FANDOM


Civilization Tech tree Strategy
A fascinating and storied history lies in the islands of the Malay Archipelago. Restore your king to his rightful throne, defeat his oldest enemies, and unite the Malay under the leadership of the wise Gajah Mada. Conquer Southeast Asia with swarms of elephants and upgrade your docks to fortified harbors that can shoot arrows. The Malay unique unit is the Karambit Warrior, an extremely cheap infantry unit that can quickly overwhelm its foes.
Description

The Malay are a Southeast Asian civilization introduced in Age of Empires II HD: Rise of the Rajas. They focus on infantry and navy.

The Malay are based on various kingdoms on the Malay Archipelago before the introduction of Islam and European conquest, mainly Srivijaya and Majapahit during the reign of Hayam Wuruk.

The kingdoms of the Malay Archipelago were able to field large number of troops because of the archipelago's large population. To reflect this, the Malay have a cheap and rapidly-deployed unique unit that allows higher population than usual and a unique technology that enables the Malay to train and thus also easily field Militia-line units without spending gold. Because the Malay Archipelago is strategically located between India and China, it was often visited by people from both regions who introduced new cultures and technologies to the locals. Therefore, the Malay advance to the next Ages much faster than other civilizations.

Coastal defense is essential for kingdoms located in the region. Thus, Malay Docks and their allies have much longer Line of Sight. Furthermore, the Malay have access to Thalassocracy that gives their Docks the ability to defend themselves. The vast sea provided huge amount of fish which the people skillfully fished. Therefore, the Malay Fish Traps are cheaper and provide unlimited food. The Sumatran and Java forest had large number of wild elephants and they were often tamed by local people to do various tasks. This is reflected by the Malay's ability to train cheaper Battle Elephants.

Overview Edit

The Malay are primarily a naval civilization. Consequently, their naval technology tree is flawless apart from the missing Heavy Demolition Ship. Their true strength lies in naval economy, however. Their Fish Traps are cheaper and provide unlimited food meaning a lot of wood can be saved which can make all the difference especially in longer games. Additionally, they can upgrade their Docks to Harbors which comes in handy when defending Fishing Ships on the shore. As far as their land units are concerned the Malay go for quantity rather than quality and lack really powerful units. A lot of final tier upgrades are missing (e.g. Champion, Hussar, Siege Ram), but they get cost reductions on their Two-Handed Swordsmen and Battle Elephants which makes massing them more easy. Generally speaking, their cavalry is downright terrible without even Chain Barding Armor. The infantry is fair, the archers are as well, at least the foot soldiers. The siege weapons are rather underwhelming as well, but they do get Siege Engineers and Bombard Cannons. Their Monks are average. Their defensive structures are lacking, but their economy is overall strong.

Campaign appearances Edit

The Malay have a campaign devoted to their civilization: Gajah Mada.

Characteristics Edit

Unique unit Edit

Karambitwarrioricon-DE Karambit Warrior: Cheap infantry that only takes up half a population space

Unique technologies Edit

UniqueTechCastle-DE Thalassocracy: Upgrades Docks to Harbors.
UniqueTechImperial-DE Forced Levy: Changes the gold cost of the Militia line to food cost.

Civilization bonuses Edit

Team bonus Edit

Docks have double Line of Sight.

Changelog Edit

Rise of the Rajas Edit

  • Initially, advancing in Age is +100% faster. With patch 5.3, that was reduced to +80%.
  • Initially, Fishing Ships are 33% cheaper. With patch 5.3, that bonus was taken away.
  • Initially, Battle Elephants are 20% cheaper. With patch 5.3, that was increased to 25%. With patch 5.7 that was further increased to 30%.
  • Initially, Harbors have a Rate of Fire of 2.5 and 2,200 HP. With patch 5.3, that was decreased to 3 and 2,000, respectively.
  • Initially, Elite Karambit Warriors have 2 pierce armor. With patch 5.3, that was reduced to 1.
  • Non-Elite Karambit Warriors initially have 5 base attack. With patch 5.5, they now have an attack of 6.
  • Elite Karambit Warriors initially have 8 base attack. With patch 5.7, they now have an attack of 7.
  • Karambit Warriors initially cost 25 food and 10 gold. With patch 5.8, they now cost 30 food and 15 gold.
  • Forced Levy removes the gold cost from Militia-line units and costs 1,000 food and 600 gold.

Definitive Edition Edit

  • Harbors minimum range increased to 1 (from 0) and are now affected by Murder Holes.
  • Harbors base attack reduced from 6 to 3.
  • Harbor bonus attack vs. ships increased from 9 to 10.
  • Forced Levy now changes Militia line gold cost into additional food cost, and costs 850 food and 500 gold.

