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In Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition, Miguel Hidalgo inspired Padre Miguel's enlightened yet fiery personality, more revolutionary than politician. As a man familiar with both the bureaucracy and the common people, he knows how to leverage the diverse strengths of the Mexican people – whether towards early aggression or patient consolidation and shrewd advances from a strong position.
—Extract from the history section

Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (1753 – 1811) is a Mexican priest who is regarded as the Father of the Nation by the Mexicans for his role in kickstarting the Mexican War of Independence by leading the people to revolt against the Spanish on the Grito de Dolores, which was featured as a Historical Battle in Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition. He is also a revolutionary leader in The WarChiefs and The Asian Dynasties, and the AI personality of the Mexicans in the Definitive Edition. He also appears in the Grito de Dolores Historical Battle as a hero called "El Padre".

In-game unit[]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.

El Padre is the name of the unit that represents Miguel Hidalgo in the Historical Battle Grito de Dolores.

Special abilities[]

  • Pacify ability Pacify: Pacifies the target, greatly reducing its movement and attack speed.
  • Sabre Strike (charged): A heavy strike dealing area damage.

Revolutionary leader[]

Miguel Hidalgo

In The WarChiefs, Hidalgo also appears as the revolutionary leader of Mexico, which is available to Portuguese and Spanish. As soon as the player revolts by choosing him, 10 Bandit Gunslingers and Bandit Riders will appear in the Home City shipment point.


Icon Unit Description
Colonial militia unit
Colonial Militia Colonists who take up arms as a general-purpose infantry, good against cavalry
Gatling gun
Gatling Gun Early automatic weapon later superseded by machine guns, good against infantry
Ironclad aoe3 unit
Ironclad Armored heavy warship that combines the abilities of a Frigate and a Monitor

Home City cards[]

All of the listed cards can be sent an INFINITE number of times.

Icon Card Description
Chile Home City (Revolutionaries) 16 Colonial Militia Ships 16 Colonial Militia
Gran Colombia Home City (Gatling Guns) 4 Gatling Guns Ships 4 Gatling Guns
Mexico Home City (Fort Wagon) 1 Fort Wagon Ships 1 Fort Wagon and Fort build limit +1
Gran Colombia Home City (Ironclads) 2 Ironclads Ships 2 Ironclads

AI personality[]

As an AI personality, Hidalgo is depicted as a fiecely patriotic and bombastic man. He often makes a sacrastic and fiery remarks to the player, especially as an enemy. As an ally, he usually refers to the player in a more casual, comradery tone.


As an ally[]

  • Beginning of match after being defeated previous game - "I have learned to make the right alliances after my last defeat."
  • Beginning of match after player carried him last game - "With you by my side, we have nothing to fear."
  • Player collects a treasure in Padre Miguel's base - "You beat me to this one, my friend."
  • Padre Miguel collects a coin-related treasure - "I found a centavo! Let us hope that it brings us luck!"
  • Player is first to Commerce Age - "You do not yet have wings and already want to fly."
  • Player is last to the Commerce Age - "Welcome to the path of Enlightenment."
  • Player ages up faster than Padre Miguel - "A wise decision."
  • Declining player's request to attack (too few soldiers) - "I must convert more followers first."
  • Requesting coin - "I will wage war on the invaders if you send coin!"
  • Received food - "With your help, my men will no longer march on an empty stomach."
  • Received wood - "My men are starting construction at once!"
  • Agreeing to attack - "My army is restless. If you need a hand, we will help you defend."
  • Under attack - "The enemy is at my gates, send reinforcements!"
  • Constructing a Fort - "This will be a fine place to construct a new base."
  • Initiated Trade Monopoly - "The combined power of our cultures will bring them to their knees!"
  • Trade Monopoly victory imminent - "Soon we will have the victory our people deserve, without the violence that usually accompanies it."

As an enemy[]

