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The Khmer is a siege and Battle Elephant civilization with a strong focus on Scorpions and their unique unit, the Ballista Elephant. One of their unique civilization bonuses is their ability to build any building or advance to the next Age without pre-requisites, allowing unconventional build orders and strategies. Due to the double-edged sword nature of the bonus, the civilization is designed for more experienced players than for beginners.


The Khmer is a powerful siege civilization that puts a lot of emphasis on two units: Scorpions and Battle Elephants. Their Scorpions receive both a team bonus of +1 range and their unique Double Crossbow tech, allowing them (and their Ballista Elephant unique unit) to fire a second projectile for a potential double damage. Meanwhile, their Battle Elephants are fully upgradeable, move 10% faster, and benefit from their unique Tusk Swords tech; with Husbandry research, Khmer elephants are fast enough to serve as economy raiders.

Their Ballista Elephant unique unit also has the ability to cut down trees, and is the only unit capable of doing so in the Castle Age. This allows them to catch enemies off-guard in Black Forest maps. Otherwise, it is basically a more durable version of the Scorpion with less range and attack. Because of the unique combination of being a cavalry unit and siege weapon, the Ballista Elephant is the only siege unit that can be healed by Monks, which are a welcomed addition to Khmer armies due to their costly but very durable units (despite the Khmer's poor monastery tech tree).

Khmer have access to every siege weapon in the game except for the Siege Onager and the Bombard Cannon.

Despite their lack of early game economy bonuses, they are an exceptional early game civilization due to their civilization bonus of ignoring building prerequisites, saving up to 425 wood when executing popular strategies such as the fast castle rush (with only Mill + 4 Houses, skipping the Lumber Camp, Market, and Blacksmith). Furthermore, it encourages flexibility in gameplay and strategy, and allows the Khmer to be completely unpredictable and ignore conventional build orders to can catch the enemy off-guard.

Their ability to garrison villagers in houses to protect them from raids (although they don't fire arrows) allows Khmer to save villagers where other civilizations might lose them. It bears remembering that walled-off areas are still accessible to Khmer villagers as long as a House is used as part of that wall.

In the Definitive Edition, Khmer farmers gain the ability to drop off food from anywhere. This gives some unique options to the Khmer, such as farming in the back of the base without the additional cost of a Mill, or building Farms near advanced bases so Villagers don't idle when they're not building military buildings (i.e. after a Castle drop).


While the Khmers are a very strong siege civilization, they have severe weaknesses as well.

Their Monks and Monastery tree is one of the worst, as they don't have access to Atonement and Block Printing, making their Monk rushes incredibly weak. To make things worse, they don't have Heresy (nor Faith, before the Definitive Edition), making their expensive units such as the Ballista Elephant and Battle Elephants incredibly vulnerable to enemy Monk conversion.

Their cavalry line is very reasonable in the early/mid game, with all upgrades available for a Scout or Knight rush. However they lack Paladins and Camels, making their late-game cavalry (other than Battle Elephants) underwhelming and is completely outmatched in mixed cavalry (Knight/Camel army) engagements. They are forced to rely on Battle Elephants, which despite a move speed increase cannot keep up with the mobility of full cavalry armies.

Their infantry and archer lines are both weak. They lack the Champion upgrade, as well as Squires and Plate Mail Armor, resulting in incredibly weak Halberdiers in late game(they also do not get Supplies in the Definitive Edition). They're missing Thumb Ring and despite having Parthian Tactics, their Cavalry Archers fight poorly due to their low 50% accuracy without the Thumb Ring upgrade. They still have effective Pikeman against Knight rushes and Hand Cannoneers to counter mass infantry.

With poor Halberdiers, no Hussars(in the HD Edition), and no Champions (the default trash-killer), the Khmer are incredibly weak in late game trash wars when gold is scarce.

The Khmers' ability to build buildings or advance ages without prerequisite buildings is difficult to use well. It can be incredibly strong, but it can also backfire hard. For example, if the Khmers attempt to go for a fast Castle Age for a Battle Elephant rush without building other important buildings, they will not only have a weaker economy, but can also be punished hard by a Feudal Archer or Scout rush (due to inability to produce Spearmen and Skirmishers), or even a Knight counter-rush. The Khmers should use this civilization bonus wisely and adjust to their strategies based on civilization matchups, maps, and situations.


