Age of Empires Series Wiki

Maya barbed spearmen. Good against cavalry or buildings.
—In-game description

The Maya Holcan Spearman is a heavy infantry native warrior in Age of Empires III that could be trained at a Trading Post built on a Maya settlement. It was replaced with update 54545 by the Maya Holcan Javelineer, a Musketeer-type unit.


The Maya Holcan Spearman is similar to a Pikeman, but has more hit points and a greater siege attack; However, it is one of the slowest anti-building attacks of any infantry unit. Under some conditions, units with lower siege damage but the normal 3.0 attack speed will inflict more damage over time than the Holcan Spearman; Their siege rate of fire is standardized to 3 in the Definitive Edition.


Age Upgrade Cost Effect
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
Native Warrior Societies.png Maya Warrior Societies 200 wood,
150 coin
Upgrades Maya Holcan Spearmen to Elite (+25% hit points and attack)
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png
Champion Natives.png Champion Maya 400 wood,
300 coin
Upgrades Maya Holcan Spearmen to Champion (+40% hit points and attack); requires Maya Warrior Societies
Imperial Age
Legendary natives.png Legendary Native Warriors
Exalted natives.png Exalted Natives
1,500 food,
1,500 wood
Upgrades native warriors to Legendary/Exalted (+50% hit points and attack)
The Legendary Native Warriors improvement is available in the Capitol for European civilizations and in the Town Center for Native American and Asian (as Exalted Natives) civilizations.

Further statistics[]

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Cavalry, Shock Infantry, buildings
Weak vs. Skirmishers, archers, artillery
Hit points Infantry Breastplate.png Infantry Breastplate (+10%)
Thin Red Line.png Thin Red Line (+20%, British only)
Corselet.png Corselet (+25%, Spanish and Knights of St. John only)
Cree Tanning.png Cree Tanning (+5%)
Maya Cotton Armor.png Maya Cotton Armor (+20%)
Navajo Weaving.png Navajo Weaving (+5%)
Attack Carib Kasiri Beer.png Carib Kasiri Beer (+10%)
Mapuche Tactics.png Mapuche Tactics (+50% siege attack)
Zapotec Cult of the Dead.png Zapotec Cult of the Dead (+20%)
Yoga.png Yoga (+5%)
Master Lessons.png Master Lessons (+10%)
Speed Military Drummers.png Military Drummers (+10%)
Tillys Discipline.png Tilly's Discipline (+20%, Germans only)
Cherokee War Dance.png Cherokee War Dance (+20%)
Inca Road-building.png Quechuan Mountaineering (+20%)
Apache Endurance.png Apache Endurance (+5%)
Sight Town Watch.png Town Watch (+2)
Creation speed Standing Army.png Standing Army (-25%)
Penalties Thin Red Line.png Thin Red Line (-25% speed, British only)
Coffee Trade.png Coffee Trade (-10% speed, Dutch only)
Tillys Discipline.png Tilly's Discipline (+10% cost, Germans only)
High Crusade.png High Crusade (-5% hit points, Knights of St. John only)
Corselet.png Corselet (-15% speed, Spanish and Knights of St. John only)

Home City Cards[]


Age of Empires III[]

  • Maya Holcan Spearmen have 8 hand attack, 45 siege attack, 180 hit points, a siege rate of fire of 4.0, a build limit of 15, train in 20 seconds, and are siege troopers.

Definitive Edition[]

  • Maya Holcan Spearmen have 10 hand attack, 24 siege attack, 185 hit points, a siege rate of fire of 3.0, a build limit of 17, train in 30 seconds, and are no longer siege troopers.
  • With update 54545, the Maya Holcan Spearman was replaced by the Maya Holcan Javelineer.

In-game dialogue[]

Main article: Maya (minor native)#In-game dialogue


The word "Holcan" means "warrior." Maya warriors formed a separate class in their society. In battle they would often capture rather than kill enemy soldiers to provide slaves or human sacrifices. The Holcan used many different weapons including spears, slingshots, clubs, knives, and even bombs made of hornet's nests. In times of need Maya used a form of conscription to force farmers or others to become soldiers.