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The wealthy Hausa kingdoms were magnets for merchants, intellectuals, and enemies. Their extensive trade relations and diplomacy enabled them to exert powerful influence over vast stretches of West Africa. The Hausa kings and emirs deployed powerful cavalry armies to compete with each other and conquer neighboring empires.

The Hausa civilization's music theme

The Hausa is a civilization in Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition - The African Royals.

Home City[]

Home City Hausa aoe3de.png


The Hausa are a base-building and cavalry civilization, who rely heavily on Universities to generate influence.

Hausa Universities train Griots, inspiring musicians and storytellers who can increase the work rate of buildings and speed of nearby units. Universities allows the player to research unique technologies which cost influence. Universities can also generate influence when they are placed near a Town Center, Trading Post or Palace. It's important that a Hausa player places their University as quickly as possible - a difficult task, as Universities cost 200 wood and 200 coin.

Influence, the resource generated by Universities, is used for many important things: mercenary units trained from the Palace, the unique and powerful upgrades obtained from the Age-up Alliances, native warriors and native technologies.

Hausa Trade Routes can also be switched over from generating experience to generating influence. Influence can also be generated through Home City Cards, such as the "Charity" card, which exchanges the player's food for a lesser amount of influence. The "Hegemony" card allows units from the War Camp to generate a small trickle of influence.

Three out of the four units trained at the Hausa War Camp are cavalry units, with the Fulani Archer, Javelin Rider, Raider, and Lifidi Knight all available at this basic military building.

The Hausa's unique heavy infantry unit, the powerful Maigadi, is trained at the Palace. Like other Palace units, the Maigadi costs influence and have shadow upgrades to become stronger with each Age instead of requiring War Camp upgrades.


Shared African units[]

  • Levied spearman portrait aoe3de.png Levied Spearman: Quick-training, Spearman who quickly loses hitpoints, becoming less effective over time.
  • Levied bowman portrait aoe3de.png Levied Bowman: Quick-training foot archer who loses hitpoints over time, but gains attack speed at lower health.
  • Levied gunner portrait aoe3de.png Levied Gunner: Musketeer who loses hitpoints, becoming less effective over time.
  • Desert warrior portrait aoe3de.png Desert Warrior: Hardy javelin warrior equipped with a large shield. The shield grants different armor types when switching combat stances. Good against cavalry.
  • Desert archer portrait aoe3de.png Desert Archer: Secretive, skilled archer that can hit distant targets as well as shoot fast at short range. Good against infantry.
  • Desert raider portrait aoe3de.png Desert Raider: Plundering Desert Raider. Good against buildings.
  • Javelin rider aoe3de.png Javelin Rider: Ranged cavalry. Good against hand cavalry, particularly in melee.
  • Ethiopian fishing canoe portrait aoe3de.png Fishing Canoe: Gathers Food from Fish or Coin from Whales.
  • Battle canoe portrait aoe3de.png Battle Canoe: Battle Canoe. Powerful, agile warship that can also train units.
  • Cannon boat portrait aoe3de.png Cannon Boat: Cannon Boat. Somewhat expensive, but powerful boat good at blasting ships and builders from a distance.

Unique units[]

  • Emir aoe3de icon.png Emir: Royal Hausa hero with a fealty aura. Explores, fights, builds Palaces, Universities, and Trading Posts. Good against cavalry.
  • Hausa villager portrait aoe3de.png Villager: Villager that constructs buildings and gathers resources.
  • Griot aoe3de icon.png Griot: Griot. Inspiring musician and storyteller who can increase the work rate of buildings and speed of nearby units. Uses instruments to intimidate enemies which slows their attack speed.
  • Fulani warrior aoe3de icon.png Fulani Archer: Foot Archer armed with a short bow for a fast attack. Good against Heavy Infantry and Ranged Cavalry. Can gather Livestock.
  • Maigadi aoe3de icon.png Maigadi: Powerful heavy ranged infantry with a deadly melee attack.
  • Raider icon.png Raider: Mobile Hand Cavalry with decent siege damage. Good against light infantry and villagers.
  • Lifidi knight aoe3de icon.png Lifidi Knight: Heavy hand cavalry with a lot of hitpoints.
  • Xebec aoe3de icon.png Xebec: A powerful, agile mercenary warship that fires faster at close range. Inflicts high damage.