  • Beginning of match after having him as ally in previous game - "A pity to face you on the battlefield. I would have perferred a public discussion in the plaza to settle our differences."
  • Player repeats same map from last time - "A tree born twisted will never straighten its branches. Just like you never change the map!"
  • Decreased difficulty - "You might think yourself safe this time, but all injustice will be punished, no matter the odds!"
  • Player collects a treasure - "Do you really want to crawl through the dirt for those few resources?" or "Your people cannot produce enough to satisfy your hunger? You truly are a Desperado."
  • Player collects a food-related treasure - "Are you even eating off the ground now? You could have come to our Cathedral, we feed the poor."
  • Player collects a coin-related treasure - "All the gold in the world will not be enough to save you from our wrath!"
  • Player collects a non-resource treasure - "Who did you have to murder to gather this token of injustice?"
  • Player collects more treasures - "Your greed will come back to haunt you, mark my words!"
  • Padre Miguel collects a warrior-related treasure - "You do not check the teeth of a free horse."
  • Padre Miguel collects a settler-related treasure - "Settlers are still flocking to my righteous cause."
  • Padre Miguel collects a wood-related treasure - "This wood comes in handy. What will I build with it? A Cathedral? A Hacienda? Or weapons to beat you with?"
  • Player is first to Commerce Age - "You do not yet have wings and already want to fly."
  • Player advances to the same Age as Padre Miguel - "Now that we are on more equal footing, let us have a fair fight. I will send my first Soldado."
  • Player advances faster in Age than Padre Miguel - "While you studied books, I studied the musket. Quite uncommon for a priest, I know." or "Your technological prowess will not help you against the wrath of my Insurgentes!"
  • Explorer spotted - "I hereby expel your explorer from my lands. Return, and you will face punishment without mercy!"
  • Player builds a Trading Post (natives) - "Try to appease them all you want, but they will always prefer joining Mexico over being ruled by you."
  • Player builds a Trading Post (trade route) - "A trading post? My fellow men have already burned down more impressive buildings."
  • Player's scout passes through Padre Miguel's town - "Are you here for a visit? Have a look around, we are a very welcoming people."
  • Small force enters enemy territory - "My base is prepared, are you?"
  • Large force enters enemy territory - "Your army is dwarfed by the count of my villagers alone. Do not expect them to just surrender."
  • Trade Monopoly victory started - "A monopoly? My people will not be oppressed, militarily or economically!"
  • Town Center (?) destroyed - "You can take our buildings, but you will never take our freedom!"
  • Surrender - "Though I may die, I shall be remembered forever; you all will soon be forgotten." or "I must admit, my defeat is the price that I will pay, for peace for my people."


Miguel Hidalgo (1753-1811) is widely considered one of Mexico's foremost national heroes and a crucial figure in the nation's struggle for independence. Born to a family in hacienda administration, Hidalgo received an excellent education in his youth and was then ordained into the priesthood. A noted multilinguist, his skills in various languages allowed not only fluid communication with various groups of people but also the consumption of advanced philosophical literature from the European Enlightenment movement; both would prove key in his career as a priest and revolutionary.

With passions inflamed by his reading, Hidalgo scorned the traditional regulations of the priesthood and despised the inegalitarian social order of Spanish-held Mexico. These proclivities drew the ire of the local authorities but strengthened his reputation among the common people, who admired his commitment to equality regardless of racial or social background. Hidalgo's influence grew to the point where prospective revolutionaries sought to recruit him and leverage his clout to gain popular support. Eventually, they did.

In 1810, Hidalgo incited an insurrection among the locals in Dolores with a fiery speech that called on the populace to defend themselves and the Catholic faith against abuses from the Spanish government. Disgruntled mobs flocked to join him, swelling his ranks, which were numerous but nearly devoid of proper military training. Lack of discipline was a general problem; Hidalgo was an excellent orator and motivator, but not a skilled disciplinarian – his second-in-command Ignacio Allende was far more competent in this regard.

Hidalgo and Allende's force began ousting the Spanish royalist occupants of several towns on the route to Mexico City. Despite a string of successes, Hidalgo enigmatically refused to attack Mexico City, eschewing his momentum and affording the royalists precious time to react. Shortly thereafter, his disorganized army was crushed and he and Allende were executed – but the spirit of independence that his uprising had stoked would not be quelled so easily, and a decade later Mexico would emerge as an independent nation.

In Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition, Miguel Hidalgo inspired Padre Miguel's enlightened yet fiery personality, more revolutionary than politician. As a man familiar with both the bureaucracy and the common people, he knows how to leverage the diverse strengths of the Mexican people – whether towards early aggression or patient consolidation and shrewd advances from a strong position.


