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This article is about the Age of Empires II unit. For the unit in Age of Empires IV, see Mangudai (Age of Empires IV).

Mongol unique cavalry archer with fast-firing attack.
Age of Empires II description

The Mangudai is the unique unit of the Mongols in Age of Empires II. It is a mounted archer with an attack bonus against siege weapons.

Mangudai can be upgraded to Elite Mangudai in the Imperial Age.


Mangudai stride

Mangudai are effective against slow-moving units, such as Monks, Villagers, and infantry. They can also take down unsuspecting archers. With bonus damage dealt to rams, Mangudai can also be used to counter them effectively from behind fortifications.

However, despite their attack bonus against them, attacking (massed) Scorpions and Mangonels is not recommended unless there are enough Mangudai to destroy the machine in one volley and they can be micromanaged to dodge the projectiles. Camel Riders and Mamelukes are a threat. However, these units have low pierce armor and hence take a lot of damage themselves. Elite Skirmishers and Light Cavalry can also be dangerous to Mangudai in sufficiently large numbers. Enemy heavy cavalry (especially the Savar) and specific units such as Genitours and Japanese Heavy Cavalry Archers, can also defeat an equal value of Mangudai without any other support.

Mangudai are usually paired with Hussars, Steppe Lancers, and siege weapons, because they all benefit from the Mongols' civilization bonuses and unique technology Drill, respectively.

Mangudai also have pretty low attack delay, meaning micromanaging them is much easier than Cavalry Archers. They have +20% hit points over Cavalry Archers, meaning keeping them alive is much easier too.

Despite the official description, Mangudai attack slower than Cavalry Archers. However, since Thumb Ring grants a bigger Rate of Fire boost to Mangudai, they become slightly better in attack speed.

Comparison in the Castle Age[]

MangudaiIcon-DE Mangudai Mongol Cavalryarcher aoe2DE Cavalry Archer CamelArcherIcon-DE Camel Archer Kipchakicon Kipchak
Training Cost 55 wood, 65 gold 40 wood, 60 gold 50 wood, 60 gold 60 wood, 35 gold
Training Time 26 seconds 34 seconds 25 seconds 20 seconds
Hpicon aoe2de Hit Points 60 50 55 40
AoE2DE icon Pierce Attack Pierce Attack 6 6 7 4 + 2
Attack Bonus +1 vs Spearman
+3 vs Siege weapons
+2 vs Spearman +4 vs Mounted Archers +1 vs Spearman
Rangeicon aoe2de Range 4 4 4 4
AoE2DE icon Reload Time Rate of Fire 1.68
TR - 1.428
TR - 1.44
TR - 1.7
TR - 1.87
Attack Delay 0.5 0.9 0.63 0.5
Armoricon aoe2de Armor 0/0 0/0 0/1 0/0
AoE2DE icon Movement Speed Movement Speed 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Line of Sight 6 5 5 6
Upgrade Cost
and Time
1,100 food, 675 gold
50 seconds
900 food, 500 gold
50 seconds
1,000 wood, 500 gold
45 seconds
1,100 food, 1,000 wood
65 seconds
Other Fire 25% faster Fire 25% faster Can be trained and upgraded 25% faster
Has Armor class: Camel instead of Armor class: Cavalry
Additional projectiles have 0 melee attack and 3 pierce attack which helps against Rams and Monks

Comparison in the Imperial Age[]

MangudaiIcon-DE Elite Mangudai Mongol Heavycavalryarcher aoe2de Heavy Cavalry Archer CamelArcherIcon-DE Elite Camel Archer Kipchakicon Elite Kipchak
Training Cost 55 wood, 65 gold 40 wood, 60 gold 50 wood, 60 gold 60 wood, 35 gold
Training Time 26 seconds 27 seconds 20 seconds 20 seconds
Hpicon aoe2de Hit Points 60 60 60 45
AoE2DE icon Pierce Attack Pierce Attack 8 7 8 5 + 3
Attack Bonus +1 vs Spearman
+5 vs Siege weapons
+4 vs Spearman +6 vs Mounted Archers +1 vs Spearman
Rangeicon aoe2de Range 4 4 4 4
AoE2DE icon Reload Time Rate of Fire 1.428 1.44 1.7 1.87
Attack Delay 0.5 0.88 0.63 0.5
Armoricon aoe2de Armor 1/0 1/0 1/1 0/0
AoE2DE icon Movement Speed Movement Speed 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.621
Line of Sight 6 6 5 6
Other Civilization lacks Ring Archer Armor
Fire 25% faster
Civilization lacks Ring Archer Armor
Fire 25% faster
Civilization lacks Parthian Tactics
Can regenerate 0.25 HP/s
Trained 25% faster
Has Armor class: Camel instead of Armor class: Cavalry
Civilization lacks Bracer and Husbandry
Additional projectiles have 0 melee attack and 3 pierce attack which helps against Rams and Monks

