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This article is about the expansion civilization. For other uses, see Mexico.
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Born out of a fiery insurgency against Spanish colonial rule, the young Mexican nation asserted itself and triumphed despite numerous revolutions and invasions.

The Mexicans civilization's music theme in the Definitive Edition

The Mexicans are an American civilization introduced as DLC to Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition.

Announced on November 22nd, 2021[1] for Steam and the Microsoft Store, it was released on December 1st of the same year.

Home City[]

Home City Mexicans aoe3de.png


In Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition, the burgeoning Mexican States can choose to Revolt instead of advancing to the Fortress, Industrial, or Imperial Ages. Each Revolt offers players a whole new deck full of opportunities. Unlike any other civilization, Mexico can reverse their revolts and return to Mexico, while still retaining access the benefits of any cards sent during the revolution. Add in a brand-new set of Federal States to evolve the gameplay and the Mexico civilization can adapt to any strategic situation like no other.


Shared American units[]

  • General mx portrait.png General: The hero of the civilization. Explores, fights, builds Forts and Trading Posts. Cannot die. If he falls unconscious, he can be rescued.
  • Sloop aoe3de.png Sloop: Small and nimble warship. Good at exploring, fishing or transport.
  • Steamer aoe3de.png Steamer: Powerful, steam-propelled warship resistant to building fire that can train units, construct docks and gather fish.
  • Ironclad aoe3de.png Ironclad: Advanced armored warship.

Unique units[]

  • Padre aoe3de portrait.png Padre: Heroic Mexican Priest. Explores, fights, builds Cathedrals and Trading Posts. Cannot die. If he falls unconscious, he can be rescued.
  • Insurgente portrait.png Insurgente: An insurgent peasant armed with whatever they could find. Good against cavalry and buildings.
  • Soldado portrait.png Soldado: Very sturdy, but slow training, Heavy Infantry armed with a musket and grenades.
  • Emboscador portrait.png Salteador: Stealthy Skirmisher that can see the location of enemies they've recently damaged.
  • Chinaco portrait.png Chinaco: Heavy cavalry armed with a lance for extra range. Good against skirmishers, and holds its own against cavalry.
  • Desperado portrait.png Desperado: A dangerous outlaw with two pistols. Can attack with both pistols at the same time.
  • Vaquero portrait.png Cuatrero: A dangerous outlaw on horseback. Ranged Cavalry with a Lasso ability.
  • Bandido portrait.png Bandido: A dangerous outlaw with a rifle. Throws dynamite to damage infantry or buildings.

Revolutionary units[]

  • Filibuster aoe3de.png Filibuster: Freewheeling heavy infantry on an unauthorized military expedition. Constructs buildings or destroys them with dynamite.
    Revolting to Baja California turns Settlers into Filibusters.
  • Californio portrait.png Californio: Ranged Cavalry with a Lasso ability. Good against cavalry.
    Revolting to California turns Settlers into Californios.
  • Cruzob avenger portrait.png Cruzob Avenger: Cruzob Skirmisher. Salteador with extra speed, range, and LOS. Revolting to Maya turns Salteadores into Cruzob Avengers.
  • Cruzob infantry portrait.png Cruzob Infantry: Cruzob Musketeer that counters cavalry from range.
    Revolting to Maya turns Soldados into Cruzob Infantry.
  • Colonial militia aoe3de.png Revolutionary: Solid general-purpose infantry. Good against cavalry.
    Revolting to Rio Grande turns Settlers into Revolutionaries; Revolting to Central America or Yucatán keep the Settlers, but Town Centers will produce Revolutionaries instead; Central America Revolutionaries have 25% less health and damage.
  • State militia aoe3de.png Volunteers: Skirmisher with low range that sacrifices attack for hitpoints. Gains additional hitpoints in groups.
    Revolting to Texas turns Settlers into Volunteers and allows them to be trained in place of Settlers and Insurgentes.
  • Yucateco insurgente portrait.png Yucateco Insurgente: Veteran Insurgente with 10% more attack and a Lasso ability. Revolting to Yucatan turns Insurgentes into Yucateco Insurgentes. Revolting to Yucatán keeps the Settlers, but they can become Yucateco Insurgentes with the card Plan de Mérida.

