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This article is about the unit in Age of Empires. For the technology in Age of Empires IV, see Phalanx.

Upgrade of Hoplite. The Phalanx has more attack strength and armor.
—In-game description in the Definitive Edition

The Phalangite (called Phalanx before Return of Rome) is a heavy infantry unit in Age of Empires that can be trained at the Academy.


Aoede phalanx available Available Aoede phalanx unavailable Unavailable


Centurion stab

The middle of the Academy's trio of units, the Phalangite is an Iron Age upgrade of the Hoplite, and can be further upgraded to the Centurion.

As a heavy infantry unit, the Phalangite is one of the game's most powerful melee combatants, but is vulnerable to ranged attacks, especially those of Priests, Ballistae, and Horse Archers.

Like other units in its line, the Phalangite starts out slightly slower than other infantry, but becomes slightly faster after researching Aristocracy (or playing as the Greeks). It has no pierce armor at all by default (unless playing as the Macedonians), so requires shield upgrades to provide resistance to arrows and Ballista bolts.

Upgrading from the Hoplite to the Phalangite provides a +2 bonus to melee armor, and a +3 bonus to melee attack. Note that the melee armor bonus also applies to Stone Thrower-line projectiles, giving the Phalangite especially high resistance to these siege weapons - but not to Catapult Triremes, which ignore all armor.

For the Palmyrans and (since Return of Rome) the Hittites, the Phalangite is the most advanced heavy infantry unit available, but other civilizations with access to Phalangites can upgrade them to Centurions. This is an elite technology, so is extremely expensive (30 Phalangites can be trained with its food cost, or 17 with its gold cost), but yields 50% more melee damage, 33% more hit points, and a further +1 melee armor bonus.

Further statistics[]

Strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Cavalry, infantry, buildings
Weak vs. Archers, Priests, siege weapons
Attack Toolworking Toolworking (+2)
Metalworkingicon Metalworking (+2)
Metallurgyicon Metallurgy (+3)
Armor Leatherarmorinfantryicon Leather Armor Infantry (+2/0)
Scalearmorinfantryicon Scale Armor Infantry (+2/0)
Chainmailinfantryicon Chain Mail Infantry (+2/0)
Bronzeshieldicon Bronze Shield (0/+1)
Ironshieldicon Iron Shield (0/+1)
Towershieldicon Tower Shield (0/+1)
Movement speed Aristocracy Aristocracy (+25%)
Creation speed RoR Conscription Conscription (+25%)
Other Returnofrome centurion icon Centurion (+40 hit points, +10 attack, +1/0 armor)
Civilization bonuses
Hit points Carthaginians AoE Carthaginians (+25%)
Armor Macedonians AoE Macedonians (0/+2)
Conversion resistance Macedonians AoE Macedonians (4x)
Line of Sight Macedonians AoE Macedonians (+2)
Movement speed Greeks AoE Greeks (+30%)
Resource cost Greeks AoE Greeks (-20%)
Team bonuses
Creation speed Carthaginians AoE Carthaginians (+20%)

Team bonuses[]

  • Carthaginians AoE Carthaginians: Researching Aristocracy and upgrading to Centurion is 20% faster.
  • Palmyrans AoE Palmyrans: Researching technologies that benefit Phalangites is 30% faster.


ReturnRome-AoEIcon Age of Empires[]

  • The unit is named Phalanx.
  • Phalanxes can be upgraded to Centurions only if Aristocracy is researched.
  • Phalanxes have 1.5 reload time.
  • Greeks: Phalanxes have +33% speed.

Age of Empires Definitive Edition icon Definitive Edition[]

  • Greeks: Phalanxes have +30% speed and cost -20%.

AoE2Icon-ReturnRome Return of Rome[]

  • The unit is named Phalangite.
  • Researching Aristocracy is no longer required to upgrade Phalangites to Centurions.
  • Upon release, Phalangites had 2.0 reload time. With update 87863, they have 1.5 reload time again.
  • Palmyrans (team bonus): Technologies benefiting Phalangites are researched 30% faster.


There are three heroes in the game with the appearance of a Phalangite:


The phalanx was a Greek heavy infantry formation used from about 800 BC to the conquest of Greece by the Romans in the Second Century BC. The Greek infantry, called hoplites, formed a square that could quickly face in any of four directions. Each man carried a pike or spear up to 12 feet in length. As the formation advanced, it presented an imposing wall of spear points to its front. Hoplites carried a large round shield and wore a bronze helmet, breastplate (cuirass), and greaves. All free men in the Greek city-states trained in the phalanx. The discipline and drill required to make the phalanx work permeated the entire Greek culture. Greek infantry fighting in the phalanx was the finest in the western world for several centuries. No other infantry faced it in hand-to-hand combat and won until the new tactics of combined arms made it obsolete. The last great success of the phalanx was in Alexander's campaign against the Persians, although in that army it fought as part of a combined arms army.



Tech tree[]

Aoede greek academy available
AOEDE Stable icon Stable
Stone Age Icon (DE)
Tool Age Icon (DE)
Bronze Age Icon (DE)
Iron Age Icon (DE)
Aoede phalanx available

Units in Age of Empires
CivilianReturnofrome female villager icon Villager · Returnofrome trade cart icon Trade Cart
OtherAoE2 DE priest icon Priest · Slinger-0 Slinger · Returnofrome artifact icon Artifact
Civilian ship1 Fishing Boat Fishing Boat · 2 Fishing Ship Fishing Ship
3 Trade Boat Trade Boat · 4 Merchant Ship Merchant Ship
InfantryClubman Clubman · AxemanAoEDE Axeman
Short Swordsman Short Swordsman · Broad Swordsman Broad Swordsman · AoE nuRoR Long Swordsman icon Long Swordsmen · Returnofrome legionary icon Legionary
HopliteDE Hoplite · AoE nuRoR Phalangite icon Phalangite · Returnofrome centurion icon Centurion
ArcherBowman aoe1de Bowman
Improved Bowman22 Improved Bowman · Composite Bowman Composite Bowman
Chariot Archer111 Chariot Archer
Horse Archer Horse Archer · Returnofrome heavy horse archer icon Heavy Horse Archer
EAICON DE Elephant Archer
CavalryScout-0 Scout
ChariotDE Chariot · ScytheDE Scythe Chariot
Cavalry111 Cavalry · Returnofrome heavy cavalry icon Heavy Cavalry · Returnofrome cataphract icon Cataphract
War ElephantDE War Elephant · Returnofrome armored elephant icon Armored Elephant
Camel RiderDE Camel Rider
SiegeStone ThrowerDE Stone Thrower · CatapultDE Catapult · Returnofrome heavy catapult icon Heavy Catapult
BallistaDE Ballista · Returnofrome helepolis icon Helepolis
War Ship7 Scout Ship Scout Ship · 8 War Galley War Galley · 9 Trireme Trireme
Catapult Trireme Catapult Trireme · Returnofrome juggernaut icon Juggernaut
10 Fire Galley Fire Galley
5 Light Transport Light Transport · 6 Heavy Transport Heavy Transport
Scenario Editor-only units
Short Swordsman Chieftain · Donkey caravan aoe2DE Donkey · Clubman Explorer · Returnofrome heavy cavalry icon General · AoE2 DE priest icon High Priest · Returnofrome horse icon Horse · HeavyCavalryDE Mercenary (removed) · Penguin aoe2DE Penguin · AoE2 DE priest icon Pharaoh · 5 Light Transport Raft · Returnofrome artifact icon War Chest