The Khmers are a very unique civilization on their own, since they do not need to build any pre-requisite building to either advance to the next age or unlock other buildings. This makes the Khmers not only incredibly versatile, but also incredibly unpredictable when it comes to gameplay and strategy. It is possible to go for a fast Castle Age rush within under 15 minutes since the Khmers save a lot of wood and time when advancing to the next Age, although such strategy would leave them vulnerable to enemy raids in open maps. The Khmers can go directly for a Archer or Scout rush in the Feudal Age without the need to build a Barracks, hence allowing the Khmers to close out games in the Feudal or Castle Age relatively quickly. Regardless, when playing the Khmers, it is important to be unpredictable on what you are about to do.

If a player intends to perform a rush with Khmers (independent of which kind of unit they will use), the focus in the Dark Age for them should be on food entirely and use their initial wood on three houses and two farms (as they don't require a mill to build farms). This will save the time required to create a lumber camp and a Mill and also while other civilizations will have to collect 100 wood in order to create a lumber camp for aging up, the Khmer villagers will only have to collect 500 food and the lumber camps should only be created when the trees near the town center are chopped out.

Unlike other civilizations the Khmer houses are capable of garrisoning villagers. This ability enables for them to minimize loses when an opponent is raiding their towns, so it is advisable to create houses near to the working areas of the villagers and also around the farming areas. This bonus can also be valuable for turtling as the houses can be used as a wall substitute while allowing villagers to still pass them (by garrison and degarrison on the other side). A useful application of the bonus can be seen here.

One of the biggest strengths with the Khmers is their strong Scorpions. Since Scorpions are considered to underused by most civilizations, this makes Scorpion rushes very viable for the Khmers due to their team bonus granting Scorpions extra range and their Double Crossbow unique tech. In fact, a fully upgradeable Heavy Scorpion can actually outrange a fully upgradeable Siege Onager (except Korean ones) if the Scorpions are microed properly. The Ballista Elephant is basically a tankier version of the Scorpion with lower range and attack, but the natural tankiness itself makes them very threatening against massed infantry and archers. Their ability to cut down trees makes the Khmers one of the top tier civilizations in Black Forest maps, allowing them to catch enemies off-guard when playing defensively. Ballista Elephants should be well-protected though, as they still have their typical cavalry, siege weapon, and elephant based weaknesses (especially Monks), so they need to be protected based on the enemy's army composition.

Across from their powerful siege, the Khmers have one of the best Battle Elephant rushes in the game. Having access to their typical cavalry unit upgrades including all the Battle Elephant Blacksmith upgrades, Bloodlines, and Husbandry, their Battle Elephants also move 15% faster, making their Battle Elephants essentially raiding units and more threatening to enemy foot archers. In fact, Battle Elephant rushes should be considered over Knight rushes since despite being a bit costly, their high mobility combined with the Battle Elephant's tankiness makes them incredibly threatening to towns since Battle Elephants also do bonus damage against buildings. The second unique tech, Tusk Swords, makes their Battle Elephants even more threatening as well.

The Khmers are also very solid on water maps, since they have access to every essential naval units and upgrade, only lacking the Two-Man Saw and Heavy Demolition Ship. In fact, thanks to their civilization bonus not needing to build any pre-requisite buildings, the Khmers can easily skip out on Mill or any other military buildings and simply focus on building a Dock and Blacksmith with Fishing Ships and Fish Traps as their main food income.

In general terms, the Khmers are essentially a fast-paced civilization with emphasis on unpredictably. They can perform a variety of strategies (scout rush, archer rush, fast castle, knight rush, galley rush) better and faster than most civilizations. Those who enjoy playing civilizations with versatile playstyles such as a Byzantines, Malians, and Chinese can find themselves home with the Khmers (especially for players familiar playing as the Chinese since the Chinese share the same high skill cap as the Khmers).

Patch changes[]

The Khmer were given the Arbalester upgrade, which is fitting historically, since the Khmer Empire is known to have used crossbows frequently in their armies. This allows the Khmer to perform a "slow push" strategy with Trebuchets, Siege Rams, and Halberdiers; but their Arbalesters are still weaker than usual, due to the lack of Thumb Ring.

