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This article is about the unit in Age of Empires II: The Conquerors. For the native warrior introduced in Age of Empires III, see Aztec Jaguar Warrior. For the Aztec civilization unit introduced in Age of Empires III: The WarChiefs, see Jaguar Prowl Knight.

Aztec unique infantry unit.
Age of Empires II description

The Jaguar Warrior is the unique unit of the Aztecs in Age of Empires II: The Conquerors. It is an infantry unit with an attack bonus against infantry.

Jaguar Warriors can be upgraded to Elite Jaguar Warriors in the Imperial Age.


Jaguar Warriors have a high anti-infantry attack bonus. That enables them to defeat any other infantry unit in one-on-one combat apart from Teutonic Knights and Samurai, which they are even against with Garland Wars. Note that their speed of 1.0 (base) is higher than the Champion's (0.9), making them further effective at countering them. However, they are not as cost-effective against other units. As with most infantry, they also struggle against heavy cavalry.

Unfortunately for the Jaguar Warrior, it faces strong competition from the Aztec Champion and Siege Onager, both of which are also strong against infantry while also being more well-rounded. Because of this, they are usually only worth using against civilizations that heavily rely on infantry, as the aforementioned options are better against other units while not being worse enough to make a significant difference.

Jaguar Warriors have an ideal mate with the Eagle Warrior as the Eagle Warrior can cover the Jaguar Warriors' weaknesses against Monks, siege and foot archers, since they have an attack bonus against Monks and siege weapons, and are very effective against foot archers. Also, the Jaguar Warrior covers the Eagle's main weakness which is infantry, so they make an excellent team and are very common amongst Aztec armies. Monk support for both units should not be disregarded. The biggest threat to the Aztec infantry combo is Hand Cannoneers and mounted archers, so Aztec players should consider using Onagers to counter them if they show up. Cataphracts can also decimate Aztec infantry, but Monks can convert them if needed.

When facing Elite Samurai, the Elite Jaguar Warrior with Garland Wars researched can defeat them in one-to-one combat, but the Samurai is actually cheaper than the Jaguar Warrior (80 resources against 90 resources), so the Samurai is in fact a cost-effective answer against the Jaguar Warrior. Against Obuchs, higher numbers are needed due to the armor reduction that Obuchs' attacks do. Against Urumi Swordsmen, the fights favor Jaguar Warriors, but when Wootz Steel is researched, Urumi Swordsmen ignore melee armor and start to win most of the time, even on equal resources.

Across patches[]

Upon release, Jaguar Warriors had 0 pierce armor. It was believed that heavy infantry (Swordsmen and equivalent) were good enough counters to cavalry. So the Jaguar Warrior could be an excellent counter to both cavalry and infantry. However, this assumption was not true. Their extra weakness to archers made them unusable. Even with the pierce armor buff in The Forgotten, Jaguar Warriors were considered a niche unit. With their HP increase, they started to see some play here and there. With update 81058, they received another buff to their pierce armor. This makes archers more of a soft counter at long range, and considering that they move faster than foot archers, they might not be countered by them. This change makes them very versatile since they have something going on for them against all three major military unit types. Currently, the hard counters to the Jaguar Warriors are Cataphracts, Scorpions, Hand Cannoneers, and Slingers.

Comparison in the Castle Age with similar units[]

Twohanded aoe2DE Two-Handed Swordsman JaguarWarriorIcon-DE Jaguar Warrior Longswordsman aoe2DE Long Swordsman
Cost 45 food, 20 gold 60 food, 30 gold 45 food, 20 gold
Hit points 60 65 60
Speed 0.9 1 0.9
Armor 1/2 1/2 1/2
Train Time 18.9 seconds 10.8 seconds 18.9 seconds
Line of Sight 5 3 4
Melee attack 12 10 9
Attack bonus +8 vs Eagle Warrior
+4 vs Standard building
+10 vs Infantry
+2 vs Eagle Warriors
+2 vs Standard building
+6 vs Eagle Warrior
+3 vs Standard building
Attack speed 2 2 2
Upgrade Cost and Time 750 food, 350 gold
100 seconds
1,000 food, 500 gold
45 seconds
300 food, 100 gold
75 seconds

