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This article is about the unit in Age of Empires II. For other uses of the term, see Spearman.

Anti-cavalry infantry unit.
Age of Empires II description

The Spearman is an infantry unit in Age of Empires II that can be trained at the Barracks (and also Donjons for the Sicilians) once the Feudal Age is reached. They are a good early cavalry-counter, but are weak against virtually everything else. If not upgraded, a Spearman is one of only two military units (the other one being the Skirmisher) to lose outright to a Villager with Loom. Since no gold is required to train them, Spearmen are considered trash units.


Spearmen are very cheap and massed easily, allowing them to overwhelm enemy cavalry. They are useful in preventing early Scout Cavalry charges, but struggle against Castle Age cavalry such as Knights or Camel Riders. Players generally use this unit to defend their base against cavalry raids. As their stats are lackluster and they suffer the unfortunate combination of low movement speed and no range, they should not be used for raiding.

Further statistics[]

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Cavalry
Weak vs. Archers, infantry
Regeneration UniqueTechCastle-DE Stronghold (30 HP/min when within 18 tiles square of a team Celts Castle)
Attack Forging aoe2de Forging (+1)
IronCastingDE Iron Casting (+1)
BlastFurnaceDE Blast Furnace (+2)
ArsonDE Arson (+2 attack against standard buildings)
UniqueTechImperialDE Garland Wars (+4, Aztecs only)
UniqueTechImperialDE Druzhina (gives trample damage in 0.5 tiles radius, Slavs only)
UniqueTechCastle-DE Chieftains (+5 against cavalry and +4 against camels, Vikings only)
UniqueTechImperialDE Wootz Steel (attack ignores armor, Dravidians only)
Armor ScaleMailArmorDE Scale Mail Armor (+1/+1, +2/+2 for the Romans)
ChainMailArmorDE Chain Mail Armor (+1/+1, +2/+2 for the Romans)
PlateMailArmorDE Plate Mail Armor (+1/+2)
UniqueTechImperialDE Tower Shields (+2 pierce armor, Lithuanians only)
Conversion resistance Devotion icon AoE2DE Devotion (+1 min, +1 max)
FaithDE Faith (+4 min, +4 max)
HeresyDE Heresy (die upon getting converted)
UniqueTechCastle-DE First Crusade (+4 min, +4 max, Sicilians only)
Movement speed SquiresDE Squires (+10%)
Resource cost UniqueTechCastle-DE Kshatriyas (-25% food, Gurjaras only)
Creation speed ConscriptionDE Conscription (+33%)
UniqueTechImperialDE Perfusion (+100%, Goths only)
Other UniqueTechCastle-DE Chieftains (generates gold when killing Villagers, trade units, and Monks, Vikings only)
Upgrade PikemanUpDE Pikeman

Civilization bonuses[]

  • Armenians AoE2 Armenians: Spearmen are available in the Dark Age. Pikeman can be researched in the Feudal Age.
  • Aztecs AoE2 Aztecs: Spearmen are created 11% faster.
  • Bohemians AoE2 Bohemians: Spearmen deal +25% bonus damage.
  • Bulgarians AoE2 Bulgarians: Blacksmith upgrades that benefit Spearmen cost -50% food.
  • Burmese AoE2 Burmese: Spearmen have +1/+2/+3 attack in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age. Researching Devotion and Faith is 50% cheaper.
  • Byzantines AoE2 Byzantines: Spearmen are 25% cheaper.
  • Celts AoE2 Celts: Spearmen move 15% faster. Spearmen can convert herdable animals even if enemy units are next to them.
  • Chinese AoE2 Chinese: Technologies that benefit Spearmen are 5%/10%/15% cheaper in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age.
  • Dravidians AoE2 Dravidians: Researching Arson and Squires and upgrading to Pikeman is 50% cheaper.
  • Ethiopians AoE2 Ethiopians: The Pikeman upgrade is free.
  • Georgians AoE2 Georgians: Spearmen receive -20% damage (-40% instead of -25%) when fighting from higher elevation.
  • Goths AoE2 Goths: Spearmen are 25%/30%/35% cheaper in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age, and have +1/+2/+3 in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age attack against standard buildings.
  • Incas AoE2 Incas: Spearmen cost -15%/-20%/-25% food in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age.
  • Japanese AoE2 Japanese: Spearmen attack 33% faster.
  • Koreans AoE2 Koreans: Spearmen cost -50% wood.
  • Lithuanians AoE2 Lithuanians: Spearmen move 10% faster.
  • Magyars AoE2 Magyars: Forging, Iron Casting, and Blast Furnace are free.
  • Malians AoE2 Malians: Spearmen have +1/+2/+3 pierce armor in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age.
  • Romans AoE2 Romans: Spearmen receive double the effect from armor upgrades.
  • Sicilians AoE2 Sicilians: Spearmen take -33% bonus damage.
  • Spanish AoE2 Spanish: Blacksmith upgrades that benefit Spearmen cost no gold. Researching technologies that benefit Spearmen provides 20 gold each.
  • Tatars AoE2 Tatars: Spearmen deal +20% damage (+50% instead of +25%) from a cliff or an elevation.
  • Teutons AoE2 Teutons: Spearmen have +1 armor in the Castle Age and +2 armor in the Imperial Age.
  • Vietnamese AoE2 Vietnamese: Conscription is free.
  • Vikings AoE2 Vikings: Spearmen have +20% hit points.

