Civilization Technology tree Strategy

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The Mayans are an archer oriented civilization.

Strengths[edit | edit source]

Their archers decrease in cost every single age, making them the cheapest of any civilization. Their unique unit is the Plumed Archer, an archer with better hit points, armor, speed but lower attack. These units are very cost effective due to their considerable durability. In groups their lower attack is mostly negated and if outmatched can easily escape due to their high speed. Plumed Archers work well when used in conjunction with Eagle Warriors, who can knock out cavalry units and siege weapons that can easily kill the Plumed Archers. Their Eagle Warriors gain an extra forty hit points with the Mayan unique technology El Dorado. This allows the Mayans to field a fast and durable force that can easily handle most threats. In terms of defense, they are average in most respects but have the advantage of having cheaper walls, which are only about half the cost. They also have a quite effective navy having access to all naval technologies except for the Cannon Galleon.

Weaknesses[edit | edit source]

Since they are a Mesoamerican civilization they do not have access to cavalry or gunpowder, which many see as a large disadvantage. Eagle Warriors offer a serviceable replacement but cannot match the damage output of heavy cavalry. However, El Dorado provides a large boost for Mayan Eagle Warriors which allows them to fare better against them. Also, like the Aztecs, they do not have access to gunpowder units and as such are missing the Cannon Galleon, Bombard Cannon, and Hand Cannoneer. Unlike the Aztecs, Mayans cannot even convert a Bombard Cannon, as they have no access to the Redemption technology. Their infantry are also apparently weak compared to most other civilizations as they cannot research the Champion upgrade.

Strategy[edit | edit source]

Mayans are useful in a wide variety of situations, and have good non-situational bonuses. Their start is slightly different from other civilizations since they start with an extra Villager. This causes them to start out population capped, so they should start by researching Loom. This gives them an advantage over other civilizations, as when they stop to research Loom, they will lose Villager production time, and get one less Villager early-on. This extra Villager can be used to bolster their economy, or to wall off against attacks using cheaper Walls. Their Dark Age is also made stronger by the fact that they get more food out of Sheep, Berries, and Boars.

In the Feudal Age, the Mayans have fewer options than other civilizations due to their lack of Cavalry. However, 10% cheaper Archers allow for a formidable Archer rush. Since Archers take no food, generally it is wise to create a few (~5) to pressure the opponent. Depending how successful it is, more can be made to keep up the pressure. Archers can also be used defensively, firing from behind a wall.

In the Castle Age, an important decision must be made. They can go for Plumed Archers, Eagle Warriors, or both. Using Plumed Archers and slowly adding Eagles later is generally the safest choice. However, if the opponent is running heavily on Archers, Eagles are a wiser choice. Using both can be risky, but in situations where it works, it is very effective. To use Plumed Archers, stone needs to become a central economic focus. There should be enough for two Castles (and a Town Center or two) at the start of the Castle Age. The player must switch away from food, and get Wood, Stone, and Gold. For Eagles, the player must ensure that Gold is plentiful. If they don't have an excellent supply of Gold (such as Trade) then Eagles will cripple the player's economy to a point where late game action is off the table so the player must switch heavily into Gold and make around five Barracks when aging up.

The Castle Age is where Mayans truly begin to shine. If the player decides to go into Plumed Archers, they must immediately put down two Castles, with a minimum of three (preferably more) Builders each. The player must also get a University, since Murder Holes is important for keeping Castles alive. The Castles must be created at close distance in order to support each other and keep enemies out of the player's base, but aren't vulnerable. Researching Bodkin Arrow and Padded Archer Armor at the Blacksmith, and Thumb Ring at the Archery Range is vital for a Mayan player. Since Knights can easily counter small amounts of Plumed Archers, Pikemen can be kept on hand. Eagle Warriors must be used for raiding and harassing Villagers.

In the Imperial Age, Mayans get even cheaper Archers, drastically stronger Eagle Warriors, and their resource bonus really starts helping as resources run out. Elite Plumed Archers should be researched if Plumes are in use, El Dorado and Elite Eagle Warrior if Eagles are in use, and Halberdier if Pikemen are in use, along with all the Blacksmith upgrades. An effective Mayan Imperial Age army consists of Halberdiers to shield the Archers from Cavalry, Eagles for killing Archers and raiding, and Plumed Archers as the bulk of the force to shoot down opponents as they approach. Arbalests are a great army addition in The Forgotten, since Obsidian Arrows allows a large unit of them to function as a Siege Engine that can double as extra firepower against units.

On water maps, Mayans have an excellent navy that sadly lacks Cannon Galleons. Their resource lasting bonus gives them an edge on this kind of maps as they will have trees on their islands for longer time as well as their gold mines and those are the resources required for any war vessel.

