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Mounted skirmisher. Trainable by Berbers and their allies.
Age of Empires II description

The Genitour is the second unique unit of the Berbers in Age of Empires II HD: The African Kingdoms. It can be trained at the Archery Range once the Castle Age is reached. It is essentially a mounted Skirmisher. Since Genitours cost no gold, they are considered trash units.

Genitours can be upgraded to Elite Genitours in the Imperial Age.

The Genitour is the team bonus of the Berbers, so it is a shared unique unit, i.e. it is available to any player allied with a Berber player.

Further statistics[]

Strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Archers, Monks, most infantry units (with hit-and-run tactics)
Weak vs. Camel Riders, siege units, Huskarls, Eagle Warriors, Woad Raiders, Ghulams
Conditional matchups Genoese Crossbowmen
Hit points BloodlinesDE Bloodlines (+20)
UniqueTechCastle-DE Sipahi (+20, Turks only)
Attack FletchingDE Fletching (+1)
BodkinArrowDE Bodkin Arrow (+1)
BracerDE Bracer (+1)
ChemistryDE Chemistry (+1)
UniqueTechCastle-DE Atlatl (+1, Aztecs only)
UniqueTechImperialDE Recurve Bow (+1, Magyars only)
Range FletchingDE Fletching (+1)
BodkinArrowDE Bodkin Arrow (+1)
BracerDE Bracer (+1)
UniqueTechCastle-DE Atlatl (+1, Aztecs only)
UniqueTechImperialDE Recurve Bow (+1, Magyars only)
UniqueTechCastle-DE Andean Sling (eliminates minimum range, Incas only)
Accuracy ThumbRingDE Thumb Ring (increases accuracy to 100%)
BallisticsDE Ballistics (hit moving targets)
Additional projectiles UniqueTechCastle-DE Hul'che Javelineers (1 pierce attack, Mayans only)
Armor PaddedArcherArmorDE Padded Archer Armor (+1/+1)
LeatherArcherArmorDE Leather Archer Armor (+1/+1)
RingArcherArmorDE Ring Archer Armor (+1/+2)
UniqueTechCastle-DE Silk Armor (+1/+1, Tatars only)
UniqueTechImperialDE Tower Shields (0/+2, Lithuanians only)
Conversion resistance Devotion icon AoE2DE Devotion (+1 min, +1 max)
FaithDE Faith (+4 min, +4 max)
HeresyDE Heresy (die upon getting converted)
UniqueTechCastle-DE First Crusade (+4 min, +4 max, Sicilians only)
Movement speed HusbandryDE Husbandry (+10%)
Resource cost UniqueTechCastle-DE Kshatriyas (-25% food, Gurjaras only)
Creation speed ConscriptionDE Conscription (+33%)
Other UniqueTechImperialDE Aznauri Cavalry (-15% population, Georgians only)
Civilization bonuses
Hit points Franks AoE2 Franks (+20%)
Vietnamese AoE2 Vietnamese (+20%)
Regeneration Georgians AoE2 Georgians (10/15 hit points per minute in the Castle/Imperial Age)
Attack Gurjaras AoE2 Gurjaras (+30%/+40% bonus damage in the Castle/Imperial Age)
Japanese AoE2 Japanese (+2 vs archers, except skirmishers)
Tatars AoE2 Tatars (+20% damage {+50% instead of +25%} from elevations)
Damage resistance Georgians AoE2 Georgians (-20% {-40% instead of -25%} on higher elevations)
Sicilians AoE2 Sicilians (-33% bonus damage)
Attack speed Dravidians AoE2 Dravidians (+25%)
Mongols AoE2 Mongols (+25%)
Movement speed Cumans AoE2 Cumans (+10%/15% in the Castle/Imperial Age)
Resource cost Byzantines AoE2 Byzantines (-25%)
Incas AoE2 Incas (-20%/25% food in the Castle/Imperial Age)
Huns AoE2 Huns (-10%/20% in the Castle Age/Imperial Age)
Koreans AoE2 Koreans (-50% wood)
Creation speed Aztecs AoE2 Aztecs (+11%)
Other Celts AoE2 Celts (can convert herdable animals even if enemy units are next to them)
Team bonuses
Conversion resistance Teutons AoE2 Teutons (+3 min, +1 max)
Line of Sight Tatars AoE2 Tatars (+2)
Creation speed Britons AoE2 Britons (+10%)
Magyars AoE2 Magyars (+25%)


