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Guard Cavalry mercenary riding a heavy war horse that damages units while moving.
—In-game description

The Royal Horseman is a mercenary heavy cavalry unit in Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition - Knights of the Mediterranean.

Overview[]

The Royal Horseman is available as one of the randomly available mercenary units of a given map, or in the House of Bourbon minor civilization on European maps using a Trading Post after researching the Maison du Roi technology in the Industrial Age. It functions as a mercenary version of the Cuirassier, costing 1/3 more resources and population total, while offering significantly more hit points, slightly higher attack, and a larger area of effect.

Strategy[]

While its cost can be quite prohibitive, it will, just like the Cuirassier, serve as both an excellent damage sponge and a terrifying counter against even highly upgraded infantry with low hit points. It should especially be considered when playing Germans, as their primary cavalry unit is more fragile than usual, and they can upgrade mercenaries' HP/attack and reduce their cost using Home City shipments. When accessed by using the Maison du Roi technology, it greatly synergizes with the Spanish getting Home City shipments quicker. Considering that the technology costs less than two times the amount of a single Royal Horseman, it will pay off very quickly. It will also greatly increase the value of infinite mercenary shipments in the Industrial Age for either civilization.

Further statistics[]

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Ranged infantry, Shock Infantry, artillery
Weak vs. Heavy infantry, light cavalry
Improvements
Hit points Cavalry Cuirass.png Cavalry Cuirass (+10%)
Horsemanship.png Horsemanship (+10%; Lakota only)
Gadaa System.png Gadaa System (+5%; Ethiopians only)
Comanche Horse Breeding.png Comanche Horse Breeding (+10%)
Cree Tanning.png Cree Tanning (+10%)
Navajo Weaving.png Navajo Weaving (+5%)
Tar kilns.png Tar Kilns (+5%)
Attack Pillage.png Pillage (+25% siege attack)
Gadaa System.png Gadaa System (+5%; Ethiopians only)
Wind horses.png Wind Horses (-10% ROF)
Yoga.png Yoga (+5%)
Armor Pancerni.png Pancerni (+0.1)
Sudanese quilted armor.png Sudanese Quilted Armor (+10% melee resistance)
Speed Horse Secrets.png Horse Secrets (+10%; Haudenosaunee only)
Comanche Mustangs.png Comanche Mustangs (+5%)
Apache Endurance.png Apache Endurance (+5%)
Wind horses.png Wind Horses (+0.5)
Sight Town Watch.png Town Watch (+2)
Creation speed Mass Cavalry.png Mass Cavalry (-35%)
Terror Charge.png Terror Charge (-20%; Indians only)
Blue Nile Ties.png Blue Nile Ties (-15%; Ethiopians only)
Cheyenne Horse Trading.png Cheyenne Horse Trading (-40%)
Quechuan Diet.png Quechuan Diet (-10%)
Philhellenism.png Philhellenism (-10%)
Shaman drums.png Shaman Drums (-10%)
Train cost Mapuche Ad-mapu.png Mapuche Ad-mapu (-10% coin cost)
Golden liberty.png Golden Liberty (-5% coin cost)
Blue Nile Ties.png Blue Nile Ties (-15%; Ethiopians only)
Yemeni Relations.png Yemeni Relations (exchanges cost for 50% coin, 50% influence; Ethiopians only)
Philhellenism.png Philhellenism (-10%)
Other Multinationalism.png Multinationalism (ships 8 random European mercenaries)
Maison du roi.png Maison du Roi (ships an additional Royal Horseman with every new shipment; allows to train Royal Horsemen)
Penalties Coffee Trade.png Coffee Trade (-10% speed; Dutch only)
Royal Horsemen may spawn as one of the 8 random mercenary units after researching Multinationalism.

Home City Cards[]

Click for a list of cards related to the Royal Horseman
  • Green: TEAM Shipment that is sent to each player in a team
  • Red: Shipment that can be sent twice

All[]

Card Description Age HC level
British Home City 2 (Cavalry Combat).png Cavalry Combat Cavalry get +15% hit points and attack
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
10
British Home City 2 (Cavalry Damage).png Cavalry Damage Cavalry get +15% attack
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
10
Mexico card Liberation March.png Liberation March Infantry, cavalry, and Shock Infantry get +5% speed and train time -35%
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
N/A
Spanish Home City 3 (Riding School).png Riding School Cavalry train time -40%
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
10
The Cavalry Combat card is available to Dutch, Italians, Lakota, Mexicans, Ottomans, Russians and Spanish.
The Cavalry Damage card is available to Haudenosaunee (on the Fortress Age) and Lakota.
The Liberation March card is available to Mexicans and Spanish
The Riding School card is not available to Chinese, Japanese and Spanish.
Every civilization can train Royal Horsemen and receive one with every new shipment after reserching Maison du Roi.

