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In Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition, Hiawatha is a patient and careful leader who will build a balanced force before attacking. He will work hard to control trade routes and nearby Native villages.
—Official description in the Definitive Edition[1]

Hiawatha (1525 - possibly 1595) was a legendary Onondaga or Mohawk leader and founder of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy. He is their AI personality in Age of Empires III: The WarChiefs. He is voiced by Kalani Queypo.


Hiawatha is generally believed to have been a real person, but the exact dates of his life remain debated. He is credited with persuading the Senecas, Cayugas, Onondagas, Oneidas, and Mohawks to become the five nations of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy.



Hiawatha's forces can vary, but he often prefers to train numerous Aennas supported by Tomahawks. During the Fortress Age, he will begin training Mantlets that have a high amount of health, good range and can be useful against ranged units, buildings and artillery, plus a moderate number of Kanya Horsemen and sometimes Forest Prowlers and Light Cannons. He may use Musket Riders in minority, and will rarely or never use Rams; Rams only appear via shipments. If he successfully establishes native alliances, he will be unleashing a number of native warriors along with his army.

In general, Hiawatha will try to fully upgrade around half of the unit types in his army, leaving the other half at their default level.


Hiawatha's defense will rely on the use of War Huts around his base, similar to Ivan's Blockhouses. But unlike Ivan, whose Blockhouses are never upgraded before post Industrial/Imperial Age, Hiawatha can upgrade War Huts to Mighty War Hut upon reaching the Industrial Age. He also employs a specific defence policy, using masses of structures to create a trap for enemy forces. This often involves a combination of War Huts, Corrals, and a Siege Workshop placed closely together and facing the enemy in order to form a kind of mini-barrier. However, this isn't always effective, as it leaves the other sides of his town exposed, especially in open maps.

Changes in the Definitive Edition[]

In the Definitive Edition, Hiawatha is considerably weaker, especially in the early game. His military will initially consist of Aennas, Tomahawks, and Kanya Horsemen. However, these units will typically be phased out as the game goes on in favor of Forest Prowlers and Musket Riders.


As an ally[]

  • Beginning a new game - "I am as a guest in your wigwam, my ally."
  • Beginning a game where Hiawatha was an ally previously - "Honor be to my ally! We came in triumph in our last contest, and shall walk again the same now."
  • Beginning a game where Hiawatha was defeated previously - "When we last met, you sent me to defeat, dark and lonely." or "We are allies now, but in our last contest, you were as the great bear of the mountains, and defeated me."
  • Requesting food - "Maize or meat, it matters not. I ask only for any food you can give me."
  • Requesting coin - "I greatly need you to give me some coin."
  • Offers player food - "Food I grant you - feed your forces." or "Food from our maize fields, green and shining."
  • Offers player coin - "Coin runs into your coffers, a tribute from my own." or "Your town has been given a gift of coin." or "Spend this coin wisely, my ally."
  • Offers player wood - "Wood has been sent. Wood for your houses of war." or "Here is wood from our homeland forests."
  • Received food - "The food you sent was better than we dared hope." or "Bless you for your gift of food."
  • Received wood - "Your gift of timber is good. Thank you." or "Wood is what we needed. Timber is power."
  • Receives coin - "Thank you for the golden gift." or "Bless you for the gift of coin."
  • Declined player resource request - "Our supplies and resources are little more than smoke wreaths. I cannot comply." or "My reserves are too low to meet your need, ally." or "I have not the food, wood, nor coin to help you."
  • Collects a warrior-related treasure - "I have discovered a fine treasure; foot warriors who shall join my army
  • Collects multiple Treasures - "Perhaps this will be a dawn when you have collected more treasures than I do."
  • Player collects multiple Treasures - "Do I have a drowsiness in my bones? I cannot gather treasures as fast as you." or "I croak fiercely my displeasure; you are gathering treasures too swiftly for me to keep up."
  • Player construct a Trading Post (natives) - "Your vision is clear. If we have Native allies, no one shall stand before us."
  • Constructing a Town Center - "My town center shall rise and hold to this ground, as a root to the earth." or "The trees will witness it; a new town center will arise here."
  • Initiating attack - "The enemy's main town is ripe for assault, like sugar from the maple." or "We move to smite the enemy; break his skulls, as ice is broken."
  • Trade monopoly started: - "We must prepare for a response, now that we hold the buildings we need to win."
  • Trade monopoly victory imminent - "Do not fear for me, O ally. Harm and evil shall come no more near us!"
  • Agreeing to a strategy- "Ay, we shall." or "Ay, though panting under heavy burdens."
  • Agreed attack - "This is where we agree, yes." or "On my nation, on my honor, yes."
  • Decline attack - "I have too few warriors to help you now." or "My young soldiers are insufficient in number to meet your request."