Because they are a shared unique unit, Genitours from an allied player can benefit from the following bonuses:

Civilization bonuses
Team bonuses


Genitours are excellent counters against any archer-using opponent. Due to their comparatively high hit points and attack bonus against all archer units, Genitours emerge victorious against almost any archer unit (except the Genoese Crossbowman) in the game. They can also be used to hit-and-run against infantry, but the regular Cavalry Archer is much better suited for that due to its higher base attack. Encounters with cavalry and siege weapons should be avoided, because the Genitours cannot make use of any of their beneficial traits against these units.

Considering that Skirmishers are very low-value units against non-archer units, have range, and that Genitours have good speed, Genitours become excellent as Monk-deterrents. Even if converted, they will not be much useful to the enemy, especially in 1vs1 against the Berbers' cavalry units.

Comparison to Skirmishers[]

Since both units are available from Castle Age and fill the same anti-archer role, it is fair to compare them. While in general similar in terms of use on the battlefield, the Genitour has advantages and drawbacks in comparison with a standard Elite Skirmisher. It is 40% faster, has significantly more hit points (+15, +20 for Elite; even more so with Bloodlines), and can hit-and-run against infantry. With the Elite upgrade, it even has +1 attack over Elite Skirmishers. On the other hand, it requires 60% more food to train, has -1 range and is vulnerable to anti-cavalry units like Camel Riders and Pikemen.

Comparison table[]

Skirmisher aoe2DE Skirmisher line GenitourIcon-DE Genitour line
Cost 25 food, 35 wood 40 food, 35 wood
Speed 0.96 1.35
Training time 22s 25s
Range 5 4
Attack delay 0.52 0.5
CastleageDE Castle Age Elite skirmisher aoe2DE Elite Skirmisher GenitourIcon-DE Genitour
Hit points 35 50
Pierce attack 3 3
Attack bonus +4 vs Archers
+3 vs Spearman
+2 vs Cavalry Archer
+4 vs Archers
+3 vs Spearman
Accuracy 90 90
Armor 0/4 0/4
Line of Sight 7 5
Upgrade cost
and time
300 wood, 450 gold
50 seconds
500 food, 450 wood
60 seconds
ImperialageDE Imperial Age Imperialskirmishericon-DE Imperial Skirmisher GenitourIcon-DE Elite Genitour
Hit points 35 55
Pierce attack 4 4
Attack bonus +5 vs Archers
+3 vs Spearman
+4 vs Cavalry Archer
+5 vs Archers
+3 vs Spearman
+2 vs Cavalry Archer
Accuracy 95 90
Armor 0/5 0/4
Line of Sight 7 6

Whether or not to use Genitours depends much on the player's playing style, their civilization, and the current situation. For the Berbers, Genitours are usually preferred in the Imperial Age, because they fit in nicely with the Berber cavalry army and do not lag behind like Skirmishers do. In general, Genitours are favorable against civilizations using Cavalry Archers and, naturally, for the Turks as they lack Elite Skirmishers and have fantastic Genitours with their Sipahi technology. Genitours are a strong addition to the Japanese roster, as they have a larger-than-usual bonus attack against archers, which are a threat to any Japanese infantry army.

