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The Kangxi Emperor (1654 - 1722) was the fourth emperor of the Qing Dynasty and is the Chinese civilization AI in skirmish in Age of Empires III: The Asian Dynasties. He ruled from 1661 to 1722. Today, he is considered one of China's greatest emperors. In-game, he is voiced by Barry Dennen.


As an ally[]

  • Beginning of a game - "You must be the one that the spirits foretold. I am honored to make your aquaintance."
  • Beginning a game where Kangxi was an enemy previously - "We should never have quarreled as enemies. I always found your leadership exceptional." or "I extended the hand of friendship to you. Please do not hold an old grudge against a new ally."
  • Beginning a game where a player won the battle last time - "Greetings, I have heard about your skill in battle and your mercy towards people."
  • Beginning a game where a player lost last time - "We could have never predicted our last defeat. Let us leave it in the past, and think of the future."
  • Player obtains coin from Treasure - "Greed is not greed when it benefits a righteous cause such as ours."
  • Player obtains unit from Treasure - "Never have met any commanders with such a taste of treasure, you puts me a shame."
  • Player collects multiple Treasures - "Do you wish to offend me, my friend? Save some riches for the rest of us." or "Never have I met a commander with a such a taste for treasure. You put me to shame." or "It is a good thing we are allies, otherwise there would be no treasures left for me to discover."
  • Requesting food -
  • Requesting wood - "Could an ally spare several logs from his fire? My villages need wood." or "My friend, a small gift of wood is needed. Can you oblige?
  • Requesting coin - "It pains me to ask, but can you spare some coins for a fading emperor?"
  • Offers player food - "My men will halve their rations so yours may eat." or "We fight for the same cause. Therefore we should share the same bread."
  • Offers player wood - "How can my ally build without the proper resources? Please, take this wood." or "Take this gift of wood. I am sure you would do the same for me."
  • Offers player coin - "Take this. There is always more coin here if you need it." or "I am always willing to share my wealth with a friend."
  • Receives food - "I have never been unable to provide for my people. This food helps." or "We are at war. Starvation should not be claiming our people. Thank you."
  • Receives wood - "Your donation of wood could not have come at a better time." or "An old man often forgets the essentials. Thank you for the wood."
  • Receives coin - "My advisors were beginning to worry. The coin is appreciated." or "Even an emperor can use additional coin. Many thanks."
  • Declined player resource request - "The war has taken its toll on my resources. There are none to spare."
  • Monk is incapacitated - "The gods have abandon me. My monk is dead and can no longer commune with the spirits."
  • Kangxi builds Trade Post (natives) - "I have learned that natives must be bought with gifts and protection. I have made the first move."
  • Building a Fort (Fort Wagon obtained from Russian Consulate) - "This spot looks fertile for a growing army." or "Many a warrior will find his purpose here, where I break this ground."
  • Player advanced to new ages first or advanced to Imperial Age - "Congreatulations on your many wondrous accomplishments." or "Such advancements are not surprising, your civilization is ahead of its time."
  • Agreed attack - "I humbly accept your request, and will see it done." or "Excellent, your wisdom far surpassed your years."
  • Decline attack - "We have none left but boys and grandfathers. You will need to find warriors elsewhere." or "Your timing could not be worse. Every man in my army is busy at work."
  • Initiating attack - "All of the conditions are right for a massive assault. The Son of Heaven has his eye on the enemy stronghold." or "I wish to end this war before it can grow bloodier. Watch over me as I journey into battle." or "It is time to march towards the enemy settlement."
  • Agreeing to a strategy - "Excellent. Your wisdom far surpasses your years."
  • Attacking enemy Trading Post -
  • Fighting the British -
  • Major battle between several players - "Only through cooperation can so many warriors march together. Together we are like gods." or "Do you feel it? The earth shakes with the thunder of our combined armies." or ""Our attack has begun. The enemy will rest peacefully this night. They will sleep the sleep of of the dead."

As an enemy[]

