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Mounted Outlaw armed with a pistol. Can also use a deadly charged rifle attack and dismount from his horse. Good against Cavalry.
—Highwayman (Rider) in-game description
Outlaw armed with two pistols. Can mount a horse to turn into ranged cavalry. Good against Cavalry.
—Highwayman in-game description

The Highwayman (Highwayman (Rider) when mounted) is a European outlaw in Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition - Knights of the Mediterranean. It is available on the Alps, Archipielago, Corsica and Sardinia, Courland, England, Finland, France, Ireland, Low Countries, Pryrenees, Scandinavia, Scotland and Spain maps.

Overview[]

The Highwayman is an outlaw effective against cavalry. It is similar to the Ruyter, having a reduced attack but slightly more hit points and speed. Like other outlaws, it costs only coin and takes more population spaces. It has the ability to dismount its horse to become an infantry unit similar to the Musketeer, reducing its speed for ranged resistance and a higher melee attack against cavalry.

As an outlaw, it is more useful in the Commerce Age and becomes weaker as the game progresses, due to being outclassed by upgraded standard light cavalry, heavy ranged infantry, and mercenaries.

Special abilities[]

  • Ability horse dismount.png Dismount (only when Mounted): Dismount his horse to become an infantry unit.
  • Ability horse mount.png Mount (only when Dismounted): Mount his horse to become a cavalry unit.
  • Passive highwayman rifle.png Viper Eye (automatically activated when attacking in Mounted mode, with a cooldown of 60 seconds): Fires a single shot from a rifle, which deals 36 damage and has a maximum range of 16.
  • Passive highwayman pistol.png Outgunning (automatically activated when attacking in Dismounted mode, with a cooldown of 60 seconds): Fires both of his pistols simultaneously

Strategy[]

Further statistics[]

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Cavalry, Shock Infantry, artillery
Weak vs. Heavy infantry, ranged infantry, light cavalry
Improvements
Hit points Comanche Horse Breeding.png Comanche Horse Breeding (+10%)
Cree Tanning.png Cree Tanning (+10%)
Navajo Weaving.png Navajo Weaving (+5%)
Tar kilns.png Tar Kilns (+5%)
Atonement.png Compunction (+20%; Asians only)
Folk Heroes.png Folk Heroes (+20%; Europeans only)
Attack Ranged Cavalry Caracole.png Ranged Cavalry Caracole (+10%)
Smokeless Powder.png Smokeless Powder (+10%)
Wind horses.png Wind Horses (-10% ROF)
Yoga.png Yoga (+5%)
Atonement.png Compunction (+20%; Asians only)
Folk Heroes.png Folk Heroes (+20%; Europeans only)
Armor Sudanese quilted armor.png Sudanese Quilted Armor (+10% melee resistance)
Range Ranged Cavalry Caracole.png Ranged Cavalry Caracole (+2)
Speed Comanche Mustangs.png Comanche Mustangs (+5%)
Apache Endurance.png Apache Endurance (+5%)
Wind horses.png Wind Horses (+0.5)
Sight Town Watch.png Town Watch (+2)
Ranged Cavalry Caracole.png Ranged Cavalry Caracole (+2)
Creation speed Mass Cavalry.png Mass Cavalry (-35%)
Terror Charge.png Terror Charge (-20%; Indians only)
Cheyenne Horse Trading.png Cheyenne Horse Trading (-40%)
Quechuan Diet.png Quechuan Diet (-10%)
Philhellenism.png Philhellenism (-10%)
Shaman drums.png Shaman Drums (-10%)
Train cost Mapuche Ad-mapu.png Mapuche Ad-mapu (-10% coin cost)
Golden liberty.png Golden Liberty (-5% coin cost)
Philhellenism.png Philhellenism (-10%)
Penalties Coffee Trade.png Coffee Trade (-10% speed; Dutch only)

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Cavalry, infantry
Weak vs. Light infantry, artillery
Improvements
Hit points Flint lock.png Flint Lock (+10%)
Thin Red Line.png Thin Red Line (+20%; British only)
Corselet.png Corselet (+25%; Spanish only)
Cree Tanning.png Cree Tanning (+10%)
Tar kilns.png Tar Kilns (+5%)
Atonement.png Compunction (+20%; Asians only)
Folk Heroes.png Folk Heroes (+20%; Europeans only)
Attack Socket Bayonet.png Socket Bayonet (+20% melee attack)
Paper cartridge.png Paper Cartridge (+15%)
New order infantry.png New Order Infantry (+0.5× melee multiplier vs. cavalry, +0.3× vs. Shock Infantry; Ottomans only)
Smokeless Powder.png Smokeless Powder (+10%)
Armatoloi.png Armatoloi (+5%)
Atonement.png Compunction (+20%; Asians only)
Folk Heroes.png Folk Heroes (+20%; Europeans only)
Speed Military Drummers.png Military Drummers (+10%)
Tillys Discipline.png Tilly's Discipline (+20%; Germans only)
Sight Town Watch.png Town Watch (+2)
Creation speed Standing Army.png Standing Army (-25%)
New order infantry.png New Order Infantry (-20%; Ottomans only)
Philhellenism.png Philhellenism (-10%)
Train cost Philhellenism.png Philhellenism (-10%)
Penalties Thin Red Line.png Thin Red Line (-25% speed; British only)
Coffee Trade.png Coffee Trade (-10% speed; Dutch only)
Tillys Discipline.png Tilly's Discipline (+10% cost; Germans only)
Corselet.png Corselet (-15% speed; Spanish only)