Comparison of bonuses and upgrades[]

Skirmisher aoe2DE Skirmisher line GenitourIcon-DE Genitour line Common Upgrades
Lithuanians AoE2 Lithuanians Skirmisher speed boost
Saracens AoE2 Saracens team bonus
UniqueTechCastle-DE Yeomen
BloodlinesDE Bloodlines and Franks AoE2 Franks cavalry HP boost
HusbandryDE Husbandry and Cumans AoE2 Cumans cavalry speed boost
Georgians AoE2 Georgians HP regeneration
Gurjaras AoE2 Gurjaras increased bonus damage
Huns AoE2 Huns cavalry archer discount
Japanese AoE2 Japanese +2 attack vs. Archer armor class
Mongols AoE2 Mongols cavalry archer attack speed boost
Tatars AoE2 Tatars team bonus
UniqueTechImperialDE Aznauri Cavalry
UniqueTechImperialDE Recurve Bow
UniqueTechCastle-DE Silk Armor
UniqueTechCastle-DE Sipahi
ThumbRingDE Thumb Ring (equal effect)
FletchingDE Fletching line
ChemistryDE Chemistry
BallisticsDE Ballistics
PaddedArcherArmorDE Padded Archer Armor line
Byzantines AoE2 Byzantines counter unit discount
Dravidians AoE2 Dravidians Skirmisher attack speed boost
Koreans AoE2 Koreans archer units cost -50% wood and armor upgrades free
Vietnamese AoE2 Vietnamese archers HP boost
UniqueTechCastle-DE Andean Sling
UniqueTechCastle-DE Atlatl
UniqueTechCastle-DE Hul'che Javelineers
UniqueTechImperialDE Tower Shields


AoE2-DLCicon-3 The African Kingdoms[]

  • Non-Elite Genitours initially have 4 attack and 3 range. With patch 4.8, they have 3 attack and 4 range.
  • Non-Elite Genitours have 3 pierce armor.
  • Genitours cost 50 food, 35 wood.
  • Aztecs AoE2 Aztecs: Initially, the civilization bonus that gives a creation speed boost to all military units does not apply to Genitours. With patch 4.8, however, this was fixed.
  • Koreans AoE2 Koreans: Genitours are trained at the regular cost.

AoEIIDE icon Definitive Edition[]

AoE2Icon-LordsWest Lords of the West[]

AoE2Icon-DynastiesIndia Dynasties of India[]

AoE2Icon-ReturnRome Return of Rome[]

  • Chinese AoE2 Chinese: With update 87863, technologies that benefit Genitours are 5%/10%/15% cheaper in the Feudal/Castle/Imperial Age.
  • Koreans AoE2 Koreans: With update 87863, Genitours cost -50% wood.

AoE2Icon-MountainRoyals The Mountain Royals[]


There is one hero in the game with the appearance of a Genitour:

Genitour before The African Kingdoms[]

The Genitour was an incomplete mounted archer unit found only in the Scenario Editor of Age of Empires II: The Conquerors. The unit had the sprite of the Militia as a placeholder. Although it holds a club, it actually throws spears towards the enemy very much like a Skirmisher.

It was initially planned to be the Spanish unique unit as a mounted Skirmisher, but was replaced by the Conquistador.

Despite being in the form of a Militia, the icon reveals an image of a Cavalry Archer. Furthermore, the unit also makes sound effects similar to the Cavalry Archer. The Genitour is affected by the cavalry archer upgrades.

The infantry-looking Genitour no longer appears in the Scenario Editor (since patch 5.1), but is still present in the game files with the same statistics.

With The African Kingdoms, the unit was completed and made a trainable unit.

Campaign appearances[]

  • An infantry-looking Elite Genitour unit named Farrier appears in the The Dragon Spreads His Wings scenario.
  • An infantry-looking Genitour unit named Sapper appears in the Arrival at Bari scenario. The player gains control over him when the player finds out that the path leading to the "weak spot" of Bari is blocked by rocks. Once the Sapper reaches the rocks, he will disappear along with the rocks, but the player's army is now able to continue their journey.