Strategy changes in the Definitive Edition[]

The Khmer's naval power is weakened drastically with the loss of Shipwright, which is most likely to balance out their ability to build any building or advance to the next age without prerequisites. Their Battle Elephants are also weaker, since their base attack is reduced to 14, but were given the Hussar upgrade to improve their trash war potential and late-game cavalry. The Khmer are given Faith to make their siege weapons and Battle Elephants less vulnerable to conversion. They also received the new general technology Supplies, which helped them to field swordsmen more easily.

Since update 34699, their farmers now do not require drop off sites (the food gathered goes directly to the stock), so farms can be much more freely placed, while at the same time, they save walking time for increased farming rates. This lets the Khmer to place farms around their houses, around towers or castles, which lets them better defend from a raid. Since update 36906, they lost access to the Bombard Cannon, and have to rely on Heavy Scorpions, Ballista Elephants and Trebuchets to destroy buildings from afar. The update also reduced the workrate of their farmers by 3%, mainly to compensate for the new bonus of their Farmers. They are still effective economically.

In update 37650, they lost access to Supplies, with the purpose to balance their new farming bonus in the early game.

Update 39284 reduced the trample damage of Battle Elephants from 50% to 25%, mainly because they were able to easily defeat massed Halberdiers and Camel Riders, as well other units (especially in the Khmer case, with their increased speed and attack). The reduction allowed their natural counters to work properly better against them in a pitched battle.

Update 42848 weakened the Khmer's strengths; the Battle Elephant's attack against buildings was reduced to 4 for standard and 7 for Elite, the collision size for elephant units was increased, the farming bonus was further reduced to 5% slower, the Battle Elephant speed bonus reduced to 10%, and finally, the Tusk Swords technology cost was increased to 300 wood and 450 gold. All these nerfs take the direction for balancing team games because the Khmer were able to reach the Castle Age quickly (as fast as after 14 minutes), thus being able to deploy their feared Battle Elephants in overwhelming numbers which were able to outrun foot archers and supported by a growing food source of their farmers, giving their team a huge advantage and being considered overpowered in team games. However, their Battle Elephants are still a strong unit to raid and fight in prolonged melee fights and can still outrun foot archers, but now they need to research Husbandry to do that.


The Khmers have a good variety of teammates that would love the extra range for their Scorpions. In particular, civilizations with relatively strong siege line, such as the Mongols, Celts, Slavs, and Teutons can take effective use for the extra range for their Scorpions. Some of the said civilizations have team bonuses that are greatly beneficial to the Khmers. The Mongols extra line of sight for their Scouts allows Khmers to open up for a Feudal Age Scout rush. The faster workrate from the Celts is a lovely blessing for the Khmers since the Khmers already have a strong siege line.

In particular, Slavs and Teutons synergize almost perfectly with the Khmer. The Slavs' giving military buildings extra population have great synergy with the Khmer's quirk of garrisoning villagers inside houses, thus allowing forward bases of military buildings and Houses at the same time, that can potentially be built close to enemy bases in order to harass and exploit nearby resources. Slavs will, in return, have greater use for their cheaper Scorpions and can somewhat better counter the Monks that can convert their Boyars. Finally, the Teutons' conversion resistance and their strong monks and offset the Khmer's weak Monk line and Battle Elephant vulnerability to conversion, while Ironclad-boosted Scorpions with + 1 range can better cover their vulnerabilities against Ranged Cavalry, such as Conquistadors, who wear down Teutonic Knights and Paladins. An alliance that combines Slavs, Teutons, Celts and/or Khmer (at least 3 of them) might prove to be extremely hard to beat (though a Teuton-Slav-Khmer alliance will be better protected against Monks, whereas Celts will allow the team to better exploit their siege).

The Chinese will love the Khmer extra range for their Heavy Scorpions, noting that the Chinese main weaknesses for their Heavy Scorpions is the lack of Siege Engineers, and fully upgraded Chinese Heavy Scorpions with the Rocketry technology will make the Chinese Heavy Scorpions more threatening. If the Khmers wish to utilize their fast and tough bruiser - their Battle Elephants, the Huns are also a great ally. Since the Khmers have access to Hand Cannoneers, the Turks faster creation speed for gunpowder units is also a nice addition. Alternatively, the Gurjaras grant production boost for Khmer Battle Elephants and Ballista Elephants.