Africans[]

Card Description Age
Trainspeed africa.png Feudal Armies Unit train time -15%; Hero respawn time -15%
Age III tech tree aoe3.png

Chinese[]

Card Description Age HC level
Western reforms.png Western Reforms All units get +8% hit points and attack
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png
40
Acupuncture aoe3.png Acupuncture Unit train time -20%
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
10

Ethiopians[]

Card Description Age
Ignatian spirituality.png Ignatian Spirituality All units get +5% hit points and regeneration capability even while in combat
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png
Loyal warriors.png Loyal Warriors Native warriors, mercenaries, and outlaws cost -15% (also affects shipments)
Age I tech tree aoe3.png

French[]

Card Description Age HC level
French Home City 2 (Hand Cavalry Attack).png TEAM Hand Cavalry Attack Heavy cavalry and Coyote Runners get +15% attack
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
10

Germans[]

Card Description Age HC level
German Home City 2 (Cavalry Attack).png TEAM Cavalry Attack Heavy cavalry, light cavalry, and Shock Infantry get +15% attack
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
10
German Home City 3 (Spanish Riding School).png Spanish Riding School Cavalry get +10% speed +4 Uhlans
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png
25
German Home City 5 (Improved Mercenaries).png Improved Mercenaries Mercenaries get +20% hit points and attack +3 Uhlans
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
10

Haudenosaunee[]

Card Description Age HC level
British Home City 2 (Cavalry Hitpoints).png Cavalry Hitpoints Cavalry get +15% hit points
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
10
Haudenosaunee can train Royal Horsemen and receive one with every new shipment after reserching Maison du Roi.

Hausa[]

Card Description Age
Hausa Home City Cards 5 (Sahelian Kingdoms).png Sahelian Kingdoms Native warriors get +15% hit points and attack; Mercenaries and Outlaws get +10% hit points and attack
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png

Incas[]

Card Description Age
Inca Road-building.png Road Building All land military units get +10% speed
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
Inca Chaquis Messengers.png Couriers Infantry, shock infantry and cavalry train time -45%
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
Incas can train Royal Horsemen and receive one with every new shipment after reserching Maison du Roi.

Indians[]

Card Description Age HC level
Dravidian martial arts.png Dravidian Martial Arts All units get +15% melee attack +1 Villager
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
40
Shivajis tactics.png TEAM Shivaji's Tactics All units get +5% hit points and attack
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png
25

Italians[]

Card Description Age
Italian Home City 2 (Schiavoni Swords).png Schiavoni Swords All cavalry and infantry get +15% hand attack
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
Italian Home City 5 (Savoyard Company).png Savoyard Company Ships 6 Royal Horsemen and 9 Armored Pistoleers; costs 1,000 food, 1,000 wood, and 1,000 coin
Age III tech tree aoe3.png

Japanese[]

Card Description Age HC level
Bakufu.png Bakufu Daimyo and Shogun Tokugawa get +10% speed, +20 LOS and train units 15% faster; Banner army train time -10%; Land military unit train time -20%
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
25

Lakota[]

Card Description Age HC level
Sioux Home City 1 (Morning Star).png Morning Star Temporarily reveals all enemies and treasures. Axe Riders can now loot treasures for double the resources or XP. Hand cavalry get an additional ×2.0 multiplier against Treasure Guardians
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
25
Sioux Home City 2 (Mustangs).png TEAM Mustangs Cavalry costs -10%
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
10
Lakota can train Royal Horsemen and receive one with every new shipment after reserching Maison du Roi.

