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The Phoenicians are a playable civilization in Age of Empires. They are primarily an offensive civilization.

The Phoenicians are excellent in all areas of combat, especially at sea, but lack elite siege units, making them ineffective when combating heavily fortified areas on land, but their cheap elephant units can make up for it if used properly.

They are best used on water maps due to their many naval bonuses, such as fast firing Catapult Triremes, and increased woodcutting speed.

Historically, the Phoenician culture put high emphasis on naval exploration, expansion, and trading among the Mediterranean sea, as well at warfare during the Carthaginian era. To reflect this, their woodcutters work faster and their Catapult Triremes fire faster. When they reached North Africa, they tamed some African Elephants which were highly used during the Punic wars at a later time, which is represented in their cheaper Elephant units.


Campaign appearances[]

The Phoenicians appear as AI players in:

Ascent of Egypt[]

Glory of Greece[]

  • 8. Wonder (original only)
    • Darius - Enemy

Voices of Babylon[]

Ave Caesar[]


Age of Empires[]

  • Catapult Triremes and Juggernaughts have -58% reload time.
  • Woodcutters work 30% faster.

The Rise of Rome[]

  • Woodcutters work 15% faster.

Definitive Edition[]

  • Catapult Trireme and Juggernaught have -24% reload time.

AI player names[]

Names shown in italics are only used in the original game.

  • Hannibal (𐤇𐤍𐤁𐤏𐤋) - See Carthaginians
  • Hanno (𐤇‬𐤍‬𐤀) - See Carthaginians
  • Hannibal II - See Carthaginians
  • Hanno II - See Carthaginians
  • Hannibal III - See Carthaginians
  • Hanno III - See Carthaginians
  • Hannibal IV - See Carthaginians
  • Sanchuniathon - Phoenician author
  • Zimrida - Zimredda. Mayor of Siduna (Sidon) c. 1350-1335 BC
  • Plotinus - (Roman) Philosopher AD 204/5-270, teacher of Porphyry
  • Porphyry - (Roman) Philosopher from Tyre, AD c. 234-305
  • Philo - Philo of Byblos, AD 61-141, writer of Phoenician history
  • Ethbaal - King of Tyre 878-847 BC
  • Jezebel - Daughter of Ethbaal
  • Rid-Addi - King of Byblos, mid 14th century BC
  • Ahiram - King of Byblos around 1000 BC


Historically, they had impressive cultural advance, being known for their excellent shipworking skills, and they are credited along with the ancient Syrian city state of Ugarit, to be the first creators of human alphabet. They also had many relations with the Greek, as evidence of trade between the Canaanites (early Phoenicians), Egypt, Cyprus, and Greece has been discovered, as well as the fact that the Phoenician phonetic alphabet was adopted and modified by the Greeks probably at the 8th century BC.[1] Their art was largely inspired by the Greeks, however historically their architecture, and culture (to an extent) was inspired by the Egyptians due to their relationship, and trade networks with the Egyptians.


  • The Carthaginian civilization introduced in The Rise of Rome originated as a Phoenician colony (hence the word "Punic", the name Romans gave to the Carthaginians). It is evident from the original game's AI player names and the Phoenicians' Elephant units bonus that the Phoenicians were originally intended to include the Carthaginians, because war elephants were used extensively by Carthage but not in ancient Phoenicia.
  • The Phoenicians are the only Mediterranean civilization that have access to Elephant units and Legion, but the only one that lack access to elite siege weapons.