  • Beginning of a game - "You look well. Let us hope that we can overcome this unfortunate conflict." or "If there is a way to avoid this barbaric affair, please tell me now. I detest unnecessary death."
  • Beginning of a game (you won in the previous game) - "Be warned, you will face many obstacles on the path to victory. More than you are used to."
  • Beginning of a game on the same map as previous game - "I have not been able to rid my mind of this setting. Too many of my men have died here."
  • Increased difficulty - "Is this a joke? Do you truly wish to face such steep and bloody challenges?"
  • Decreased difficulty - "A warrior never fights with half his heart, and no battle is easier than the last."
  • Attack - "From this point on, the battle turns for the Son of Heaven. It is over."
  • Player builds a Trading Post - "A wise move, yes! But one you will pay for in the end."
  • Player advances in Age - "Your advancement means little to me. I have more important things to do than gaze upon your every development."
  • Player collect multiple Treasures - "I could learn much from such an agressive gatherer."
  • Player claims coin-related Treasure - "Gold, not steel, is the metal of war. You are wise to seek it."
  • Kangxi claims food-related treasure - "Would you like to share this food with me? Your men look thin and sickly."
  • Kangxi captures multiple treasures - "A poor opponent is a weak opponent. Do not make me share my wealth with my enemy."
  • Player builds a Trading Post (natives) - "Despite your best efforts, you will not turn the natives of this land against me."
  • Destroy player Trading Post (Trade Route) - "You practically begged for me to destroy that site. I hope you have learned a lesson."
  • Destroy player Trading Post (natives) - "These natives have paid the price for their misguided alliances."
  • Player destroys a Trading Post (natives) in his control - "The blood of those innocents is on your hands. Murder is a tool of the weak."
  • Major battle - "It is as if the spirits themselves fight for our fates. I have never witnessed such a conflict." or "So many men, so much death. Come morning, many mothers will weep for their lost sons."
  • Lost a battle - "No ruler win the greater war without losing one or two of the smaller battles."
  • Small force enters territory - "My empire is not a public garden. Have your men stroll elsewhere."
  • Large force enters territory - "I had hoped to find friendly faces in my territory, not the harsh gazes of warriors."
  • Town Center destroyed - "This is not a final blow against my empire, no. It is just another excuse to destroy you."
  • Surrender - "I cannot allow my people to suffer any longer. Will you accept my surrender?" or "There is no place left for this old warrior. I must admit defeat in the eyes of my enemy."

Army and town structure[]

Kangxi prefers the Territorial Army and Siberian Cossacks, but will also ship Meteor Hammers or Keshiks. He will usually build the Confucian Academy as his Commerce or Fortress Age Wonder, and will use Flying Crow artillery with his armies. Kangxi does not rely heavily on artillery besides the flying crow, and it is extremely rare to see him using Hand Mortars or Flamethrowers in his armies. In the Definitive Edition, Kangxi is much stronger, and will frequently utilise a wide range of units in his army, especially Chu Ko Nu, Steppe Riders, Iron Flails, Meteor Hammers, and Hand Mortars.


At 61 years, the reign of the Kangxi Emperor is the longest of any ruler in China’s history. As second emperor of the Qing Dynasty, the Kangxi Emperor won the respect of a Chinese populous still widely suspicious of its Manchu rulers. Although he was an advocate of neo-Confucianism, his beliefs did not keep him from opening ports for trade with other nations, and even welcoming foreign missionaries, such as the Jesuits, into his kingdom. In his 61 years of rule, the Kangxi proved to be a stable and beloved ruler, strengthening domestic policies and extending his empire past its borders into Mongolia, Tibet, and Taiwan.

The Kangxi Emperor was born Aixin-Jueluo Xuanye, on May 4, 1654. He ascended the throne in 1662, at the age of seven, twelve days after the death of his father the Shunzhi Emperor. At first the young ruler had no hand in governing his country. Before his death, Kangxi’s father had appointed four regents to make decisions in the boy’s stead. However, at almost the moment these men tasted their newfound power, they turned on each other. One died, one was murdered, and one tried to usurp the young Kangxi Emperor as the supreme ruler of the Qing. Having stood by and watched long enough, the teenaged emperor stepped in and took control in 1669.

From that point on, the Kangxi Emperor worked hard to please his people, believing that even the smallest act of carelessness could cause grave, empire-wide repercussions. He worked tirelessly to win their goodwill and overturn years of bitterness from those still loyal to the preceding Ming Dynasty. He toured the south of the country with a small, humble entourage, educating himself about local conditions and concerns, and reasserting his rule among regional leaders. In 1670 the Kangxi Emperor issued the Sacred Edict, which consisted of sixteen moral maxims that were based on Confucian teachings. They encouraged respect for parents and ancestors, generosity, frugality, hard work, and the importance of taxes to the community and the empire. With this act, he proved himself to be a true Chinese emperor; despite his ethnic Manchu background, he was sensitive to the needs and cultures of the Chinese people.

Until his death in 1722, the Kangxi Emperor ruled in such a way as to make him remembered as one of China’s most capable of adroit leaders, and the greatest of the Qing Dynasty emperors. He orchestrated the Treaty of Nerchinsk with Russia, adding parts of Outer Mongolia and Tibet to China's domain. He ordered the repair of China’s Grand Canal to allow for easier transportation of rice to the hungry northern populations. He dredged the Yellow River to prevent destructive flooding. He reduced taxes and commissioned the creation of important texts, including the “Kangxi Dictionary” and a written history of the Ming Dynasty. But perhaps the Kangxi Emperor’s most creative accomplishment was learning to “tickle the ivory,” as he was the first Chinese ruler to play a Western instrument - the piano.


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