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This article is about the unit in Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition - Knights of the Mediterranean. For the unit in Age of Empires II HD: The Forgotten, see Genoese Crossbowman.

Italian Crossbowman equipped with a large shield providing high hitpoints. The shield grants different armor types when switching combat stances. Good against Heavy Infantry and Light Ranged Cavalry.
—In-game description

The Pavisier is a ranged infantry in Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition - Knights of the Mediterranean that is unique to the Italians.


The Pavisier replaces the Crossbowman and is unique to the Italians. It is effective at countering heavy infantry and light cavalry, but vulnerable against cavalry and artillery.

Pavisiers are identical to Crossbowmen in their attack, range, and multipliers, but have more hit points, a reduced food cost, and an increased wood cost. Additionally, each stance benefits them with different resistances, making Pavisiers more durable against certain enemy units. However, due to their low hit points and speed, Pavisiers can be taken down easily if they are outnumbered, so it is recommended to combine Pavisiers with other units to counter their main weaknesses: cavalry and artillery. Heavy infantry or ranged cavalry units are the best choice against these units.


Age Upgrade Cost Effect
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
Veteran archer.png Veteran Pavisier 200 wood
200 coin
Upgrade Pavisier to Veteran (+20% hit points and attack, and +1 range)

Further statistics[]

As Pavisier are unique to the Italians, only technologies that they have access to are shown in the following table:

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Heavy infantry, light cavalry, ranged shock infantry
Weak vs. Heavy cavalry, Shock Infantry, counter-skirmishers, artillery

Home City Cards[]

As Pavisier are unique to the Italians, only their cards and other civilizations' TEAM cards are shown in the following tables:

  • Green: TEAM Shipment that is sent to each player in a team


Card Description Age
Dutch Home City 2 (Infantry Hitpoints).png TEAM Infantry Hitpoints Infantry get +15% hit points
Age II tech tree aoe3.png


Card Description Age
Iroquois Home City 2 (Scout Infantry).png TEAM Scout Infantry Infantry get +8 LOS
Age II tech tree aoe3.png


Card Description Age
Shivajis tactics.png TEAM Shivaji's Tactics All units get +5% hit points and attack
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png


Card Description Age
Italian Home City 2 (7 Pavisiers).png 7 Pavisiers Ships 7 Pavisiers
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
Italian Home City 2 (9 Pavisiers INF).png 9 Pavisiers Ships 9 Pavisiers
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
Italian Home City 2 (11 Pavisiers).png 11 Pavisiers Ships 11 Pavisiers
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
Italian Home City 2 (19 Pavisiers).png 19 Pavisiers Ships 19 Pavisiers
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png
Italian Home City 2 (Heavy Paveses).png Heavy Paveses Pavisiers get +10% hit points and increases the resistances of Pavisiers in all stances; +0.15 Ranged, Siege and Melee resist for Volley, Stagger and Melee stance respectively, and +0.1 Ranged, Siege and Melee resist in Defend and Stand Ground stance
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
Maltese Home City 2 (Steel Bolts).png Steel Bolts Pavisiers get +2 LOS and range, increases their siege attack range to their ranged attack range, and heavy infantry multiplier +0.75×
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
Italian Home City 2 (Roman Tactics).png Roman Tactics Pikemen and Halberdiers get +15% hit points, and Pavisiers get +30% hit points
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png


Card Description Age
Japanese Home City 3 (Cheaper Unit Upgrades).png TEAM Cheaper Unit Upgrades Unit upgrades cost -20%
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png



During the medieval period, the crossbow was refined to a point where it became one of the most effective firearms due to its ability to pierce thick armor and the ease with which it could be operated. The latter attribute kept it relevant even into the early modern period, when most armies gradually abandoned the use of exorbitantly expensive, cumbersome armor that was often unable to protect its wearer against newer weapons. However, a crossbow took roughly a minute to reload, and during this time (and while firing, for that matter), the crossbowman was exposed. The pavise, a large shield, was designed to protect these troops, and became particularly famous in Italy, where several city-states owned renowned armies of crossbowmen that often served as mercenaries in foreign armies.


