Age of Empires Series Wiki

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The Snow Leopard is a carnivore Treasure Guardian in Age of Empires III: The Asian Dynasties and a hostile wild animal in Age of Empires II: Definitive Edition.

Age of Empires II[]

The Snow Leopard is introduced in the Definitive Edition, and is one of several hostile animals that the player may encounter in unexplored areas. Like the Wolf, it has 25 HP, 3 attack, holds no food, and attacks Villagers and even some military units on sight. As it will most likely prevail against Villagers that do not have the Loom upgrade, it is recommended to research it before sending them in unexplored areas. Snow Leopards appear in some winter- and mountain-themed random maps, for example Mongolia.


  • Snows Leopards (Panthera Uncia) have symbolic meaning for Turkic peoples of Central Asia, where the animal is known as irbis or bars, so it is widely used in heraldry and as an emblem.
  • Despite being shown as hostile animals in the game, in reality, snow leopards appear to be the least aggressive of the big cats to humans. As a result, they are easily driven away from livestock; they readily abandon their kills when threatened, and may not even defend themselves when attacked.


Age of Empires III[]

The Snow Leopard is a Treasure Guardian in Age of Empires III: The Asian Dynasties. It is a big and fairly powerful feline predator, but not quite as powerful as its big cousins the Lion and Tiger. Two Monks or one Explorer are enough to eliminate them but they can cause great damage to units.

They are found in Himalayas, Mongolia, and the mountainous variant of the Silk Road. Unlike other Treasure Guardians, there is no pet version of the Snow Leopard and they can only be tamed by War Chiefs.


Scientific Name: Uncia uncia/Panthera uncial
Approx. Size: 7 ft. long, 165 lb.
Diet: Ibex, bharal, markhor, urial, boars, marmots, hares, game birds, small rodents

Despite the name, the snow leopard is actually more closely related to the cheetah, sharing the latter’s round skull, long legs, and large, counter-balancing tail. Recognizable by its beautiful dusty gray coat that turns white in winter, the snow leopard is in fact an intermediate between the “big cats” and smaller species. Its lack of a cartilaginous hyoid apparatus proves this, as it prevents the snow leopard from being able to roar, a defining trait of lions, tigers, leopards, and jaguars.

The snow leopard lives in the mountainous regions of Asia, in Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, and Russia, as well as in other nations. During the summer, the snow leopard lives above the tree line at altitudes up to an astonishing 18,000 feet. Its long tail helps to stabilize its movement along rugged and rocky mountain terrain. When winter begins, the leopard descends to an altitude of about 2,000 feet to hunt for prey in the snow-draped forests. The leopard’s large paws act like snowshoes on the fallen snow, displacing the weight and allowing the cat to move quickly through the trees. It can also use its tail as a covering with which it can warm its face or paws.
—In-game history section