In-game dialogue language Edit

Malay units speak Old Malay (Melayu Kuno or Melayu Tua), an Austronesian language which includes several Sanskrit words.

Old Malay is spoken by the Sailendra dynasty of the Medang Kingdom and the Srivijaya Empire, and over time evolved into the modern Malay and Indonesian languages.

Villager Edit

  • Siap. – Ready.
  • Iya. – Yes.
  • Swasti. – Sanskrit for "peace" or "prosper"
  • Aku mengerti. – I understand.
  • Aku mengumpulkan. – I'm gathering.
  • Aku menggali tambang. – I'm mining. (literally "digging mine")
  • Aku membangun gedung. – I'm building a structure.
  • Aku panumbang kayu. – I'm the woodcutter/lumberjack.
  • Aku memanen. – I'm harvesting.
  • Aku pamarbaik. – I'm the repairer. (pamarbaik is an archaic form of perbaik ("repair") in modern Malay and Indonesian)

Monk Edit

  • Iya. – Yes.
  • Titah baginda? – Order, sire?
  • Om maheshwaraya. – Sanskrit for "God is the greatest lord"
  • Benar. – Right.

Military Edit

  • Iya? – Yes?
  • Iya, baginda. – Yes, sire.
  • Aku pangarti. – I understand. (pangarti is an archaic form of mengerti ("understand") in modern Malay and Indonesian)
  • Angkat sanjata! – To arms! (literally "Raise the weapon!")
  • Maju! – Onward!
  • Tabik! – Salute!

AI player names Edit

When playing a random map game against the computer, the player may encounter any of the following Malay AI characters:

  • Balaputra: A maharaja of Srivijaya in the 9th century CE as well as the former head of the Sailendra dynasty. Before rising as maharaja of Srivijaya though, he was the heir to the Ancient Mataram Kingdom, a Hindu-Buddha kingdom in Java back then, but was eventually forced to leave Java by the forces of Rakai Pikatan, a member of the rival Sanjaya Dynasty, who later founded the Medang Kingdom.
  • Dharmasetu: An 8th century maharaja of Srivijaya. Under his reign, he successfully incorporated Pan Pan, a kingdom located in the north of the Malay Peninsula into Srivijayan sphere of influence before 775 AD.
  • Gajah Mada: Commander of Majapahit elite guard, the Bhayangkara. Then the Prime Minister of Majapahit, replacing Arya Tadah. He was well known for his Palapa Oath and expanding Majapahit territories across the Malay Archipelago. He was dismissed after the Bubat Tragedy.
  • Hayam Wuruk: A Javanese King from the Rajasa Dynasty and the fourth monarch of the Majapahit Empire. Together with his prime minister Gajah Mada, he reigned the empire at the time of its greatest power.
  • Jayanegara: Prince of Kediri in 1295 reigned from 1309 to 1328, was a Javanese King and the second monarch of Majapahit Empire.
  • Parameswara: The last King of Singapura. According to the Malay annals, he ruled Singapura from 1389 to 1398. The king fled the island kingdom after a Majapahit naval invasion in 1398 and founded his new stronghold on the mouth of Bertam river in 1402.
  • Raden Wijaya: A Javanese king, the founder and the first monarch of Majapahit Empire and the son-in-law of the last Singhasari monarch, Kertanegara.
  • Samaratungga: The head of the Sailendra dynasty who ruled Central Java and Srivijaya in the 8th and the 9th century.
  • Sang Nila Utama: A Srivijayan prince from Palembang said to have founded the Kingdom of Singapura in 1299.
  • Sultan Mansur Shah: The sixth Sultan of Malacca. He ruled Malacca from 1459 to 1477. He ascended the throne after the death of his father, Muzaffar Shah.
  • Sultan Muzaffar Shah: The fifth Sultan of Malacca. He ruled from 1445 to 1459.

