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Nepalese skirmisher that is accurate to a long range. Good against infantry.
—In-game description

The Gurkha is a ranged gunpowder infantry in Age of Empires III: The Asian Dynasties that is unique to the Indians and can be trained at Barracks and Galleon, as well as the Agra Fort wonder. It is the Indian equivalent of a Skirmisher.

Gurkhas can also be rescued from certain Treasures on South Asian maps such as Borneo, Deccan, and Indochina.


Gurkhas are expensive but have a strong attack and long range, that increases with every upgrade for them at the barracks, going up to 21 range. They are strong against infantry but are weak against cavalry. They are stronger than an ordinary Skirmisher and are also available in Commerce Age, meaning that the Indians can have a very powerful anti-infantry support even in the Commerce Age. As such they should be combined with Sepoys or Zamburaks to defeat any cavalry units that get too close while the Gurkhas snipe infantry that pose a threat.

Gurkhas, when combined with the Howdah can host a formidable all-rounder attack force as they provide multipliers against many categories of units in the game.


Age Upgrade Cost Effect
Age III tech tree aoe3.png
Disciplined ranged infantry.png Disciplined Gurkha 200 wood,
100 coin
Upgrades Gurkhas to Disciplined (+20% hit points and attack, +1 LOS and range)
Age IV tech tree aoe 3.png
Honored ranged infantry.png Honored Gurkha 600 wood,
600 coin
Upgrades Gurkhas to Honored (+30% hit points and attack, +1 LOS and range); requires Disciplined Gurkha
Imperial Age
Exalted ranged infantry.png Exalted Gurkha 1,500 wood,
1,500 coin
Upgrades Gurkhas to Exalted (+50% hit points and attack, +1 LOS and range); requires Honored Gurkha

Mansabdar Gurkha[]

Inspires all nearby Gurkha. Indian skirmisher that is accurate to a long range. Good against infantry.
—In-game description

The Mansabdar Gurkha is a stronger version of the Gurkha that can be trained from the Charminar Gate wonder. As a Mansabdar unit, the Mansabdar Gurkha has twice the hit points of a Gurkha and Imperial Service that increases the hit points and attack of nearby Gurkhas, but are two times more expensive.

Special ability[]

Imperial service.png Imperial Service (passive): The Mansabdar Gurkha increases the hit points and attack of Gurkhas in a radius of 24 around him by 10%.

Further statistics[]

As (Mansabdar) Gurkhas are unique to the Indians, only technologies that they have access to are shown in the following table:

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Heavy infantry, light cavalry, Eagle Runner Knights
Weak vs. Heavy cavalry, Coyote Runners, artillery
Hit points Cree Tanning.png Cree Tanning (+5%)
Navajo Weaving.png Navajo Weaving (+5%)
Attack Yoga.png Yoga (+5%)
Smokeless Powder.png Smokeless Powder (+30% siege attack)
Clenched Fist.png Clenched Fist (+30% melee attack)
Speed Inca Road-building.png Quechuan Mountaineering (+20%)
Apache Endurance.png Apache Endurance (+5%)
Creation speed Inca Chaquis Messengers.png Quechuan Diet (-25%)
Train cost Mapuche Ad-mapu.png Mapuche Ad-mapu (-10% coin cost)
Other Merritocracy.png Meritocracy (-20% upgrade cost)

Home City Cards[]

As (Mansabdar) Gurkhas are unique to the Indians, only their cards and other civilizations' TEAM cards are shown in the following tables:


The Asian Dynasties[]

  • Gurkhas and Mansabdar Gurkhas regenerate hit points.
  • The Gurkha's hotkey name is incorrectly labeled as Urumi in the game options.
  • Mansabdar Gurkhas cost 2 population.

Definitive Edition[]

  • Gurkhas and Mansabdar Gurkhas cannot regenerate hit points.
  • The Gurkha's hotkey name now is correctly labeled as Gurkha in the game options.
  • With update 20322, Mansabdar Gurkhas cost 1 population.

The African Royals[]



The Gurkhas are a Nepalese ethnic group who originally claimed to be descendents of the northern India Rajputs, but who took their famous name from the small state of Gurkha in Nepal, which they conquered in the early sixteenth century. For 200 years, the Gurkhas expanded eastward, seeking to conquer all of Nepal. They succeeded, and by the mid-eighteenth century, the entire country was theirs and Hinduism was named the state religion. The Gurkhas attempted to invade Tibet but ultimately failed, and as war with the British broke out in India, they found their control waning. They did, however, discover a surprisingly fruitful partnership with the British occupational forces in India.

Known for their short, curved sword called a kukri, the Gurkhas served in the armies of India and Great Britain, where more than 200,000 soldiers fought alongside the British in World War I, and in forty battalions in World War II.