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Very sturdy, but slow training, Heavy Infantry armed with a musket and grenades.
—In-game description

The Soldado (literally "Soldier") is a heavy infantry in Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition that is unique to the Mexicans. The unit is also available to the Spanish through the Home City-only building 'Haciendas', sacrificing Villager work time to spawn free Soldados, similarly to Native American Ceremonies.

It is a Musketeer with higher hit points and attack, and uses grenades to attack buildings like that of Grenadiers, but are more expensive, takes longer to train, and uses up two population.


The Soldado replaces the Musketeer and is unique to the Mexicans. It is available starting in the Commerce Age, and like the Musketeer, is effective against Cavalry and Shock Infantry, but weak vs Light Infantry. Soldados are stronger and have a a fast bayonet attack, but slower to train and take two population slots rather than one.

Special abilities[]

  • Battle Bluster.png Battle Bluster (automatically activated when attacking with a cooldown of 18 seconds; requires the "Refurbished Firearms" Home City Card): The Soldado fires a grenade from a grenade launcher, which deals 32 damage (10.88 against Artillery) with an AOE of 1 from a range of 14.


Age Upgrade Cost Effect
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
Veteran infantry.png Veteran Soldados 200 wood
200 coin
Upgrades Soldados to Veteran (+20% hit points and attack)
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png
Guard infantry.png Guard Soldados 600 wood
600 coin
Upgrades Soldados to Guard (+30% hit points and attack); requires Veteran Soldados
Imperial Age
Imperial infantry.png Imperial Soldados 1,500 wood
1,500 coin
Upgrades Soldados to Imperial (+50% hit points and attack); requires Guard Soldados

Further statistics[]

As Soldados are unique to the Mexicans, only technologies that they have access to are shown in the following table:

Home City Cards[]

As Soldados are unique to the Mexicans, only their cards and other civilizations' TEAM cards are shown in the following tables:

  • Green: TEAM Shipment that is sent to each player in a team
  • Violet: Shipment that can be sent an INFINITE number of times


Card Description Age HC level
British Home City 2 (Musketeers and Longbowmen Hitpoints).png TEAM Musketeer/Grenadier Hitpoints Musket Infantry and Grenade Trooper get +15% hit points
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png

Central America[]

Card Description
Central America Home City (Santamaria's Fire).png Santamaria's Fire Ships 4 Soldados; receive a Petard with every Home City shipment, including this one.
Central America Home City (Central American Infantry).png Central American Infantry Upgrades Insurgentes, Soldados, and Salteadores to Veteran (if not already); costs 500 wood, 500 coin
The "Santamaria's Fire" card is retained upon reverting to Mexico


Card Description Age HC level
Dutch Home City 2 (Infantry Hitpoints).png TEAM Infantry Hitpoints Infantry get +15% hit points
Age II tech tree aoe3.png


Card Description Age
Ethiopian Home City 2 (TEAM Coffee Consumption).png TEAM Coffee Consumption Ranged Infantry get +5% speed
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png


Card Description Age HC level
French Home City 2 (Ranged Infantry Attack).png TEAM Ranged Infantry Attack Ranged infantry get +15% attack
Age III tech tree aoe3.png


Card Description Age HC level
Iroquois Home City 2 (Scout Infantry).png TEAM Scout Infantry Infantry get +8 LOS
Age II tech tree aoe3.png


Card Description Age
Inca Home City 2 (TEAM Inca Bridges).png TEAM Inca Bridges Infantry and civilian units get +5% speed; +1 Chasqui
Age I tech tree aoe3.png


Card Description Age HC level
Shivajis tactics.png TEAM Shivaji's Tactics All units get +5% hit points and attack
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png


Card Description Age HC level
Japanese Home City 3 (Cheaper Unit Upgrades).png TEAM Cheaper Unit Upgrades Unit upgrades cost -20%
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png


Card Description Age
Maltese Home City 2 (TEAM Knights of the Round Table).png TEAM Knights of the Round Table Ships 1 Hospitaller for each Center owned by the player; increases all unit hit points by 2%
Age I tech tree aoe3.png