  • The term "Genitour" is derived from "Jinete", meaning "horseman" in Spanish, which itself is derived from "Zenata", which is a Berber tribe who first used such tactics. Jinetes were historically deployed as a kind of mounted fast-moving skirmishers, which is depicted rather accurately in the game, though the use of the term is rather odd for a civilization such as the Berbers. A more accurate iteration of the in-game name would be the original root Zenata, which is used in Age of Empires III: Definitive Edition - The African Royals as the Zenata Rider; or in the name of the unit in Spanish: Escaramuzador Zenete.
  • Zenata Cavalry were often employed on behalf of different rulers, in exchange for payment of various forms: "These Zanata proved the most effective soldiers in the Nasrid armies [...] In 1301 Muhammad II agreed to send a corps of Zanata to Jaime II of Aragon in exchange for galleys [...] There may have been as many as 10,000 at times, though the 600 whom Muhammad V sent to help Pedro the Cruel of Castile was probably a more typical force" (Hugh Kennedy, Muslim Spain and Portugal: A Political History of al-Andalus). This is likely the inspiration behind its availability to allied players.
  • Genitours are one of only three unique trash units. The others are Imperial Skirmishers and Magyar Huszars (if Corvinian Army is researched).
  • The Turks are arguably the most grateful for access to the Genitour. Their skirmishers are the worst in the game, and Sipahi puts their Genitours among the best with Gurjaras, Tatars and Vietnamese.
  • The Genitour is the only shared unit that can be trained in the Castle Age, making it the earliest shared unit that is available to train.
  • The changes in the Definitive Edition and Dynasties of India were made because they were underused, being vulnerable to the Spearman line without additional attack in the HD Edition, having one less armor in the Castle Age than Elite Skirmishers, and mostly, costing too much food, which is essential in early game. As a result, apart from Turks, which do not have access to it, most civilizations preferred to use Elite Skirmishers.
  • Since the Genitour is a team bonus, it is lost in Full Tech Tree mode.
  • Genitours are the only cavalry archers that are not affected by Parthian Tactics.


Video overview[]

