Warrior armed with a deadly spear. Good against cavalry and buildings.
—In-game description

The Puma Spearman is a melee heavy infantry in Age of Empires III: The WarChiefs that is unique to the Aztecs and can be trained at the War Hut once the Commerce Age is reached.

Overview[edit | edit source]

Armed with a spear, the Puma Spearman is effective against cavalry and buildings. It is the Aztec version of the European Pikeman, stronger in combat (50% more attack, 12,5% more hit points and double melee resistance) but slightly more expensive and costing food and coin rather than food and wood. Pikemen cannot be upgraded beyond Veteran level and are replaced by Halberdiers in later Ages. Puma Spearmen, on the other hand, have access to Elite, Champion, and Legendary upgrades. Even though they have less health than a Halberdier they have a greater multiplier against cavalry. The "Temple of Xochipilli Support" Home City Card (increases speed to 6) make them even more dangerous because it allows them to better defend Otontin Slingers from flanking cavalry or defend villagers from raiding.

Upgrades[edit | edit source]

Age Upgrade Cost Effect
Ages fortress.jpg
Elite infantry.png Elite Puma Spearmen 200 wood,
100 coin
Upgrades Puma Spearmen to Elite (+25% hit points and attack)
Ages industrial.jpg
Champion infantry.png Champion Puma Spearmen 400 wood,
200 coin
Upgrades Puma Spearmen to Champion (+25% hit points and attack); requires Elite Puma Spearmen
Imperial Age
Legendary infantry.png Legendary Puma Spearmen 1,500 wood,
1,500 coin
Upgrades Puma Spearmen to Legendary (+50% hit points and attack); requires Champion Puma Spearmen

Further statistics[edit | edit source]

As Puma Spearmen are unique to the Aztecs, only technologies that they have access to are shown in the following table:

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Cavalry, light infantry, buildings
Weak vs. Skirmishers, archers, artillery
Improvements
Hit points Cree Tanning.png Cree Tanning (+5%)
Maya Cotton Armor.png Maya Cotton Armor (+20%)
Navajo Weaving.png Navajo Weaving (+5%)
Attack Carib Kasiri Beer.png Carib Kasiri Beer (+10%)
Mapuche Tactics.png Mapuche Tactics (+50% siege attack)
Zapotec Cult of the Dead.png Zapotec Cult of the Dead (+20%)
Yoga.png Yoga (+5%)
Master Lessons.png Master Lessons (+10%)
Speed Inca Road-building.png Incan Road-building (+20%)
Apache Endurance.png Apache Endurance (+5%)
Creation speed Inca Chaquis Messengers.png Incan Chasquis Messengers (-25%)
Other Barometz.png Barometz (ships 1 Puma Spearman for every 2 minutes of the game time up to 30 minutes)
Merritocracy.png Meritocracy (-20% upgrade cost)

Home City Cards[edit | edit source]

As Puma Spearmen are unique to the Aztecs, only their cards and other civilizations' TEAM cards are shown in the following tables:

Changelog[edit | edit source]

The WarChiefs[edit | edit source]

Definitive Edition[edit | edit source]

  • The Puma Spearman is no longer classified as a siege unit.
  • Puma Spearmen now have a +3.5x multiplier against light infantry (now shock infantry).

Trivia[edit | edit source]

  • The shape of the Puma Spearman's spear differs from European and Asian designs.

History[edit | edit source]

In Aztec society, membership in the calpulli established each individual's religious and secular schooling, as well as how they would be trained in warfare. The men of a calpulli served together in battle and on the numerous public works projects. Their soldiers wielded weapons of wood and stone, and they often sought prisoners to be sacrificed in religious ceremonies.

To the Aztecs, the puma was a respected predator and held religious significance within their pantheon of gods. The Spanish recorded that Montezuma kept a puma-like creature called the cuitlamiztli (or wolf-cat) in his private zoo. Mexican legends refer to the existence of the onza, a long-legged and extremely aggressive cat native to the region.

Gallery[edit | edit source]

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