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[Player name] has offered the services of Cuman mercenaries to their allies!
—Message when any player has researched Cuman Mercenaries

Cuman Mercenaries is a technology in Age of Empires II: Definitive Edition that is unique to the Cumans and can be researched at the Castle once the Imperial Age is reached. Once researched, it allows the player and their allies to train mercenary Kipchaks (5 per Castle) from their Castles, including those built later. Mercenary Kipchaks are renamed Elite Kipchaks. When having more than one Castle, the mercenary Kipchaks can be built from any Castle (eg: If an ally has 2 Castles, they may train all 10 from one of the Castles). The allies gain access to the mercenaries no matter what Age they are in.


The Kipchak is a great raiding unit. Cuman Mercenaries allows the player and their allies to train five free mercenary Kipchaks, which can be very useful for quick raids. Also, the unit this technology grants benefits from technologies and bonuses from each allied player (for example, a Magyar player will have mercenary Kipchaks with longer range and attack, due to their Recurve Bow unique technology). A contingent of mercenary Kipchaks is very useful for hit-and-run tactics.

Alternately, because the Kipchak is a fragile unit that dies quite easily in open combat, another use of this is to simply leave the units created by this technology inside the Castle, to add to its firing power. Each Castle can gain a substantial boost for the cost of training time and population space.

An important note is that the technology stacks with itself, so in a team with two or more Cuman players, this naturally means that for each player that researches this technology, it increases the limit of the free mercenary Kipchaks to 5 more per Castle. In a team with 4 Cuman players, each one is able to train 20 free mercenary Kipchaks per Castle, after each member researches this technology, at the total cost of 2,600 food, 1,600 gold.

The technology is useful for the player reseaching it, if the number of Castles exceeds two, because 10 Elite Kipchaks have the almost same cost as the technology.

Team bonuses[]

  • Portuguese AoE2 Portuguese: Researching Cuman Mercenaries is 25% faster.


AoEIIDE icon Definitive Edition[]

  • Cuman Mercenaries enables player and allies to train up to 10 free mercenary Kipchaks at the Castle. Allies need to be in the Imperial Age to train them.
  • With update 50292, a new sound now plays when the player's ally researches Cuman Mercenaries.

AoE2Icon-DynastiesIndia Dynasties of India[]

  • Cuman Mercenaries now enables training of 5 free mercenary Kipchaks per Castle owned, including Castles built at a later time. Allies can be in any Age to train them.


  • This technology shares some similarities with a technology from the The Conquerors mod Age of Chivalry: Hegemony, where almost all civilizations can research a Market technology called Mercenaries. This technology enables the player to train unique units hailing from another civilization (for example, the Swiss Guard unique unit becomes available for the French civilization with the Eternal Peace unique technology, although it is the unique unit of the Helvetia civilization; a "Cuman Auxiliary" very similar to the Kipchak is also available to some civilizations such as Austria and Hungary). The main difference with the The Last Khans Cuman Mercenaries with the Age of Chivalry: Hegemony Mercenaries is that Cuman Mercenaries is only available for the Cumans and it requires allied players to expect the Cumans to be present in the game and wait for them to train this technology in the Imperial Age.
  • On the other hand, the limit for creation of mercenary Kipchaks has similarities with the Age of Empires III native Trading Post unique units where their unique units have a unit limit. This is in order to balance the possible over-exploitation any archer civilization with bonuses and upgrades that could give to them, turning the tables of the game and thus creating a proper deathball of overpowered Kipchaks that could make every other player abdicate as they could not stand against a horde of fully upgraded cavalry archers with tremendous firepower.
  • Cumans and Kipchaks were often recruited by nearby sedentary states, Georgian monarchs from the 12th to the 13th centuries recruited thousands of Kipchak/Cuman mercenaries against neighbouring Muslim states such as the Seljuks. Many Cumans who fled to Hungary after the Mongol invasion became mercenaries for Latin Crusaders and Byzantines. The Mongols also sold many captured Kipchaks to the Islamic world where they served as Mamluks, and eventually seized Egypt to form their own dynasty.
  • The sound which plays when any player researches this technology is :


