The Storage Pit is an economic and research building in Age of Empires. It acts as a key building for resource gathering as Villagers can drop off wood, stone, and gold. It can also be used to drop off food from hunting and fishing, but not from Farms or Berry Bushes. The Storage Pit also provides important technologies that benefit military units by increasing their attack, range, and armor.
"The storage pit was the functional equivalent of the granary, but for meat instead of grain. Storing meat presented special problems because it spoiled so quickly and easily. Meat was generally stored by drying or salting. The Storage Pit also represents the tool- and weapon- making skill of hunting societies, leading eventually to metalworking, making war, and armor making. In this capacity it also serves as a storehouse and collection point for the raw materials of tool and weapon making: wood, stone, and gold (representing all metals)."