Home City Cards[]

  • Green: TEAM Shipment that is sent to each player in a team
  • Blue: Shipment that arrives fast (5 seconds)

All[]

Card Description Age HC level
British Home City 2 (Cavalry Combat).png Cavalry Combat Cavalry get +15% hit points and attack
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
10
Spanish Home City 3 (Fencing School).png Fencing School Infantry train time -40%
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
10
Spanish Home City 3 (Riding School).png Riding School Cavalry train time -40%
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
10
The Cavalry Combat card is available to Dutch, French Italians, Ottomans, and Russians.
The Fencing School card is not available to Chinese, Japanese, Ottomans and Spanish.
The Riding School card is not available to Chinese, Japanese, Maltese, and Spanish.

Asians[]

Card Description Age HC level
Atonement.png Atonement The Monastery can train Iron Troopers/Jat Lancers/Yojimbo and outlaws use -2 population (also +1 Villager for the Indians)
Age I tech tree aoe3.png
10

British[]

Card Description Age HC level
British Home City 2 (Musketeers and Longbowmen Hitpoints).png TEAM Musketeer/Grenadier Hitpoints Musket Infantry and Grenade Trooper get +15% hit points
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png
40

Chinese[]

Card Description Age HC level
Western reforms.png Western Reforms All units get +8% hit points and attack
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png
40
Acupuncture aoe3.png Acupuncture Unit train time -20%
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
10

Dutch[]

Card Description Age HC level
Dutch Home City 2 (Infantry Hitpoints).png TEAM Infantry Hitpoints Infantry get +15% hit points
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
10

Europeans[]

Card Description Age HC level
Theaters.png Theaters Upgrades the Tavern to the Theater which can train Ronin and outlaws use -2 population
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
10

French[]

Card Description Age HC level
French Home City 2 (Ranged Infantry Attack).png TEAM Ranged Infantry Attack Ranged infantry get +15% attack
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
10

Germans[]

Card Description Age HC level
German Home City 2 (Cavalry Attack).png TEAM Cavalry Attack The player's Heavy cavalry, light cavalry, and Shock Infantry get +15% attack; allied cavalry and Shock Infantry get +10%
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
10
German Home City 3 (Spanish Riding School).png Spanish Riding School Cavalry get +10% speed +4 Uhlans
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png
25

Haudenosaunee[]

Card Description Age HC level
Iroquois Home City 2 (Scout Infantry).png TEAM Scout Infantry Infantry get +8 LOS
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
10

Incas[]

Card Description Age
Inca Home City 2 (TEAM Inca Bridges).png TEAM Inca Bridges Infantry and civilian units get +5% speed; +1 Chasqui
Age I tech tree aoe3.png

Indians[]

Card Description Age HC level
Dravidian martial arts.png Dravidian Martial Arts All units get +15% melee attack +1 Villager
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
40
Shivajis tactics.png TEAM Shivaji's Tactics All units get +5% hit points and attack
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png
25

Italians[]

Card Description Age
Iroquois Home City 2 (Infantry Hitpoints).png Infantry Hitpoints Infantry get +15% hit points
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
Italian Home City 2 (Schiavoni Swords).png Schiavoni Swords All cavalry and infantry get +15% hand attack
Age II tech tree aoe3.png

Japanese[]

Card Description Age HC level
Onin war.png Onin War Infantry get +33% siege attack
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
40
Bakufu.png Bakufu Daimyo and Shogun Tokugawa get +10% speed, +20 LOS and train units 15% faster; Banner army train time -10%; Land military unit train time -20%
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
25

Maltese[]

Card Description Age
Maltese Home City 2 (TEAM Knights of the Round Table).png TEAM Knights of the Round Table Ships 1 Hospitaller for each Center owned by the player; increases all unit hit points by 2%
Age I tech tree aoe3.png

Mexicans[]