The comparison of units are a mixed bag with various missing technologies and civilization bonus. The different effect of Thumb Ring on different units does not help either. In summary, we can say that:

  • Kipchaks have the most pierce armor, because of having both Parthian Tactics and Ring Archer Armor, having 2 more than others. Camel Archers have the second most, on account of having 1 base pierce armor. All units are equal in melee armor considering base melee armor, Ring Archer Armor, and Parthian Tactics.
  • Cavalry Archers and Kipchak have the lower attack (-1 compared to others), considering Kipchaks have extra projectiles and lack Bracer, except against buildings (others do 1, Kipchaks do 3/4), rams (Cavalry Archers and Camel Archers do 1, Kipchaks do 7/10, Mangudai do 3/5) and Monks (others do their advertised attack, Kipchaks do 10/14 + Blacksmith upgrades).
  • Mangudai are the hardest to mass, considering their relatively long creation time and being created at Castles. Cavalry Archers need Archery Ranges, whereas the other 2 can be created in 20 seconds, considering Kasbah for Berbers. Camel Archers also have regeneration with their Imperial Age unique technology, which helps keep them alive for longer.
  • Mangudai attack the fastest, with Mongol Cavalry Archers being the close second. Camel Archers are third. Regular Cavalry Archers are fourth. Kipchaks attack the slowest.
  • Elite Mangudai and Elite Kipchaks have +3 vs Spearmen. Heavy Cavalry Archers have comparatively 1 less base attack, but +6 vs Spearmen. Elite Camel Archers have no attack bonus vs Spearmen.
  • Considering Husbandry and the Cuman bonus, all units except Imperial Age Kipchaks are equally fast. Imperial Age Kipchaks are 5% faster than others.

Further statistics[]

As Mangudai are unique to the Mongols, only technologies that are available to them are shown in the following table:

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Infantry, siege weapons
Weak vs. Paladins, Camel Riders, Elite Skirmishers, Eagle Warriors, Genoese Crossbowmen, Ghulams, Huskarls, Mamelukes, Camel Archers, Genitours, Rattan Archers
Hit points BloodlinesDE Bloodlines (+20)
Attack FletchingDE Fletching (+1)
BodkinArrowDE Bodkin Arrow (+1)
BracerDE Bracer (+1)
ChemistryDE Chemistry (+1)
ParthianTacticsDE Parthian Tactics (+2 attack against Spearmen)
Range FletchingDE Fletching (+1)
BodkinArrowDE Bodkin Arrow (+1)
BracerDE Bracer (+1)
Firing rate ThumbRingDE Thumb Ring (+18%)
Accuracy ThumbRingDE Thumb Ring (increases accuracy to 100%)
BallisticsDE Ballistics (hit moving targets)
Armor PaddedArcherArmorDE Padded Archer Armor (+1/+1)
LeatherArcherArmorDE Leather Archer Armor (+1/+1)
ParthianTacticsDE Parthian Tactics (+1/+2)
Speed HusbandryDE Husbandry (+10%)
Conversion defense Devotion icon AoE2DE Devotion (+1 min, +1 max)
FaithDE Faith (+4 min, +4 max)
HeresyDE Heresy (die upon getting converted)
Creation speed ConscriptionDE Conscription (+33%)
UniqueTechCastle-DE Kasbah (+25%, with a Berber ally only)
Upgrades EliteUniqueUnitDE Elite Mangudai

Civilization bonuses[]

  • Mongols AoE2 Mongols: Mangudai attack 25% faster.

Team bonuses[]


AoE2-DLCicon-0 The Age of Kings[]

  • Mangudai only have a single attack bonus against siege weapons of +3 (+5 for Elite).
  • Mangudai have a base reload time of 2.0.
  • Mangudai have an accuracy of 100%.
  • Mangudai move at a speed of 1.43.
  • Mangudai have a train time of 21 seconds.
  • Non-Elite and Elite Mangudai have attack delays of 1 and 0 respectively.
  • Mangudai receive standard anti-archer attack bonus from Elite Skirmishers.

