Stronger than Skirmisher. Ranged unit equipped with armor vs. archer attacks.
Age of Empires II description

The Elite Skirmisher is an anti-archer ranged unit in Age of Empires II that can be trained at the Archery Range once the Castle Age is reached. They have an attack bonus against archers and, as opposed to its predecessor, an extra attack bonus against Cavalry Archers. They also have increased hit points, attack power, and pierce armor. This makes Elite Skirmishers more useful against other ranged units even beyond the Castle Age.

The upgrade to the Imperial Skirmisher is unique to the Vietnamese and their allies.

Unit availability
Civilization Unavailable

The * indicates that the civilization can fully upgrade their Elite Skirmishers, i.e. gets Bracer, Ring Archer Armor, and Thumb Ring. Faith and Heresy are not taken into account because they only contribute to their combat strength in a very situational manner.

The ^ indicates that the civilization has at least one civilization or team bonus or a unique technology that benefits the combat strength of the Elite Skirmisher.

Tactics[edit | edit source]

Most of the time, Skirmishers are very weak to everything except Archers, Hand Cannoneers, and Pikemen (to a degree). With a weak and slow attack, as well as a minimum range, they deal almost no damage to infantry and cavalry. Nevertheless, their attack bonus against archers can make them valuable against any archer-using opponent, especially if the player's civilization bonuses benefit infantry or heavy cavalry. Unless created to retaliate against enemy archers, each individual unit does poor damage and in most games, training Elite Skirmishers is avoided unless opponents are going heavy on archer units. Elite Skirmishers also have a +3 attack bonus against Pikemen, allowing groups of them to quickly take out approaching Pikemen, but their minimum range still makes them vulnerable.

While Elite Skirmishers make poor ranged support in small numbers, they are extremely cheap. As they cost no gold, they are considered trash units and can be easily massed in significant numbers enough to kill units with a single volley. The size of the mob of units should also prevent enemy units from coming close enough to all of the units, allowing them to continue to fire. Therefore the Elite Skirmisher becomes especially important in the late game when gold becomes scarce and players have to rely on a wood and food economy. In the trash wars situation their bonus against the Spearman line also becomes more useful.

The Elite Skirmisher and its predecessor, the Skirmisher, were the only ranged trash units until the release of The African Kingdoms, where the Berber Genitour was introduced.

Further statistics[edit | edit source]

Unit strengths and weaknesses
Strong vs. Archers
Weak vs. Melee units, siege units
Attack Fletching.jpg Fletching (+1)
Bodkinarrow.jpg Bodkin Arrow (+1)
Bracer.jpg Bracer (+1)
Chemistry.jpg Chemistry (+1)
CastleAgeUnique.png Atlatl (+1, Aztecs only)
Range Fletching.jpg Fletching (+1)
Bodkinarrow.jpg Bodkin Arrow (+1)
Bracer.jpg Bracer (+1)
CastleAgeUnique.png Atlatl (+1, Aztecs only)
CastleAgeUnique.png Yeomen (+1, Britons only)
CastleAgeUnique.png Andean Sling (eliminates the minimum range, Incas only)
Accuracy Thumb Ring.png Thumb Ring (increases accuracy to 100%)
Ballistics.jpg Ballistics (hit moving targets)
Armor Paddedarcherarmor.jpg Padded Archer Armor (+1/+1)
Leatherarcherarmor.jpg Leather Archer Armor (+1/+1)
Ringarcherarmor.jpg Ring Archer Armor (+1/+2)
CastleAgeUnique.png Pavise (+1/+1, Italians only in patches 4-4.7)
Unique-tech-imperial.jpg Tower Shields (+2 pierce armor, Lithuanians only)
Conversion defense Faith.jpg Faith
Heresy.png Heresy
Creation speed Conscription.jpg Conscription (+33%)
Upgrades Imperialskirmisherresearch.png Imperial Skirmisher (Vietnamese and allies only)

Civilization bonuses[edit | edit source]

  • Aztecs: Elite Skirmishers are created 18% faster.
  • Burmese: Researching Faith is 50% cheaper.
  • Byzantines: Elite Skirmishers are 25% cheaper.
  • Celts: Elite Skirmishers can convert herdables even if enemy units are next to them.
  • Chinese: Technologies that benefit Elite Skirmishers are 15%/20% cheaper in the Castle/Imperial Age.
  • Koreans: Elite Skirmishers cost -15% wood.
  • Lithuanians: Elite Skirmishers move 10% faster.
  • Spanish: Blacksmith upgrades that benefit Elite Skirmishers don't cost gold.
  • Tatars: Elite Skirmishers deal 50% bonus damage from cliffs and elevations. Thumb Ring is free.
  • Vietnamese: Elite Skirmishers have +20% hit points. Conscription is free.

Team bonuses[edit | edit source]

Changelog[edit | edit source]

The Conquerors[edit | edit source]

The Forgotten[edit | edit source]

  • Britons: Yeomen moved to the Castle Age.

The African Kingdoms[edit | edit source]

  • Ethiopians: Initially, Elite Skirmishers fire 15% faster. With patch 4.8, that bonus was taken away and Elite Skirmishers no longer have an increased Rate of Fire.
  • Italians: Before patch 4.8, Pavise affects Elite Skirmishers. With patch 4.8, Pavise does not affect Elite Skirmishers anymore.

Rise of the Rajas[edit | edit source]

  • Vietnamese: Initially, Elite Skirmishers have +15%/+20% HP in the Castle/Imperial Age. With patch 5.8, they now have +20% HP.

Definitive Edition[edit | edit source]

Trivia[edit | edit source]

  • Skirmishers are the cheapest of all military units, tied with the Spearman line, costing only 60 resources and no gold.

History[edit | edit source]

In many Middle Age armies skirmishers were the rabble that was thrown in at the start of a battle and then often overrun by the heavy cavalry of both sides. A few armies trained elite skirmishers who could disrupt enemy formations, fall back, and support the main friendly fighting force from the sides. An army that could put elite skirmishers in the field to support its main army had an advantage over an army that did not. The Swiss, for example, often employed up to a quarter of their force in a skirmish role. Elite Swiss skirmishers supported the dense phalanxes of Swiss pikemen by disrupting enemy troops before the pikes made their attack. In an emergency, the skirmishers could take cover under the rows of pointed pikes and then stand up once more to engage a withdrawing enemy.

Gallery[edit | edit source]

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