The Renegado is an outlaw unit armed with a rifle. As an outlaw it costs little coin but many population slots (5; 3 with the Theaters or equivalent card). It has fewer hitpoints than a Skirmisher but faster attack.
Renegados are, also like most outlaw units, strongest in the Colonial Age and weaker as the game progresses. While it can reach a high output by the Imperial Age, its frailty and heavy population cost make it generally more efficient to field standard Skirmishers.
Mexico can upgrade their Renegados to Chinacos through the namesake Home City card, which cost 90 food (instead of 100 coin) and use up 1 population. They have 2 more range and LOS, and 33% less attack than Renegados, but have firing time reduced by 0.5. This card is currently bugged and doesn't change ranged damage or attack speed.
Hungary and Romania can spawn Hajduks at their Outposts/Blockhouses with the namesake Home City card, which are similar to Renegados, but only use one population and have 10% more speed.
The term "outlaw" is derived from a Scandinavian designation for the worst sort of criminal imaginable - one who lived outside the protections of the law and should be killed on sight. The gun-slinging, horse-riding, bandana-wearing outlaw of the American frontier is a common image, and one embodied by Thomas Coleman Younger and his two brothers. They joined up with Jesse James and were eventually captured and pardoned, though not before one of Cole's brothers died of tuberculosis while imprisoned and the other killed himself out of grief. Cole was pardoned and lived the rest of his life honestly, making a lecture circuit and performing in a traveling Wild West show.
Age of Empires III
Outlaw Riflemen have 20 LOS and 18 ranged attack range.
Renegados cost 90 coin, take 6 population, have a x2.0 multiplier against heavy infantry, 1.5 melee rate of fire, 40 ranged damage and a 3.0 ranged rate of fire.
Outlaw Riflemen have 17 LOS and 15 ranged attack range.
Mexican Renegados are named after the chinacos, insurgents made up of ranchers who fought against the Spanish during the Mexican War of Independence.
Hungarian/Romanian Renegados are named after the hajduks, known for being both freedom fighters and outlaws.
Renegados are armed with what appears to be Winchester Repeating Rifles. The 1873 Winchester was famously known as "The Gun That Won the West".
The specific appearance of the Renegado's rilfe is anachronistic, as Act II: Shadow for The WarChiefs is set in 1876, yet the rifle's appearance is based upon the 1894 Winchester, which has a smaller iron band present on the forward handle. In contrast, the more accurate 1873 has the band located in front of the forward handle.
The broad expanses of the North American Old West offered many different opportunities to make one's fortune – either within the boundaries of the law, or by simply preying on others who had already done so. Anyone known as a rengado - Spanish for “renegade” - was almost certainly a gruff and surly individual who had little use for society’s traditions or laws. Mark Twain’s “A Horse’s Tale” mentions one such character, “Trap-robber, horse-thief, squaw-man, renegado - Hank Butters - I know him very well.”