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This article is about the civilization in Age of Empires III. For the civilization in Age of Empires II: The Age of Kings, see Teutons. For the civilization in Age of Empires IV, see Holy Roman Empire.
Civilization Technology tree Strategy

In the New World, the Germans ruled territories in South America in the 1500s, such as Venezuela. They were short lived until were able to successfully colonize in the late 1800s.

The Germans' civilization music theme in the Definitive Edition

The Germans are a playable European civilization in Age of Empires III. They are the descendants of the Teutons who inhabited regions in Germany. The Kingdom of Prussia was one of the nation states in Germany and was a European kingdom from the early 16th century until the early 20th century. The Prussians fought several wars against France during the 18th and 19th centuries, usually with Great Britain as its ally. In the 1870s, the several nation states in German lands (including Prussia) finally united, resulting in the formation of the German Empire.

In the New World, the Germans ruled territories in South America in the 16th century such as Venezuela. They were short-lived, however, and the Germans would not colonize successfully until the late 19th century.

Home City[]


The Germans start off with fewer, but faster gathering villagers than other civilizations. They receive free Uhlans with almost every Home City Shipment, though they require more experience points per shipment (the opposite of the Spanish). Their early age economy is good, since their Settler Wagons essentially work at the rate of two villagers. The two Settler Wagon shipments in the Exploration Age and the three Settler Wagon shipment in the Commerce Age are very useful. Although Settler Wagons are only available through the Home City in the beginning, they can later be trained at the Mill with the "Germantown Farmers" card. This card requires a level 25 Home City.

Because the Germans almost always have Uhlans, they have a lot of cavalry, but their late-developing army is diverse. They have a powerful anti-infantry force since German Skirmishers can be upgraded to Needle Gunners and the Doppelsoldner is a formidable close-combat infantry unit.

German cavalry is one of the strongest in the game in terms of attack. The War Wagon has a large amount of hit points, while the Uhlans have low HP but a devastating attack. The War Wagon is slower than other Dragoon-type units (speed of 6 vs 7.25) but has additional range (16 vs 12 unupgraded) and has 20% melee resistance instead of the usual 30% ranged resistance. Also, War Wagons have a mini setup-animation-delay before shooting, where other Units shoot almost instantly. Therefore, players cannot hit and run with WW.

Their cavalry can further be strengthened with over five shipments that can aid their combat ability, though two of them are not efficient. The Germans can also obtain free mercenary shipments at a lower Home City level than any other civilization.

They appear in the Act I: Fire (The War Chiefs) as the Hessians, and are allied with the British. The reason for this is because the British used several Hessian mercenaries in the War of Independence.

The German AI in skirmish is the only AI to utilize imperial cannons because AIs do not use factories to produce artillery.


Unique units[]

Settler wagon.png Settler Wagon: A German villager that is more expensive but gathers faster than a Settler.
Doppelsoldner.png Doppelsoldner: Heavy swordsman with a sweep attack.
Uhlan.png Uhlan: Light cavalry that sacrifices hitpoints for attack.
Aoe3 war wagon.png War Wagon: Hussite horse-drawn wagon outfitted with cannon.

Home City Cards[]

Main article: German Home City Cards


In-game dialogue[]

Main article: Germans' dialogue lines

German units (including mercenaries) speak modern Standard German with a standard theater pronunciation ("Bühnendeutsch"), although this does not represent the form of German spoken in the Age of Empires III timeframe.


  • Ja? - Yes?
  • Bereit - Ready
  • Auftrag? - Order?
  • Aufgabe? - Orders?
  • Hallo - Hello
  • Jawohl - Yes
  • Verstanden - Understood
  • Wird erledigt - It will be done
  • Ja - Yes
  • Richtig - Right
  • Wird gemacht - Will be done
  • Angriff! - Attack!
  • In den Kampf! - Into the fight!
  • Jawohl! - Yes!