Maltese[]

Card Description Age
Maltese Home City 2 (TEAM Knights of the Round Table).png TEAM Knights of the Round Table Ships 1 Hospitaller for each Center owned by the player; increases all unit hit points by 2%
Age I tech tree aoe3.png
Maltese Home City 5 (Hire Royal Horsemen).png Hire Royal Horsemen Ships 7 Royal Horsemen; costs 1,500 coin
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png

Mexicans[]

Card Description Age
Mexico card Plan of Casa Mata.png Plan of Casa Mata [Plan] Turns all Dragoons into Chinacos; melee cavalry get +5% speed; costs 250 food, 250 wood
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
Mexico card TEAM Mariachi.png TEAM Mariachi For the next 30 seconds, military buildings have their work rate increased by 400% and units have their speed increased by 10%
Age I tech tree aoe3.png

Russians[]

Card Description Age HC level
Russian Home City 2 (Cavalry Scout).png TEAM Kamchatka Expeditions Cavalry and Shock Infantry get +10% hit points and +4 LOS
Age I tech tree aoe3.png
1

Spanish[]

Card Description Age HC level
Spanish Home City 3 (Inquisition).png TEAM Inquisition All units get +10 LOS
Age I tech tree aoe3.png
10

Swedes[]

Card Description Age
Swedish Home City 2 (Hand Infantry-HandCavalry Attack).png Hand Infantry/Hand Cavalry Attack Melee infantry and cavalry get +15% attack, except mercenaries which get +8%
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
Spanish Home City 2 (Hand Infantry Hitpoints).png Hand Infantry/Hand Cavalry Hitpoints Melee infantry and cavalry get +15% hit points, except mercenaries which get +8%
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
Swedish Home City 5 (German Mercenary Contracts).png German Mercenary Contracts Mercenaries get +25% hit points and attack; Jaegers and Landsknechts can be trained at Barracks and Galleons; Black Riders can be trained at Stables and Galleons
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png

In-game dialogue[]

The Royal Horseman speaks French using the French Spy's dialogue files.

Changelog[]

Knights of the Mediterranean[]

  • Originally, Royal Horsemen cost 500 coin and 5 population, had 20% ranged resistance, and dealt 5 stampede damage. With update 13.12327, they cost 400 coin and 4 population, have 30% ranged resistance, and deal 7 stampede damage.

History[]

As the opulence and military prowess of early-modern European states increased, several monarchs and other magnates equipped ‘gardes du corps’ – personal bodyguards, usually consisting of elite cavalry. While these gradually became increasingly widespread, those in France and the German states developed an especially fearsome reputation. Heavy cavalry remained effective in battle, whether as a shock force, when executing cleverly timed tactical maneuvers, or merely when protecting their ruler, but there was a darker side to them as well – they were often sent to literally trample unruly subjects in instances of civil unrest.

Gallery[]

v  d  e
Mercenary units in Age of Empires III
Mercenaries
InfantryArmored Pistoleer^^ · Arsonist** · Askari^ · Barbary Corsair · Cannoneer^ · Dahomey Amazon^ · Fusilier* · Giant Grenadier^^ · Highlander · Irish Brigadier^^ · Iron Troop** · Jaeger · Landsknecht · Ninja* · Pandour^^ · Ronin · Swiss Pikeman · Zouave***
CavalryBlack Rider · Bosniak^^ · Elmetto* · Gatling Camel^ · Hackapell · Harquebusier*** · Jat Lancer** · Kanuri Guard^ · Mameluke · Manchu · Mounted Rifleman^^ · Royal Horseman^^ · Sennar Horseman^ · Stradiot · Yojimbo** · Zenata Rider^
ArtilleryLi'l Bombard* · Napoleon Gun***
ShipPrivateer · War Dhow^ · Wokou Junk** · Xebec^
Outlaws
InfantryDacoit** · Desert Archer^ · Desert Warrior^ · Hajduk^^ · Highwayman^^ · Inquisitor^^ · Pirate · Pistolero* · Renegado* · Thuggee** · Wokou Monk** · Wokou Pirate** · Wokou Ronin**
CavalryComanchero* · Cossack Daredevil^^ · Crabat^^ · Desert Raider^ · Highwayman^^ · Wokou Horseman**
ShipMarathan Catamaran**
Flag American act3 aoe3de.png United States***Gunslinger · Cowboy · Owlhoot
Flag MexicanDE.png Mexicans***Desperado · Cuatrero · Bandido
* added in The WarChiefs   ** in The Asian Dynasties   *** in the Definitive Edition   ^ in The African Royals   ^^ in Knights of the Mediterranean
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