Shared American buildings[]

  • Saloon aoe3de.png Saloon: Trains sinister outlaws and mercenaries.

Unique buildings[]

  • Cathedral portrait.png Cathedral: Mexican Church building that can revive a fallen Padre, protects nearby buildings, and has powerful unique upgrades.
  • Hacienda portrait.png Hacienda: Economic building that combines Estate, Mill, and Livestock Pen.

Federal States[]


Home City Cards[]

Main article: Mexican Home City Cards

In-game dialogue[]

Main article: Mexicans' dialogue lines

Mexican units all speak Mexican Spanish, with the exception of some units acquired via Home City Cards.


  • ¿A dónde nos dirigimos? - Where are we going to?
  • ¿A dónde vamos? - Where are we going?
  • ¿Almirante? - Admiral?
  • Alisten pistolas - Prepare the pistols
  • ¡Atención! - Attention!
  • ¿Comandante? - Commander?
  • ¿Cuál es la orden? - What is the order?
  • ¿Cuáles son mis blancos? - Which are my targets?
  • Estoy listo - I'm ready
  • Hola - Hello
  • Listo - Ready
  • Listo para la batalla - Ready for battle
  • Listo para la emboscada, comandante - Ready to ambush, commander
  • Listo para pelear - Ready to fight
  • Listos - Ready
  • Listos para disparar - Ready to fire
  • ¿Mande? - Order?
  • Mande, presidente - Order, president
  • ¿Me vas a pagar? - Are you going to pay me?
  • ¿Órdenes? - Orders?
  • ¿Qué hace falta? - What is required?
  • ¿Qué tenemos que destruir? - What do we have to destroy?
  • ¿Quién busca salvación? - Who is looking for salvation?
  • Saludar, ya - Salute, now
  • ¿Sí? - Yes?
  • ¿Sí, mi comandante? - Yes, my commander?
  • ¿Y yo qué saco? - (Mexican slang for: So, what am I going to earn?)
  • A la batalla - To battle
  • A la marcha - To the march!
  • A zarpar - To sail
  • Adelante - Forward
  • Amén - Amen
  • Ándale - Go
  • Así será - So shall it be
  • Avancen - Advance
  • ¿Dónde está mi pago? - Where is my payment?
  • En el nombre del padre - In the name of the Father
  • En camino - On the way
  • Entendido - Understood
  • Entendido, mi comandante - Understood, my commander
  • Estará listísimo - It will be (very) ready
  • Estoy en camino - I'm on the way
  • Ligero como el viento - Light as the wind
  • Listos - Ready
  • Marcha, ya - March, now!
  • Me voy - I'm going
  • No nos atraparán - They will not catch us
  • No se lo van a esperar - They won't see it comming
  • Nos espera el oro - The gold awaits us
  • Que así sea - So be it
  • - Yes
  • Vamos a desgraciarlos - (Mexican slang for: We are going to make a mess of them!)
  • Vamos, señores - Come on, gentlemen!
  • Vayámonos - Let's go!
  • Vayamos - Let's go!
  • ¡Viva México! - Long live Mexico!
  • ¡A la carga! - To charge!
  • ¡A la batalla! - To battle!
  • ¡Abajo con los opresores! - Down with the oppressors!
  • ¡Abajo los opresores! - Down with the oppressors!
  • ¡Ataca! - Attack!
  • ¡Fuego! - Fire!
  • ¡Los voy a fusilar! - I'm going to shoot them!
  • ¡Me gusta pa' (para) morirme! - I like it, to die!
  • ¡Mueran los invasores! - Death to the invaders
  • ¡Por la gloria! - For the glory!
  • ¡Por la libertad! - For freedom!
  • ¡Por la patria! - For the motherland
  • ¡Por México! - For Mexico!
  • ¡Por nuestra libertad! - For our freedom!
  • ¡Vamos a desgraciarlos! - (Mexican slang for: We are going to make a mess of them!)
  • Prende la mecha - Light the fuse
  • ¡Saquemos la chamba! - (Mexican slang for: Let's do the work!)
  • ¡Saquen a los invasores! - Take out the invaders!
  • ¡Sin problema! - No problem


