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Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (1753 – 1811) is a Mexican priest who is regarded as the Father of the Nation by the Mexicans for his role in kickstarting the Mexican War of Independence by leading the people to revolt against the Spanish on the Grito de Dolores, which was featured as a Historical Battle in Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition. He is also a revolutionary leader in The WarChiefs and The Asian Dynasties, and the AI personality of the Mexicans in the Definitive Edition. He also appears in the Grito de Dolores Historical Battle as a hero called "El Padre".

In-game unit[]

Revolutionary leader[]

Miguel Hidalgo.png

In The WarChiefs, Hidalgo also appears as the revolutionary leader of Mexico, which is available to Portuguese and Spanish. As soon as the player revolts by choosing him, 10 Bandit Gunslingers and Bandit Riders will appear in the Home City shipment point.

AI personality[]


As an ally[]

  • Beginning of match after being defeated previous game - "I have learned to make the right alliances after my last defeat."
  • Player is last to Commerce Age - "Welcome to the path of Enlightenment."
  • Declining player's request to attack (too few soldiers) - "I must convert more followers first."
  • Requesting coin - "I will wage war on the invaders if you send coin!"
  • Received food - "With your help, my men will no longer march on an empty stomach."
  • Under attack - "The enemy is at my gates, send reinforcements!"
  • Initiated Trade Monopoly - "The combined power of our cultures will bring them to their knees!"
  • Trade Monopoly victory imminent - "Soon we will have the victory our people deserve, without the violence that usually accompanies it."

As an enemy[]

  • Player repeats same map from last time - "A tree born twisted will never straighten its branches. Just like you never change the map!"
  • Decreased difficulty - "You might think yourself safe this time, but all injustice will be punished, no matter the odds!"
  • Player collects a treasure - "Do you really want to crawl through the dirt for those few resources?" or "Your people cannot produce enough to satisfy your hunger? You truly are a Desperado."
  • Player collects a food-related treasure - "Are you even eating off the ground now? You could have come to our Cathedral, we feed the poor."
  • Player collects a coin-related treasure - "All the gold in the world will not be enough to save you from our wrath!"
  • Player collects a non-resource treasure - "Who did you have to murder to gather this token of injustice?"
  • Player collects more treasures - "Your greed will come back to haunt you, mark my words!"
  • Padre Miguel collects a warrior-related treasure - "Settlers are still flocking to my righteous cause." or "You do not check the teeth of a free horse."
  • Padre Miguel collects a wood-related treasure - "This wood comes in handy. What will I build with it? A Cathedral? A Hacienda? Or weapons to beat you with?"
  • Player is first to Commerce Age - "You do not yet have wings and already want to fly."
  • Player advances to the same Age as Padre Miguel - "Now that we are on more equal footing, let us have a fair fight. I will send my first Soldado."
  • Player advances faster in Age than Padre Miguel - "While you studied books, I studied the musket. Quite uncommon for a priest, I know." or "Your technological prowess will not help you against the wrath of my Insurgentes!"
  • Explorer spotted - "I hereby expel your explorer from my lands. Return, and you will face punishment without mercy!"
  • Player builds a Trading Post (natives) - "Try to appease them all you want, but they will always prefer joining Mexico over being ruled by you."
  • Player builds a Trading Post (trade route) - "A trading post? My fellow men have already burned down more impressive buildings."
  • Player's scout passes through Padre Miguel's town - "Are you here for a visit? Have a look around, we are a very welcoming people."
  • Small force enters enemy territory - "My base is prepared, are you?"
  • Large force enters enemy territory - "Your army is dwarfed by the count of my villagers alone. Do not expect them to just surrender."
  • Trade Monopoly victory started - "A monopoly? My people will not be oppressed, militarily or economically!"
  • Town Center (?) destroyed - "You can take our buildings, but you will never take our freedom!"
  • Surrender - "Though I may die, I shall be remembered forever; you all will soon be forgotten." or "I must admit, my defeat is the price that I will pay, for peace for my people."


Miguel Hidalgo (1753-1811) is widely considered one of Mexico's foremost national heroes and a crucial figure in the nation's struggle for independence. Born to a family in hacienda administration, Hidalgo received an excellent education in his youth and was then ordained into the priesthood. A noted multilinguist, his skills in various languages allowed not only fluid communication with various groups of people but also the consumption of advanced philosophical literature from the European Enlightenment movement; both would prove key in his career as a priest and revolutionary.

With passions inflamed by his reading, Hidalgo scorned the traditional regulations of the priesthood and despised the inegalitarian social order of Spanish-held Mexico. These proclivities drew the ire of the local authorities but strengthened his reputation among the common people, who admired his commitment to equality regardless of racial or social background. Hidalgo's influence grew to the point where prospective revolutionaries sought to recruit him and leverage his clout to gain popular support. Eventually, they did.

In 1810, Hidalgo incited an insurrection among the locals in Dolores with a fiery speech that called on the populace to defend themselves and the Catholic faith against abuses from the Spanish government. Disgruntled mobs flocked to join him, swelling his ranks, which were numerous but nearly devoid of proper military training. Lack of discipline was a general problem; Hidalgo was an excellent orator and motivator, but not a skilled disciplinarian – his second-in-command Ignacio Allende was far more competent in this regard.

Hidalgo and Allende's force began ousting the Spanish royalist occupants of several towns on the route to Mexico City. Despite a string of successes, Hidalgo enigmatically refused to attack Mexico City, eschewing his momentum and affording the royalists precious time to react. Shortly thereafter, his disorganized army was crushed and he and Allende were executed – but the spirit of independence that his uprising had stoked would not be quelled so easily, and a decade later Mexico would emerge as an independent nation.

In Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition, Miguel Hidalgo inspired Padre Miguel's enlightened yet fiery personality, more revolutionary than politician. As a man familiar with both the bureaucracy and the common people, he knows how to leverage the diverse strengths of the Mexican people – whether towards early aggression or patient consolidation and shrewd advances from a strong position.


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