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This article is about the unit in Age of Empires II. For the unit in Age of Empires III, see Mameluke (Age of Empires III).

Saracen unique unit. Camel with hand-to-hand attack at distance. Excels vs. other mounted units.
Age of Empires II description

The Mameluke is the unique unit of the Saracens in Age of Empires II. It is a Camel with a ranged melee attack and an attack bonus against cavalry.

Mamelukes can be upgraded to Elite Mamelukes in the Imperial Age.


Similarly to Throwing Axemen, Mamelukes are melee units, but they throw their scimitar for a range of 3. Due to their high speed (which makes them effective against foot-soldiers) and their natural strength against cavalry, Mamelukes are considered some of the best units in the game. This is offset by their high cost.

A well controlled group of these can take down any unit, except by higher number of ranged foot soldiers. Mamelukes are well rounded units suited for most combat situations.

When allied with Indians, Mamelukes benefit from the Indian team bonus that gives camel units +4 attack bonus against standard buildings. In team games if the player has an Indian ally they can use the Mameluke as a supporting unit that can take down some buildings in a siege as well as they can counter the opponents cavalry that can put in danger the players siege engines that are used against Towers and Castles.

Mamelukes work well when paired with Camel Riders, Onagers, and Cavalry Archers, all of which Saracens have above average (Siege Onagers with Siege Engineers and fully upgradeable Cavalry Archers without bonuses alone qualify as above average). They are also good when paired with the Saracen fully upgradeable Hussars to take down enemy Onagers, Bombard Cannons, Archers, Skirmishers, and Monks, or even as a cheap meatshield.

Mamelukes are in the camel armor class as well as the Mameluke armor class, which means they actually take more damage from Elite Mamelukes (+1), Spearmen (+4), Pikemen and Halberdiers (+11), and Heavy and Imperial Camel Riders (+7). Mamelukes also take bonus damage from anti-archer attacks, which makes Skirmishers (+2/+3/+4), Huskarls (+6/+10), and even Persian-allied Knight-line (+2) effective against them to a reasonable degree, even though these units have low melee armor or cavalry armor class, meaning they take a lot of damage from Mamelukes. Despite being in both the camel armor class and the archer armor class, Mamelukes are not in the cavalry archer armor class (unlike the Camel Archer). However, Camel Archers still possess advantages against Mamelukes, due to not having Cavalry Armor for themselves and having a longer range. Also, Mamelukes have no base pierce armor, and Camel Archers are also cheaper, making them a good trade-off fighting with Mamelukes.

Counter-intuitively, Camel Riders are a great counter to Mamelukes, since Mamelukes do not deal bonus damage to the Camel Rider line. The Camel Rider line, on the other hand, deals bonus damage against the camel armor class, with Heavy and Imperial Camel Riders both dealing +7 damage against the Mameluke armor class.

Also, in The Conquerors and The Forgotten, before The African Kingdoms, camel armor class was the same as Ship armor class (fixed with patch 4.8). They also used to be in the cavalry armor class (+11). So, in addition to all normal anti-camel attacks, it received 1, 4, 11, 21, 7 and 7 extra damage from Elite Mamelukes, Spearmen, Pikemen, Halberdiers, Heavy Camel Riders, and Imperial Camel Riders, before the release of the Definitive Edition.

Further statistics[]

As Mamelukes are unique to the Saracens, only technologies that are available to them are shown in the following table:

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Siege weapons, Cavalry Archers, melee units especially cavalry
Weak vs. Pikemen, Kamayuks, Genoese Crossbowmen, Teutonic Knights, Camel Riders, Camel Archers.
Hit points BloodlinesDE.png Bloodlines (+20)
Unique-tech-imperial.jpg Zealotry (+20)
Attack Forging aoe2de.png Forging (+1)
IronCastingDE.png Iron Casting (+1)
BlastFurnaceDE.png Blast Furnace (+2)
Armor ScaleBardingArmorDE.png Scale Barding Armor (+1/+1)
ChainBardingDE.png Chain Barding Armor (+1/+1)
PlateBardingArmorDE.png Plate Barding Armor (+1/+2)
Speed HusbandryDE.png Husbandry (+10%)
Conversion defense FaithDE.png Faith
HeresyDE.png Heresy
Creation speed ConscriptionDE.png Conscription (+33%)
Upgrades Elite-unique-research.jpg Elite Mameluke

Civilization bonuses[]

Team bonuses[]


The Age of Kings[]

The Conquerors[]

  • Mamelukes now move at a speed of 1.4.
  • Mamelukes receive +11 bonus armor against anti-cavalry attacks. Also, Mamelukes get a new armor class they share with ships and the Camel line. Consequently, they take bonus damage from anti-ship attacks.
  • The infantry armor class is replaced with the archer armor class.
  • Bloodlines introduced.
  • Heresy introduced.
  • Zealotry introduced. It gives Mamelukes +30 HP.
  • Camelry introduced.

The Forgotten[]

  • Non-Elite Mamelukes now have an attack of 8.
  • Camelry removed.

The African Kingdoms[]

  • The ship armor class is removed from the Mamelukes, and they receive a new camel armor class. Now only anti-camel, but not anti-ship attacks affect Mamelukes.
  • With patch 4.8, Elite Mamelukes now have a fire delay of 0.5 seconds.

Rise of Rajas[]

  • With patch 5.8, the cavalry armor class is removed from Mamelukes. Instead, a new unique armor class is added, against which the Elite Mameluke itself has an attack bonus of +1. Consequently, Halberdiers now deal -5 damage to Mamelukes.

Definitive Edition[]

  • Fire delay: regular Mameluke: 0.6 → 0.4 sec, Elite Mameluke: 0.5 → 0.2 seconds.
  • Halberdiers -5 attack vs Mameluke armor class (from +16 to +11).

Lords of the West[]

  • With update 44725, Mamelukes have +10 HP as a new civilization bonus. Zealotry gives Mamelukes +20 HP.


  • The Mameluke has the cheapest Elite upgrade in the game among all unique units (with a total of 1,100 resources).
  • In-game, Mameluke rides a camel. This is historically incorrect, as mamelukes rode horses.
    • Furthermore, even the in-game Mameluke's mount is the wrong species: Arab camel-riders rode the one-humped dromedaries, not the two-humped Bactrians, which were sometimes ridden by Timurid Tatars. This historical inaccuracy was likely done intentionally to make it easier to distinguish Mamelukes from generic Camel Riders.
  • Mamlūk مَمْلُوك literally means owned in Arabic.
    • Indeed, Arab rulers recruited mamelukes from enslaved Turkic peoples (e.g. Oghuzes, Cumans and Kipchaks, etc.), Arabicized Egyptians, Circassians, Georgians, as well as Greeks, Albanians, and South Slavs.
  • The Mameluke is the only unit that had infantry, archer and cavalry armor classes assigned to it in different versions of Age of Empires II.


The mamelukes were slaves trained as warriors by various Arab leaders, partially because early believers in Islam would not fight each other. Slave warriors got around this ban. The mamelukes were well trained and highly motivated. A mameluke army from Egypt won a rare victory against the Mongols in Syria, turning these barbarian horsemen back from the Nile and North Africa. In time the mamelukes rose up against their Arab rulers and took control themselves. When Napoleon invaded Egypt in the eighteenth century, he defeated a mameluke army at the Battle of the Pyramids.