As an enemy[]

  • Beginning of a game - "I cast to you words of anger and resentment. There shall be no peace between us." or "My warriors gather around me, and together we send you a greeting of doom."
  • Beginning of a game at higher difficulty - "Last time we met we had a challenge, yet you wish to increase it even further?"
  • Spots player's explorer - "I see the movement of your patrol as if through streaming sunshine."
  • Player advances more quickly than Hiawatha - "I gaze into a cavern dark and dreary; the news that you have advanced so soon ahead of me." or "Dash to advance, dash for the moon. Either way, your empire will crumble before mine."
  • Player collects the first Treasure - "It matters not at all that you have gathered the first treasure in this land. I shall gather the true prize; victory."
  • Player collects a food-related treasure - "The mound of food is the biggest triumph you are likely to enjoy today."
  • Player collects a coin-related treasure - "You are dressed for travel and armed for hunting, and the best you can comes up with is a few coins?"
  • Hiawatha claimed a coin-related treasure - "I have gained coin from a treasure."
  • Battle in Hiawatha's favor - "Look upon these battlefields, my enemy: look at the pathway of your ghosts!"
  • Unexpected player victory during battle - "How did that occur? We were strong, bold, and yet you still defeated our army." or "The war spirit promised us a victory. You made the war spirit a liar."
  • Major battle between several players - "So long and rough the way of battle, when several tribes have entered the fray at once."
  • Player builds first Trading Post (trade route) - "While you were stretching out your hand to pluck that trade site, my warriors were training to sever the arm it is connected to."
  • Destroys player's trading site - "Did you sing a death song for your fallen trading site?"
  • Trading Post (Trade Route) destroyed by player - "Your mischief is unwanted. My trade site has fallen by your hand." or "With the destruction of that trade site, you have caused my anger to burn."
  • Player begins Trade Monopoly - "The clock has begun to count. We shall chop off its hands."
  • Town Center destroyed by player - "The smoke that rises from the town center you have destroyed blots out the sun."
  • Surrender - "Too swift of foot and strong of tomahawk are your warriors. I admit defeat." or "This war is nearly done. I am ready to fight no more forever."


As with any great historic figure, it is sometimes hard to distinguish between legend and reality. The character described in Longfellow's famous poem, "The Song of Hiawatha" scarcely resembles one of history's most beloved Native American heroes.

Precise historic details about Hiawatha are hard to uncover. We know that he was a Mohawk of Onondaga and a disciple of the Huron prophet Deganawidah, who was known as "The Great Peacemaker." Hiawatha also was famed for his abilities as a skilled peacemaker, as well as a powerful orator.

Together, Hiawatha and Deganawidah are remembered as the founders of the great Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Confederacy in the sixteenth century, which brought together the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca, and later the Tuscarora. The longhouse was chosen to symbolize the new confederation and the importance of different peoples working for a common purpose.

In Age of Empires III: The WarChiefs, Hiawatha leads his warriors courageously and without pause. He doesn't linger over decisions, nor does he waste words on trivialities. He has a vision for his people and will not let any one or any nation stand in his way.
—In-game compendium section before the Definitive Edition



AI personalities in Age of Empires III
3Icon48px Age of Empires IIIQueen Elizabeth DE Queen Elizabeth · Maurice of Naussau DE Maurice of Nassau · Napoleon Bonaparte DE Napoleon Bonaparte · Fredrick the Great DE Frederick the Great · Suleiman DE Suleiman the Magnificent · Henry the Navigator DE Prince Henry the Navigator · Ivan the Terrible avatar DE Ivan the Terrible · Queen Isabella DE Queen Isabella
3WCIcon48px The WarChiefsCuauhtemoc DE Cuauhtemoc · Hiawatha DE Hiawatha · Chief Gall DE Chief Gall
3ADIcon48px The Asian DynastiesKangxi DE Kangxi Emperor · Akbar DE Akbar the Great · Tokugawa leyasu DE Tokugawa Ieyasu
Age3DE Icon Definitive EditionGustavus-adolphus-aoe3 Gustavus Adolphus · Huayna-capac-aoe3 Huayna Capac · George Washington avatar DE George Washington · Miguel Hidalgo avatar aoe3de Miguel Hidalgo
Age3DE Icon The African RoyalsQueen Amina avatar DE Queen Amina · Emperor Tewodros avatar DE Emperor Tewodros
Age3DE Icon Knights of the MediterraneanGiuseppe Garibaldi avatar DE Giuseppe Garibaldi · Jean Parisot avatar DE Jean Parisot