The Horse Archer is a ranged cavalry unit in Age of Empires that can be trained at the Archery Range once the Iron Age is reached. It is the very first cavalry archer to appear in the Age of Empires series, and the predecessor of the Cavalry Archer in Age of Empires II and the same unit in Age of Empires III.
Unit availability
Available Unavailable

Strategy Edit

The Horse Archer is a fast ranged cavalry that can be made during the Iron Age in the Archery Range. Horse Archers are one the more expensive archery units, but their decent attack, good range and most importantly its high speed makes them one of the best units of the Iron Age.

Although a horse archer has only a tenth as many hit points as an Elephant Archer, it has much greater speed. Having this key ability allows them to outmaneuver most units under open terrain. Under ideal conditions in one on one combat, horse archers dominate the field. As a result, this makes them a great choice in guerilla warfare. However, due to its fragility, their attacking potential becomes less powerful the more they are bunched together on the battlefield where they can be prime targets for siege weaponry that does area of effect damage. The Horse Archer can be upgraded to a more powerful Heavy Horse Archer.

Upgrades Edit

Tool Age Edit

Bronze Age Edit

Iron Age Edit

Archery Range Tree
Tool Age
Archery Range
Bronze Age
Improved bowman
Improved Bowman
Chariot Archer
Composite Bowman
Iron Age
Horse Archer
Elephant Archer
Heavy Horse Archer

Civilization bonusesEdit

  • Assyrians: Horse Archers have +25 fire rate.
  • Hittites: Horse Archers have +1 damage.
  • Yamato: Horse Archers are 25% cheaper, therefore costing 37 food and 52 gold.
  • Macedonians: Horse Archers are four times more resistant against conversion.

Changelog Edit

Age of Empires Edit

The Rise of Rome Edit

  • Yamato Horse Archers now move at normal speed.

Definitive Edition Edit

  • Horse Archers now have 1 pierce armor (down from 2).

History Edit


Horse archers can be deadly if used properly in large numbers.

Horse archers started to gradually replace chariot archers on the ancient battlefields from the Iron Age on. Two ranged cavalrymen had the firepower of a single Chariot Archer and could move faster on the battlefield. Also, a loss on the battlefield was of only one horse and the archer in contrast to the loss of a chariot, of the men on the chariot and often, of the horses.

The horse archers' use was gradually limited when many cultures, such as the Greeks made increasing use of heavy cavalry (such as the Companion cavalry), and skirmishing troops. The Chinese also built the Great Wall to protect themselves against these cavalrymen and other armies from the western steppes.

Gallery Edit

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