Macedonians refers to the inhabitants of the kingdom of Macedonia, one of the playable civilizations introduced in Age of Empires: The Rise of Rome. They were a major power in ancient times, conquering Persia, Egypt, and western India under Alexander the Great. The in-game Macedonians represent the successor states of the Macedonian empire founded by Alexander's generals better known as the "Diadochi", such as the Antigonids, Epirus and the Seleucid empire. They are primarily an offensivecivilization due to their variety of bonuses for elite units. Like the Persians, the Macedonians lack economic upgrades found in the Market and are slow in the beginning of the game, making them unreliable in games with low resources, although with a reduction in costs for siege units they can produce cheaper sieges.
A notable downside is their inability to construct Temples and train Priests, but that is made up for all their units being 4 times more resistant to conversion than those of other civilizations.
Under the rule of Alexander the Great, the Macedonians were able to made a relentless expansion to the east and conquer the first superpower ever seen in the world; the Achaemenid Empire. To reflect this, all of their units have high resistance against conversion and all melee units have increased Line of Sight. During and after the dissolution of the Macedonian Empire, Alexander's generals, known as "Diadochi", founded several states in the former territory of the empire, continued and improved the use and structure of the already powerful Phalanx, providing better equipment and armor. To reflect this, their Academy units have increased pierce armor. Finally, and unlike their Greek relatives, the Macedonians adopted Siege Weapons in greater scale, which is reflected with their cheaper Catapults.