The Jaguar is a large carnivore that is featured in Age of Empires II: The Conquerors and Age of Empires III.

Age of Empires II[edit | edit source]

Jaguars are large cat-like predators, and are found in tropical maps set in the Americas, like Cenotes and Yucatán. Like the Wolf, it has 25 HP, 3 attack, and holds no food, but attacks Villagers (and even some other units) on sight.

A single Jaguar can kill a Villager if it lands the first hit, but will die to anything stronger, even a Villager with the Loom upgrade.

Jaguars have a prominent role in the Montezuma campaign, owing to their sacred status in Aztec culture:

  • In the first scenario, a group of Jaguars will descend into the player's base after an Aztec Villager claims to have heard Jaguars roaring. There is also a large number of Jaguars guarding an alternative path to the Tepanaca base, and another group guarding the last Monastery that must be captured by the player, across the river on the western extreme of the map.
  • In the second scenario, a strong Jaguar guards the hidden Monastery along with the Son of Ornlu.
  • In the fourth scenario, the player can choose to release some captive Jaguars from their pen so they kill a lone Tlaxcala priest, instead of attacking the priest with Aztec warriors. There is also an island in the Texcoco Lake that is rich in gold but also has several Jaguars. The island reappears in the sixth scenario with no Jaguars on it.

Gallery[edit | edit source]

Age of Empires III[edit | edit source]

Jaguars are large cats that inhabit tropical maps like Yucatán, and are found guarding Treasures.

History[edit | edit source]

Scientific Name: Panthera onca
Approx. Size: Up to 7 ft. long, 200 lb.
Diet: Deer, cattle, peccary, capybara, monkeys, fish

Jaguars are often confused with leopards, another tawny, spotted cat. A distinguishing feature of the jaguar is that their spots have small black dots or irregular shapes within the rosette patterns. Jaguars are also stockier and have larger heads than leopards. Both jaguars and leopards have melanistic, or black, variants. Without spots, black jaguars can be differentiated from black leopards primarily by their stocky build. Both big cats, whether jaguars or leopards, black or spotted, are commonly, if mistakenly, called panthers.

Historically, jaguars ranged from the southern parts of North America down to the southern most tip of South America, but their ranges now are in central and northern South America. Jaguars enjoy a rare, unchallenged perch at the top of the wild food chain. In their South American habitat, they have no predators and few real competitors, apart from humans.


Janey the Pet Jaguar[edit | edit source]

Janey the Pet Jaguar is a pet Jaguar available to all civilizations from Treasures, and have an attack bonus against Treasure Guardians. Like all pets, they do almost no damage to Villagers. This is to prevent players from using pets aggressively in the Discovery Age. The Jaguar's statistics are equivalent to Pikemen, but lacking a siege attack, and bonus damage against cavalry. Pets do not take bonus damage from any units.

The Aztecs can both send pet Jaguars from the Home City and train them from their War Chief for 100 food (when the card "High Priest of Ixtlilton" has been sent). Jaguars are weak in combat, except against Guardians, but the War Chief can train them quickly, and they do not take up population space. All pets get stronger with each Age and the "Great Temple of Tezcatlipoca" card.

Upgrades[edit | edit source]

Janey the Pet Jaguar is automatically upgraded in every Age up.

Pet Jaguars are also affected by War Dance, receiving up to 38% additional damage.

Home City shipments[edit | edit source]

  • 3 Pet Jaguars (Discovery Age)
  • 4 Pet Jaguars (Discovery Age)
  • 5 Pet Jaguars (Colonial Age)
  • TEAM 3 Pet Jaguars (Colonial Age)
  • High Priest of Ixtlilton (Discovery Age) - Adds +50% damage and hit points to base stats of the Aztec War Chief, and lets him train Janey the Pet Jaguars.
  • Great Temple of Tezcatlipoca Support (Industrial Age) - Ships 12 pet Jaguars and greatly enhances them in combat giving them +35% additional hit points and +35% additional damage for the price of 1,500 coin.
  • Religious Unity (Fortress Age) - All shipments from allies and Temples are cheaper.

White Jaguar[edit | edit source]

The White Jaguar is a special Jaguar of the Circle of Ossus that appears in some scenarios of the Age of Empires III campaign. It has more hit points, attack and speed than a Janey the Pet Jaguar.

Main article: White Jaguar

Trivia[edit | edit source]

  • The word Jaguar passed into English from Portuguese and derives ultimately from the Old Tupi-Guarani word Yaguára, which means "carnivorous mammal". Similar words (Aguará, Guará, etc) are used for foxes and dogs in modern Guarani languages.
  • The Nahuatl (Aztec) word for Jaguar is Ocelotl. This originated the English name of their smaller cousin, the Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis).
  • The Conquistadors called Jaguars "Tigers" and used war dogs to keep them out of their camps and livestock. Similarly, they called Cougars "Lions".
  • In contrast to their depiction in Age of Empires II, real jaguars are unique among roaring cats (like lions, tigers, and leopards) for not attacking humans unless provoked, and don't seem to consider us prey.
  • Jaguars are the only roaring cat native to the Americas. Every other American cat is more related to the house cat than to the Jaguar, including the Cougar.
  • The Jaguar has the strongest proportional bite of all living cats and kills by crushing its prey's skull, instead of biting the nape or windpipe.
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