AoE2-DLCicon-1 The Conquerors[]

  • Mangudai gain a +1 attack bonus against Spearmen.
  • Mangudai receive extra attack bonus (+2) from Elite Skirmishers.
  • Mangudai base reload time increased (made slower) to 2.1.
  • Mangudai accuracy lowered to 95%.
  • Mangudai speed increased to 1.45.
  • Mangudai train time increased to 26 seconds.
  • Bloodlines introduced.
  • Heresy introduced.
  • Parthian Tactics introduced. With patch 1.0b, it also gives Mangudai another +2 attack bonus against Spearmen.
  • Thumb Ring introduced.

AoE2-DLCicon-2 The Forgotten[]

  • Mangudai attack bonus against siege weapons reduced to +1.
  • Mangudai receive an attack bonus against rams of +3 (+5 for Elite).
  • Non-Elite Mangudai's attack delay reduced to 0.5.

AoE2-DLCicon-3 The African Kingdoms[]

  • With patch 4.8, Elite Mangudai's attack delay increased to 0.5.
  • With patch 4.8, Mangudai get back their initial attack bonus of +3 (+5 for Elite) against siege weapons. The attack bonus against rams is removed.

AoE2Icon-LordsWest Lords of the West[]


There are two heroes in the game with the appearance of a Mangudai:


The Mongols were united by Genghis Khan, who took them off on a campaign of conquest that reached from the Pacific to the Mediterranean to Central Europe. The Mongols were superb horsemen and each warrior kept a stable of ponies so that fresh mounts were always available. The strength of the Mongol armies was the horse archer firing a composite bow from the saddle. The best of these archers, called the mangudai, used great tactics to catch enemies at a disadvantage. They used feints and traps to wear out enemy cavalry and shoot it to pieces. Slower troops could be shot to pieces at range with little risk. Enemy armies were exhausted and shattered without ever coming to grips with the elusive mangudai. The main weakness of the Mongol army was that only great leaders could keep it together. When the great Khan or later leaders died, the army dissolved into factions bickering for primacy.
Age of Empires II manual


  • The Mangudai is the only unique unit that has the same hit points as its Elite version, with 60 hit points.
  • Historical Mangudai were Mongol army's vanguards, named after the Manghud, a Mongol clan related to Genghis Khan's Kiyad clan.
  • The Mangudai historically rode the Mongolian horse, which is much smaller than a warhorse elsewhere in the world, and almost pony-sized. The Mangudai in-game ride the same sized warhorses as other units.
  • Since update 56005, the "yes we khan" cheat code turns all of the player's Mangudai into Genghis Khan in the Genghis Khan campaign.