Card Description Age
Mexican Home City 2 (5 Soldados).png 5 Soldados Ships 5 Soldados
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
Mexican Home City 2 (6 Soldados).png 6 Soldados Ships 6 Soldados
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
Mexican Home City 2 (Los Colorados Battallion).png Los Colorados Battallion Ships 9 Soldados and 1 Falconet
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png
Mexican Home City 2 (Refurbished Firearms).png Refurbished Firearms Soldados get +2 LOS and gets a charged grenade launcher ability on their grenade attack with +2 range
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png
Mexico card Leather Soldiers.png Leather Soldiers Changes the coin cost of Soldados, Salteadores, Chinacos, and Dragoons to wood on the first time, and vice-versa on the second time
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
Mexico card Plan of Tacubaya.png Plan of Tacubaya [Plan] Turns all Soldados into Dragoons; Dragoons get +10% hit points; Costs 250 food, 250 wood
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
Mexico card Plan of Tuxtepec.png Plan of Tuxtepec [Plan] Turns all Salteadores into Soldados; Soldados get +1 LOS and range
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
Mexico card Liberation March.png Liberation March Infantry, Cavalry, and Shock Infantry get +5% speed and train time -35%
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
The "Liberation March" card is also available to California, and Rio Grande.
The "Leather Soldiers" card is also available to Rio Grande.


Card Description Age HC level
Portuguese Home City 2 (Gunpowder Infantry Hitpoints).png TEAM Gunpowder Infantry Hitpoints Gunpowder infantry get +15% hit points
Age III tech tree aoe3.png

Rio Grande[]

Card Description
Rio Grande Home City (9 Soldados).png 9 Soldados Ships 9 Soldados
Rio Grande Home City (Bastimento).png Bastimento Infantry train time -25%; Revolutionary train time -50%


Card Description Age HC level
Spanish Home City 3 (Inquisition).png TEAM Inquisition All units get +10 LOS
Age I tech tree aoe3.png


Card Description Age
Dutch Home City 2 (Infantry Hitpoints).png TEAM Heavy Infantry Hitpoints Heavy Infantry get +15% hit points
Age II tech tree aoe3.png

Federal State[]

Card Description State
Federal card colegio de san nicolas.png Colegio de San Nicolás Ships 500 XP; units and buildings get +8 LOS; sees what enemies can see for 20 seconds Michoacán
Federal card bustamante.png Bustamante The General can build Field Hospitals for free; Soldados get +10% hit points; Field Hospitals can train Soldados San Luis Potosí
Federal card national servant.png National Servant All units get +10% hit points; Padre healing speed increased by 200% Estado de México
Federal card army of the three guarantees.png Army of the Three Guarantees Ships 15 Soldados, 10 Chinacos and 2 Heavy Cannons; uses 3 Home City shipments
Federal card cinco de mayo.png Cinco de Mayo Forts increase the hit points and attack of friendly Infantry and Cavalry in an AOE of 26 around them by 25% Puebla


Definitive Edition[]

  • Originally, Soldado's Battle Bluster ability had a x0.5 multiplier against artillery. Although it is not listed in the patch notes, with update 13.9057, Soldado's Battle Bluster ability has a x0.34 multiplier against artillery.


  • The Soldado represents the standing army established by the Spanish crown in the late 18th century to shore up the defense of New Spain against foreign attacks.
    • Historically, the Army of New Spain remain loyal to the Spanish crown and fought against the insurgency during the Mexican War of Independence in order to contain the rebellion. Eventually, the army changed sides in 1821, joining the insurgency to fight for the Independence and formed the Army of the Three Guarantees.
  • The Soldado and Veteran Soldado are based on the Army of New Spain from the 18th century.
  • The Guard and Imperial Soldado are based on the Mexican Army from the 19th century, particularly as seen in the artwork for the book "Santa Anna’s Mexican Army 1821–48" by René Chartrand.


The Viceroyalty of New Spain equipped a professional force of fighting men to defend its territories against internal and external threats alike. These Soldados proved quite effective against most opponents due to their training and organization, but could be overwhelmed by sheer numbers, as often happened during the Mexican struggle for independence. After the nation's emancipation from Spain, the new government saw fit to continue the maintenance of a professional military force, and Soldados formed the core of many Mexican armies for years to come.


