miklos toldi aoe2DE Miklos Toldi · Richarddeclare aoe2DE Richard de Clare · Sumanguru aoe2DE Sumanguru · Sundjata aoe2DE Sundjata · Miklos toldi aoe2DE Tristan · Zawisza DOTD Zawisza the Black
Archer Dagnajan aoe2DE Dagnajan · Guglielmo aoe2DE Guglielmo Embriaco · Huayna capac aoe2DE Huayna Capac · Musa ibn aoe2DE Musa ibn Nusayr · Mustafa pasha aoe2DE Mustafa Pasha · Pacal ii aoe2DE Pacal II · Su dingfang aoe2DE Su Dingfang · Tariq aoe2DE Tariq ibn Ziyad
Building Accursed tower aoe2DE Fortified Tower
AoE2-DLCicon-4 Rise of the Rajas
Non-military Buibi aoe2DE Bui Bi · Jayanegara aoe2DE Jayanegara · Udaya aoe2DE Udayadityavarman I
Infantry GajahMada aoe2DE Gajah Mada · Jayaviravarman aoe2DE Jayaviravarman · Lelaiicon Le Lai (removed) · Leloi aoe2DE Le Loi · LeTrien aoe2DE Le Trien · Sunda aoe2DE Sunda Royal Fighter
Cavalry Bayinnaung aoe2DE Bayinnaung · DinhLe aoe2DE Dinh Le · Envoy aoe2DE Envoy · RadenWijaya aoe2DE Raden Wijaya · Suryavarman aoe2DE Suryavarman I · Wangtong aoe2DE Wang Tong
Archer Luu Nhan Chu aoe2DE Luu Nhan Chu · Tabinshwehti aoe2DE Tabinshwehti
Building Wonder aoe2DE Gol Gumbaz · Wonder aoe2DE Sanchi Stupa
AoE2-DLCicon-5 The Last Khans
Non-military King bela iv aoe2de King Bela IV
Infantry Ataulf aoe2DE Ataulf · Cusi yupanqui aoe2de Cusi Yupanqui · Ivaylo aoe2DE Ivaylo · Sosso guard aoe2de Sosso Guard · Topa yupanqui Topa Yupanqui
Cavalry Ataulf aoe2DE Alaric the Goth · Cuman chief aoe2de Cuman Chief · Henrythelion aoe2DE Henry the Lion · Ivaylo aoe2DE Ivaylo · Lelai aoe2DE Le Lai · Tokkhan aoe2DE Tokhtamysh Khan · Tsar aoe2DE Tsar Konstantin · Vytautus the great aoe2de Vytautas the Great
Archer Girgen khan aoe2de Girgen Khan · KotyanKhan aoe2DE Kotyan Khan · UrusKhan aoe2DE Urus Khan
Ship Erikthered aoe2DE Leif Erikson · The middlebrook aoe2de The Middlebrook · Pizarro aoe2DE Vasco da Gama
AoE2Icon-LordsWest Lords of the West
Non-military Jacqueline of hainaut aoe2de Jacqueline of Hainaut
Infantry Dafydd ap gruffydd aoe2de Dafydd ap Gruffydd · Llywelyn ap gruffydd aoe2de Llywelyn ap Gruffydd
Cavalry Bernard darmagnae aoe2de Bernard d'Armagnac · Bohemond aoe2de Bohemond · Edward longshanks aoe2de Edward Longshanks · Gilbert de clare aoe2de Gilbert de Clare · John the fearless aoe2de John the Fearless · Philip the good aoe2de Philip the Good · Robert guiscard aoe2de Robert Guiscard · Roger bosso aoe2de Roger Bosso
Siege Hero trebuchet packed aoe2DE Warwolf Trebuchet
Dawn of the Dukes icon Dawn of the Dukes
Non-military Jadwiga aoe2de Jadwiga
Infantry Young Jadwiga aoe2de Young Jadwiga
Cavalry Algirdas aoe2de Algirdas · Dmitry of Moscow aoe2de Dmitry of Moscow · Emperor Sigismund aoe2de Emperor Sigismund · Jan Zizka aoe2de Jan Zizka · Jogaila aoe2de Jogaila · Kestutis aoe2de Kestutis · Mikhail of Tver aoe2de Mikhail of Tver · Ulrich von Jungingen aoe2de Ulrich von Jungingen
AoE2Icon-DynastiesIndia Dynasties of India
Infantry Aoe2de amoghavarsha Amoghavarsha
