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This article is about the civilization in Age of Empires. For their appearance in Age of Mythology, see Greeks (Age of Mythology).
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If you men think that I rely on numbers, then all Greece is not sufficient, for it is but a small fraction of their numbers; but if on men's valour, then this number will do
—Leonidas I

The Greeks are a playable civilizations in Age of Empires, and are primarily an offensive civilization. The Greeks are based in the speed of their units, and are very strong at the beginning of the match. Their Academy units are 30% faster and 20% cheaper and their warships are 20% faster.

Greek culture emerged from Helladic (3200-1100 BC) and Mycenaean (1600-1100 BC) cultures in modern day mainland Greece as well as Minoan (3000-1100 BC) and Cycladic (3200-1100 BC) cultures in Crete and the Aegean archipelago respectively. The word "Greek" is an exonym; in the Greek language the people and the culture are called "Hellenic". Rather than being a single united state, classical Greece was divided into many city-states and kingdoms.

The Greeks are represented in the first main campaign story-line, Glory of Greece, which details their development from the emergence of Mycenaean civilization, through the Greek Dark Ages, to height of the classical city-states, finally culminating with Alexander the Great's campaigns against Persia.

Classical Greek culture is often considered the origin of Western traditions of science, philosophy and politics, as well as demography, which is represented in their fast working Town Centers. Some Greek states such as Sparta and Athens were able to train highly disciplined elite infantry and deploy them effectively in considerable numbers against their enemies and were also known to make effective use of naval vessels in order to defend against the Persians during the Greco-Persian wars. This is reflected in-game by cheaper and faster-moving Academy units and faster moving warships.


  • Academy units move 30% faster and are 20% cheaper.
  • Ships move 20% faster.
  • Town Centers work 10% faster starting in the Tool Age.


In the ancient world, Ancient Greeks were a major trade and colonial power, setting up colonies in Southern Italy, Cyprus, and Asia Minor (now modern-day Turkey). The Greeks fought mostly in large hoplite armies and were famous for their army formations, in particular the phalanx. The Greeks played a major role in the ancient world, contributing towards much of the ancient philosophy, mathematics, and other sciences known worldwide today. The Greeks resided in city states that constantly competed for power, especially between the city states of Athens and Sparta. After the Peloponnesian Wars, Athens, Corinth, Thebes, and the major of other city-state (with the notable exception of Sparta) were united by Macedon in the Hellenic League, also called the League of Corinth. Greek civilization would reach its peak under Alexander the Great, who conquered most of the known world. However, his empire was only as strong as he was. After he died, it quickly fragmented and lost power. The Greeks were eventually conquered by the Romans a few centuries later and were largely assimilated into their culture.

Greek influence did not die there, however. The Romans borrowed heavily from Greece, including architecture, religious rites and mythology, and military tactics. The Eastern Roman (or Byzantine) Empire is commonly referred to as the Greek half of Rome.


Age of Empires[]

Definitive Edition[]

  • Academy units cost -20%.
  • Ships are 20% faster.
  • With update 38862, Town Centers work 10% faster starting in the Tool Age. This affects both Villager creation and aging up.
  • With update 38862, the Greeks have have access to the Fire Galley.

AI Player Names[]

Names shown in italics are only used in the original game, names shown in bold are used in both the original game and its expansions.

  • Alexander (Ἀλέξανδρος) - The most famous is Alexander (III) the Great, king of Macedon 336-323 BC
  • Achilles (Ἀχιλλεύς) - Greek Hero of the Trojan War
  • Pericles (Περικλῆς) - Athenian general (strategos), lived 495-429 BC
  • Miltiades (Μιλτιάδης) - Athenian general (strategos), lived c. 550-489 BC
  • Leonidas (Λεωνίδας) - King of Sparta, ruled 489-480 BC
  • Themistocles (Θεμιστοκλῆς) - Athenian general (strategos), lived c. 524-459 BC
  • Alexander II (Ἀλέξανδρος Β΄) - King of Macedon 371-369 BC; King of Epirus 272-242 BC
  • Lysander (Λύσανδρος) - Spartan admiral, lived ?-395 BC
  • Alcibiades (Ἀλκιβιάδης) - Athenian general (strategos), later with Spartan allegiance, lived c. 450-404 BC
  • Cleon (Κλέων) - Athenian general (strategos), lived ?-422 BC