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This article is about the unit in Age of Empires II. For other uses of the term, see Spearman.

Medium infantry.
Age of Empires II description

The Spearman is an infantry unit in Age of Empires II that can be trained at the Barracks once the Feudal Age is reached. They are a good early cavalry-counter, but are weak against virtually everything else. If not upgraded, a Spearman is one of only two military units (the other one being the Skirmisher) to lose outright to a Villager with Loom. Since no gold is required to train them, Spearmen are considered trash units.


Spearmen are very cheap and massed easily, allowing them to overwhelm enemy cavalry. They are useful in preventing early Scout Cavalry charges, but against Castle Age cavalry such as Knights or Cavalry Archers they should be upgraded to the more effective Pikeman. Players generally use this unit to defend their base against cavalry raids.

Further statistics[]

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Cavalry
Weak vs. Archers, infantry
Attack Forging aoe2de.png Forging (+1)
IronCastingDE.png Iron Casting (+1)
BlastFurnaceDE.png Blast Furnace (+2)
ArsonDE.png Arson (+2 attack against standard buildings)
Unique-tech-imperial.jpg Garland Wars (+4, Aztecs only)
Unique-tech-imperial.jpg Druzhina (Slavs only, gives trample damage)
CastleAgeUnique.png Chieftains (Vikings only, gives +5 attack against cavalry and +4 against camels)
Armor ScaleMailArmorDE.png Scale Mail Armor (+1/+1)
ChainMailArmorDE.png Chain Mail Armor (+1/+1)
PlateMailArmorDE.png Plate Mail Armor (+1/+2)
Unique-tech-imperial.jpg Tower Shields (+2 Pierce Armor, Lithuanians only)
Speed SquiresDE.png Squires (+10%)
Sight TrackingDE.png Tracking (+2)
Conversion defense FaithDE.png Faith
HeresyDE.png Heresy
Creation speed ConscriptionDE.png Conscription (+33%)
Unique-tech-imperial.jpg Perfusion (+100%, Goths only)
Upgrades PikemanUpDE.png Pikeman

Civilization bonuses[]

Spearmen attacking an enemy Knight.

  • Aztecs: Spearmen are created 11% faster.
  • Bohemians: Spearmen deal +25% bonus damage.
  • Bulgarians: Blacksmith upgrades that benefit Spearmen cost -50% food.
  • Burmese: Spearmen have +1/+2/+3 attack in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age. Researching Faith is 50% cheaper.
  • Byzantines: Spearmen are 25% cheaper.
  • Celts: Spearmen move 15% faster. Spearmen can convert herdables even if enemy units are next to them.
  • Chinese: Technologies that benefit Spearmen are 10%/15%/20% cheaper in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age.
  • Ethiopians: The Pikeman upgrade is free.
  • Goths: Spearmen are 25%/30%/35% cheaper in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age, and have +1/+2/+3 attack against standard buildings in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age.
  • Japanese: Spearmen attack 33% faster.
  • Koreans: Spearmen cost -20% wood.
  • Lithuanians: Spearmen move 10% faster.
  • Magyars: Forging, Iron Casting, and Blast Furnace are free.
  • Malians: Spearmen have +1/+2/+3 pierce armor in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age.
  • Portuguese: Upgrades that benefit Spearmen are researched 30% faster.
  • Sicilians: Spearmen absorb 50% of all incoming bonus damage.
  • Spanish: Blacksmith upgrades that benefit Spearmen cost no gold.
  • Tatars: Spearman deal +25% bonus damage from a cliff or an elevation.
  • Teutons: Spearman have +1/+0 armor in the Castle Age and +2/+0 in the Imperial Age.
  • Vietnamese: Conscription is free.
  • Vikings: Spearmen have +20% HP.

Team bonuses[]


The Age of Kings[]

  • Goths: Spearmen are 10%/15%/25% cheaper in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age and have an extra +1 attack against standard buildings.
  • Vikings: Spearmen have +10/15/20% HP in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age.

The Conquerors[]

The Forgotten[]

  • Spearmen have +9 attack against camel units and ships.

The African Kingdoms[]

Rise of the Rajas[]

  • With patch 5.7, Spearmen have +12 attack against camel units.
  • Vikings: With patch 5.7, Chieftains gives Spearmen an extra +4 attack against camel units.

Definitive Edition[]

Dawn of the Dukes[]


  • The Spearman line units are the second cheapest of all military units, tied with the Skirmisher line, costing only 60 resources and no gold, only behind the Karambit Warrior (which costs 40 resources but is not a trash unit).
  • The Spearman line units are the only trash units and also only common infantry units that do not have any base pierce armor.
  • Spearmen deal bonus damage against the cheat unit Saboteur (since The Conquerors) because it is in the same armor class as ships.
  • Spearmen and Pikemen use the same attack animation as Villagers' in the Iron Age in Age of Empires.
  • Though the Turks cannot upgrade Spearmen to Pikemen, their fully upgraded Spearmen can defeat Malian Pikemen.


The medium infantry of medieval armies were often spearmen wearing half-armor, usually a helmet and armor on the upper body. As the Middle Ages advanced, the role of the spearman became more important. Armies learned to employ large formations of spearmen as a counter to heavy cavalry attacks because horses would not charge home against a bristling wall of spear points. Spearmen were most effective when emulating the ancient Greek phalanx, a dense box of men that could extend several spear points in a chosen direction. As towns grew in importance toward the end of the period, they fielded large contingents of trained spearmen. These were very effective in battle for the cost of their equipment and training. Spearmen were originally deployed in a defensive posture, but the best of the spearman armies, such as the Swiss, Scots, and Flemish, learned to maneuver and take the offensive.
Age of Empires II manual