The Jaguar is a large carnivore that is featured in Age of Empires II: The Conquerors and Age of Empires III.

Age of Empires II Edit

Jaguars are large cat-like predators, and are found in tropical maps set in the Americas, like Cenotes and Yucatán. Like the Wolf, it has 25 HP, 3 attack, and holds no food, but attacks Villagers (and even some other units) on sight.

A single Jaguar can kill a Villager if it lands the first hit, but will die to anything stronger, even a Villager with the Loom upgrade.

Jaguars have a prominent role in the Montezuma campaign, owing to their sacred status in Aztec culture:

  • In the first scenario, a group of Jaguars will descend into the player's base after an Aztec Villager claims to have heard Jaguars roaring. In addition, many Jaguars guard the last Monastery that must be captured by the Player, crossing a river on the western extreme of the map.
  • In the second scenario, a strong Jaguar guards the hidden Monastery along with the Son of Ornlu.
  • In the fourth scenario, the player can choose to release some captive Jaguars from their pen so they kill a lone Tlaxcala priest, instead of attacking the priest with Aztec warriors. There is also an island in the Texcoco Lake that is rich in gold but also has several Jaguars. The island reappears in the sixth scenario with no Jaguars on it.

Age of Empires III Edit

Jaguars are large cats that inhabit tropical maps like Yucatán, and are found guarding Treasures.

History Edit

"Scientific Name: Panthera onca
Approx. Size: Up to 7 ft. long, 200 lb.
Diet: Deer, cattle, peccary, capybara, monkeys, fish

Jaguars are often confused with leopards, another tawny, spotted cat. A distinguishing feature of the jaguar is that their spots have small black dots or irregular shapes within the rosette patterns. Jaguars are also stockier and have larger heads than leopards. Both jaguars and leopards have melanistic, or black, variants. Without spots, black jaguars can be differentiated from black leopards primarily by their stocky build. Both big cats, whether jaguars or leopards, black or spotted, are commonly, if mistakenly, called panthers.

Historically, jaguars ranged from the southern parts of North America down to the southern most tip of South America, but their ranges now are in central and northern South America. Jaguars enjoy a rare, unchallenged perch at the top of the wild food chain. In their South American habitat, they have no predators and few real competitors, apart from humans.

Janey the Pet Jaguar Edit

Pet Jaguars (known as Janey the Pet Jaguar) are available to all civilizations from Treasures, and have a bonus attack against Treasure Guardians (but like all Pets, they do almost no damage to villagers).

The Aztecs can both send Pet Jaguars from the Home City, and train them from their War Chief (provided that the card "High Priest of Ixtlilton" has been sent). The Home City Card "Great Temple of Tezcatlipoca" makes Pet Jaguars better in combat, giving them +35% hit points and +35% damage.

Trivia Edit

  • The word Jaguar passed into English from Portuguese and derives ultimately from the Old Tupi-Guarani word Yaguára, which means "carnivorous mammal". Similar words (Aguará, Guará, etc) are used for foxes and dogs in modern Guarani languages.
  • The Nahuatl (Aztec) word for Jaguar is Ocelotl. This originated the English name of their smaller cousin, the Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis).
  • The Conquistadors called Jaguars "Tigers" and used war dogs to keep them out of their camps and livestock. Similarly, they called Cougars "Lions".
  • In contrast to their depiction in Age of Empires II, real jaguars are unique among roaring cats (like lions, tigers, and leopards) for not attacking humans unless provoked, and don't seem to consider us prey.
  • Jaguars are the only roaring cat native to the Americas. Every other American cat is more related to the house cat than to the Jaguar, including the Cougar.
  • The Jaguar has the strongest proportional bite of all living cats and kills by crushing its prey's skull, instead of biting the nape or windpipe.
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