v  d  e
Military units in Age of Empires III
AOE3Icon.png Age of Empires III
CommonExplorer · Militiaman · Pikeman · Musketeer · Crossbowman · Skirmisher · Halberdier · Grenadier · Hussar · Dragoon · Cavalry Archer · Falconet · Culverin · Mortar · Heavy Cannon · Caravel · Galleon · Frigate · Monitor
Flag BritishDE.png BritishLongbowman · Ranger** · Rocket
Flag DutchDE.png DutchRuyter · Fluyt
Flag FrenchDE.png FrenchCuirassier
Flag GermanDE.png GermansDoppelsoldner · Uhlan · War Wagon
Flag OttomanDE.png OttomansJanissary · Nizam Fusilier** · Abus Gun · Great Bombard · Galley · Spahi
Flag PortugueseDE.png PortugueseCassador · Organ Gun
Flag RussianDE.png RussiansStrelet · Cossack · Oprichnik
Flag SpanishDE.png SpanishRodelero · Lancer
WarchiefsIcon.png The WarChiefs
CommonWarrior · Canoe · War Canoe · Ironclad · Horse Artillery · Petard · Spy
Flag AztecDE.png AztecsAztec War Chief · Coyote Runner · Otontin Slinger · Puma Spearman · Arrow Knight · Eagle Runner Knight · Jaguar Prowl Knight · Warrior Priest · Skull Knight · Tlaloc Canoe
Flag IroquoisDE.png HaudenosauneeHaudenosaunee War Chief · Aenna · Tomahawk · Forest Prowler · Kanya Horseman · Musket Rider · Ram · Mantlet · Light Cannon
Flag SiouxDE.png LakotaLakota War Chief · Cetan Bowman · Club Warrior · Wakina Rifle · Axe Rider · Bow Rider · Rifle Rider · Tashunke Prowler · Tokala Soldier
Revolution.png RevolutionRevolutionary · Gatling Gun
DynastiesIcon.png The Asian Dynasties
Flag ChineseDE.png ChineseShaolin Master · Disciple · Sentry · Irregular · Chu Ko Nu · Qiang Pikeman · Changdao Swordsman · Arquebusier · Steppe Rider · Keshik · Iron Flail · Meteor Hammer · Flamethrower · Hand Mortar · Flying Crow · Fire Junk · War Junk · Fuchuan
Flag IndianDE.png IndiansBrahmin · Sentry · Irregular · Rajput · Sepoy · Gurkha · Urumi Swordsman · Sowar · Zamburak · Mahout Lancer · Howdah · Flail Elephant · Siege Elephant
Flag JapaneseDE.png JapaneseSohei Archer · Sentry · Irregular · Samurai · Ashigaru Musketeer · Yumi Archer · Naginata Rider · Yabusame · Flaming Arrow · Morutaru · Daimyo · Shogun Tokugawa · Yamabushi · Shinobi · Fune · Atakabune · Tekkousen
Age3DE Icon.png Definitive Edition
CommonCaptured Mortar · General · Sloop · Steamer · Battleship
Flag IncanDE.png IncasInca War Chief · Plumed Spearman · Chimu Runner · Jungle Bowman · Bolas Warrior · Huaraca · Maceman · Chincha Raft
Flag SwedishDE.png SwedesCarolean · Hakkapelit · Leather Cannon
Flag American act3 aoe3de.png United StatesMinuteman · State Militia · Regular · Sharpshooter · Carbine Cavalry · Gatling Gun · Quaker Gun · Gunslinger · Cowboy · Owlhoot
Flag MexicanDE.png MexicansPadre · Insurgente · Soldado · Salteador · Chinaco · Desperado · Cuatrero · Bandido
Revolution.png RevolutionBarbary Warrior · Californio · Cetbang Cannon · Corsair Marksman · Cowboy · Cruzob Infantry · Cuerudo · Filibuster · Gaucho · Jagunço · Javanese Spearman · Llanero · Morochuco · Mounted Granadero · Revolutionary Sharpshooter · Trek Wagon
The African Royals
CommonLevied Spearman · Levied Bowman · Levied Gunner · Javelin Rider · Desert Warrior · Desert Raider · Desert Archer · Battle Canoe · Cannon Boat
Flag Ethiopian aoe3de.png EthiopiansRas · Gascenya · Neftenya · Shotel Warrior · Oromo Warrior · Sebastopol Mortar · War Dhow
Flag Hausa.png HausaEmir · Fulani Archer · Maigadi · Raider · Lifidi Knight · Xebec
Knights of the Mediterranean
Flag ItalianDE.png ItaliansArchitect · Pavisier · Bersagliere · Schiavone · Papal Guard · Papal Lancer · Papal Zouave · Papal Bombard · Galleass · Leonardo's Tank
Flag MalteseDE.png MalteseGrand Master · Hospitaller · Sentinel · Fire Thrower · Order Galley · Fire Ship
* added in The WarChiefs   ** in the Definitive Edition