AI personalities in Age of Empires III
3Icon48px Age of Empires IIIQueen Elizabeth DE Queen Elizabeth · Maurice of Naussau DE Maurice of Nassau · Napoleon Bonaparte DE Napoleon Bonaparte · Fredrick the Great DE Frederick the Great · Suleiman DE Suleiman the Magnificent · Henry the Navigator DE Prince Henry the Navigator · Ivan the Terrible avatar DE Ivan the Terrible · Queen Isabella DE Queen Isabella
3WCIcon48px The WarChiefsCuauhtemoc DE Cuauhtemoc · Hiawatha DE Hiawatha · Chief Gall DE Chief Gall
3ADIcon48px The Asian DynastiesKangxi DE Kangxi Emperor · Akbar DE Akbar the Great · Tokugawa leyasu DE Tokugawa Ieyasu
Age3DE Icon Definitive EditionGustavus-adolphus-aoe3 Gustavus Adolphus · Huayna-capac-aoe3 Huayna Capac · George Washington avatar DE George Washington · Miguel Hidalgo avatar aoe3de Miguel Hidalgo
Age3DE Icon The African RoyalsQueen Amina avatar DE Queen Amina · Emperor Tewodros avatar DE Emperor Tewodros
Age3DE Icon Knights of the MediterraneanGiuseppe Garibaldi avatar DE Giuseppe Garibaldi · Jean Parisot avatar DE Jean Parisot
Heroes in Age of Empires III
3Icon48px Age of Empires III
Act I: BloodAlain icon aoe3de Alain Magnan · Young Chilche AoE3DE Chilche · Delgado aoe3de Delgado · Elizabeth ramsey aoe3de Elisabet Ramsey · Morgan black aoe3de Morgan Black · Native boy aoe3de Native Boy · Sahin icon aoe3de Sahin The Falcon
Act II: IceCol washington aoe3de George Washington · John black aoe3de John Black · Kanyenke aoe3de Ká:nien · Nonahkee act2 aoe3de Nonahkee · Stuart icon aoe3de Stuart Black · Warwick icon aoe3de Warwick
Act III: SteelAmelia black igc icon Amelia Black · Bolivar icon aoe3de Bolivar · Old Chilche AoE3DE Chilche · Kanyenke old aoe3de Ká:nien · Cooper icon aoe3de Major Cooper · Old Coot icon AoE3DE Old Coot · Beaumont icon aoe3de Pierre Beaumont
3WCIcon48px The WarChiefs
Act I: FireGen washington aoe3de George Washington · Kanyenke twc aoe3de Ká:nien · Nathaniel Black icon DE Nathaniel Black · Nonahkee act1 aoe3de Nonahkee · Sven icon aoe3de Sven Kuechler
Act II: ShadowChayton Black icon DE Chayton Black · Crazy horse aoe3de Crazy Horse · Custer aoe3de General Custer · Holmes icon aoe3de Sheriff Holme · Sx warchief aoe3de Chief Brave Wolf · Lakota dog soldier aoe3de Chief Bull Bear · Iro warchief aoe3de Chief Two Moon
3ADIcon48px The Asian Dynasties
Act I: JapanMototada aoe3de Daimyo Mototada · Kichiro icon DE General Kichiro · Tokugawa aoe3de Shogun Tokugawa
Act II: ChinaJinhai aoe3de Admiral Jinhai · Huang icon DE Jian Huang · Chen icon aoe3de Lao Chen
Act III: IndiaBadur icon aoe3de Bahadur Shah · Edwardson aoe3de Colonel Edwardson · Nanib icon DE Nanib Sahir · Pravar icon aoe3de Pravar Patel
Age3DE Icon Definitive Edition
Act II: ShadowFrank Icon Uncle Frank (replaces Crazy Horse)
Historical BattlesAhmad al mansur Ahmad al-Mansur · Pecaudy Icon Claude-Pierre Pecaudy · General mx portrait El General · Padre hidalgo aoe3de El Padre · Isaac Brock icon General Isaac Brock · American General Icon General Jackson · Hizir Reis Icon Hizir Reis · Kassa hailu portrait Kassa Hailu · Marine Officer portrait Marine Officer · Militia Officer portrait Militia Officer · Oruc Reis Icon Oruc Reis · Queen Sabla Icon Queen Sabla Wengel · Sir Francis Drake Icon Sir Francis Drake · Sultan malik portrait Sultan Abd al-Malik · Sultan Mohammed II portrait Sultan Mohammed II · Usman dan fodio icon Usman dan Fodio · Yermak Timofeyevich Icon Yermak
Revolutionary leaders and nations in Age of Empires III
3WCIcon48px Age of Empires III: The WarChiefs
Bernardo O'Higgins · Francisco de Paula Santander · George Washington · José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva · José de San Martín · Miguel Hidalgo · Simón Bolívar · Toussaint L'Ouverture
Age3DE Icon Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition
EuropeanArgentina flag revolt DE Argentina · Barbary States flag revolt Barbary States · Brazil flag revolt DE Brazil · Canada flag revolt Canada · Chile flag revolt DE Chile · Egypt flag revolt Egypt · Finland flag revolt Finland · Gran Colombia flag revolt Gran Colombia · Haiti flag revolt DE Haiti · Hungary flag revolt Hungary · Indonesia flag revolt Indonesia · Mexico flag revolt DE updated Mexico · Peru flag revolt DE Peru · France flag revolt Revolutionary France · Romania flag revolt Romania · South Africa flag revolt South Africa · United States flag revolt DE United States
MexicanBaja California flag revolt Baja California · California flag revolt California · Central America flag revolt Central America · Maya flag revolt Maya · Rio Grande flag revolt Rio Grande · Texas flag revolt Texas · Yucatán flag revolt Yucatán