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Pavise is a technology in Age of Empires II: The Forgotten that is unique to the Italians and can be researched at the Castle. Once researched, it increases the armor of foot archers (except Skirmishers) and Condottieri by +1/+1.


Pavise works the same way as any other archer-based Blacksmith technology and should be acquired as soon as possible if the player relies mainly on Archers and Genoese Crossbowmen for defensive/offensive purposes.

Initially, Pavise only provided a benefit to the Genoese Crossbowman when researched. It has since been updated to affect other foot archers as well as of the The African Kingdoms, which increases its usefulness.

So which version of the game the player is using (The Forgotten or The African Kingdoms) changes the priority Pavise should be given. Originally in The Forgotten, Pavise is quite expensive and players should prefer to prioritize other upgrades or advancing to the Imperial Age.

In African Kingdoms and onwards, the cost is severely reduced and it also benefits Crossbowmen (and also Skirmishers in a few earlier patches). Therefore, in some situations it is a valid option to research Pavise early. However, Leather Archer Armor is still cheaper and affects more types of units and should be prioritized over Pavise.

Since update 39284 of the Definitive Edition, the technology now affects the Condottiero, improving its durability.


The Forgotten[]

The African Kingdoms[]

  • Pavise costs 300 food, 150 gold.
  • Pavise now affects all foot archers (including Skirmishers) instead of just Genoese Crossbowmen.
  • With patch 4.8, Pavise does not affect Skirmishers anymore.

Definitive Edition[]


  • In reality, the pavise is a type of tall convex shield used by Medieval European bowmen as a sort of mobile cover for them to duck behind while not firing. Appearance-wise, the Pavise much resembles the shield carried by the Genoese Crossbowman, though the unit never seems to duck behind it while engaging an enemy, thus somewhat defeating the shield's purpose when faced with ranged adversaries.


The pavise was named after the city of Pavia, Italy. It helped protect crossbowmen and archers while they reloaded their weapons, thus keeping them safe. Smaller versions were also utilized by men-at-arms as hand-held and back-worn shields. Pavises were usually used during sieges. Crossbowmen were less vulnerable while using them.

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Unique technologies in Age of Empires II
AoE2-DLCicon-1.png The Conquerors
Unique-tech-imperial.jpgGarland Wars | Yeomen | Logistica | Furor Celtica | Rocketry | Bearded Axe | Perfusion | Atheism | Kataparuto | Shinkichon | El Dorado | Drill | Mahouts | Zealotry | Supremacy | Crenellations | Artillery | Berserkergang
AoE2-DLCicon-2.png The Forgotten
CastleAgeUnique.pngAtlatl | Yeomen | Greek Fire | Stronghold | Great Wall | Chivalry | Marauders | Andean Sling | Sultans | Pavise | Yasama | Panokseon | Mercenaries | Obsidian Arrows | Nomads | Boiling Oil | Madrasah | Orthodoxy | Inquisition | Ironclad | Sipahi | Chieftains
Unique-tech-imperial.jpgWarwolf | Couriers | Shatagni | Silk Road | Recurve Bow | Druzhina
AoE2-DLCicon-3.png The African Kingdoms
CastleAgeUnique.pngKasbah | Tigui | Royal Heirs | Carrack
Unique-tech-imperial.jpgMaghrebi Camels | Farimba | Torsion Engines | Arquebus
AoE2-DLCicon-4.png Rise of the Rajas
CastleAgeUnique.pngHowdah | Tusk Swords | Thalassocracy | Chatras
Unique-tech-imperial.jpgManipur Cavalry | Double Crossbow | Forced Levy | Paper Money
AoE2-DLCicon-5.png The Last Khans (Definitive Edition)
CastleAgeUnique.pngStirrups | Steppe Husbandry | Hill Forts | Silk Armor | Kamandaran | Eupseong | Corvinian Army
Unique-tech-imperial.jpgBagains | Cuman Mercenaries | Tower Shields | Timurid Siegecraft | Fabric Shields
AoE2Icon-LordsWest.png Lords of the West
CastleAgeUnique.pngBurgundian Vineyards | First Crusade | Bearded Axe | Hul'che Javelineers
Unique-tech-imperial.jpgFlemish Revolution | Scutage | Chivalry
Dawn of the Dukes icon.png Dawn of the Dukes
CastleAgeUnique.pngWagenburg Tactics | Szlachta Privileges
Unique-tech-imperial.jpgHussite Reforms | Lechitic Legacy | Hauberk
AoE2Icon-DynastiesIndia.png Dynasties of India
CastleAgeUnique.pngPaiks | Medical Corps | Kshatriyas | Grand Trunk Road | Zealotry | Detinets
Unique-tech-imperial.jpgMahayana | Wootz Steel | Frontier Guards | Counterweights