Units in Age of Empires II
CivilianMaleVillDE Villager · Tradecart aoe2DE Trade Cart · FishingShipDE Fishing Ship · Trade cog aoe2DE Trade Cog · King eu aoe2DE King
ReligiousMonk aoe2DE Monk
InfantryMilitiaDE Militia · Manatarms aoe2DE Man-at-Arms · Longswordsman aoe2DE Long Swordsman · Twohanded aoe2DE Two-Handed Swordsman · Champion aoe2DE Champion
Spearman aoe2DE Spearman · Aoe2-infantry-2-pikeman Pikeman · Halberdier aoe2DE Halberdier
Eaglescout aoe2DE Eagle Scout · Eaglewarrior aoe2DE Eagle Warrior · EliteEaglewarrior aoe2DE Elite Eagle Warrior
ArcherArcher aoe2DE Archer · Crossbowman aoe2DE Crossbowman · Arbalester aoe2DE Arbalester
Skirmisher aoe2DE Skirmisher · Elite skirmisher aoe2DE Elite Skirmisher
Hand cannoneer aoe2DE Hand Cannoneer
Cavalryarcher aoe2DE Cavalry Archer · Heavycavalryarcher aoe2de Heavy Cavalry Archer
Aoe2de DOI elephant archer icon Elephant Archer · ElephantArcherIcon-DE Elite Elephant Archer
CavalryScoutcavalry aoe2DE Scout Cavalry · Lightcavalry aoe2DE Light Cavalry · Hussar aoe2DE Hussar
Knight aoe2DE Knight · Cavalier aoe2DE Cavalier · Paladin aoe2DE Paladin
Camelrider aoe2DE Camel Rider · Aoe2 heavycamelriderDE Heavy Camel Rider
Battle elephant aoe2DE Battle Elephant · Elite battle elephant aoe2DE Elite Battle Elephant
Steppelancericon Steppe Lancer · Elitesteppelancericon Elite Steppe Lancer
Xolotlicon Xolotl Warrior
AoE2DE Armored Elephant icon Armored Elephant · AoE2DE Siege Elephant icon Siege Elephant
SiegeBattering ram aoe2DE Battering Ram · Capped ram aoe2DE Capped Ram · Siege ram aoe2DE Siege Ram
Mangonel aoe2DE Mangonel · Onager aoe2DE Onager · Siege onager aoe2DE Siege Onager
Scorpion aoe2DE Scorpion · Heavyscorpion aoe2DE Heavy Scorpion
Bombard cannon aoe2DE Bombard Cannon
Trebuchet aoe2DE Trebuchet
Petard aoe2DE Petard
Siegetower aoe2DE Siege Tower
War shipTransportship aoe2DE Transport Ship
Galley aoe2DE Galley · War galley aoe2DE War Galley · Galleon aoe2DE Galleon
Fire galley aoe2DE Fire Galley · Fireship aoe2DE Fire Ship · Fastfireship aoe2DE Fast Fire Ship
Demoraft aoe2DE Demolition Raft · Demoship aoe2DE Demolition Ship · Heavydemoship aoe2de Heavy Demolition Ship
Cannon galleon aoe2DE Cannon Galleon · Elite cannon galleon aoe2de Elite Cannon Galleon
AoE2 Dromon Dromon
ReligiousMissionaryIcon-DE Missionary · AoE2 WarriorPriest Warrior Priest
InfantryBerserkIcon-DE Berserk · Aoe2de Chakram Chakram Thrower · CondottieroIcon-DE Condottiero · Aoe2-icon-flemish-militia Flemish Militia · GbetoIcon-DE Gbeto · Aoe2de Ghulam Ghulam · HuskarlIcon-DE Huskarl · JaguarWarriorIcon-DE Jaguar Warrior · KamayukIcon-DE Kamayuk · Karambitwarrioricon-DE Karambit Warrior · AoE2 DE Legionary new icon Legionary · Aoe2-icon--obuch Obuch · SamuraiIcon-DE Samurai · Aoe2-icon-serjeant Serjeant · Shotelwarrioricon-DE Shotel Warrior · TeutonicKnightIcon-DE Teutonic Knight · ThrowingAxemanIcon-DE Throwing Axeman · Aoe2de Urumi Urumi Swordsman · AoE2 WarriorPriest Warrior Priest · WoadRaiderIcon-DE Woad Raider
ArcherArambaiicon-DE Arambai · CamelArcherIcon-DE Camel Archer · ChukoNuIcon-DE Chu Ko Nu · AoE2 CompositeBowman Composite Bowman · ConquistadorIcon-DE Conquistador · GenitourIcon-DE Genitour · GenoeseCrossbowmanIcon-DE Genoese Crossbowman · Imperialskirmishericon-DE Imperial Skirmisher · JanissaryIcon-DE Janissary · Kipchakicon Kipchak · LongbowmanIcon-DE Longbowman · MangudaiIcon-DE Mangudai · PlumedArcherIcon-DE Plumed Archer · Aoe2de ratha ranged Ranged Ratha · Rattanarchericon-DE Rattan Archer · SlingerIcon-DE Slinger · WarWagonIcon-DE War Wagon
CavalryBallistaelephanticon-DE Ballista Elephant · BoyarIcon-DE Boyar · Aoe2de camel scout Camel Scout · CataphractIcon-DE Cataphract · Aoe2de roman unique centurion icon Centurion · Aoe2-icon-coustillier Coustillier · Flaming camel icon Flaming Camel · ImperialCamelRiderIcon-DE Imperial Camel Rider · Keshikicon Keshik · Konnikicon Konnik · Leitisicon Leitis · MagyarHuszarIcon-DE Magyar Huszar · MamelukeIcon-DE Mameluke · AoE2 Monaspa Monaspa · Aoe2de ratha melee Melee Ratha · AoE2 Savar Savar · Aoe2de shrivamsha rider Shrivamsha Rider · TarkanIcon-DE Tarkan · WarElephantIcon-DE War Elephant · Aoe2-icon-winged-hussar Winged Hussar
SiegeAoe2-icon--houfnice Houfnice · Aoe2-icon-hussite-wagon Hussite Wagon · OrganGunIcon-DE Organ Gun
War shipCaravelIcon-DE Caravel · LongboatIcon-DE Longboat · Aoe2de Thirisadai Thirisadai · TurtleShipIcon-DE Turtle Ship