Comparison in the Imperial Age with similar units[]

Champion aoe2DE Champion JaguarWarriorIcon-DE Elite Jaguar Warrior Twohanded aoe2DE Two-Handed Swordsman
Cost 45 food, 20 gold 60 food, 30 gold 45 food, 20 gold
Hit points 70 75 60
Speed 0.9 1 0.9
Armor 1/2 2/2 1/2
Train Time 18.9 seconds 10.8 seconds 18.9 seconds
Line of Sight 5 5 5
Melee attack 13 12 12
Attack bonus +8 vs Eagle Warrior
+4 vs Standard building
+11 vs Infantry
+2 vs Eagle Warriors
+2 vs Standard building
+8 vs Eagle Warrior
+4 vs Standard building
Attack speed 2 2 2

Further statistics[]

As Jaguar Warriors are unique to the Aztecs, only technologies that are available to them are shown in the following table:

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Elite Skirmishers, infantry, buildings, Camel Riders
Weak vs. Scorpions, Mangonels, heavy cavalry
Attack Forging aoe2de Forging (+1)
IronCastingDE Iron Casting (+1)
BlastFurnaceDE Blast Furnace (+2)
ArsonDE Arson (+2 attack against standard buildings)
UniqueTechImperialDE Garland Wars (+4)
Armor ScaleMailArmorDE Scale Mail Armor (+1/+1)
ChainMailArmorDE Chain Mail Armor (+1/+1)
PlateMailArmorDE Plate Mail Armor (+1/+2)
Speed SquiresDE Squires (+10%)
Conversion defense Devotion icon AoE2DE Devotion (+1 min, +1 max)
FaithDE Faith (+4 min, +4 max)
HeresyDE Heresy (die upon getting converted)
Creation speed ConscriptionDE Conscription (+33%)
UniqueTechCastle-DE Kasbah (+25%, with a Berber ally only)
Regeneration UniqueTechCastle-DE Stronghold (30 HP/min when within 18 tiles square of a team Celts Castle)
Upgrades EliteUniqueUnitDE Elite Jaguar Warrior

Civilization bonuses[]

  • Aztecs AoE2 Aztecs: Jaguar Warriors are created 11% faster.

Team bonuses[]


AoE2-DLCicon-1 The Conquerors[]

  • Jaguar Warriors have 0 pierce armor.
  • Jaguar Warriors train in 20 seconds.
  • Jaguar Warriors have 50 hit points.
  • Aztec military units are created 18% faster.
  • Elite Jaguar Warriors have a +10 attack bonus against infantry.

AoE2-DLCicon-2 The Forgotten[]

  • Jaguar Warriors have 1 pierce armor.
  • Elite Jaguar Warriors have a +11 attack bonus against infantry.

AoEIIDE icon Definitive Edition[]

Dawn of the Dukes icon Dawn of the Dukes[]

AoE2Icon-DynastiesIndia Dynasties of India[]


There are two heroes in the game with the appearance of a Jaguar Warrior:


Another rank of Aztec fighter was the Jaguar Warrior, who was more heavily armed and armored than the Eagle Warrior. Their role was probably to be the heavy infantry of the army and to engage the enemy main body. They likely had the advantage in combat against lighter troops that were caught off-guard or foolish enough to engage the heavier Jaguar Warrior. These warriors wore jaguar headpieces and clothing that represented jaguar fur. The jaguar was chosen as the totem for warriors because it was the fiercest predator in the Central American jungles. In combat, they used an obsidian-bladed sword known as a macana. Although it lacked the penetration power of steel weapons, the macana was able to keep a razor-sharp edge.