v  d  e
Military units in Age of Empires III
AOE3Icon.png Age of Empires III
CommonExplorer · Militiaman · Pikeman · Musketeer · Crossbowman · Skirmisher · Halberdier · Grenadier · Hussar · Dragoon · Cavalry Archer · Falconet · Culverin · Mortar · Heavy Cannon · Caravel · Galleon · Frigate · Monitor
Flag BritishDE.png BritishLongbowman · Ranger** · Rocket
Flag DutchDE.png DutchRuyter · Fluyt
Flag FrenchDE.png FrenchCuirassier
Flag GermanDE.png GermansDoppelsoldner · Uhlan · War Wagon
Flag OttomanDE.png OttomansJanissary · Nizam Fusilier** · Abus Gun · Great Bombard · Galley · Spahi
Flag PortugueseDE.png PortugueseCassador · Organ Gun
Flag RussianDE.png RussiansStrelet · Cossack · Oprichnik
Flag SpanishDE.png SpanishRodelero · Lancer
WarchiefsIcon.png The WarChiefs
CommonWarrior · Canoe · War Canoe · Ironclad · Horse Artillery · Petard · Spy
Flag AztecDE.png AztecsAztec War Chief · Coyote Runner · Otontin Slinger · Puma Spearman · Arrow Knight · Eagle Runner Knight · Jaguar Prowl Knight · Warrior Priest · Skull Knight · Tlaloc Canoe
Flag IroquoisDE.png HaudenosauneeHaudenosaunee War Chief · Aenna · Tomahawk · Forest Prowler · Kanya Horseman · Musket Rider · Ram · Mantlet · Light Cannon
Flag SiouxDE.png LakotaLakota War Chief · Cetan Bowman · Club Warrior · Wakina Rifle · Axe Rider · Bow Rider · Rifle Rider · Tashunke Prowler · Tokala Soldier
Revolution.png RevolutionRevolutionary · Gatling Gun
DynastiesIcon.png The Asian Dynasties
Flag ChineseDE.png ChineseShaolin Master · Disciple · Sentry · Irregular · Chu Ko Nu · Qiang Pikeman · Changdao Swordsman · Arquebusier · Steppe Rider · Keshik · Iron Flail · Meteor Hammer · Flamethrower · Hand Mortar · Flying Crow · Fire Junk · War Junk · Fuchuan
Flag IndianDE.png IndiansBrahmin · Sentry · Irregular · Rajput · Sepoy · Gurkha · Urumi Swordsman · Sowar · Zamburak · Mahout Lancer · Howdah · Flail Elephant · Siege Elephant
Flag JapaneseDE.png JapaneseSohei Archer · Sentry · Irregular · Samurai · Ashigaru Musketeer · Yumi Archer · Naginata Rider · Yabusame · Flaming Arrow · Morutaru · Daimyo · Shogun Tokugawa · Yamabushi · Shinobi · Fune · Atakabune · Tekkousen
Age3DE Icon.png Definitive Edition
CommonCaptured Mortar · General · Sloop · Steamer · Battleship
Flag IncanDE.png IncasInca War Chief · Plumed Spearman · Chimu Runner · Jungle Bowman · Bolas Warrior · Huaraca · Maceman · Chincha Raft
Flag SwedishDE.png SwedesCarolean · Hakkapelit · Leather Cannon
Flag American act3 aoe3de.png United StatesMinuteman · State Militia · Regular · Sharpshooter · Carbine Cavalry · Gatling Gun · Quaker Gun · Gunslinger · Cowboy · Owlhoot
Flag MexicanDE.png MexicansPadre · Insurgente · Soldado · Salteador · Chinaco · Desperado · Cuatrero · Bandido
Revolution.png RevolutionBarbary Warrior · Californio · Cetbang Cannon · Corsair Marksman · Cowboy · Cruzob Infantry · Cuerudo · Filibuster · Gaucho · Jagunço · Javanese Spearman · Llanero · Morochuco · Mounted Granadero · Revolutionary Sharpshooter · Trek Wagon
The African Royals
CommonLevied Spearman · Levied Bowman · Levied Gunner · Javelin Rider · Desert Warrior · Desert Raider · Desert Archer · Battle Canoe · Cannon Boat
Flag Ethiopian aoe3de.png EthiopiansRas · Gascenya · Neftenya · Shotel Warrior · Oromo Warrior · Sebastopol Mortar · War Dhow
Flag Hausa.png HausaEmir · Fulani Archer · Maigadi · Raider · Lifidi Knight · Xebec
Knights of the Mediterranean
Flag ItalianDE.png ItaliansArchitect · Pavisier · Bersagliere · Schiavone · Papal Guard · Papal Lancer · Papal Zouave · Papal Bombard · Galleass · Leonardo's Tank
Flag MalteseDE.png MalteseGrand Master · Hospitaller · Sentinel · Fire Thrower · Order Galley · Fire Ship
* added in The WarChiefs   ** in the Definitive Edition