Unique buildings[]

  • Hut portrait aoe3de.png Hut: Supports 10 population.
  • Livestock market aoe3de.png Livestock Market: Livestock Market. Combines Market and Livestock Pen. Can fatten and sell Livestock for wood or gold.
  • Field portrait aoe3de.png Field: Slow, infinite source of Food or Coin for up to two gatherers. Builds slowly, but is inexpensive.
  • Port portrait aoe3de.png Port: Builds and upgrades Fishing Boats and warships. Repairs nearby ships.
  • Watch tower aoe3de icon.png Watch Tower: Watch Tower that can be used to defend the border.
  • University icon.png University: Unique Hausa building that can toggle between XP and Influence generation. Trains Griots and researches Alliance technologies. Most effective when near a Town Center, Trading Post, and Palace.
  • War camp aoe3de icon.png War Camp: Trains and upgrades African regular units.
  • Granary portrait aoe3de.png Granary: Improves nearby Food gather rates and lures hunt. Builds slowly but for free. Contains hunting and farming upgrades.
  • Palace portrait aoe3de.png Palace: Powerful, defensive building that can also train units.

Alliance units[]

Home City Cards[]

Main article: Hausa Home City Cards


Alliance Hausa.png

The Hausa can also ally with themselves to advance into the Commerce Age or higher, which allow Hausa Builders and Kingdom Builders to be trained at the Town Center, and the following technologies to be researched at the University:

Technology Cost Description
Kano Chronicle.png Kano Chronicle 600 influence Receive 1 Hausa Builder with every future Home City shipments
Arewa.png Arewa 250 influence Hausa Builders can build Watch Towers; Requires Kano Chronicle
Bayajidda Epic.png Bayajidda Epic 750 influence Ships 1 additional Emir; buildings' build bounty changed from experience to influence


Colonial age up.png 1 Hausa Builder and 300 wood
Fortress age up.png 700 wood
Industrial age up.png 1,000 wood
Imperial age up.png 2,000 wood

In-game dialogue[]

Main article: Hausa dialogue lines

Hausa units speak Hausa language, Chadic language spoken by the Hausa people, mainly within the northern half of Nigeria and the southern half of Niger, and with significant minorities in Chad, Ghana, and Cameroon.




  • Female Build
  • Male Build
  • Female Farm
  • Male Farm
  • Female Gather Coin
  • Male Gather Coin
  • Female Gather Fruit
  • Male Gather Fruit
  • Female Gather Meat
  • Male Gather Meat
  • Female Gather Wood
  • Male Gather Wood


No "Claim" line.

  • Disabled
  • Ransomed
  • Revived


  • The Hausa flag shown in the game is based on Hausa ethnic flag, an older and traditionally established emblem of Hausa identity – the 'Dagin Arewa' or 'Northern knot' – in a star shape, used in historic and traditional architecture, design and embroidery.


The Hausa are a people-group inhabiting the Sahelian region of modern-day Nigeria, a region that rose to immense prominence by the early modern period owing primarily to its location on the lucrative trans-Saharan trade routes. A mix of sedentary and pastoral-nomadic societies, the Hausa coalesced into a series of kingdoms during this time, such as Kano and Zazzau. As Islam spread to the region thanks to merchants from north of the Sahara, it took hold on vast numbers of people, from commoners to rulers. One such ruler, Muhammad Rumfa (r. 1463-1499), converted most of Kano to Islam, planting a seed that would bear fruit centuries later.

Another ruler, Queen Amina of Zazzau (r. 1576-1610), is credited with building the first Islamicized Hausa kingdom. Her achievements were manifold, ranging from military expansion to city building and the reform of agricultural infrastructure. Like several other polities of the time, Zazzau had to contend with the frictious relationship between agriculturalists and pastoralists. While the former derived wealth and power from produce and urban consolidation, the latter measured wealth in mobile, utile materialism such as horses and cattle. Peaceful interaction between the groups was mutually beneficial, but predatory nomadism occasionally ensued and posed a major threat to both societies. To address this issue, Amina commissioned the construction of a series of fortifications around all major urban centers in her kingdom.

By the turn of the 19th century, the Hausa polities were in turmoil. Exploited peasants banded with Fula pastoralists to resist the oppressive policies of Hausa city-states such as Gobir. They found a leader in Usman dan Fodio, a Fulani scholar and military leader. After several decades as a religious teacher, Usman organized an insurrection in 1802 that sought to reform his community – which he felt had strayed from a virtuous path and given itself over to greed, immorality, and cruelty – through Islamic teachings. Leading armies primarily of Fulani as Commander of the Faithful, he dismantled the existing Hausa system and established the Sokoto Caliphate in 1803. Before his death in 1817, Usman authored countless treatises on political, cultural, social, and religious matters.

Over the next several decades, the Sokoto Caliphate expanded swiftly, establishing dominance over the nearby city-states and consolidating its power through control of vital trade, the construction of a network of fortresses, and a sophisticated taxation system. Despite these strengths and a robust military, the Caliphate was no match for the repeated incursions of fully industrialized European imperial powers during the turn of the 20th century, and it swiftly crumbled, allowing the British and Germans to partition its former territory.