Unique technologies in Age of Empires II
AoE2-DLCicon-0 The Age of Kings civilizations
UniqueTechCastle-DEBritons AoE2 Yeomen · Byzantines AoE2 Greek Fire · Celts AoE2 Stronghold · Chinese AoE2 Great Wall · Franks AoE2 Bearded Axe · Goths AoE2 Anarchy · Japanese AoE2 Yasama · Mongols AoE2 Nomads · Persians AoE2 Kamandaran · Saracens AoE2 Bimaristan · Teutons AoE2 Ironclad · Turks AoE2 Sipahi · Vikings AoE2 Chieftains
UniqueTechImperialDEBritons AoE2 Warwolf · Byzantines AoE2 Logistica · Celts AoE2 Furor Celtica · Chinese AoE2 Rocketry · Franks AoE2 Chivalry · Goths AoE2 Perfusion · Japanese AoE2 Kataparuto · Mongols AoE2 Drill · Persians AoE2 Citadels · Saracens AoE2 Counterweights · Teutons AoE2 Crenellations · Turks AoE2 Artillery · Vikings AoE2 Bogsveigar
AoE2-DLCicon-1 The Conquerors civilizations
UniqueTechCastle-DEAztecs AoE2 Atlatl · Huns AoE2 Marauders · Koreans AoE2 Eupseong · Mayans AoE2 Hul'che Javelineers · Spanish AoE2 Inquisition
UniqueTechImperialDEAztecs AoE2 Garland Wars · Huns AoE2 Atheism · Koreans AoE2 Shinkichon · Mayans AoE2 El Dorado · Spanish AoE2 Supremacy
AoE2-DLCicon-2 The Forgotten civilizations
UniqueTechCastle-DEIncas AoE2 Andean Sling · Italians AoE2 Pavise · Magyars AoE2 Corvinian Army · Slavs AoE2 Detinets
UniqueTechImperialDEIncas AoE2 Fabric Shields · Italians AoE2 Silk Road · Magyars AoE2 Recurve Bow · Slavs AoE2 Druzhina
AoE2-DLCicon-3 The African Kingdoms civilizations
UniqueTechCastle-DEBerbers AoE2 Kasbah · Ethiopians AoE2 Tigui · Malians AoE2 Royal Heirs · Portuguese AoE2 Carrack
UniqueTechImperialDEBerbers AoE2 Maghrebi Camels · Ethiopians AoE2 Farimba · Malians AoE2 Torsion Engines · Portuguese AoE2 Arquebus
AoE2-DLCicon-4 Rise of the Rajas civilizations
UniqueTechCastle-DEBurmese AoE2 Manipur Cavalry · Khmer AoE2 Tusk Swords · Malay AoE2 Thalassocracy · Vietnamese AoE2 Chatras
UniqueTechImperialDEBurmese AoE2 Howdah · Khmer AoE2 Double Crossbow · Malay AoE2 Forced Levy · Vietnamese AoE2 Paper Money
AoE2-DLCicon-5 The Last Khans civilizations
UniqueTechCastle-DEBulgarians AoE2 Stirrups · Cumans AoE2 Steppe Husbandry · Lithuanians AoE2 Hill Forts · Tatars AoE2 Silk Armor
UniqueTechImperialDEBulgarians AoE2 Bagains · Cumans AoE2 Cuman Mercenaries · Lithuanians AoE2 Tower Shields · Tatars AoE2 Timurid Siegecraft
AoE2Icon-LordsWest Lords of the West civilizations
UniqueTechCastle-DEBurgundians AoE2 Burgundian Vineyards · Sicilians AoE2 First Crusade
UniqueTechImperialDEBurgundians AoE2 Flemish Revolution · Sicilians AoE2 Hauberk
Dawn of the Dukes icon Dawn of the Dukes civilizations
UniqueTechCastle-DEBohemians AoE2 Wagenburg Tactics · Poles AoE2 Szlachta Privileges
UniqueTechImperialDEBohemians AoE2 Hussite Reforms · Poles AoE2 Lechitic Legacy
AoE2Icon-DynastiesIndia Dynasties of India civilizations
UniqueTechCastle-DEBengalis AoE2 Paiks · Dravidians AoE2 Medical Corps · Gurjaras AoE2 Kshatriyas · Hindustanis AoE2 Grand Trunk Road
UniqueTechImperialDEBengalis AoE2 Mahayana · Dravidians AoE2 Wootz Steel · Gurjaras AoE2 Frontier Guards · Hindustanis AoE2 Shatagni
AoE2Icon-ReturnRome Return of Rome civilizations
UniqueTechCastle-DERomans AoE2 Ballistas
UniqueTechImperialDERomans AoE2 Comitatenses
AoE2Icon-MountainRoyals The Mountain Royals civilizations
UniqueTechCastle-DEArmenians AoE2 Cilician Fleet · Georgians AoE2 Svan Towers
UniqueTechImperialDEArmenians AoE2 Fereters · Georgians AoE2 Aznauri Cavalry
Removed technologies
UniqueTechCastle-DEPersians AoE2 Boiling Oil · Saracens AoE2 Camelry · Saracens AoE2 Madrasah · Mayans AoE2 Obsidian Arrows · Slavs AoE2 Orthodoxy · Koreans AoE2 Panokseon
UniqueTechImperialDEVikings AoE2 Berserkergang · Persians AoE2 Mahouts · Sicilians AoE2 Scutage · Saracens AoE2 Zealotry
Revised technologies
UniqueTechImperialDE Couriers · UniqueTechImperialDE Manipur Cavalry · UniqueTechImperialDE Paper Money · UniqueTechCastle-DE Royal Heirs