  • Female Build Constructora - Builder (feminine)
  • Male Build Constructor - Builder (masculine)
  • Female Farm Granjera - Farmer (feminine)
  • Male Farm Granjero - Farmer (masculine)
  • Female Gather Coin Minera - Miner (feminine)
  • Male Gather Coin Minero - Miner (masculine)
  • Female Gather Fruit Recolectora - Gatherer (feminine)
  • Male Gather Fruit Recolector - Gatherer (masculine)
  • Female Gather Meat Cazadora - Huntress
  • Male Gather Meat Cazador - Hunter
  • Female Gather Wood Leñadora - Woodcutter (feminine)
  • Male Gather Wood Leñador - Woodcutter (masculine)


No "Claim" line.

  • Disabled ¿Mande? - Order?
  • Ransomed Gracias por pagar mi rescate - Thank you for paying ransom for me
  • Revived Se necesitará más que eso para mantenerme abajo - It will take more than that to keep me down


  • Disabled Aunque yo muera, seré recordado para siempre - Even if I die, I will be remembered forever
  • Revived 1 Los ángeles me han regresado a la vida - The angels have brought me back to life
  • Revived 2 Nuestra señora de Guadalupe nos protege con sus manos milagrosas - Our lady of Guadalupe protects us with her miraculous hands


  • The Mexican in-game flag is based on the flag of the Army of the Three Guarantees, which can be considered the first flag of Mexico as an independent country.
  • The Mexicans and the Aztecs are the only two civilizations that share the same place, but in different time periods, as their respective Home Cities.
    • Tenochtitlan was the capital of the Aztec Empire in the 15th century until it was captured by the Spanish in 1521.
    • After the creation of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, the new city and capital was built in the same place of the former Aztec capital and was named Mexico City.
  • It is possible for a Mexican player to encounter another player who revolted to Mexico.


Like the United States, the history of Mexico begins millennia ago with the indigenous peoples who migrated to the North American continent and settled throughout, creating culturally and linguistically distinct societies. The majority of these were founded on hunter-gatherer subsistence, but some also practiced agriculture and engaged in activities such as metallurgy, nautical navigation, and long-distance trade. Notable examples include the Olmec, Maya, Toltec, and Aztec civilizations, famous for their rich material culture imprint and the impressive stone structures that they erected – sites still frequented by modern tourists.

By the 15th century, Europe was undergoing a process of social and economic revolutions marked by, among other things, massive population booms and vibrant trade economies. An allure for luxury resources brought on by the taste that they had through trade partners in the Middle East spurred a desire to explore and establish settlements so as to have direct access to these resources. After Christopher Columbus stumbled upon the Caribbean islands while seeking an alternative western route to East Asia, European settlers began to flock to the so-called "New World" seeking land, wealth, and religious freedom, among other things.

The lands comprising the modern Mexican nation were principally frequented by Spanish expeditionary soldiers, explorers, and settlers. These "conquistadors" subjugated the formidable Aztec Empire and various other indigenous inhabitants relatively quickly with their superior weaponry and diseases such as smallpox which decimated the local populations. Exploitative mercantile economies sprouted up in "New Spain", thriving on mines and encomienda plantation systems, and funneled wealth back to their mother nation for nearly three centuries.

By the early 19th century, European colonial powers were gradually losing their grip over their possessions in the Western Hemisphere. As Enlightenment ideals electrified minds irrespective of class divisions, the inhabitants of the United States successfully revolted against their British overlords, setting an example that many of their neighbors were keen to follow. Dissatisfied with centuries of Spanish occupation, New Spain was ripe for such a movement, and the Napoleonic (French) invasion of Spain presented a terrific opportunity.