When the team intends to perform a Springboard tactic, Khmer can be used as both as a spring or a springboard, but it should be preferably used as the spring as they can age up quickly to Castle and Imperial Age while having also very powerful Battle Elephants and Scorpions as core units.

Compared advantages and disadvantages[]

Advantages vs other civilizations[]

  • The Ballista Elephant is a hybrid between cavalry and siege unit that can fire 2 bolts after Double Crossbow is researched. With the bulkiness of an elephant, it counters arrow fire quite well, so civilizations reliant on archers (like Britons or Chinese) may have a hard time against them, especially if massed. This also applies against massed infantry, especially against civilizations with poor infantry (like the Persians). Being a siege unit who can cut down trees and an Elephant is also useful against buildings and turtling players, giving the Khmer power against defensive civilizations (like the Byzantines or the Incas) if properly supported.
  • Being a civilization with good mid and late game and able to boom their economy, they can defeat civilizations that fare otherwise in closed maps like Black Forest (regular or bad late game, regular mid game, but good early game) like the Aztecs, the Huns and the Malians, especially if starting at Castle Age onwards.
  • As they can skip some buildings to perform certain strategies they are able to raid effectively with cavalry in the Feudal and Castle Age, or go for an archer rush, so civilizations with mediocre early or mid game will have trouble against Khmer.
  • Thanks to their faster Battle Elephants with better attack through Tusk Swords, the Khmer are one of the few civilizations that can perform a Battle Elephant rush (the other is the Malay). This makes the Khmer incredibly threatening in the early Castle Age. Their Battle Elephant, just by iself, is incredibly threatening in the early Castle Age, especially for unprepared opponents with weak early-game. As they deal trample damage, they are able to counter masses of non-pike infantry such as Karambit Warriors, Shotel Warriors, Goth Huskarls and Champions. Thanks to their increased speed, they are able to catch foot archers, so civilizations with heavy use of archers (especially Mayans, Vietnamese, and Ethiophians) will have problems when facing Khmer Battle Elephants, especially when they come in groups. Their increased attack makes them a good choice as a anti-cavalry unit, so civilizations with prominent cavalry (Including Franks, Persians and Huns) will have deal with it.
  • As they have a fairly open tech tree, while they can skip some buildings to develop their strategies, and pretty unorthodox main units (Battle Elephants and Scorpions), they can effectively counter civilizations more limited in that regard (like the Mayans, the Magyars, the Aztecs, the Britons and other "specialist" civilizations).
  • Regarding naval warfare, their ability to skip creating buildings may enable them to perform early Galley raids, so they are at advantage against civilizations that have poor early-game navy.
  • Defensively, they have an advantage against civilizations that may rely on raiding Villagers to get an edge (such as Magyars, Huns, and Mongols), since their villagers can garrison inside houses, giving them a better chance to survive an early rush.
  • Their Scorpions are a great asset against masses of infantry or archers or even against other siege units (with some exceptions; see in disadvantages), civilizations reliant on masses of infantry (such as Malay or Goths) or reliant on masses of archers (like the Mayans and Britons) may have trouble against the Khmer Scorpions.
  • Although they have one of the weakest Monastery technology trese, the Khmer at least have access to Redemption and Sanctity, making the Monk rush still a potential way in the Castle Age.

Disadvantages vs other civilizations[]

