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Pavise is a technology in Age of Empires II HD: The Forgotten that is unique to the Italians and can be researched at the Castle. Once researched, it increases the armor of foot archers (except Skirmishers) and the Condottiero by +1/+1.

Strategy[]

Pavise works the same way as any other archer-based Blacksmith technology and should be acquired as soon as possible if the player relies mainly on Archers and Genoese Crossbowmen for defensive/offensive purposes.

Initially, Pavise only provided a benefit to the Genoese Crossbowman when researched. It has since been updated to affect all foot archers as of The African Kingdoms, which increases its usefulness. A few patches later, the Skirmisher-line was excluded from the effect too. Since update 39284 of the Definitive Edition, the technology affects the Condottiero as well, improving its durability. This means that which version of the game the player is using changes the priority Pavise should be given.

Originally in The Forgotten, Pavise is quite expensive and players should prefer to prioritize other upgrades or advancing to the Imperial Age. In The African Kingdoms and onwards, the cost is severely reduced, and it also benefits Crossbowmen (and Skirmishers in a few earlier patches). Therefore, in some situations, it is a valid option to research Pavise early. However, Leather Archer Armor is still cheaper and affects more types of units, and should be prioritized over Pavise.

Team bonuses[]

Changelog[]

AoE2-DLCicon-2 The Forgotten[]

AoE2-DLCicon-3 The African Kingdoms[]

  • Pavise costs 300 food, 150 gold.
  • Pavise now affects all foot archers (including Skirmishers) instead of just Genoese Crossbowmen.
  • With patch 4.8, Pavise does not affect Skirmishers anymore.

AoEIIDE icon Definitive Edition[]

AoE2Icon-ReturnRome Return of Rome[]

History[]

Pavise model

Medieval Italian crossbowman with painted pavise shield

In reality, the pavise is a type of tall convex shield used by Medieval European bowmen as a sort of mobile cover for them to duck behind while not firing. Appearance-wise, the pavise much resembles the shield carried by the Genoese Crossbowman, though the unit never seems to duck behind it while engaging an enemy, thus somewhat defeating the shield's purpose when faced with ranged adversaries. The pavise was named after the city of Pavia, Italy. It helped protect crossbowmen and archers while they reloaded their weapons, thus keeping them safe. Smaller versions were also utilized by men-at-arms as hand-held and back-worn shields. Pavises were usually used during sieges. Crossbowmen were less vulnerable while using them. The pavise was held in place by the pavisier or sometimes deployed in the ground with a spike attached to the bottom.

The Genoese crossbowmen, an internationally-recognized elite corps, made use of the pavise, utilizing pavesarii (shield bearers). Having over three crossbowmen per pavise suggests that they took turns using the pavise as cover and were used primarily in static or defensive formations. Pavises were often painted with the coat of arms of the town where they were made, and sometimes stored in the town arsenal for when the town came under attack. Religious icons such as St. Barbara and St. George were featured on the front of pavises.

Unique technologies in Age of Empires II
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UniqueTechImperialDEBritons AoE2 Warwolf · Byzantines AoE2 Logistica · Celts AoE2 Furor Celtica · Chinese AoE2 Rocketry · Franks AoE2 Chivalry · Goths AoE2 Perfusion · Japanese AoE2 Kataparuto · Mongols AoE2 Drill · Persians AoE2 Citadels · Saracens AoE2 Counterweights · Teutons AoE2 Crenellations · Turks AoE2 Artillery · Vikings AoE2 Bogsveigar
AoE2-DLCicon-1 The Conquerors civilizations
UniqueTechCastle-DEAztecs AoE2 Atlatl · Huns AoE2 Marauders · Koreans AoE2 Eupseong · Mayans AoE2 Hul'che Javelineers · Spanish AoE2 Inquisition
UniqueTechImperialDEAztecs AoE2 Garland Wars · Huns AoE2 Atheism · Koreans AoE2 Shinkichon · Mayans AoE2 El Dorado · Spanish AoE2 Supremacy
AoE2-DLCicon-2 The Forgotten civilizations
UniqueTechCastle-DEIncas AoE2 Andean Sling · Italians AoE2 Pavise · Magyars AoE2 Corvinian Army · Slavs AoE2 Detinets
UniqueTechImperialDEIncas AoE2 Fabric Shields · Italians AoE2 Silk Road · Magyars AoE2 Recurve Bow · Slavs AoE2 Druzhina
AoE2-DLCicon-3 The African Kingdoms civilizations
UniqueTechCastle-DEBerbers AoE2 Kasbah · Ethiopians AoE2 Tigui · Malians AoE2 Royal Heirs · Portuguese AoE2 Carrack
UniqueTechImperialDEBerbers AoE2 Maghrebi Camels · Ethiopians AoE2 Farimba · Malians AoE2 Torsion Engines · Portuguese AoE2 Arquebus
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UniqueTechCastle-DEBurmese AoE2 Manipur Cavalry · Khmer AoE2 Tusk Swords · Malay AoE2 Thalassocracy · Vietnamese AoE2 Chatras
UniqueTechImperialDEBurmese AoE2 Howdah · Khmer AoE2 Double Crossbow · Malay AoE2 Forced Levy · Vietnamese AoE2 Paper Money
AoE2-DLCicon-5 The Last Khans civilizations
UniqueTechCastle-DEBulgarians AoE2 Stirrups · Cumans AoE2 Steppe Husbandry · Lithuanians AoE2 Hill Forts · Tatars AoE2 Silk Armor
UniqueTechImperialDEBulgarians AoE2 Bagains · Cumans AoE2 Cuman Mercenaries · Lithuanians AoE2 Tower Shields · Tatars AoE2 Timurid Siegecraft
AoE2Icon-LordsWest Lords of the West civilizations
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Dawn of the Dukes icon Dawn of the Dukes civilizations
UniqueTechCastle-DEBohemians AoE2 Wagenburg Tactics · Poles AoE2 Szlachta Privileges
UniqueTechImperialDEBohemians AoE2 Hussite Reforms · Poles AoE2 Lechitic Legacy
AoE2Icon-DynastiesIndia Dynasties of India civilizations
UniqueTechCastle-DEBengalis AoE2 Paiks · Dravidians AoE2 Medical Corps · Gurjaras AoE2 Kshatriyas · Hindustanis AoE2 Grand Trunk Road
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UniqueTechImperialDEVikings AoE2 Berserkergang · Persians AoE2 Mahouts · Sicilians AoE2 Scutage · Saracens AoE2 Zealotry
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