|This article is about the unit in Age of Empires II. For the unit in Age of Empires III, see Mameluke (Age of Empires III).|
"Saracen unique unit. Camel with hand-to-hand attack at distance. Excels vs. other mounted units."—Age of Empires II description
Mamelukes can be upgraded to Elite Mamelukes in the Imperial Age.
Similarly to Throwing Axemen, Mamelukes are melee units, but they throw their scimitar for a range of 3. Due to their high speed (which makes them effective against foot-soldiers) and their natural strength against cavalry, Mamelukes are considered some of the best units in the game. This is offset by their high cost.
A well controlled group of these can take down any unit, except by higher number of ranged foot soldiers. Mamelukes are well rounded units suited for most combat situations.
When allied with Indians, Mamelukes benefit from the Indian team bonus that gives +5 attack bonus against buildings to Camels. In team games if the player has an Indian ally he or she can use the Mameluke as a supporting unit that can take down some buildings in a siege as well as they can counter the opponents cavalry that can put in danger the players siege engines that are used against Towers and Castles.
Mamelukes have a +11 bonus armor against anti-cavalry attacks since The Conquerors, however they are also in the camel armor class which means they actually take more damage from Pikemen and Camels. Mamelukes also take bonus damage from anti-archer attacks, which makes Skirmishers and Huskarls effective against them to a reasonable degree, even though these units have low melee armor meaning they take a lot of damage from Mamelukes.
Although counter-intuitive, Camels are a great counter to Mamelukes, since Mamelukes do not deal bonus damage to the camel-line. Camels on the other hand deal bonus damage against the cavalry armor class and the camel armor class, both to whom the Mameluke belongs. However, as stated above, the Mameluke has +11 bonus armor against anti-cavalry attack, so this negates the anti-cavalry bonus from a non-Heavy Camel.
Furthermore, in The Conquerors and The Forgotten, Mamelukes take bonus damage from anti-ship attacks, due to being in the ship armor class. Therefore, defensive structures deal huge damage to Mamelukes and should be avoided. In The African Kingdoms, however, that is fixed.
Further statistics Edit
As Mamelukes are unique to the Saracens, only technologies that are available to them are shown in the following table:
|Unit strengths and weaknesses|
|Strong vs.||Siege weapons, Cavalry Archers, cavalry, foot soldiers|
|Weak vs.||Pikemen, Kamayuks, Berserks, Genoese Crossbowmen|
|Hit points|| Bloodlines (+20)|
|Attack|| Forging (+1)|
Iron Casting (+1)
Blast Furnace (+2)
|Armor|| Scale Barding Armor (+1/+1)|
Chain Barding Armor (+1/+1)
Plate Barding Armor (+1/+2)
|Conversion defense|| Faith|
|Creation speed||Conscription (+33%)|
|Upgrades||Mamelukes can be upgraded to Elite Mamelukes|
Team bonuses Edit
- A team containing Berbers: With Kasbah researched, Mamelukes are created and upgraded 25% faster, and Conscription and Zealotry are researched 25% faster.
- A team containing Huns: Researching Bloodlines and Husbandry are 20% faster.
- A team containing Indians: Mamelukes have +5 attack against buildings.
- A team containing Teutons: Mamelukes are more resistant to conversion.
The Age of Kings Edit
- Mamelukes move at a speed of 1.41.
- Non-Elite Mamelukes have an attack of 7.
- Elite Mamelukes have a frame delay of 0.
The Conquerors Edit
- Mamelukes now move at a speed of 1.4.
- Mamelukes receive +11 bonus armor against anti-cavalry attacks. Also, Mamelukes get a new armor class they share with ships. Consequently, they take bonus damage from anti-ship attacks.
- Bloodlines introduced.
- Heresy introduced.
- Zealotry introduced.
The Forgotten Edit
- Non-Elite Mamelukes now have an attack of 8.
The African Kingdoms Edit
- The ship armor class is removed from the Mamelukes, and they receive a new camel armor class. Now only anti-camel, but not anti-ship attacks affect Mamelukes.
- With patch 4.8, Elite Mamelukes now have a frame delay of 5.
- The Mameluke has the cheapest Elite upgrade in the game (with a total of 1,100 resources).
- In-game, Mameluke rides a camel. This is historically incorrect, as mamelukes rode horses.
- Mamlūk مَمْلُوك literally means "possessed" (passive participle) in Arabic.
- Indeed, Arab rulers recruited mamelukes from enslaved Egyptians (now all Arabicized), Circassians, Georgians, Turks, and later Indo-European-speakers from the Balkans.
"The mamelukes were slaves trained as warriors by various Arab leaders, partially because early believers in Islam would not fight each other. Slave warriors got around this ban. The mamelukes were well trained and highly motivated. A mameluke army from Egypt won a rare victory against the Mongols in Syria, turning these barbarian horsemen back from the Nile and North Africa. In time the mamelukes rose up against their Arab rulers and took control themselves. When Napoleon invaded Egypt in the eighteenth century, he defeated a mameluke army at the Battle of the Pyramids."