The best of the Jaguar Warriors were promoted to Elite status. These were veterans of demonstrated skill who carried the best weapons and were the best fighting soldiers available.
Age of Empires II: The Conquerors manual


  • In the HD Edition, despite being introduced in The Conquerors, Jaguar Warriors are shown with a The Age of Kings icon in the Scenario Editor.
  • In the Aztec army, a Jaguar Warrior ōcēlōtl and an Eagle Warrior cuāutli ranked equally and was also known as cuāuhocēlōtl (from stem cuāuh- "eagle" and ocēlō "jaguar"). To become a cuāuhocēlōtl, a warrior must capture at least four captives. The distinction between the two meritocratic orders is that Jaguar Warriors were born either commoners (macehualtin) or nobles, while Eagle Warriors were only highborn (pipiltlin). In Medieval Europe, the closest analogy to an Aztec Jaguar Warrior is a knight who had been born a commoner, and the closest Medieval European anology to an Eagle warrior is a knight who belonged to a knightly or a noble family. However, even though medieval European knighthood might not be inherited, a noble-born or knightly-born youth would be eligible for knighthood after finishing at least 14 years of military training in other noble households; meanwhile, a common-born youth must procure whatever means necessary to train himself and might at most become a man-at-arms, unless his performances were so outstanding that a noble decided to dub him knight.
  • In Age of Empires III: The WarChiefs, the Jaguar Warrior is renamed Jaguar Prowl Knight and Eagle Warrior Eagle Runner Knight, and both are trained at the Nobles' Hut, a castle-like building that reflects the Calmecac, the Aztec highborn school where the youths aspiring to become Jaguars and Eagles were trained and conditioned.
  • Not counting charged attacks, Elite Jaguar Warriors with Garland Wars have the third highest attack of all infantry units, tied with Burmese Champions with 20 attack, as well the fourth highest of all land units outside of siege and gunpowder section.
  • Before update 42848, the Jaguar Warrior was one of the least used unique units. The Aztecs have concrete answers when facing with infantry rushes, such as fully upgraded Champions and siege weapons. Also, despite their civilization bonus, the production for them is still too slow. The non-Elite one is much weaker than the Elite, making the adjustment for the training time, and the improvement for the non-Elite one.
  • Before the Definitive Edition, the Jaguar Warrior's shield had a different design which closely resembles the current Aztec civilization icon added in Definitive Edition, which also changed the pattern on the shield to another design which is also present in the shields of the (Elite) Eagle Warrior, and both can be found in the Codex Mendoza. The Aztec icon can be seen in the shields of the Xolotl Warrior and Itzcoatl.



