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This article is about the civilization in Age of Empires III. For the civilization in Age of Empires II: The Conquerors, see Spanish (Age of Empires II).
Civilization Technology tree Strategy

The Spanish were one of the greatest colonizers of North and South America and were known for having acquired great wealth from the colonies during the 17th century. While Spain focused primarily on South America, developments in Europe often entangled it in the affairs of other colonizing nations.

The Spanish civilization's music theme in the Definitive Edition

The Spanish are a playable European civilization in Age of Empires III.

The Spanish are a European Catholic nation that was the first European country to reach America and create a world empire. They are well known for having defeated and annexed the majority of native civilizations there, especially the Aztecs, Maya (Mesoamerica) and the Incas (South America). In addition to gaining an immeasurable amount of precious metals of America, especially gold and silver, they also waged several wars with religious excursions in Protestant countries such as the Netherlands and England.

Home City[]


The Spanish are primarily an offensive civilization. They have a strong military and a stable economy, and less experience is required for each Home City shipment. They will only be able to use one Factory and one Fort, unless The Asian Dynasties is played. That expansion gives all European civilizations with only one Factory a second one for balancing purposes.


Unique units[]

War dog aoe3de.png War Dog: A fierce canine that obeys commands.
Missonary de.png Missionary: Heals injured units.
Randelero de.png Rodelero: Fast-moving sword and buckler infantry.
Lancer aoe3de.png Lancer: Heavy cavalry armed with a lance for killing infantry.

Home City Cards[]

Main article: Spanish Home City Cards


In-game dialogue[]

Main article: Spanish dialogue lines

Spanish units speak Castilian Spanish.


  • ¿Sí? - Yes?
  • Preparado (masculine)/Preparada (feminine) - Ready
  • ¿Qué me ordena? - What is my order?
  • ¿Cuál es su orden? - What is your order?
  • ¿Cuál es su comando? - What is your command?
  • ¡Hola! - Hello!
  • - Yes
  • Lo haré - I’ll do it
  • Voy a hacerlo - I’m going to do it
  • Correcto - Correct
  • ¡Al ataque! - Attack!
  • ¡A las armas! - To arms!
  • ¡Sí! - Yes


  • Female Build Constructora - Builder (feminine)
  • Male Build Constructor - Builder (masculine)
  • Female Farm Granjera - Farmer (feminine)
  • Male Farm Granjero - Farmer (masculine)
  • Female Gather Coin Recolectora - Collector (feminine)
  • Male Gather Coin Recolector - Collector (masculine)
  • Female Gather Fruit Abastecedora - Supplier (feminine)
  • Male Gather Fruit Abastecedor - Supplier (masculine)
  • Female Gather Meat Cazadora - Huntress
  • Male Gather Meat Cazador - Hunter
  • Female Gather Wood Leñadora - Lumberjack (feminine)
  • Male Gather Wood Leñador - Lumberjack (masculine)


  • Claim ¡Reclamo esta tierra en nombre de España! - I claim this land in the name of Spain!
  • Disabled Estoy herido y no puedo moverme - I'm hurt and I can’t move
  • Ransomed Gracias por pagar mi rescate - Thanks for paying my ransom
  • Revived Ahora me siento más fuerte - I feel stronger now


  • The Spanish flag shown in the game is the Cross of Burgundy Flag, which was used by the Spanish Empire between 1506–1842.
  • Torre Del Oro (the Wonder for the Spanish in Age of Empires II: The Conquerors) reappears in the Spanish Home City.
  • The Cathedral in the Home City of Seville was inaccurately based on the Florence Cathedral before the Definitive Edition. The same cathedral was also depicted in the Portuguese Home City of Lisbon. This has been corrected in the Definitive Edition for the Portuguese, where they get the appropriate Lisbon Cathedral; however, the same model is also reused inaccurately in the Spanish Home City.
  • Before the Definitive Edition, the Spanish were the only civilization that could upgrade their Pikemen beyond the Veteran level.
  • The Spanish AI personality appears as one of the AI player names of the Spanish in Age of Empires II: The Conquerors.
  • The Spanish have many similarities to their predecessor from Age of Empires II, as they have a versatile tech tree and opt for different strategies (which is also reflected in their Home City Cards), making them a beginner-friendly civilization. Much like their predecessor, the Spanish do not have a strong economy (especially since they can only send one Factory Home City card), but makes up for it with their versatile tech tree. The biggest difference is the Spanish in Age of Empires III have better rushing potential, while their predecessor in Age of Empires II put more emphasis in the late-game with gold-efficient units with an option to enter a trash war in low-gold situations.


In 1492 the combined kingdoms of Aragon and Castile completed the reconquest of Spain, driving the last of the Moors back to North Africa. At this moment the discoveries of Columbus fell into their lap. They followed his first voyage with more that were disappointing at first, revealing new continents but not the Asian source of gold or riches they sought. That changed, however, when first the Aztec and then Incan civilizations were discovered in the interior. Both were destroyed in audacious and brutal campaigns, and looted of enormous treasure.

These conquests revitalized interest in the New World, and Spanish conquistadors searched north and south for more treasure and more civilizations, especially the legendary El Dorado, the city of gold. When these searches proved largely fruitless, the Spanish settled where they found precious metal to be mined, or where surviving native populations could be put to work. Other European nations and assorted pirates began preying on Spanish outposts and returning treasure fleets. While Spain fought endless wars in Europe against Protestantism, it was also engaged in the New World, defending its colonies and sources of wealth.

By the late eighteenth century Spain's opportunity for greatness on a worldwide scale had passed. The wealth it extracted from the New World had largely spent on luxuries and wasteful wars. Spain resisted change and progress at home and abroad. Its colonial system installed a ruling elite over indigenous populations. The costs of maintaining its empire outstripped the income it generated, and one by one the colonies wrested control from Spain. The Spanish fell behind the other contending nations in Europe in economic and military power, and when the French under Napoleon marched in they could offer little organized resistance.
—In-game history section