Team bonuses[]


AoE2-DLCicon-0 The Age of Kings[]

  • Spearmen deal no attack bonus against ships.
  • Spearmen receive standard anti-infantry bonus damage.
  • Goths AoE2 Goths: Spearmen are 10%/15%/25% cheaper in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age and have an extra +1 attack against standard buildings.
  • Vikings AoE2 Vikings: Spearmen have +10%/+15%/+20% hit points in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age.
  • The Pikeman upgrade takes 45 seconds and costs 215 food, 90 gold.

AoE2-DLCicon-1 The Conquerors[]

AoE2-DLCicon-2 The Forgotten[]

  • Spearmen have +9 attack against camels and ships.

AoE2-DLCicon-3 The African Kingdoms[]

AoE2-DLCicon-4 Rise of the Rajas[]

  • With patch 5.7, Spearmen deal +12 damage against camel units.
  • Vikings AoE2 Vikings: With patch 5.7, Chieftains gives Spearmen an extra +4 attack against camels.

AoEIIDE icon Definitive Edition[]

Dawn of the Dukes icon Dawn of the Dukes[]

AoE2Icon-DynastiesIndia Dynasties of India[]

AoE2Icon-ReturnRome Return of Rome[]

  • Chinese AoE2 Chinese: With update 87863, technologies that benefit Spearmen are 5%/10%/15% cheaper in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age.
  • Koreans: With update 87863, spearmen cost -50% wood.

AoE2Icon-MountainRoyals The Mountain Royals[]


There is one hero in the game with the appearance of a Spearman:


The medium infantry of medieval armies were often spearmen wearing half-armor, usually a helmet and armor on the upper body. As the Middle Ages advanced, the role of the spearman became more important. Armies learned to employ large formations of spearmen as a counter to heavy cavalry attacks because horses would not charge home against a bristling wall of spear points. Spearmen were most effective when emulating the ancient Greek phalanx, a dense box of men that could extend several spear points in a chosen direction. As towns grew in importance toward the end of the period, they fielded large contingents of trained spearmen. These were very effective in battle for the cost of their equipment and training. Spearmen were originally deployed in a defensive posture, but the best of the spearman armies, such as the Swiss, Scots, and Flemish, learned to maneuver and take the offensive.
Age of Empires II manual



