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Warrior armed with a deadly spear. Good against cavalry and buildings.
—In-game description

The Puma Spearman is a melee heavy infantry in Age of Empires III: The WarChiefs that is unique to the Aztecs and can be trained at the War Hut once the Commerce Age is reached.


Armed with a spear, the Puma Spearman is effective against cavalry and buildings. It is the Aztec version of the European Pikeman, stronger in combat (50% more attack, 12,5% more hit points and double melee resistance) but slightly more expensive and costing food and coin rather than food and wood. Pikemen cannot be upgraded beyond Veteran level and are replaced by Halberdiers in later Ages. Puma Spearmen, on the other hand, have access to Elite, Champion, and Legendary upgrades. Even though they have less health than a Halberdier they have a greater multiplier against cavalry. The "Temple of Xochipilli Support" Home City Card (increases speed to 6) make them even more dangerous because it allows them to better defend Otontin Slingers from flanking cavalry or defend villagers from raiding.


Age Upgrade Cost Effect
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
Elite infantry.png Elite Puma Spearmen 200 wood,
100 coin
Upgrades Puma Spearmen to Elite (+25% hit points and attack)
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png
Champion infantry.png Champion Puma Spearmen 400 wood,
200 coin
Upgrades Puma Spearmen to Champion (+25% hit points and attack); requires Elite Puma Spearmen
Imperial Age
Legendary infantry.png Legendary Puma Spearmen 1,500 wood,
1,500 coin
Upgrades Puma Spearmen to Legendary (+50% hit points and attack); requires Champion Puma Spearmen

Further statistics[]

As Puma Spearmen are unique to the Aztecs, only technologies that they have access to are shown in the following table:

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Cavalry, Shock Infantry, buildings
Weak vs. Skirmishers, archers, artillery
Hit points Cree Tanning.png Cree Tanning (+5%)
Maya Cotton Armor.png Maya Cotton Armor (+20%)
Navajo Weaving.png Navajo Weaving (+5%)
Attack Carib Kasiri Beer.png Carib Kasiri Beer (+10%)
Mapuche Tactics.png Mapuche Tactics (+50% siege attack)
Zapotec Cult of the Dead.png Zapotec Cult of the Dead (+20%)
Yoga.png Yoga (+5%)
Master Lessons.png Master Lessons (+10%)
Speed Inca Road-building.png Quechuan Mountaineering (+20%)
Apache Endurance.png Apache Endurance (+5%)
Creation speed Inca Chaquis Messengers.png Quechuan Diet (-25%)
Other Barometz.png Barometz (ships 1 Puma Spearman for every 2 minutes of the game time up to 30 minutes)
Merritocracy.png Meritocracy (-20% upgrade cost)

Home City Cards[]

As Puma Spearmen are unique to the Aztecs, only their cards and other civilizations' TEAM cards are shown in the following tables:


The WarChiefs[]

  • The Puma Spearman is classified as a siege unit.
  • Puma Spearmen have a +3.0x multiplier against light infantry.
  • Puma Spearmen have 48 siege damage.
  • Puma Spearmen cost 50 food, 50 coin, and have 135 hit points.

Definitive Edition[]

  • The Puma Spearman is no longer classified as a siege unit.
  • Puma Spearmen now have a +3.5x multiplier against light infantry (now shock infantry).
  • With update 20322, Puma Spearmen have 42 siege damage.

The African Royals[]


  • The shape of the Puma Spearman's spear differs from European and Asian designs.


In Aztec society, membership in the calpulli established each individual's religious and secular schooling, as well as how they would be trained in warfare. The men of a calpulli served together in battle and on the numerous public works projects. Their soldiers wielded weapons of wood and stone, and they often sought prisoners to be sacrificed in religious ceremonies.

To the Aztecs, the puma was a respected predator and held religious significance within their pantheon of gods. The Spanish recorded that Montezuma kept a puma-like creature called the cuitlamiztli (or wolf-cat) in his private zoo. Mexican legends refer to the existence of the onza, a long-legged and extremely aggressive cat native to the region.