Strategy changes in The Forgotten[edit | edit source]

As an archer oriented civilization, Mayans have already strong foot archers. With their new technology Obsidian Arrows, archer line units become more versatile and useful in an attack to the enemy towns, this possible for their bonus against buildings this tech gives to them.

Strategy changes in The African Kingdoms[edit | edit source]

The Obsidian Arrows technology now gives +6 attack bonus against buildings instead of +4 making this technology an indisputable improvement for the Arbalest line. This can also be supplemented with the Arson technology so Eagle Warriors can assist in destroying enemy encampments after the villagers are cleared out or garrison inside town centers/towers.

Their resource bonus is reduced to 15% but despite this drawback they have still a good economy.

Also as a Native American civilization that have access to the Eagle warriors they can now perform an Eagle scout rush on Feudal Age as this unit is now accessible at that Age.

Strategy changes in the Definitive Edition[edit | edit source]

As the Tracking effect now applies automatically upon reaching Feudal Age (since this technology was replaced by Supplies), the scouting skills of their Eagle Scout is slightly improved, as they now doesn't need to research Tracking.

Their Arbalesters have been heavily nerfed with the removal of Obsidian Arrows. On the other hand, their Skirmishers are slightly stronger with the new Hul'che Javelineers technology.

Alliances[edit | edit source]

Mayans make a good teammate, as their ally can cover their weaknesses, allowing their considerable strengths to massively increase. Celts, Huns, Persians, Franks, Spanish, Teutons, Lithuanians, Burgundians and Magyars all make great allies with their Paladins. Alternatively, allying with Berber teammates allow Mayan players to obtain Genitours as real cavalry contingents, particularly against enemy archer contingents, foot or mounted alike, plus Kasbah-enhanced castles to amass Plumed Archers in a shorter period.

As a teammate the Mayans provide cheaper walls to their team and this is highly valuable for all civilizations (except perhaps for the Goths which doesn't have access to the stone wall) when they have to defend themselves and close up a location. this bonus is especially useful for other civilizations that have distinctive defensive bonuses that increase the capabilities of the wall like the Chinese with their Great Wall technology, the Koreans (in the Forgotten they can create walls faster), the Spanish who can create walls faster and the Byzantines which have stronger walls. Also when allied with Incas, the Inca stone walls cost is reduced to only 2 stone (while with other civilizations costs 3), this to the fact that the Incas have a 15% stone discount in all defensive structures and the Mayan team bonus make the stone Wall cost even less (50% discount on walls) when allied whit Incas, in this case the Mayan player must specialize in economy so the Mayan player can tribute stone to their Inca ally which must build most of the defensive structures for both players, also their Incan ally may offer to the Mayans their starting llama as the Mayans can get slightly more food of it. The cheap walls team bonus also applies to palisades, and this can be combined with the Cuman team bonus (palisades gets +50% more hit points), making early defensive strategies more viable for the whole team. Cumans will also provide the Mayans 10 Elite Kipchaks for free after researching Cuman Mercenaries.

Their lasting resource bonus is also helpful on team games as this makes the Mayans excellent springboards in springboard tactics as they can provide the spring player with resources especially the rarest ones Gold and Stone since the mines used by the Mayans will last longer.

Mayans benefit from bonuses that allows them to improve their Archers and Infantry as well as team bonuses that benefit their farms as they strangely have lower farm work rates than other civilizations. In regards to archer team bonuses that benefits them greatly there are the Briton team bonus, the Magyar team bonus, the Saracen team bonus (which gives anti-building capabilities for Mayan archers) and the Berber grant them fully-upgraded Genitour and Kasbah technology, the Vietnamese case is also interesting as Vietnamese allies also grant Mayan players first-hand info of the enemy bases at the beginning to facilitate their early rushes, plus gold subsidy via Paper Money and Imperial Skirmishers as effective support contingents of their foot units. In regards to Infantry team bonuses the Gothic team bonus work well for the Mayans as it help for them to spam faster the Eagle warriors. Chinese and Incan team bonuses help to the Mayans to gather food better from farms.

Since Rise of the Rajas, all Southeast Asian civilizations deliver a supplementary trio for Mayan players lacking them: cavalry for fast attacks, Battle Elephants to screen Mayan archers, and, last but not least, Bombard Cannons as late-game multipurpose ranged support. so is advisable not only considering Vietnamese as allies for the Mayans but also, Burmese, Malay and Khmer.