Card Description Age
Mexico card TEAM Mariachi.png TEAM Mariachi For the next 30 seconds, military buildings have their work rate increased by 400% and units have their speed increased by 10%
Age I tech tree aoe3.png

Ottomans[]

Card Description Age HC level
Ottoman Home City 2 (Irregular).png Irregulars Light cavalry get +2.0x multiplier against villagers
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
25

Portuguese[]

Card Description Age HC level
Portuguese Home City 2 (Gunpowder Infantry Hitpoints).png TEAM Gunpowder Infantry Hitpoints Gunpowder Infantry get +15% hit points
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
10

Russians[]

Card Description Age HC level
Russian Home City 2 (Cavalry Scout).png TEAM Kamchatka Expeditions Cavalry and Shock Infantry get +10% hit points and +4 LOS
Age I tech tree aoe3.png
1
Russian Home City 2 (Ransack).png Ransack Infantry get +50% siege attack
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
25
Russian Home City 3 (Dueling School).png Dueling School Infantry train time -25%
Age I tech tree aoe3.png
25

Spanish[]

Card Description Age HC level
Spanish Home City 2 (Peninsular Guerrillas).png Peninsular Guerrillas Ranged infantry get +25% attack and Skirmishers now see the LOS of enemies they attacked for 3 seconds
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png
N/A
Mexico card Liberation March.png Liberation March Infantry, cavalry, and Shock Infantry get +5% speed and train time -35%
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
N/A
Spanish Home City 3 (Inquisition).png TEAM Inquisition All units get +10 LOS
Age I tech tree aoe3.png
10

Swedes[]

Card Description Age
Swedish Home City 2 (Ranged Cavalry Combat).png TEAM Ranged Cavalry Combat Ranged cavalry and Eagle Runner Knights get +5% speed and +1 LOS and range
Age II tech tree aoe3.png
Swedish Home City 2 (TEAM House of Bernadotte).png TEAM House of Bernadotte Heavy infantry get +15% hit points
Age II tech tree aoe3.png

In-game dialogue[]

The Highwayman speaks Dutch using the Dutch Culverin's dialogue files.

Trivia[]

  • The Highwayman is one of three cavalry units that can dismount its horse to become an infantry unit, the others being the Cossack Daredevil and the Mounted Infantry.
  • The Highwayman wears an attire consisting on a tricorn, face cover and duster or long coat, and it has been portrayed in many popular culture media, such as novels, books, movies, and videogames.

History[]

In early modern Europe, brigands came from various backgrounds. While some were mere groups of bandits, others were the dying remnants of unsuccessful movements against unpopular government. In isolated, poorly administered areas, highwaymen, deprived of basic necessities, would prey upon helpless travelers by extorting them for money, typically by force. Occasionally, these resulted in targeted assassinations. Though typically seen as only a petty nuisance, the threat of brigandage would occasionally factor into the evolution of government reform, such as the unification of Italy in the 1860s.

Gallery[]

v  d  e
Mercenary units in Age of Empires III
Mercenaries
InfantryArmored Pistoleer^^ · Arsonist** · Askari^ · Barbary Corsair · Cannoneer^ · Dahomey Amazon^ · Fusilier* · Giant Grenadier^^ · Highlander · Irish Brigadier^^ · Iron Troop** · Jaeger · Landsknecht · Ninja* · Pandour^^ · Ronin · Swiss Pikeman · Zouave***
CavalryBlack Rider · Bosniak^^ · Elmetto* · Gatling Camel^ · Hackapell · Harquebusier*** · Jat Lancer** · Kanuri Guard^ · Mameluke · Manchu · Mounted Rifleman^^ · Royal Horseman^^ · Sennar Horseman^ · Stradiot · Yojimbo** · Zenata Rider^
ArtilleryLi'l Bombard* · Napoleon Gun***
ShipPrivateer · War Dhow^ · Wokou Junk** · Xebec^
Outlaws
InfantryDacoit** · Desert Archer^ · Desert Warrior^ · Hajduk^^ · Highwayman^^ · Inquisitor^^ · Pirate · Pistolero* · Renegado* · Thuggee** · Wokou Monk** · Wokou Pirate** · Wokou Ronin**
CavalryComanchero* · Cossack Daredevil^^ · Crabat^^ · Desert Raider^ · Highwayman^^ · Wokou Horseman**
ShipMarathan Catamaran**
Flag American act3 aoe3de.png United States***Gunslinger · Cowboy · Owlhoot
Flag MexicanDE.png Mexicans***Desperado · Cuatrero · Bandido
* added in The WarChiefs   ** in The Asian Dynasties   *** in the Definitive Edition   ^ in The African Royals   ^^ in Knights of the Mediterranean
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