Age of Empires Series Wiki
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This article is about the building in Age of Empires II. For similar buildings in other games of the series, see Mill.

Used to deposit food and research farming improvements.
Age of Empires II description

The Mill is an economic building in Age of Empires II. It is a drop-off point for any kind of food that Villagers gathered. Also, Farming upgrades are researched here, and Farms can be queued.

Mills are available to all civilizations except for the Poles, which were replaced by their unique building, Folwarks.

Tactics and placement[]

Mills are one of the most important buildings in the Dark Age as they are drop places for food. They should be placed near a rich source of food like Berry Bushes and Shore Fish. Building a Mill next to Wild Boars, Deer, or herdables is not always necessary, as these units can be lured/herded to the Town Center or an already built Mill. In later stages of the game, the Mill becomes less important, as usually all freely available food is gathered and enough Town Centers are built to produce enough food with Farms next to them.

In most matches, players use a Mill and a Lumber Camp as the required buildings to advance to the Feudal Age as that is the most cost effective way to cover that requirement (since both buildings only cost 100 wood address the most important resources in that early stage of the game). Having a Mill is also prerequisite to get access to Markets and Farms. Losing the Mill does not lose the access to the Market or Farm.

The possibility to queue Farms (since The Conquerors) is very handy as it saves the player time, especially in the busy early Castle Age when the Farms usually have to be renewed for the first time. Queued Farms have the same cost as normally built ones. So it is recommended to always have enough Farms in the queue so that Farmers never stand idling (given, of course, that enough wood is available). If there is a shortage of wood, Farms can also be unqueued.

The introduction of the automatic reseed button in the Definitive Edition brings more quality of life to the players, since it allows the player just to turn on the toggle for automatic reseed and let the farmer automatically reseed the Farm without the need to queue Farm for the rest of the game. This also allows better wood management, since the player doesn't have to pay the wood in advance.


Clicking on the icon links to the corresponding page.

DarkageDE.png FeudalageDE.png CastleageDE.png Imperial Age
Horsecollaravailable.png Heavyplowavailable.png Croprotationavailable.png

Further statistics[]

Building strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Nothing
Weak vs. Everything
Hit points Masonry aoe2de.png Masonry (+10%)
ArchitectureDE.png Architecture (+10%)
Armor Masonry aoe2de.png Masonry (+1/+1, +3 building armor)
ArchitectureDE.png Architecture (+1/+1, +3 building armor)
Line of Sight TownWatchDE.png Town Watch (+4)
TownPatrolDE.png Town Patrol (+4)
Conversion defense FaithDE.png Faith
HeresyDE.png Heresy
Construction speed TreadmillCraneDE.png Treadmill Crane (+20%)

Civilization bonuses[]

Team bonuses[]


The Age of Kings[]

  • Mills always have 1,000 HP.

The Conquerors[]

The Forgotten[]

  • Mill HP staggered: 600/800/1,000/1,000 in the Dark/Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age.

Definitive Edition[]

Lords of the West[]


  • The Native American Mill is a windmill featuring sails and wheel mechanisms; however, this is historically inaccurate as they didn't posses the wheel technology.
  • The Dark Age Native American Mill is powered by a donkey like in all other civilizations, despite donkeys not being native to the Americas.
  • The African Mill is the only that is not a windmill or a water mill but retains the animal-powered mechanism after the Dark Age. In the Definitive Edition, after the Dark Age, the mill is powered by a Water Buffalo instead of a donkey.
  • There are three main types of mills: windmills (the most common), water mills (used by Asian and Southeast Asian civilizations), and animal mills (shared by everyone in the Dark Age, but only used by the African civilizations after the Dark Age).
  • The Indian and Central Asian Mill are based on the Nashtifan Windmills in Iran.
  • The Mill is only one of three (or four, counting the Harbor) buildings that have an animation; the others are the Dock and the Southeast Asian Stable (all Stables in the Definitive Edition). This does not include the Fish Trap.


One of the early industrial enterprises of the Middle Ages was the grinding Mill. Handed down from antiquity, this technology greatly sped the otherwise backbreaking process of grinding wheat and other grains into flour. Mills used water, wind, and animal power to turn the grinding stone. Grain was converted into flour and the mill owner kept a percentage of the flour as compensation. Mills might be owned by a local lord, a monastery, or a local entrepreneur. The profits of mills led to conflict and competition, and the right to grind grain for a community had to be paid for and defended. Millers could become modestly wealthy. They became part of the rising middle class of merchants and craftsmen that grew in importance as the Middle Ages progressed.
Age of Empires II manual