In 1810, decisive steps were taken towards independence when the priest Miguel Hidalgo and Ignacio Allende, a former military officer, rallied mobs of disgruntled peasants and commoners into a loosely-knit army and began ousting the Spanish royalist occupants of several towns on the route to Mexico City. Despite a string of successes, Hidalgo enigmatically refused to attack Mexico City, eschewing his momentum and affording the royalists precious time to react. Shortly thereafter, his disorganized army was crushed and he and Allende were executed – but the spirit of independence that his uprising had stoked would not be quelled so easily.

The movement continued under Ignacio López Rayón, José María Morelos, and Mariano Matamoros, who experienced considerably more (and prolonged) successes against the royalists owing mainly to organizational improvements. Despite some infighting which would see Rayón deposed and Morelos catapulted to primacy in the revolutionary Mexican state, the cause continued to progress. While it did experience further setbacks – Matamoros and Morelos would be captured and executed by royalist forces – resistance to Spanish rule continued for several years. In 1821, Augustín de Iturbide and Vicente Guerrero negotiated the Plan of Iguala, an alliance between their factions which all but cemented Mexican independence; an official proclamation would be made later that same year.

Spain would unsuccessfully attempt to reconquer her former colony in 1829, but eventually conceded its independence in 1836. During this time, the fledgling nation struggled to establish a robust government and retain control of its vast territory; several of the southeastern regions in Central America seceded nearly immediately, and further problems arose when American settlers in modern-day Texas declared their independence in 1835 and upset the numerically superior Mexican army. After Texas joined the United States in 1845, another catastrophic war erupted and the Mexican forces were defeated, losing California and much of what would become the western USA in the process.

In 1855, another revolt overthrew President Antonio López de Santa Anna, causing his conservative supporters to appeal to the French for aid in the conflict. The French briefly invaded and installed Maximilian Habsburg, but American intervention led the French to abandon the conservatives, allowing the liberal revolutionaries to emerge victorious. After several more years of infighting, Porfirio Díaz, known for his role in the renowned Battle of Puebla (1862), assumed control of the Mexican state and launched a series of reform programs, ushering the nation into the modern era.




v  d  e
Civilizations in Age of Empires III
African^Ethiopians · Hausa
American***Mexicans^^ · United States
Asian**Chinese · Indians · Japanese
EuropeanBritish · Dutch · French · Germans · Italians^^^ · Maltese^^^ · Ottomans · Portuguese · Russians · Spanish · Swedes***
Native American*Aztecs · Haudenosaunee (formerly Iroquois) · Incas*** · Lakota (formerly Sioux)
Minor civilizations
African Kingdom^Akan · Berbers · Somalis · Sudanese · Yoruba
Asian Holy Site**Bhakti Temple · Jesuit Mission · Shaolin Temple · Sufi Mosque · Tengri Shrine*** · Udasi Temple · Zen Temple
European Royal House^^^House of Bourbon · House of Habsburg · House of Hanover · House of Jagiellon · House of Oldenburg · House of Phanar · House of Vasa · House of Wettin · House of Wittelsbach
Native American SettlementApache* · Carib · Cherokee · Cheyenne* · Comanche · Cree · Huron* · Klamath* · Lenape^^ · Mapuche* · Maya · Navajo* · Nootka · Quechua (formerly Incas) · Seminole · Tupi · Zapotec* (Former: Aztecs · Haudenosaunee · Lakota)
Campaign civilizations
Black Family Estate · Circle of Ossus · John Black's Mercenaries · Knights of St. John · United States
Civilizations in Historical Battles***
Barbary Pirates · Canadians^^ · Ethiopians · Moroccans^ · Somalians · Tatars · United States
* introduced in The Warchiefs   ** in The Asian Dynasties   *** in the Definitive Edition   ^ in The African Royals   ^^ in The Mexico DLC   ^^^ in Knights of the Mediterranean