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Subotai, also spelled Subutai (c. 1175 - 1248), was a Mongolian general and military strategist of Genghis Khan and later Ögedei Khan. He is considered one of the greatest military leaders of all time, having directed over 20 campaigns, won 65 pitched battles, conquered 32 nations, and taken more territory than any other commander in history.

In Age of Empires II, Subotai is represented by an unusually fast Heavy Cavalry Archer hero. He appears as a subordinate in the Genghis Khan campaign, an antagonist in the Kotyan Khan campaign, and the protagonist in the challenge scenario Mongol Raiders. He is also available in the Scenario Editor. Technologies that benefit cavalry archers also benefit Subotai, but he is not affected by some other bonuses. As a hero, he cannot be converted and can regenerate health (since The Conquerors).

Campaign appearances[]

  • In The Horde Rides West, Subotai commands the player's northern army that is tasked with the conquest of Cumania and Russia. His death causes the player to be defeated.
  • In Pax Mongolica, Subotai arrives in the eastern part of the map with two Hunting Wolves and ten Saboteurs (2 Hunting Wolves, 5 Saboteurs, and 5 Khans in the Definitive Edition) if the player manages to survive the Hungarian onslaught for 40 minutes.
  • In The Battle at the Kalka River and Saving the Huts, which are chronologically set between the above scenarios, Subotai is the leader of the Mongol armies that the player must escape from and will taunt the player.
  • In the challenge scenario Mongol Raiders, the player begins with only the Subotai unit before taking over the Mongol army. Subotai's survival is not necessary to complete the scenario.



  • Subotai has the highest base speed of any non-cheat unit in the game.
  • According to Mongolian sources, Subotai was a Uriankhai, a word used both for the Mongol-speaking "Forest People" of the Altai mountains and the Turkic-speaking Tuvans and Yakuts of Siberia. This northern origin is referenced in the cutscenes as Subotai being "of the Reindeer people".
  • His honorific Baatur (< Baghatur) means "Hero" or "Valiant Warrior" in Mongolian, its first syllable possibly from Iranic *bagáh "share, portion, fate, god, lord". Western ambassadors translated it as "Knight".
  • In the campaign, Subotai always appears with untrainable Hunting Wolves. This is likely a reference to him being called the "Dog of War" of Genghis Khan.
  • It is sometimes said that Subotai was so obese that he could not ride and had to be moved in a wagon, but this is a modern invention. Still, it's historically factual that Subotai was born a commoner among the northernly foresters and thus lacked the childhood equestrian training, enjoyed by his southernly companions who had been raised in the steppe. Both elements, factual or fictional, are ironic compared to his depiction as the fastest mounted unit in the game, as well as his historical talent to strike fast and far away. For example, he devised the campaign that destroyed the armies of Poland and Hungary within two days of each other in 1241, 500 kilometers apart, which are the basis of the scenarios The Promise and Pax Mongolica.
  • He appears again in the The Battle of the Kalka River scenario and all scenarios of the Conquest chapter of the The Mongol Empire campaign in Age of Empires IV.