Cavalry Aoe2de General Araiyan General Araiyan · AoE2DE Mihira Bhoja icon Mihira Bhoja · AoE2DE Rajendra Chola icon Rajendra Chola · Aoe2de Young Babur icon Young Babur
Archer AoE2DE Ibrahim Lodi icon Ibrahim Lodi · AoE2DE Qutlugh Icon Qutlugh · Aoe2de shaybani khan icon Shaybani Khan
AoE2Icon-MountainRoyals The Mountain Royals
Non-military AoE2DE Tamar icon Tamar
Infantry Yury icon AoE2DE Yury · Zakare icon AoE2DE Zakare · Stephan icon AoE2DE Stephan · Mleh icon AoE2DE Mleh
Cavalry AoE2DE Ismail icon Ismail · AoE2DE Shah Ismail icon Shah Ismail · Selim icon AoE2DE Selim the Grim · AoE2DE Thoros icon Thoros · Ivane icon AoE2DE Ivane
Campaign-only content in Age of Empires IV
The NormansDuke William · King Harold · King Henry I · Robert Curthose · King Louis VI · King Stephen · Willikin of the Weald · William Marshal
The Rise of MoscowPrince Dmitry · Ivan III · Ivan IV
The Hundred Years WarJean de Beaumanoir · Olivier Arrel · Guy de Rochefort · Geoffroy du Bois · Yves Charruel · Jeanne d'Arc
The Mongol EmpireGeneral Subutai · Genghis Khan · Mongke Khan · Baidar · Batu Khan · Liu Zheng · Ismail
The Sultans AscendTughtekin · Shirkuh · Saladin · Reynald of Châtillon (flagship) · Reynald of Châtillon · Shajar al-Durr · Baybars · Templar Grand Master · Hospitaller Grand Master · Teutonic Grand Master · Qutuz · Kitbuqa
Scout Ship · Danish Raider · Gilded Landsknecht · Huihui Pao · Dismounted Knight · German Mercenary · Knight Templar · Knight Hospitaller · Pirate · Pirate Archer · Spy · Turkic Horse Archer · The Beast · Teutonic Knight
Buildings and other
Arsenal · York Castle · Military Tent · Bureau Brothers' Workshop · Siege Camp · Acre Tower · Leader Tent · Treasure Chest · Stone Ruins
Heavy Sledge · Planned Extraction · Applied Masonry · Steel Barding · Elite Spear Tactics · Grapered Lances · Silk Bowstrings · Crannequins · Superior Transport Construction · Doused Armor · Corned Gunpowder · Chain Shot · Efficiency Training · Longbow Mastery · Musketeer Regiment · Scouting Falcon · Husbandry · Improved Blacksmith and Arsenal Technologies · Food Reserves · Setup Camp
AsianCivIcon-FatimidAoE4 Fatimid Caliphate · CivIcon-IlkhanateAoE4 Ilkhanate · CivIcon-MamlukSultanateAoE4 Mamluk Sultanate · Ayyubids AoE4 Saladin · CivIcon-SeljukEmpireAoE4 Seljuk Empire
EuropeanCivIcon-ASEAoE4 Anglo-Saxon England · CivIcon-AntiochAoE4 Antioch · CivIcon-CyprusAoE4 Cyprus · CivIcon-DanesAoE4 Danes · CivIcon-LithuaniaAoE4 Grand Duchy of Lithuania · CivIcon-JerusalemAoE4 Jerusalem · CivIcon-BohemiaAoE4 Kingdom of Bohemia · CivIcon-HungaryAoE4 Kingdom of Hungary · CivIcon-PolandAoE4 Kingdom of Poland · CivIcon-KnightsHospitallerAoE4 Knights Hospitaller · CivIcon-KnightsTemplarAoE4 Knights Templar · CivIcon-NormansAoE4 Normans · CivIcon-NovgorodAoE4 Novgorod Republic · CivIcon-TeutonicOrderAoE4 Teutonic Order
Classification of campaign-only civilizations is based on their base civilizations, not geographical locations.