Units in Age of Empires II
CivilianMaleVillDE Villager · Tradecart aoe2DE Trade Cart · FishingShipDE Fishing Ship · Trade cog aoe2DE Trade Cog · King eu aoe2DE King
ReligiousMonk aoe2DE Monk
InfantryMilitiaDE Militia · Manatarms aoe2DE Man-at-Arms · Longswordsman aoe2DE Long Swordsman · Twohanded aoe2DE Two-Handed Swordsman · Champion aoe2DE Champion
Spearman aoe2DE Spearman · Aoe2-infantry-2-pikeman Pikeman · Halberdier aoe2DE Halberdier
Eaglescout aoe2DE Eagle Scout · Eaglewarrior aoe2DE Eagle Warrior · EliteEaglewarrior aoe2DE Elite Eagle Warrior
ArcherArcher aoe2DE Archer · Crossbowman aoe2DE Crossbowman · Arbalester aoe2DE Arbalester
Skirmisher aoe2DE Skirmisher · Elite skirmisher aoe2DE Elite Skirmisher
Hand cannoneer aoe2DE Hand Cannoneer
Cavalryarcher aoe2DE Cavalry Archer · Heavycavalryarcher aoe2de Heavy Cavalry Archer
Aoe2de DOI elephant archer icon Elephant Archer · ElephantArcherIcon-DE Elite Elephant Archer
CavalryScoutcavalry aoe2DE Scout Cavalry · Lightcavalry aoe2DE Light Cavalry · Hussar aoe2DE Hussar
Knight aoe2DE Knight · Cavalier aoe2DE Cavalier · Paladin aoe2DE Paladin
Camelrider aoe2DE Camel Rider · Aoe2 heavycamelriderDE Heavy Camel Rider
Battle elephant aoe2DE Battle Elephant · Elite battle elephant aoe2DE Elite Battle Elephant
Steppelancericon Steppe Lancer · Elitesteppelancericon Elite Steppe Lancer
Xolotlicon Xolotl Warrior
AoE2DE Armored Elephant icon Armored Elephant · AoE2DE Siege Elephant icon Siege Elephant
SiegeBattering ram aoe2DE Battering Ram · Capped ram aoe2DE Capped Ram · Siege ram aoe2DE Siege Ram
Mangonel aoe2DE Mangonel · Onager aoe2DE Onager · Siege onager aoe2DE Siege Onager
Scorpion aoe2DE Scorpion · Heavyscorpion aoe2DE Heavy Scorpion
Bombard cannon aoe2DE Bombard Cannon
Trebuchet aoe2DE Trebuchet
Petard aoe2DE Petard
Siegetower aoe2DE Siege Tower
War shipTransportship aoe2DE Transport Ship
Galley aoe2DE Galley · War galley aoe2DE War Galley · Galleon aoe2DE Galleon
Fire galley aoe2DE Fire Galley · Fireship aoe2DE Fire Ship · Fastfireship aoe2DE Fast Fire Ship
Demoraft aoe2DE Demolition Raft · Demoship aoe2DE Demolition Ship · Heavydemoship aoe2de Heavy Demolition Ship
Cannon galleon aoe2DE Cannon Galleon · Elite cannon galleon aoe2de Elite Cannon Galleon
AoE2 Dromon Dromon
ReligiousMissionaryIcon-DE Missionary · AoE2 WarriorPriest Warrior Priest
InfantryBerserkIcon-DE Berserk · Aoe2de Chakram Chakram Thrower · CondottieroIcon-DE Condottiero · Aoe2-icon-flemish-militia Flemish Militia · GbetoIcon-DE Gbeto · Aoe2de Ghulam Ghulam · HuskarlIcon-DE Huskarl · JaguarWarriorIcon-DE Jaguar Warrior · KamayukIcon-DE Kamayuk · Karambitwarrioricon-DE Karambit Warrior · AoE2 DE Legionary new icon Legionary · Aoe2-icon--obuch Obuch · SamuraiIcon-DE Samurai · Aoe2-icon-serjeant Serjeant · Shotelwarrioricon-DE Shotel Warrior · TeutonicKnightIcon-DE Teutonic Knight · ThrowingAxemanIcon-DE Throwing Axeman · Aoe2de Urumi Urumi Swordsman · AoE2 WarriorPriest Warrior Priest · WoadRaiderIcon-DE Woad Raider
ArcherArambaiicon-DE Arambai · CamelArcherIcon-DE Camel Archer · ChukoNuIcon-DE Chu Ko Nu · AoE2 CompositeBowman Composite Bowman · ConquistadorIcon-DE Conquistador · GenitourIcon-DE Genitour · GenoeseCrossbowmanIcon-DE Genoese Crossbowman · Imperialskirmishericon-DE Imperial Skirmisher · JanissaryIcon-DE Janissary · Kipchakicon Kipchak · LongbowmanIcon-DE Longbowman · MangudaiIcon-DE Mangudai · PlumedArcherIcon-DE Plumed Archer · Aoe2de ratha ranged Ranged Ratha · Rattanarchericon-DE Rattan Archer · SlingerIcon-DE Slinger · WarWagonIcon-DE War Wagon
CavalryBallistaelephanticon-DE Ballista Elephant · BoyarIcon-DE Boyar · Aoe2de camel scout Camel Scout · CataphractIcon-DE Cataphract · Aoe2de roman unique centurion icon Centurion · Aoe2-icon-coustillier Coustillier · Flaming camel icon Flaming Camel · ImperialCamelRiderIcon-DE Imperial Camel Rider · Keshikicon Keshik · Konnikicon Konnik · Leitisicon Leitis · MagyarHuszarIcon-DE Magyar Huszar · MamelukeIcon-DE Mameluke · AoE2 Monaspa Monaspa · Aoe2de ratha melee Melee Ratha · AoE2 Savar Savar · Aoe2de shrivamsha rider Shrivamsha Rider · TarkanIcon-DE Tarkan · WarElephantIcon-DE War Elephant · Aoe2-icon-winged-hussar Winged Hussar
SiegeAoe2-icon--houfnice Houfnice · Aoe2-icon-hussite-wagon Hussite Wagon · OrganGunIcon-DE Organ Gun
War shipCaravelIcon-DE Caravel · LongboatIcon-DE Longboat · Aoe2de Thirisadai Thirisadai · TurtleShipIcon-DE Turtle Ship