  • Despite the tankiness and damage output, their Ballista Elephants have several drawbacks, as they fall in 4 armor class categories. They are very vulnerable to Pikemen, Camels, and Incan Kamayuks. As it is counted as a siege unit, oddly Rams can also be a counter to them. tThe Magyar Huszar and the Mongol Mangudai are also good counters. Eagle Warriors are especially threatening to them. Of course, being a Unique unit makes the Ballista Elephant vulnerable against Japanese Samurai. The Gothic Huskarl with their high speed and pierce armor, Italian Genoese Crossbowmen, Viking infantry (after Chieftains is researched) and Saracen Mameluke are also threats. They also have low conversion resistance as well, as Khmer can't research Heresy(and Faith in the HD Edition), so civilizations with good monks (like Saracens, Aztecs, Burmese and Spanish) can convert them with ease. Being slow as Siege units, they are vulnerable against cavalry units, so civilizations with a strong knight line (Especially the Franks, Persians and Huns, and even Berbers with cheaper Knights and Malians after Farimba) can be a serious threat to them.
  • Most of the same drawbacks the Ballista Elephants have can be applied as well to their 2 core units (Scorpions and Battle Elephants) by separating categories. Civilizations with access to the Eagle Warrior (Incas, Mayans and Aztecs) are probably the biggest threath to the Scorpion + Battle Elephant Khmer army, as Eagle Warriors deal bonus damage vs both siege units and cavalry, while all of the tree civilizations have good monks and a good anti-cavalry unit (Pikemen with Garland wars for Aztecs, Halberdiers for Incas and Mayans, and Kamayuks for Incas), so Khmers in that case should use other units.
  • Regarding their Scorpions, despite being able to counter some other siege units (with Siege Engineers, their Scorpions can even outrange standard Onagers), Korean Siege Onagers, Ethiopian siege units, Mongol siege units with the Drill upgrade (if properly micromanaged to take advantage of their speed), and Celt siege units can overturn them easily. They are also very vulnerable to cavalry, especially Magyar Hussars and Mongol Mangudai, and farther-ranged siege units like the Bombard Cannon.
  • Despite their versatility early in the game and even in the mid game, later on they are more limited in their options, especially in the Imperial Age.
  • Despite their skip-building bonus being a nice asset to perform early raids, the Khmer are also very vulnerable to early-game aggression because of the same reason, so civilizations like Aztecs, Huns, Magyars, and Incas may overturn them in the early game with a counter-rush.
  • Despite having the best Battle Elephants in the game, their other Stable units are mediocre, lacking the Hussar and Paladin upgrades and Camels. Their Battle Elephants are statwise inferior to Persian War Elephants, and civilizations with strong Camels (like Indians, Saracens and Berbers) or prominent infantry (like the Viking infantry after Chieftains, Halbediers from Celts, Slavs after Druzhina, Byzantines and Goths with cheaper Halbediers and fast creating rate, Japanese with increased attack rate and Burmese with increased attack) and massed Genoese Crossbowmen are still a threat to their Battle Elephants. Like most of other Elephant civilizations, the Khmers lack Heresy, making their Battle Elephants very prone to conversion, especially against civilizations with strong monks (Like Saracens, Aztecs, and Spanish).
  • The Khmer can go for a Monk rush in the Castle Age, but in the Imperial Age, lacking Block Printing is a severe problem. Also, the Khmer Monk is extremely vulnerable to conversion, as they lack both Atonement and Heresy (in the HD Edition, this is even worse, since they also lack Faith)
  • Regarding naval warfare, their advantage is short-lived, and civilizations with a strong navy (like Vikings, Portuguese, Malay, and Berbers) can defeat them with ease later on.

Situational advantages[]

  • Khmer skipping building bonus may give them an edge in nomad maps, since they just need a location with wood to place their Town Center, since they can spent the rest of the wood on Farms and Houses without needing to create a Mill, so they don't have to worry about finding a location with bushes, fish, deer or boars, making the selection of the location for their initial Town Center just a matter of preference (still finding gold and stone will be needed furtherly).
  • In maps like Socotra, where players start with some Houses, but not walls, Khmer have an early defensive edge, since they can garrison their Villagers inside those Houses in an emergency.
  • Their Ballista Elephant gives the Khmer a very distinctive advantage in densely forested maps (like Black Forest), as these are the only siege units in the Castle Age that can open a path through the forest, enabling them to make surprise incursions into the enemy town much earlier than any of their counterparts. Their House bonus is also a great asset in Black Forest, since those can be used sometimes as wall replacement, but in the Khmer's case, it may also be used as a replacement for a gate exclusively used by Villagers. Being a civilization where most of their bonuses shine in the Castle and Imperial Age ,they can wall up in these kind of maps, then boom and attack. The same logic applies in maps like Fortress and Arena.
  • Having access to Hand Cannoneers and Bombard Cannons as well as Battle Elephants, good Scorpions, and an unorthodox unique unit, they are well suited for Post-Imperial Matches.
  • As they can age up without needing to create buildings, in Death Match mode, they can take that as an advantage, since they can start the game advancing to the next ages until reaching Imperial Age, while their 3 initial villagers create Houses and military buildings (and Town Centers once reaching Castle Age). Similarly, in high resource settings in random map games, they can skip Dark Age and Feudal Age (this last if starting in the Feudal Age). This ability is also very helpful in "Wonder Race" mode.