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Skirmisher with a long-ranged attack, but low hitpoints. Gains extra range per upgrade. Good against infantry.
—In-game description

The Sharpshooter is a ranged gunpowder infantry in Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition that is unique to the United States and can be trained at the Barracks, Fort and Steamer. It is a Skirmisher with greater range especially as it is upgraded.



The Sharpshooter starts at the Veteran level, giving them +20% hit points and attack, and +1 range.

Age Upgrade Cost Effect
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png
Guard infantry.png Guard Sharpshooters 600 wood,
600 coin
Upgrades Sharpshooters to Guard (+30% hit points and attack, +1 range)
Imperial Age
Imperial infantry.png Imperial Sharpshooters 1,500 wood,
1,500 coin
Upgrades Sharpshooters to Imperial (+50% hit points and attack); requires Guard Sharpshooters

Further statistics[]

As Sharpshooters are unique to the United States, only technologies that they have access to are shown in the following table:

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Heavy infantry, light cavalry, Eagle Runner Knights
Weak vs. Heavy cavalry, Coyote Runners, artillery
Hit points Flint lock.png Flint Lock (+10%)
Cree Tanning.png Cree Tanning (+5%)
Navajo Weaving.png Navajo Weaving (+5%)
Attack Counter Infantry Rifling.png Counter Infantry Rifling (+1x multiplier vs. heavy infantry)
Paper cartridge.png Paper Cartridge (+15%)
Iroquois lacrosse.png Iroquois Lacrosse (+10%, vanilla Age of Empires III only)
Yoga.png Yoga (+5%)
Smokeless Powder.png Smokeless Powder (+30% siege attack)
Clenched Fist.png Clenched Fist (+30% melee attack)
Speed Military Drummers.png Military Drummers (+10%)
Inca Road-building.png Quechuan Mountaineering (+20%)
Apache Endurance.png Apache Endurance (+5%)
Sight Town Watch.png Town Watch (+2)
Creation speed Standing Army.png Standing Army (-25%)
Inca Chaquis Messengers.png Quechuan Diet (-25%)
Other Merritocracy.png Meritocracy (-20% upgrade cost)

Home City Cards[]

As Sharpshooters are unique to the United States, only their cards and other civilizations' TEAM cards are shown in the following tables:

Click for a list of Home City Cards related to the Sharpshooter
Green: TEAM Shipment that is sent to each player in a team


Card Description Age HC level
Dutch Home City 2 (Infantry Hitpoints).png TEAM Infantry Hitpoints Infantry get +15% hit points
Age II tech tree aoe3.png


Card Description Age HC level
French Home City 2 (Ranged Infantry Attack).png TEAM Ranged Infantry Attack Ranged infantry get +15% attack
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
French Home City 2 (Early Skirmishers).png TEAM Early Skirmishers Skirmishers, Cassadores, Forest Prowlers, Wakina Rifles, and Black Flag Army can be trained in the Commerce Age; Longbowman, Strelet, Otontin Slinger, Gurkha, and Yumi Archer train time -20%
Age I tech tree aoe3.png


Card Description Age HC level
Shivajis tactics.png TEAM Shivaji's Tactics All units get +5% hit points and attack
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png


Card Description Age HC level
Iroquois Home City 2 (Scout Infantry).png TEAM Scout Infantry Infantry get +8 LOS
Age II tech tree aoe3.png


Card Description Age HC level
Japanese Home City 3 (Cheaper Unit Upgrades).png TEAM Cheaper Unit Upgrades Unit upgrades cost -20%
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png


Card Description Age HC level
Portuguese Home City 2 (Gunpowder Infantry Hitpoints).png TEAM Gunpowder Infantry Hitpoints Gunpowder infantry get +15% hit points
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png


Card Description Age HC level
Spanish Home City 3 (Inquisition).png TEAM Inquisition All units get +10 LOS
Age I tech tree aoe3.png


Definitive Edition[]

  • Originally, the Sharpshooter has a ranged attack of 14 and a range of 20. With hotfix 24632, it has a ranged attack of 15 and a range of 21.
  • The Sharpshooter has 27 LOS.

The African Royals[]


  • In its unit portrait, the Sharpshooter is armed with what appears to be a Scoped Sharps rifle.


As firearm technology developed, long rifles enabled a new form of fighting –– one that emphasized individual accuracy over the collective power of a musket volley. The first American sharpshooters were frontiersmen and woodsmen who learned their craft out of necessity, whether through hunting to survive or fighting off enemy raids. This model is exemplified by Hawkeye, a character in several James Fenimore Cooper novels known for his accuracy with a gun at long range. As rifle manufacturing became more standardized, large units of troops could be equipped with specific weapon types, and thus arose specialized units such as the US Sharpshooters.