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Heavy cavalry mercenary with a powerful short ranged attack.
—In-game description

The Harquebusier is a mercenary cavalry in Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition. Harquebusiers are a very delicate heavy cavalry that function as improved Hakkapelits, that can also switch attack into Ranged attack by setting them in Stagger Mode.


Although Harquebusiers can strike with great force (they can kill Zamburaks with one hit), they should not be used on their own during battle, since their low hit points make them vulnerable to enemy attacks. They excel at raiding enemy Villagers – in two strikes, a Villager or Coureur is dead. Harquebusiers should be used like Hussars, but mixed with regular hand cavalry or other heavy cavalry mercenaries.

Harquebusiers have significantly more attack but significantly fewer hit points than the Mameluke. With 12 Missionaries (Japanese ally), Unction, all attack improvement upgrades (Bhakti Temple) and cards (French and Indian allies), the Spanish Harquebusier is the melee cavalry with the highest attack, 281.93. They act as a hybrid cavalry. They have a really high ranged attack equivalent to a Guard Dragoon, which makes them really strong at range.

Although the UI lists a ×2.0 multiplier against pets and Coyote Runners, the Harquebusier has a hidden ×0.5 multiplier against "melee infantry", which includes all pets and units with the AbstractCoyoteMan tag. The net result is that they simply do base damage to pets and Coyote Runners. The same happens with the Hakkapelit.

Further statistics[]

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Ranged infantry, Shock Infantry, artillery
Weak vs. Heavy infantry, light cavalry
Hit points Cavalry Cuirass.png Cavalry Cuirass (+10%)
Comanche Horse Breeding.png Comanche Horse Breeding (+10%)
Cree Tanning.png Cree Tanning (+10%)
Navajo Weaving.png Navajo Weaving (+5%)
Attack Pillage.png Pillage (+25% siege attack)
Counter Infantry Rifling.png Customized Merc Weapons (+30%, John Black's Mercenaries only)
Yoga.png Yoga (+5%)
Sight Town Watch.png Town Watch (+2)
Speed Comanche Mustangs.png Comanche Mustangs (+5%)
Apache Endurance.png Apache Endurance (+5%)
Creation speed Mass Cavalry.png Mass Cavalry (-35%)
Cheyenne Horse Trading.png Cheyenne Horse Trading (-25%)
Inca Chaquis Messengers.png Quechuan Diet (-15%)
Train cost Mapuche Ad-mapu.png Mapuche Ad-mapu (-10% coin cost)
Other Wild Geese.png Wild Geese (ships 10 Harquebusiers, Spanish only)
Penalties Coffee Trade.png Coffee Trade (-10% speed, Dutch only)

Home City Cards[]


Definitive Edition[]

  • Originally, Harquebusiers had 97 ranged damage and a ranged rate of fire of 1.5. Since update 5208, they have 80 ranged damage, a ranged rate of fire of 2.0, and a ranged area of effect of 1.
  • Originally, Harquebusiers had 30% ranged resistance. With update 13088, they have 20% ranged resistance.

The African Royals[]

  • With update 43871, the Harquebusier portrait has been updated to align with his in-game appearance.

In-game dialogue[]

The Harquebusier speaks a variant of Middle English using the British Falconet's dialogue files.



The harquebusier was the most common form of cavalry found throughout Western Europe during the early and mid 17th century. This type of cavalryman was characterised by the use of a form of carbine, the earliest type of carbine used was called a "harquebus" derived from arquebus. The switch of the harquebusier from a mounted support role, reliant on firearms, to one of shock-capable close combat cavalry came from Sweden (Hakkapelit). The harquebusier was first invented in France. The later harquebusier was used in a shock role by cavalry leaders of the English Civil War. They employed harquesbusiers very aggressively: charging with sword in hand, thus relegating their firearms to a secondary function.

The harquebusier would usually have been armed with a carbine, wheellock, snaphaunce or doglock flintlock, hung from a swivel attached to a baldric, pistols in saddle holsters, and a stout, straight-bladed, sword and a typical harquebusier would have an iron cuirass with a breast and backplate, and an open faced helmet such as a lobster-tailed pot.
—In-game history section


v  d  e
Mercenary units in Age of Empires III
InfantryArmored Pistoleer^^ · Arsonist** · Askari^ · Barbary Corsair · Cannoneer^ · Dahomey Amazon^ · Fusilier* · Giant Grenadier^^ · Highlander · Irish Brigadier^^ · Iron Troop** · Jaeger · Landsknecht · Ninja* · Pandour^^ · Ronin · Swiss Pikeman · Zouave***
CavalryBlack Rider · Bosniak^^ · Elmetto* · Gatling Camel^ · Hackapell · Harquebusier*** · Jat Lancer** · Kanuri Guard^ · Mameluke · Manchu · Mounted Rifleman^^ · Royal Horseman^^ · Sennar Horseman^ · Stradiot · Yojimbo** · Zenata Rider^
ArtilleryLi'l Bombard* · Napoleon Gun***
ShipPrivateer · War Dhow^ · Wokou Junk** · Xebec^
InfantryDacoit** · Desert Archer^ · Desert Warrior^ · Hajduk^^ · Highwayman^^ · Inquisitor^^ · Pirate · Pistolero* · Renegado* · Thuggee** · Wokou Monk** · Wokou Pirate** · Wokou Ronin**
CavalryComanchero* · Cossack Daredevil^^ · Crabat^^ · Desert Raider^ · Highwayman^^ · Wokou Horseman**
ShipMarathan Catamaran**
Flag American act3 aoe3de.png United States***Gunslinger · Cowboy · Owlhoot
Flag MexicanDE.png Mexicans***Desperado · Cuatrero · Bandido
* added in The WarChiefs   ** in The Asian Dynasties   *** in the Definitive Edition   ^ in The African Royals   ^^ in Knights of the Mediterranean