Compared advantages and disadvantages[edit | edit source]

Advantages[edit | edit source]

  • The Plumed Archer being a ranged unit with bonus attack vs infantry and fair fast movement counters almost all types of infantry even the infantry from prominent infantry civilizations like Teutons, Burmese, Malay, Vikings, Japanese, Aztecs and Celts, with the exception of the Goths' Huskarl and all Malian Barracks infantry (as they have a large amount of pierce armor) and the Gbeto (see in disadvantages).
  • Being a civilization with good early game and able to perform early game raids with their cheaper archers and solid economy they can defeat civilizations that fare otherwise (bad early game but good late game)like the Turks, the Portuguese, the Spanish and the Khmer, particularly in open maps like Arabia if starting from Feudal and Dark Age.
  • As they have access to Eagle Warriors and have the "El Dorado" technology, they can give a hard time to archer-based civilizations (such as Britons, Vietnamese, Ethiopians, and Chinese) by exploiting the benefits of their tankier Eagle Warriors. Sometimes, this can also can prove effective against Cavalry Archer based civilizations such as Mongols and Huns. Their Eagle warriors can also be unpleasant for civilizations reliant on siege units like Celts. Their access to Eagle Warriors also makes them an excellent counterpick against Lithuanians, since they have bonus damage against Monks, conversion resistance, and a sizeable Line of sight, three features that help them to prevent their opponents from claiming the Relics.
  • Having complete upgrades for the Arbalest and Skirmishers they have an advantage against civilizations with poor defense like Magyars, and Japanese, and an advantage to civilizations reliant on Infantry like Aztecs and Celts.
  • Defensively they have an advantage against civilizations with mediocre siege workshop or proper anti building units thanks to their cheaper Walls and lasting stone mines (without considering the Trebuchets which every civilization have access to). These include Britons, Japanese and Magyars (of course, once they get to the Imperial Age, this advantage is no longer a problem for them).

Disadvantages[edit | edit source]

  • Since they don't get access to any kind of gunpowder unit aside from Petards and Demolition Ships and at the same time having no cavalry they fare poorly at late game against civilizations that fare otherwise like Turks, Portuguese and Spanish, especially if the game starts at Castle Age onwards, sometimes this disadvantage can also being exploited in closed maps like Black Forest against Mayans as late game civilizations can build up their way to Imperial Age if they manage to wall up in the early game and survive.
  • Malians can be a very unpleasant rival for the Mayans as their infantry bonus can partially negate the plumed archers efficacy vs infantry while also became more resilient against regular archers. Malians also have the Gbeto which despite being infantry the move slightly faster and have 1 more range than plumed archers as base stats, however fully upgraded Plumed Archers are arguably in tie with fully upgraded Gbetos as in this case plumed archers get more range and firing rate but still Gbetos move faster and have a slightly higher damage output. Similarly Goths can counter a Mayan Archer army by swarming Huskarls as they have attack bonus vs Archers and high pierce armor (considering the fact that the Mayans do not have the Champion upgrade, it puts them in a much larger disadvantage for the Mayans).
  • Vietnamese Rattan Archers, and Imperial Skirmishers can counter a Mayan archer army perfectly. Indeed, Vietnamese as a rival for the Mayans can prove to be a huge threat as they also get Battle elephants and gunpowder, forcing the Mayans to rely on Eagle Warriors. Similar logic can apply to the Berbers as they got Genitours and other civilizations with good Skirmishers (like the Byzantines, Aztecs, or Lithuanians).
  • Civilizations with tanky units like the Korean War Wagon, the Persian War Elephant, all the south east Asian civilizations (who can access Battle Elephants), and the Indian Elephant Archer, also have a noticeable advantage over Mayans archers as these kind of units can take a lot of arrow-fire and still deal severe damage.
  • Civilizations with good Onagers are also a counter to Mayans if they decide to go for masses of cheap archers, these include, Celts, Ethiopians, Mongols, and Koreans of course.
  • Persian Paladins have attack bonus against archers this of course puts the Plumed Archers and the regular Archers at disadvantage. Similarly, as Tatar Cavalry Archers and Light Cavalry get +1 pierce armor out of the Silk Armor technology, they are effective counters against archers.

Situational advantages[edit | edit source]

  • Before patch 34699 in the Definitive Edition, as they started with an additional Villager (now tied to their initial Town Center), Mayans had a very distinct advantage in Nomad maps, as they were technically ahead over most of their rivals.
  • On the Budapest map, as every player has double start up (2 Town Centers, double Villagers, and 2 scouts), they also get an advantage, as they start with 8 Villagers (while other civilizations on that map starts with 6), and still getting the penalty of starting with 50 less food (but not 100).
  • On maps rich in natural resources like Yucatan (in which players have 4 more initial Sheep, one more Boar, and double Forage Bushes), Mayans are hugely economically ahead of their rivals, as these will last longer.
  • Despite being at a disadvantage in closed maps like Black Forest vs late game civilizations with gunpowder, Mayans still have an advantage on those kinds of maps, thanks to their lasting resource bonus and their cheaper walls, so never underestimate their mid game and even their late game in these maps.
  • As they get Eagle Warriors, when playing the "Capture the Relic" game mode, they get a substantial advantage; Eagle Warriors can patrol the center of the map protecting the Relic, as they have attack bonus against Monks, high conversion resistance, and sizable line of sight.
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