|“||Fast cavalry good at raiding villagers or buildings.||”|
Oprichniks are heavy cavalry units unsuited for general combat, but exceed at raiding. They do not possess the hit points or damage that other cavalry like the Hussar have. However, they have the highest siege damage out of every non-elephant cavalry unit in-game and enjoy a large damage multiplier against Villagers and a minor one against artillery units. However, using Oprichniks to fight artillery might be ineffective if it's defended by heavy infantry, leaving Oprichniks mainly used for raiding undefended Villagers and buildings. A fully upgraded Imperial Oprichnik can take out settlers in 2-3 hits.
Due to their unconventional damage, Oprichniks should avoid fighting in hand-to-hand combat, as they will surely be killed. Ranged cavalry is also an issue because its multiplier against heavy cavalry.
The Oprichnik starts at the Veteran level, but without the increased hit points and attack.
|Guard Oprichniks||600 wood,
|Upgrades Oprichniks to Guard (+30% hit points and attack)|
|Imperial Oprichniks||1,500 wood,
|Upgrades Oprichniks to Imperial (+50% hit points and attack); requires Guard Oprichniks|
As Oprichniks are unique to the Russians, only technologies that they have access to are shown in the following table:
|Unit strengths and weaknesses|
|Strong vs.||Villagers, artillery, buildings, Siege unit|
|Weak vs.||Heavy infantry, light infantry, cavalry|
|Hit points|| Cavalry Cuirass (+10%)|
Comanche Horse Breeding (+10%)
Cree Tanning (+5%)
Navajo Weaving (+5%)
|Attack|| Pillage (+25% siege attack)|
|Sight||Town Watch (+2)|
|Speed|| Comanche Mustangs (+10%)|
Apache Endurance (+5%)
|Creation speed|| Mass Cavalry (- )|
Cheyenne Horse Trading (-25%)
Incan Chasquis Messengers (-25%)
|Train cost||Mapuche Ad-mapu (-10% coin cost)|
|Other|| Westernization (grants Veteran upgrade)|
Petrine Reforms (grants Guard upgrade)
Meritocracy (-20% upgrade cost)
Home City Cards
As Oprichniks are unique to the Russians, only their cards and other civilizations' TEAM cards are shown in the following tables:
|Click for a list of Home City Cards related to the Oprichnik|
Green: TEAM Shipment that is sent to each player in a team
Age of Empires III
- Oprichniks have 75 siege damage.
- Fixed a bug which makes the Oprichnik's multipliers against artillery and siege units not applied when they are set to Trample Mode.
- With update 20322, Oprichniks have 64 siege damage.
|“||Oprichniks were the police and soldiers of Oprichnina, a royal domain created by Ivan the Terrible. Tsar Ivan used his Oprichniks to crush any hereditary opposition to his rule. These soldiers carried out their Tsar's will with unflinching loyalty and were brutal and ferocious thugs.|
The Tsar's goals were not especially original, but Ivan the Terrible and his Oprichniks operated on an unprecedented scale. One attack on the city of Novgorod took the lives of at least 3,000 people. They were slaughtered over the course of a week. Some accounts put the death toll as high as 60,000 people.
The Oprichniks promoted a fierce appearance, wearing all black uniforms and riding black horses. The Oprichnik seal bore a dog, symbolizing their loyalty to the Tsar and their tenacity in fighting for the Tsar, and a broom, to represent sweeping away the Tsar's enemeies.
|—In-game history section|