Units in Age of Empires II
CivilianMaleVillDE Villager · Tradecart aoe2DE Trade Cart · FishingShipDE Fishing Ship · Trade cog aoe2DE Trade Cog · King eu aoe2DE King
ReligiousMonk aoe2DE Monk
InfantryMilitiaDE Militia · Manatarms aoe2DE Man-at-Arms · Longswordsman aoe2DE Long Swordsman · Twohanded aoe2DE Two-Handed Swordsman · Champion aoe2DE Champion
Spearman aoe2DE Spearman · Aoe2-infantry-2-pikeman Pikeman · Halberdier aoe2DE Halberdier
Eaglescout aoe2DE Eagle Scout · Eaglewarrior aoe2DE Eagle Warrior · EliteEaglewarrior aoe2DE Elite Eagle Warrior
ArcherArcher aoe2DE Archer · Crossbowman aoe2DE Crossbowman · Arbalester aoe2DE Arbalester
Skirmisher aoe2DE Skirmisher · Elite skirmisher aoe2DE Elite Skirmisher
Hand cannoneer aoe2DE Hand Cannoneer
Cavalryarcher aoe2DE Cavalry Archer · Heavycavalryarcher aoe2de Heavy Cavalry Archer
Aoe2de DOI elephant archer icon Elephant Archer · ElephantArcherIcon-DE Elite Elephant Archer
CavalryScoutcavalry aoe2DE Scout Cavalry · Lightcavalry aoe2DE Light Cavalry · Hussar aoe2DE Hussar
Knight aoe2DE Knight · Cavalier aoe2DE Cavalier · Paladin aoe2DE Paladin
Camelrider aoe2DE Camel Rider · Aoe2 heavycamelriderDE Heavy Camel Rider
Battle elephant aoe2DE Battle Elephant · Elite battle elephant aoe2DE Elite Battle Elephant
Steppelancericon Steppe Lancer · Elitesteppelancericon Elite Steppe Lancer
Xolotlicon Xolotl Warrior
AoE2DE Armored Elephant icon Armored Elephant · AoE2DE Siege Elephant icon Siege Elephant
SiegeBattering ram aoe2DE Battering Ram · Capped ram aoe2DE Capped Ram · Siege ram aoe2DE Siege Ram
Mangonel aoe2DE Mangonel · Onager aoe2DE Onager · Siege onager aoe2DE Siege Onager
Scorpion aoe2DE Scorpion · Heavyscorpion aoe2DE Heavy Scorpion
Bombard cannon aoe2DE Bombard Cannon
Trebuchet aoe2DE Trebuchet
Petard aoe2DE Petard
Siegetower aoe2DE Siege Tower
War shipTransportship aoe2DE Transport Ship
Galley aoe2DE Galley · War galley aoe2DE War Galley · Galleon aoe2DE Galleon
Fire galley aoe2DE Fire Galley · Fireship aoe2DE Fire Ship · Fastfireship aoe2DE Fast Fire Ship
Demoraft aoe2DE Demolition Raft · Demoship aoe2DE Demolition Ship · Heavydemoship aoe2de Heavy Demolition Ship
Cannon galleon aoe2DE Cannon Galleon · Elite cannon galleon aoe2de Elite Cannon Galleon
AoE2 Dromon Dromon
ReligiousMissionaryIcon-DE Missionary · AoE2 WarriorPriest Warrior Priest
InfantryBerserkIcon-DE Berserk · Aoe2de Chakram Chakram Thrower · CondottieroIcon-DE Condottiero · Aoe2-icon-flemish-militia Flemish Militia · GbetoIcon-DE Gbeto · Aoe2de Ghulam Ghulam · HuskarlIcon-DE Huskarl · JaguarWarriorIcon-DE Jaguar Warrior · KamayukIcon-DE Kamayuk · Karambitwarrioricon-DE Karambit Warrior · AoE2 DE Legionary new icon Legionary · Aoe2-icon--obuch Obuch · SamuraiIcon-DE Samurai · Aoe2-icon-serjeant Serjeant · Shotelwarrioricon-DE Shotel Warrior · TeutonicKnightIcon-DE Teutonic Knight · ThrowingAxemanIcon-DE Throwing Axeman · Aoe2de Urumi Urumi Swordsman · AoE2 WarriorPriest Warrior Priest · WoadRaiderIcon-DE Woad Raider
ArcherArambaiicon-DE Arambai · CamelArcherIcon-DE Camel Archer · ChukoNuIcon-DE Chu Ko Nu · AoE2 CompositeBowman Composite Bowman · ConquistadorIcon-DE Conquistador · GenitourIcon-DE Genitour · GenoeseCrossbowmanIcon-DE Genoese Crossbowman · Imperialskirmishericon-DE Imperial Skirmisher · JanissaryIcon-DE Janissary · Kipchakicon Kipchak · LongbowmanIcon-DE Longbowman · MangudaiIcon-DE Mangudai · PlumedArcherIcon-DE Plumed Archer · Aoe2de ratha ranged Ranged Ratha · Rattanarchericon-DE Rattan Archer · SlingerIcon-DE Slinger · WarWagonIcon-DE War Wagon
CavalryBallistaelephanticon-DE Ballista Elephant · BoyarIcon-DE Boyar · Aoe2de camel scout Camel Scout · CataphractIcon-DE Cataphract · Aoe2de roman unique centurion icon Centurion · Aoe2-icon-coustillier Coustillier · Flaming camel icon Flaming Camel · ImperialCamelRiderIcon-DE Imperial Camel Rider · Keshikicon Keshik · Konnikicon Konnik · Leitisicon Leitis · MagyarHuszarIcon-DE Magyar Huszar · MamelukeIcon-DE Mameluke · AoE2 Monaspa Monaspa · Aoe2de ratha melee Melee Ratha · AoE2 Savar Savar · Aoe2de shrivamsha rider Shrivamsha Rider · TarkanIcon-DE Tarkan · WarElephantIcon-DE War Elephant · Aoe2-icon-winged-hussar Winged Hussar
SiegeAoe2-icon--houfnice Houfnice · Aoe2-icon-hussite-wagon Hussite Wagon · OrganGunIcon-DE Organ Gun
War shipCaravelIcon-DE Caravel · LongboatIcon-DE Longboat · Aoe2de Thirisadai Thirisadai · TurtleShipIcon-DE Turtle Ship