Trivia Edit

  • If a player picks the Malay civilization, the bottom left and center of the navigation bar will show a ship image and a sun-like symbol respectively. The ship is based on a ship relief on the Borobudur Temple, while the sun is based on the Surya Majapahit (Sun of Majapahit).
    • The ship presented at the history section and used as the Gajah Mada campaign icon resembles the Borobudur ship. However, recent studies showed that this kind of ship was not used by Majapahit Empire; Majapahit's main type of naval ship was the jong.
    • In the Serving the New King scenario of the Gajah Mada campaign in the Definitive Edition, a sketch of a pinisi-rigged vessel is used to represent an east Indonesian ship. However, this is inaccurate, as pinisi-rigged vessels just started appearing after the 1900s.
  • The Malay are the only civilization that can train cavalry but have no access to Chain Barding Armor.
  • Despite the Malay being loosely based on the inhabitants of Malay Archipelago, some of the civilization's traits are primarily borrowed from the Javanese that would later become part of modern Indonesia. Their campaign focuses on Gajah Mada, the chief minister of the Majapahit Empire based on the island of Java, who is considered a significant figure in Indonesian history. Their Wonder is the Kalasan Temple, which is located in Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
    • The Karambit however, while a popular weapon with the peasants of Java, is actually said to originate from Sumatra (from where the Srivijaya Empire originated), and more specifically from the Minangkabau people, based in West Sumatra (Sumatera Barat) and known today as the largest matrilineal society in the world.
  • The Malay are also the second civilization in the game to receive a unique building, after the Portuguese.
  • According to Majapahit era literature, the Majapahit Empire controlled parts of the island of New Guinea, which geographically belongs to Australasia. This technically means that with the inclusion of the Malay, Age of Empires II now represents parts from all continents except Antarctica.
  • The Malay are the only civilization in the game that has access to Bombard Towers, but not Fortified Walls.
    • Malay also have access to Cannon Galleons. This may be a reference to the Cetbang, which was a Majapahit invention.
  • The Malay are the only civilization in the game that has access to elephants and Heresy.
  • One of the in-game dialogues of the Monk (Om Maheshwaraya) is one of the praising forms associated to the Hindu god Shiva.
  • The Malay's civilization icon is based on a Minang shield.

History Edit

The Malay Archipelago is the world’s largest archipelago, consisting of more than 25,000 islands in present-day Indonesia, the Philippines, Brunei, East Timor, Malaysia and Singapore. To travel and colonize so many islands, the islanders developed sophisticated navigation and boat building skills beginning in 50,000 BC. From the first millennium AD, multiple port towns expanded into small kingdoms thanks to a profitable trade position between India and China. As a result of this interaction with India, these early states adopted many elements from Hinduism and Buddhism. During the Middle Ages, some port cities managed to conquer large parts of the archipelago. Three maritime empires, also called thalassocracies, were particularly influential:

One of the first states to dominate the archipelago was Srivijaya (671-1377) in Southern Sumatra. To secure their trade with China, the maharajas of Srivijaya conquered several kingdoms in Sumatra, the Malaysian peninsula, and Java. Naval expeditions even ventured up the Mekong river in mainland Southeast Asia, but the emergence of the powerful Khmer Empire prevented a long-lasting presence. As an international center for Buddhism and education, the capital of Palembang attracted many pilgrims and scholars from all over Asia. Although the maharajas did not erect many temples themselves, their vassals in Java constructed some of the largest Buddhist monuments in the world, such as Borobudur and Sewu. Despite these economic and cultural achievements, the Srivijaya empire gradually disintegrated under the pressure of Indian raids and Javanese conquests beginning in the eleventh century.

After Srivijaya, Javanese kingdoms rose to prominence. One of them, the Majapahit Empire (1293-1527), eventually became one of the most powerful states in Southeast Asia. In 1293, Raden Wijaya founded the empire by allying with the invading Mongol armies to depose his rival, after which he vanquished the Mongols in a surprise attack. Under the military leadership of Gajah Mada (1313-1364), prime minister to two emperors, Majapahit reached its largest extent: from the Malaysian peninsula in the west to New Guinea in the east. During this golden era, arts, literature, and architecture flourished. Puppet theatre and orchestras were developed. A truly Javanese culture emerged through the synthesis of Shiva worship and Tantric Buddhism. In the fifteenth century, internal strife and the emergence of a new trading power called Malacca led to the decline of the Majapahit.

In 1398, the Majapahit had invaded Singapura, a small kingdom in the Malaysian peninsula. Their king, Parameswara, fled the state and founded the city of Malacca. Thanks to good relations with the Chinese Ming dynasty, the city attracted merchants and gradually became one of the major ports on the Indo-Chinese trade route. At the end of his reign, King Paramesware converted to Islam, thereby founding the Malacca Sultanate (1414-1511). Although Southeast Asia had come into contact with Islam from an early date via traders, Muslim communities had remained limited. With the territorial expansion of the Sultanate, Malacca became an important center from which Islam spread. Subsequently, the Malay culture, initially inspired by Hinduism and Buddhism, underwent profound cultural changes inspired by their new Islamic faith.

Lured by the rich trade of the archipelago, European explorers came to Southeast Asia from the end of the Middle Ages. In 1511, a Portuguese army under Afonso de Albuquerque conquered the port of Malacca, marking the end of the Sultanate. For the next several centuries, European states would dominate the trade in the archipelago.

Gallery Edit

Video overview Edit

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.