Units in Age of Empires II
CivilianMaleVillDE Villager · Tradecart aoe2DE Trade Cart · FishingShipDE Fishing Ship · Trade cog aoe2DE Trade Cog · King eu aoe2DE King
ReligiousMonk aoe2DE Monk
InfantryMilitiaDE Militia · Manatarms aoe2DE Man-at-Arms · Longswordsman aoe2DE Long Swordsman · Twohanded aoe2DE Two-Handed Swordsman · Champion aoe2DE Champion
Spearman aoe2DE Spearman · Aoe2-infantry-2-pikeman Pikeman · Halberdier aoe2DE Halberdier
Eaglescout aoe2DE Eagle Scout · Eaglewarrior aoe2DE Eagle Warrior · EliteEaglewarrior aoe2DE Elite Eagle Warrior
ArcherArcher aoe2DE Archer · Crossbowman aoe2DE Crossbowman · Arbalester aoe2DE Arbalester
Skirmisher aoe2DE Skirmisher · Elite skirmisher aoe2DE Elite Skirmisher
Hand cannoneer aoe2DE Hand Cannoneer
Cavalryarcher aoe2DE Cavalry Archer · Heavycavalryarcher aoe2de Heavy Cavalry Archer
Aoe2de DOI elephant archer icon Elephant Archer · ElephantArcherIcon-DE Elite Elephant Archer
CavalryScoutcavalry aoe2DE Scout Cavalry · Lightcavalry aoe2DE Light Cavalry · Hussar aoe2DE Hussar
Knight aoe2DE Knight · Cavalier aoe2DE Cavalier · Paladin aoe2DE Paladin
Camelrider aoe2DE Camel Rider · Aoe2 heavycamelriderDE Heavy Camel Rider
Battle elephant aoe2DE Battle Elephant · Elite battle elephant aoe2DE Elite Battle Elephant
Steppelancericon Steppe Lancer · Elitesteppelancericon Elite Steppe Lancer
Xolotlicon Xolotl Warrior
AoE2DE Armored Elephant icon Armored Elephant · AoE2DE Siege Elephant icon Siege Elephant
SiegeBattering ram aoe2DE Battering Ram · Capped ram aoe2DE Capped Ram · Siege ram aoe2DE Siege Ram
Mangonel aoe2DE Mangonel · Onager aoe2DE Onager · Siege onager aoe2DE Siege Onager
Scorpion aoe2DE Scorpion · Heavyscorpion aoe2DE Heavy Scorpion
Bombard cannon aoe2DE Bombard Cannon
Trebuchet aoe2DE Trebuchet
Petard aoe2DE Petard
Siegetower aoe2DE Siege Tower
War shipTransportship aoe2DE Transport Ship
Galley aoe2DE Galley · War galley aoe2DE War Galley · Galleon aoe2DE Galleon
Fire galley aoe2DE Fire Galley · Fireship aoe2DE Fire Ship · Fastfireship aoe2DE Fast Fire Ship
Demoraft aoe2DE Demolition Raft · Demoship aoe2DE Demolition Ship · Heavydemoship aoe2de Heavy Demolition Ship
Cannon galleon aoe2DE Cannon Galleon · Elite cannon galleon aoe2de Elite Cannon Galleon
AoE2 Dromon Dromon
ReligiousMissionaryIcon-DE Missionary · AoE2 WarriorPriest Warrior Priest
InfantryBerserkIcon-DE Berserk · Aoe2de Chakram Chakram Thrower · CondottieroIcon-DE Condottiero · Aoe2-icon-flemish-militia Flemish Militia · GbetoIcon-DE Gbeto · Aoe2de Ghulam Ghulam · HuskarlIcon-DE Huskarl · JaguarWarriorIcon-DE Jaguar Warrior · KamayukIcon-DE Kamayuk · Karambitwarrioricon-DE Karambit Warrior · AoE2 DE Legionary new icon Legionary · Aoe2-icon--obuch Obuch · SamuraiIcon-DE Samurai · Aoe2-icon-serjeant Serjeant · Shotelwarrioricon-DE Shotel Warrior · TeutonicKnightIcon-DE Teutonic Knight · ThrowingAxemanIcon-DE Throwing Axeman · Aoe2de Urumi Urumi Swordsman · AoE2 WarriorPriest Warrior Priest · WoadRaiderIcon-DE Woad Raider
ArcherArambaiicon-DE Arambai · CamelArcherIcon-DE Camel Archer · ChukoNuIcon-DE Chu Ko Nu · AoE2 CompositeBowman Composite Bowman · ConquistadorIcon-DE Conquistador · GenitourIcon-DE Genitour · GenoeseCrossbowmanIcon-DE Genoese Crossbowman · Imperialskirmishericon-DE Imperial Skirmisher · JanissaryIcon-DE Janissary · Kipchakicon Kipchak · LongbowmanIcon-DE Longbowman · MangudaiIcon-DE Mangudai · PlumedArcherIcon-DE Plumed Archer · Aoe2de ratha ranged Ranged Ratha · Rattanarchericon-DE Rattan Archer · SlingerIcon-DE Slinger · WarWagonIcon-DE War Wagon
CavalryBallistaelephanticon-DE Ballista Elephant · BoyarIcon-DE Boyar · Aoe2de camel scout Camel Scout · CataphractIcon-DE Cataphract · Aoe2de roman unique centurion icon Centurion · Aoe2-icon-coustillier Coustillier · Flaming camel icon Flaming Camel · ImperialCamelRiderIcon-DE Imperial Camel Rider · Keshikicon Keshik · Konnikicon Konnik · Leitisicon Leitis · MagyarHuszarIcon-DE Magyar Huszar · MamelukeIcon-DE Mameluke · AoE2 Monaspa Monaspa · Aoe2de ratha melee Melee Ratha · AoE2 Savar Savar · Aoe2de shrivamsha rider Shrivamsha Rider · TarkanIcon-DE Tarkan · WarElephantIcon-DE War Elephant · Aoe2-icon-winged-hussar Winged Hussar
SiegeAoe2-icon--houfnice Houfnice · Aoe2-icon-hussite-wagon Hussite Wagon · OrganGunIcon-DE Organ Gun
War shipCaravelIcon-DE Caravel · LongboatIcon-DE Longboat · Aoe2de Thirisadai Thirisadai · TurtleShipIcon-DE Turtle Ship