Age of Empires Series Wiki

Chinese cavalry archer mercenary.
—In-game description

The Manchu is a mercenary mounted archer in Age of Empires III. It is a fierce mounted archer from China.


The Manchu is the mercenary version of the Cavalry Archer. It has a high rate of fire and an impressive amount of hit points. It also has a very high melee armor and base damage. All these factors combined make it an extremely effective counter to cavalry, without having to worry about micro-managing them or kiting. Unlike nearly every other mercenary, it takes the same amount of population space as its base unit; this allows it to be used even in the latest stages of the games without sacrificing military size, should it be available at the Saloon/Monastery.

This unit is of particular interest to the Chinese civilization. As China is unable to mass produce anti-cavalry, and the units it can mass are fairly weak, the Manchu (if available at the Monastery) can be trained to fill this usual hole in their composition, without sacrificing population space or draining limited wood supplies.

Further statistics[]

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Heavy cavalry, Shock Infantry, artillery
Weak vs. Heavy infantry, ranged infantry, light cavalry
Hit points Comanche Horse Breeding.png Comanche Horse Breeding (+10%)
Cree Tanning.png Cree Tanning (+5%)
Navajo Weaving.png Navajo Weaving (+5%)
Attack Ranged Cavalry Caracole.png Ranged Cavalry Caracole (+10%)
Counter Infantry Rifling.png Customized Merc Weapons (+30%, John Black's Mercenaries only)
Carib Kasiri Beer.png Carib Kasiri Beer (+10%)
Carib Garifuna Drums.png Carib Garifuna Drums (+1.0x multiplier vs. villagers)
Seminole Bowyer.png Seminole Bowyer (+25%)
Tupi Poison Arrow Frogs.png Tupi Poison Arrow Frogs (+10%)
Yoga.png Yoga (+5%)
Range Ranged Cavalry Caracole.png Ranged Cavalry Caracole (+2)
Sight Town Watch.png Town Watch (+2)
Ranged Cavalry Caracole.png Ranged Cavalry Caracole (+2)
Speed Comanche Mustangs.png Comanche Mustangs (+10%)
Apache Endurance.png Apache Endurance (+5%)
Creation speed Mass Cavalry.png Mass Cavalry (-50%)
Cheyenne Horse Trading.png Cheyenne Horse Trading (-25%)
Inca Chaquis Messengers.png Quechuan Diet (-25%)
Train cost Mapuche Ad-mapu.png Mapuche Ad-mapu (-10% coin cost)
Penalties Coffee Trade.png Coffee Trade (-10% speed, Dutch only)

Home City Cards[]

In-game dialogue[]

Unlike other units native to China, the Manchu speaks their own Manchu language (Manju Gisun)[1], an endangered language of Tungusic origin native to Manchuria and one of the official languages of the Qing dynasty.

  • Select 1 Je? (ᠵᡝ) - Yes?
  • Select 2 Qouha belheme jurambi. (ᠴᠣᠣᡥᠠ ᠪᡝᠯᡥᡝᠮᡝ ᠵᡠᡵᠠᠮᠪᡳ) - Troop(s) ready to set out.
  • Select 3 Temgetu selgiyen? (ᡨᡝᠮᡤᡝᡨᡠ ᠰᡝᠯᡤᡳᠶᡝᠨ) - Official order(s)?
  • Move 1 Je (ᠵᡝ) - Yes
  • Move 2 Je (ᠵᡝ) - Yes
  • Move 3 Bi uthai genembi (ᠪᡳ ᡠᡨᡥᠠᡳ ᡤᡝᠨᡝᠮᠪᡳ) - I immediately go
  • Attack 1 Bire! (ᠪᡳᡵᡝ) - Charge!
  • Attack 2 Wa! (ᠸᠠ) - Kill!
  • Attack 3 Je! (ᠵᡝ) - Yes!



The Manchu people overthrew the Ming dynasty in the middle of the seventeenth century. They established the Ch'ing dynasty and tried to remain separate from the general populace of China. They had been a nomadic people once, riding and fighting from horseback, and tending crops and herds. The Ch'ing dynasty ruled China for about 300 years.

Manchurian soldiers and warriors fought with recurve bows, swords, lances, halberds, and even their bare hands. They wore heavy robes that hung to the knee, allowing free movement on foot and horseback.
—In-game history section



v  d  e
Mercenary units in Age of Empires III
InfantryArmored Pistoleer^^ · Arsonist** · Askari^ · Barbary Corsair · Cannoneer^ · Dahomey Amazon^ · Fusilier* · Giant Grenadier^^ · Highlander · Irish Brigadier^^ · Iron Troop** · Jaeger · Landsknecht · Ninja* · Pandour^^ · Ronin · Swiss Pikeman · Zouave***
CavalryBlack Rider · Bosniak^^ · Elmetto* · Gatling Camel^ · Hackapell · Harquebusier*** · Jat Lancer** · Kanuri Guard^ · Mameluke · Manchu · Mounted Rifleman^^ · Royal Horseman^^ · Sennar Horseman^ · Stradiot · Yojimbo** · Zenata Rider^
ArtilleryLi'l Bombard* · Napoleon Gun***
ShipPrivateer · War Dhow^ · Wokou Junk** · Xebec^
InfantryDacoit** · Desert Archer^ · Desert Warrior^ · Hajduk^^ · Highwayman^^ · Inquisitor^^ · Pirate · Pistolero* · Renegado* · Thuggee** · Wokou Monk** · Wokou Pirate** · Wokou Ronin**
CavalryComanchero* · Cossack Daredevil^^ · Crabat^^ · Desert Raider^ · Highwayman^^ · Wokou Horseman**
ShipMarathan Catamaran**
Flag American act3 aoe3de.png United States***Gunslinger · Cowboy · Owlhoot
Flag MexicanDE.png Mexicans***Desperado · Cuatrero · Bandido
* added in The WarChiefs   ** in The Asian Dynasties   *** in the Definitive Edition   ^ in The African Royals   ^^ in Knights of the Mediterranean