  • Build Zimmermann - Carpenter/House builder (masculine, female settler should have used the feminine form Zimmerfrau here)
  • Female Farm Bäuerin - Farmer (feminine)
  • Male Farm Bauer - Farmer (masculine)
  • Female Gather Coin Händlerin - Merchant (feminine)
  • Male Gather Coin Händler - Merchant (masculine)
  • Female Gather Fruit Sammlerin - Gatherer (feminine)
  • Male Gather Fruit Sammler - Gatherer (masculine)
  • Female Gather Meat Jägerin - Huntress
  • Male Gather Meat Jäger - Hunter
  • Female Gather Wood Holzfäller - Lumberjack (masculine, female settler should have used the feminine form Holzfällerin here)


  • Claim In Namen von Deutschland fordere ich dieses Land! - In the name of Germany, I claim this land!
  • Disabled Ich bin verwundet und kann mich nicht bewegen - I've been wounded and can't move
  • Ransomed Danke, dass du mein Lösegeld gezahlt hast - Thanks for paying my ransom
  • Revived Es geht mir besser - I'm feeling better


  • The German flag shown in the original game appears to be a combination of the state flag of the Kingdom of Prussia (1750–1801) and Imperial Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor (ca. 1430–1806). It was changed to the Imperial Standard of the Holy Roman Empire (16th–19th century) in the Definitive Edition.[1]
    • The use of the Holy Roman flag with Frederick the Great is historically inaccurate, as he was never Holy Roman Emperor, though he did serve as an Elector within the Empire.
  • According to early screenshots prior to the release of Age of Empires III, the German flag in the game would be the Colonial flag used by the German Empire between 1884–1918.
  • According to the Age of Empires III User's Manual, the German flag in the game would be the State flag of the Kingdom of Prussia (1750–1801).
  • The German civilization represents all the states that formed the Holy Roman Empire, and their units come from various different lands of the Holy Roman Empire:
    • The Settler Wagon is from the Electorate of Bavaria, since he is dressed in traditional Bavarian clothing.
    • The Doppelsoldner is a Landsknecht – Landsknechts were exclusively recruited from areas of today's Southern Germany and Western Austria.
    • Their Royal Guard upgrade for the Skirmisher (Prussian Needle Gun) states that he is from the Kingdom of Prussia.
    • The Uhlans are Poles from Austria – the Habsburgs heavily utlized Uhlans in their army, whereas Prussia only dabbled with Uhlan regiments on a few occasions with limited success. The Home City Cards "Spanish Riding School" and "Lipizzaner Cavalry" heavily imply that those units are Austrian.
    • The War Wagons are from the Kingdom of Bohemia, since the unit description states they are Hussites.


At the time of Columbus' first voyage, Germany consisted of four hundred separate entities, including cities, principalities, and feudal states. Though nominally part of the Holy Roman Empire, they were in fact beyond the control of the Holy Roman Emperor in Spain. There was no central government that dictated policy, collected taxes, or marshaled armies.

In 1517 a German monk, Martin Luther, protested against a variety of practices of the Catholic Church by nailing his arguments to a church door in Wittenberg. This was a traditional way of opening a debate at the university there, but he started something larger than a scholarly debate. His act set off the Protestant Reformation, as copies of his theses, translated from Latin into German and other languages, spread throughout Germany and the rest of Europe. The Reformation in turn brought about the Counter-Reformation as the Catholic Church reordered itself.

The struggle between the two religious views broke out into the Thirty Years' War, which was particularly brutal and devastating in Germany. German provinces ended up choosing to be either Catholic (primarily in the south) or Protestant (primarily in the north).

The small Baltic duchy of Prussia gradually began expanding in the sixteenth century thanks to good leadership and a growing military tradition. It repulsed Swedish encroachments in the seventeenth century and rose to real prominence under Frederick the Great in the eighteenth century. The Prussians were particularly noted for their disciplined infantry, elite Grenadiers, and cavalry. They fought a series of wars with the much larger Austrian Empire to the south, usually with great success, up to the Napoleonic Era.

Germans briefly attempted to colonize Venezuela in the sixteenth century. Augsburg banking families obtained the rights to the country in 1526 and began exploring the land in 1529, mainly looking for El Dorado, the famed city of gold. Approximately two hundred settlers landed at Coro. They continued to search for gold and established some sugar plantations worked by African slaves. The colony reverted to Spanish control in 1556. Most of the German colonists had died from disease or native attacks, especially during their treks into the interior searching for gold.